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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24865.
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APPENDIX E

Acronyms

AASHTO American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials
AMS American Meteorological Society
ASRS Aviation Safety Reporting System (FAA)
BSSWG Behavioral and Social Sciences Work Group (CDC)
CASA Center for Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere
CASPER Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CDC)
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CICS Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites
CIMMS Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies
COE Center of Excellence (DHS)
CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
CRISP Critical Resilient Interdependent Infrastructure Systems and Processes (NSF)
CSTAR Collaborative Science Technology, and Applied Research Program (NWS)
CWWCE Commission on the Weather, Water, and Climate Enterprise (AMS)
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DoD Department of Defense
DOT Department of Transportation
DPP Diabetes Prevention Project (NIH)
DSWG Disaster Surveillance Workgroup (CDC)
EMI Emergency Management Institute (FEMA)
ENG Engineering Directorate (NSF)
EOC Emergency Operations Center
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ERG Eastern Research Group
ESRL Earth System Research Laboratory (NOAA)
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FACET Forecasting a Continuum of Environmental Threat (NOAA/NSSL)
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24865.
×
FFRDC Federally Funded Research and Development Center
FHWA Federal Highway Administration
FIT Field Innovation Team
FORIN Forensic Investigations of Disasters
GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA)
GIS Geographic Information System
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
GSD Global Systems Division (NOAA/ESRL)
HEI Health Effects Institute
HHS Department of Health and Human Services
HIWeather High-Impact Weather Project (WMO)
HWT Hazardous Weather Testbed (NOAA/NSSL)
IBHS Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety
ICI interdependent critical infrastructure
IDIQ indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity (a funding mechanism)
IDR interdisciplinary research
IDSS Impact-based Decision Support Services
IMEE Infrastructure Management and Extreme Events (NSF)
IRB Institutional Review Board
MDSS Maintenance Decision Support System
ME/C medical examiner/coroner
MMM Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology Laboratory (NCAR)
mPING mobile Precipitation Identification Near the Ground
MRMS Multi-Radar/Multi-Sensor System (NOAA/NSSL)
NAS National Academy of Sciences
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research
NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NOAA)
NCHS National Center for Health Statistics (CDC)
NERRS National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NOAA)
NHC National Hurricane Center (NOAA)
NIDDK National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIH)
NIH National Institutes of Health
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24865.
×
NRC National Research Council
NSF National Science Foundation
NSSL National Severe Storms Laboratory (NOAA)
NSTC National Science and Technology Council (OSTP)
NWA National Weather Association
NWM National Water Model
NWS National Weather Service (NOAA)
OAR Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (NOAA)
OCWWS Office of Climate, Water and Weather Services (NWS)
OSTP White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
OUP Office of University Programs (DHS)
OWAQ Office of Weather and Air Quality (NOAA/OAR)
PI Principal Investigator
R&D research and development
R2O Research to Operations
REDAC Research, Engineering and Development Advisory Committee (FAA)
RENCI Renaissance Computing Institute at East Carolina University
RISA Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (NOAA)
RWIS Road Weather Information System
S&T science and technology
SBE Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences (NSF Directorate)
SBS social and behavioral sciences
SBST Social and Behavioral Sciences Team
SERA Societal and Economic Research and Applications
SIP Societal Impacts Program (NCAR)
SSWIM Social Science Woven into Meteorology
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
THORPEX The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment
UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
USDOT U.S. Department of Transportation
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
VORTEX-SE Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes in the Southeast (NOAA)
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24865.
×
WAS*IS Weather and Society * Integrated Studies (NCAR)
WEA Wireless Emergency Alert
WFO Weather Forecast Office
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WPC Weather Prediction Center
WRaDS Weather Risks and Decisions in Society (NCAR)
WRN Weather-Ready Nation
WxEM Weather for Emergency Management (FEMA)
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24865.
×
Page 179
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24865.
×
Page 180
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24865.
×
Page 181
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24865.
×
Page 182
Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise Get This Book
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Our ability to observe and forecast severe weather events has improved markedly over the past few decades. Forecasts of snow and ice storms, hurricanes and storm surge, extreme heat, and other severe weather events are made with greater accuracy, geographic specificity, and lead time to allow people and communities to take appropriate protective measures. Yet hazardous weather continues to cause loss of life and result in other preventable social costs.

There is growing recognition that a host of social and behavioral factors affect how we prepare for, observe, predict, respond to, and are impacted by weather hazards. For example, an individual’s response to a severe weather event may depend on their understanding of the forecast, prior experience with severe weather, concerns about their other family members or property, their capacity to take the recommended protective actions, and numerous other factors. Indeed, it is these factors that can determine whether or not a potential hazard becomes an actual disaster. Thus, it is essential to bring to bear expertise in the social and behavioral sciences (SBS)—including disciplines such as anthropology, communication, demography, economics, geography, political science, psychology, and sociology—to understand how people’s knowledge, experiences, perceptions, and attitudes shape their responses to weather risks and to understand how human cognitive and social dynamics affect the forecast process itself.

Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise explores and provides guidance on the challenges of integrating social and behavioral sciences within the weather enterprise. It assesses current SBS activities, describes the potential value of improved integration of SBS and barriers that impede this integration, develops a research agenda, and identifies infrastructural and institutional arrangements for successfully pursuing SBS-weather research and the transfer of relevant findings to operational settings.

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