National Academies Press: OpenBook

Private Transit: Existing Services and Emerging Directions (2018)

Chapter: TCRP Research Report 196 Pre-Publication: Project J-11

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Suggested Citation:"TCRP Research Report 196 Pre-Publication: Project J-11." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Private Transit: Existing Services and Emerging Directions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25020.
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Private Transit: Existing Services and Emerging Directions Sharon Feigon Colin Murphy Taylor McAdam Shared-Use Mobility Center Chicago, IL Submitted January 2018 DISCLAIMER The opinions and conclusions expressed or implied in this document are those of the researchers who performed the research. They are not necessarily those of the program sponsors; the Transportation Research Board; or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The information contained in this document was taken directly from the submission of the authors. This material has not been edited by the Transportation Research Board. SPECIAL NOTE: This document IS NOT an official publication of the Transportation Research Board or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. A final, edited version of this document will be released at a later date. TCRP Research Report 196 Pre-Publication Draft— Subject to Revision

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TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) has released a pre-publication, non-edited version of Research Report 196: Private Transit: Existing Services and Emerging Directions. The report provides information about private transit services and ways they are addressing transportation needs in a variety of operating environments. The document provides an overview and taxonomy of private transit services in the United States, a review of their present scope and operating characteristics, and a discussion of ways they may affect the communities in which they operate along with several case studies and other supporting information. Private transit services—including airport shuttles, shared taxis, private commuter buses, dollar vans and jitneys—have operated for decades in many American cities. Recently, business innovations and technological advances that allow real-time ride-hailing, routing, tracking, and payment have ushered in a new generation of private transit options. These include new types of public-private partnership that are helping to bridge first/last mile gaps in suburban areas. The report also examines ways that private transit services are interacting with communities and transit agencies, as well as resulting impacts and benefits.

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