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Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers (2018)

Chapter: Appendix E: Additional Transit Agency Relationships with TNCs/Microtransit Providers

« Previous: Appendix D: Respondent Agency MOD Relationships
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Additional Transit Agency Relationships with TNCs/Microtransit Providers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25109.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Additional Transit Agency Relationships with TNCs/Microtransit Providers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25109.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Additional Transit Agency Relationships with TNCs/Microtransit Providers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25109.
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E-1 APPENDIX E: Additional Transit Agency Relationships with TNCs/Microtransit Providers [E-26] E-1 APPENDIX E: Additional Transit Agency Relationships With TNCs/Microtransit Providers [E-26] Numerous transit agencies either have entered into—or have considered entering into—relationships both with TNCs (*) and microtransit providers (#). This appendix identifies a number of these agencies, as well as others planning or operating public microtransit, and provides links to descriptions of their projects. • *Amtrak: Amtrak has partnered with Lyft to allow passengers to book rides to and from Amtrak stations from within Amtrak’s mobile app. (Nick Statt, Lyft and Amtrak now let passengers book rides to and from the train station, THE VERGE, Aug. 1, 2017, https://www.theverge.com/2017/8/1/16076874/lyft-amtrak-partnership-train- station-transportation-travel) • #Arlington, Texas: Arlington began a federally-funded microtransit pilot on December 11, 2017 to replace the city’s one bus route. The service, operated by Via, was expanded in January 2018. (Bill Hanna, Will people ride Arlington’s transit experiment as it expands?, STAR-TELEGRAM, Jan. 19, 2018, http://www.star- telegram.com/news/local/community/arlington/article195610714.html; Susan Schrock, Via, City of Arlington Launch Innovative, On-Demand Rideshare Pilot Program, Dec. 11, 2017, http://www.arlington-tx.gov/news/2017/12/11/via-city- arlington-launch-innovative-demand-rideshare-pilot-program/). Service details are available at http://www.arlington-tx.gov/residents/via/. A description of Arlington’s RFP and contract process is available at http://policies.sharedusemobilitycenter.org/#/analysis/71. [E-27] • # Austin, Texas: In June 2017 Capital Metro launched Pickup, a microtransit service provided with existing agency vehicles, operators and dispatchers, and running on an app developed in partnership with Via. Planned response time was 15 minutes. The Pickup pilot replaced the Upper Eastside Flex route, another demand response pilot. Pickup also offered service between the MLK MetroRail Station and Pickup’s service zone. During the pilot phase the service was offered free of charge. (Capital Metro to Launch Free On-Demand Service Called Pickup, May 26, 2017, https://www.capmetro.org/About-Capital-Metro/Media-Center/News-Stories/2017- News-Stories/4294969176/; Say Hello to Pickup!, https://www.capmetro.org/pickup/). • # Central Contra Costa Transit Authority (CA): In November 2017 CCCTA announced a six-month microtransit pilot, running on the Transloc platform, to provide connections to the BART Walnut Creek station. The pilot was scheduled to begin in February 2018. (Erin Baldassari, East Bay bus agency to launch Uber-like ‘on-demand’ service, MERCURY NEWS, November 16, 2017, http://www.mercurynews.com/2017/11/16/east-bay-bus-agency-to-launch-uber-like- on-demand-service/). • *Innisfil, Ontario (Canda): In 2017 Innisfil began using Uber as its sole source of public transit (Alicja Sierkierska, Ontario town's experiment using Uber as public transportation is working, officials say, FINANCIAL POST, Aug. 8, 2017,

E-2 E-2 http://business.financialpost.com/transportation/ontario-towns-experiment-using- uber-as-public-transportation-is-working-officials-say/wcm/aae58e0b-f5ac-4011- 8b6c-df2e9fc549f3). • *Laguna Beach (CA): Subsidized Uber service was introduced to supplement transportation for seniors and disabled passengers, following curtailments of Laguna Beach’s mainline bus service, bus service and then subsidizing Uber service as a replacement (Erika I. Ritchie, Laguna Beach partners with Uber to provide transportation for seniors and the disabled – a first in the U.S., ORANGE COUNTY REGISTER, May 10, 2017, http://www.ocregister.com/2017/05/10/laguna-beach- partners-with-uber-to-provide-transportation-for-seniors-and-the-disabled-a-first-in- the-u-s/). • *Las Vegas (NV): In February 2018 the Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada (RTC) began a six-month pilot with Lyft to offer both ADA and non-ADA on-demand service to Southern Nevada Transit Coalition (SNTC) Paratransit riders. RTC provided telephone access to participants without access to cellphones or requiring WAVs, The cost was the same as the regular SNTC fare, with RTC subsidizing the next $15 of cost. For rides totaling more than $18 customers had the option to pay the overage or cancel the ride and use the existing paratransit service. RTC to launch innovative ‘ride on demand’ Paratransit service, Press Release, Feb. 8, 2018, https://www.rtcsnv.com/press-archive/rtc-to-launch- innovative-ride-on-demand-paratransit-service/. [E-28] • #Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) (CA): OC Flex, a one-year pilot microtransit program was announced in November 2017, and planned to be initially available in two zones. OC Flex will run on the TransLoc platform. OC Flex was scheduled to begin in the summer of 2018. On-Demand Shared Ride Service Coming to Orange County, November 1, 2017, http://blog.octa.net/on-demand- shared-ride-service-coming-to-orange-county. • Pierce Transit (WA): In 2016 Pierce Transit announced a one-year pilot to be funded by an FTA Sandbox MOD grant. The project, begun in 2017, offered FMLM service to and from transit centers and bus stops, as well as providing rides to and from the Puyallup Sounder Station and rides home at night for Pierce College Puyallup students. Adam Lynn, Pierce Transit looks to ride-hailing companies such as Uber, Lyft to fill service gaps, The News Tribune, Oct. 24, 2016, http://www.thenewstribune.com/news/local/traffic/article110262857.html . • *San Clemente, CA: In 2016 the city began a two-year subsidized rideshare program with Lyft to provide service in area of 2 abandoned (low-rider) bus routes. (Fred Swegles, San Clemente partners with Lyft to fill gaps after 2 OCTA bus routes end, ORANGE COUNTY REGISTER, Oct. 5, 2016, http://www.ocregister.com/articles/octa- 731232-clemente-san.html) • *Southern Pennsylvanian Transportation Authority (SEPTA) (PA): In 2016 SEPTA conducted a limited duration pilot program (Memorial Day to Labor Day) for discounting Uber rides 40% to and from 11 suburban Regional Rail stations in Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery counties, maximum discount of $10/ride. (Report to Congress on Internet of Things, FTA Report No. 0099, February 2017, at 27-28, https://www.transit.dot.gov/sites/fta.dot.gov/files/docs/research-

E-3 E-3 innovation/60436/ftareportno0099.pdf; SEPTA, SEPTA and Uber Announce Transit Partnership, May 25, 2016, http://www.septa.org/media/releases/2016/05-25- 16a.html) • # St. Louis, MO: In 2018 Downtown St. Louis announced a public microtransit service that would provide free microtransit (from March 1 through June 30) to and from anywhere within Downtown St. Louis, using 5-passenger vehicles. Downtown, STL, Test Ride Our Free, Pilot ECAB Service, http://www.downtownstl.org/connector/ [E-29] • *Summit, NJ: Summit ran a 6-month pilot subsidizing Uber rides for 100 residents traveling to and from local NJ Transit station, in order to avoid building another parking lot (Esther Fung, New Jersey Town Calls on Uber to Solve Commuter Parking Dilemma, WALL ST. J., Jan. 1, 2017, https://www.wsj.com/articles/new- jersey-town-calls-on-uber-to-solve-commuter-parking-dilemma-1483128663; Priya Anand, How Uber Plans To Conquer The Suburbs, BUZZFEED NEWS, Oct. 2, 2016, https://www.buzzfeed.com/priya/how-uber-plans-to-conquer-the- suburbs?utm_term=.gi0kO5J2DW#.fv26wpJB8n) • Tuscon, AZ: The Regional Transportation Authority of Pima County conducted the Adaptive Mobility with Reliability and Efficiency (AMORE) MOD grant pilot project to provide multimodal mobility service using local partners. AMORE was intended to increase ridership on existing RTA- funded shuttle services. RTA of Pima County Board Meeting, Jan. 26, 2017, (http://www.rtamobility.com/documents/pdfs/RTABOARD/2017/RTABoard-2017- 01-26-Packet.pdf) The agency also ran a 6-month integrated pass pilot allowing unlimited rides on select Sun Shuttle routes as well as Sun Link and Sun Tran. (Elizabeth Walton, SunTran to launch 3-day transit pass pilot program, TUCSON NEWS NOW, Aug. 8, 2017, http://www.tucsonnewsnow.com/story/36092476/suntran- to-launch-3-day-transit-pass-pilot-program). • #West Sacramento, CA: In November 2017 the city of West Sacramento began a one-year pilot public-private partnership program with Via to deploy microtransit vans within the City. Passengers may book rides by app or by phone. (On-Demand Rideshare Transit Coming to W. Sacramento, November 7, 2017, http://www.cityilights.org/2017/11/07/on-demand-rideshare-transit-coming-to-w- sacramento/)

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TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Legal Research Digest 53: Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers explores the efforts made by public transit agencies to provide on-demand services to the public.

It also provides transit agencies with legal guidance for considering whether to enter into relationships with ridesourcing service providers (RSPs).

The report includes a description of ridesourcing services in the United States, state and municipal legislative and regulatory schemes, procurement and procurement processes, contractual and partnership provisions in agreements between RSPs and a public transit agency, issues of compliance with federal legislation and civil rights requirements and those under the Americans with Disabilities Act, legal claims and litigation, and risk management issues stemming from relationships between RSPs and transit agencies.

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