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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implementing Strategies to Enhance Public Health Surveillance of Physical Activity in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25444.
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Appendix A

Acronyms and Abbreviations

6MWT 6-minute walk test
ACSM American College of Sports Medicine
ATUS American Time Use Survey
BMI body mass index
BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CLASS Classification of Laws Associated with School Students
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
DPP Diabetes Prevention Program
EHR electronic health record
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
GEOID geographic identifier
GIS geographic information system
GPS global positioning system
HERO Health Enhancement Research Organization
HHS Department of Health and Human Services
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implementing Strategies to Enhance Public Health Surveillance of Physical Activity in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25444.
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HIT Health Information Technology
HOS Medicare Health Outcomes Survey
IOM Institute of Medicine
MEC NHANES Mobile Examination Center
MVPA moderate to vigorous physical activity
NAMCS National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey
NCCOR National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research
NCHS National Center for Health Statistics
NCI National Cancer Institute
NCQA National Committee for Quality Assurance
NED National Environmental Database
NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
NHIS National Health Interview Survey
NIH National Institutes of Health
NNYFS NHANES National Youth Fitness Survey
NQF National Quality Forum
NRPA National Recreation and Park Association
NSCH National Survey of Children’s Health
ONC Office of the National Coordinator
PAVS physical activity vital sign
PCP primary care practitioner
PedsPAVS pediatric physical activity vital sign
RDC Research Data Center
SHPPS School Health Policies and Practices Study
WHA Workplace Health in America survey
YRBS Youth Risk Behavior Survey
YRBSS Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implementing Strategies to Enhance Public Health Surveillance of Physical Activity in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25444.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implementing Strategies to Enhance Public Health Surveillance of Physical Activity in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25444.
×
Page 100
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Physical activity has far-reaching benefits for physical, mental, emotional, and social health and well-being for all segments of the population. Despite these documented health benefits and previous efforts to promote physical activity in the U.S. population, most Americans do not meet current public health guidelines for physical activity.

Surveillance in public health is the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of outcome-specific data, which can then be used for planning, implementation and evaluation of public health practice. Surveillance of physical activity is a core public health function that is necessary for monitoring population engagement in physical activity, including participation in physical activity initiatives. Surveillance activities are guided by standard protocols and are used to establish baseline data and to track implementation and evaluation of interventions, programs, and policies that aim to increase physical activity. However, physical activity is challenging to assess because it is a complex and multidimensional behavior that varies by type, intensity, setting, motives, and environmental and social influences. The lack of surveillance systems to assess both physical activity behaviors (including walking) and physical activity environments (such as the walkability of communities) is a critical gap.

Implementing Strategies to Enhance Public Health Surveillance of Physical Activity in the United States develops strategies that support the implementation of recommended actions to improve national physical activity surveillance. This report also examines and builds upon existing recommended actions.

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