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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Promoting Positive Adolescent Health Behaviors and Outcomes: Thriving in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25552.
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Page 121
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Promoting Positive Adolescent Health Behaviors and Outcomes: Thriving in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25552.
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Page 122
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Promoting Positive Adolescent Health Behaviors and Outcomes: Thriving in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25552.
×
Page 123
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Promoting Positive Adolescent Health Behaviors and Outcomes: Thriving in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25552.
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Page 124

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Prepublication copy, uncorrected proofs Appendix A Literature Search Strategy A professional research librarian from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine conducted a comprehensive literature search for this study based on the statement of task and reference interviews with program staff to identify relevant research on optimal adolescent health. Electronic literature searches of systematic reviews and meta-analysis published between 2009 and 2019 were conducted in the following electronic bibliographic databases: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Campbell Collaboration Library, PubMed, and PsycINFO. The inclusion/exclusion criteria for the search are shown in Table A-1. TABLE A-1 Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria Publication year: 2009–present Publication year: Before 2009 Available in English: Yes Unavailable in English Peer-reviewed articles: Yes Publications other than peer-reviewed articles Age range: 10–19 years Age range: other than 10–19 The search terms were adapted to each database, and separate searches were conducted around the different domains of optimal adolescent health. Generally, three blocks of terms were used: one describing the sample or population of interest (e.g., teens, adolescents), one describing the optimal adolescent health domain or subdomain of interest (e.g., sexual risk behavior, pregnancy), and one identifying meta-analyses and systematic reviews. Table A-2 lists the literature search topics; Table A-3 provides the search terms used; and Table A-4 gives an example of search term combinations from the search of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. TABLE A-2 Search Topics Topic Date Literature Date Range Databases Physical Health 04/15/2019 Systematic Reviews, 2009- Present Cochrane Database of  Substance Use Meta-analysis Systematic Reviews,  Sexual Behavior Campbell Collaboration Library, PubMed, and PsycINFO Emotional Health 05/07/2019 Systematic Reviews, 2009- Present Cochrane Database of Meta-analysis Systematic Reviews, Campbell Collaboration Library, PubMed, and PsycINFO A-1

Prepublication copy, uncorrected proofs Social Health 05/07/2019 Systematic Reviews, 2009- Present Cochrane Database of Meta-analysis Systematic Reviews, Campbell Collaboration Library, PubMed, and PsycINFO Spiritual Health 05/07/2019 Systematic Reviews, 2009- Present Cochrane Database of Meta-analysis Systematic Reviews, Campbell Collaboration Library, PubMed, and PsycINFO Intellectual Health 05/07/2019 Systematic Reviews, 2009- Present Cochrane Database of Meta-analysis Systematic Reviews, Campbell Collaboration Library, PubMed, and PsycINFO TABLE A-3 Search Terms Preliminary Terms Indexing Terms 1. teenagers adolescent (MeSH) 1.1. adolescent KEYWORDS 1.2. age range: 10 to 19 adolescent 1.3. teen teen 1.4. teenager teenager youth 2. teenage pregnancy sexual abstinence (MeSH) 2.1. abstinence sex education (MeSH) 2.2. comprehensive sexual education pregnancy in adolescence/prevention & control (MeSH) 2.3. youth development KEYWORDS 2.4. teenage pregnancy prevention celibacy comprehensive sexual education youth development adolescent pregnancy prevention teen pregnancy prevention teenage pregnancy prevention 3. reproductive health contraception (MeSH) 3.1. contraception sexually transmitted diseases/prevention & control (MeSH) 3.2. sti screening and treatment sexually transmitted diseases/therapy (MeSH) 3.3. healthy pregnancy care and services pregnancy in adolescence (MeSH) 3.4. hpv vaccination adolescent health services (MeSH) 3.5. general preventive healthcare health services (MeSH) papillomavirus vaccines (MeSH) preventive health services (MeSH) preventive medicine (MeSH) KEYWORDS hpv vaccines human papilloma virus vaccines A-2

Prepublication copy, uncorrected proofs 4. substance use prevention alcohol drinking/prevention & control (MeSH) 4.1. alcohol binge drinking/prevention & control (MeSH) 4.2. tobacco underage drinking/prevention & control (MeSH) 4.2.1. e-cigarettes alcohol abstinence (MeSH) 4.3. illicit drugs temperance (MeSH) 4.3.1. cannabis cigarette smoking/prevention & control (MeSH) smoking/prevention & control (MeSH) vaping/prevention & control (MeSH) anti-smoking campaign (MeSH) anti-smoking education (MeSH) smoking cessation (MeSH) smoking prevention (MeSH) tobacco use cessation (MeSH) marijuana smoking/prevention & control (MeSH) street drugs/prevention & control (MeSH) substance-related disorders/prevention & control (MeSH) risk reduction behavior (MeSH) KEYWORDS teenage drinking smoking vaping cannabis smoking drug abuse drug addiction illicit drugs recreational drugs substance abuse 5. emotional health mental health (MeSH) 5.1. resilience relaxation therapy (MeSH) 5.2. mental health KEYWORDS 5.3. emotion regulation emotional well-being 5.4. self-regulation psychological well-being 5.5. stress management social well-being mental hygiene mental health emotional resilience emotional self-regulation emotion regulation stress management 6. social health social learning (MeSH) 6.1. social emotional learning assertiveness (MeSH) 6.2. conflict resolution negotiating (MeSH) 6.3. assertiveness social skills (MeSH) 6.4. social skills KEYWORDS social health social and emotional learning conflict resolution mediation interpersonal skills social abilities social competence A-3

Prepublication copy, uncorrected proofs 7. intellectual health academic success (MeSH) 7.1. academic achievement academic performance (MeSH) 7.2. afterschool achievement (MeSH) 7.3. academic performance learning (MeSH) 7.4. learning mentoring (MeSH) 7.5. mentoring KEYWORDS intellectual health academic achievement afterschool academic test scores educational test performance educational test scores coaching 8. spiritual health mindfulness (MeSH) 8.1. mindfulness moral development (MeSH) 8.2. character education KEYWORDS 8.3. values education spiritual health character education values education 9. Intervention government programs (MeSH) 9.1. program(s) (programme(s)) therapeutics (MeSH) 9.2. intervention(s) KEYWORDS 9.3. treatment(s) intervention 9.4. therapy (therapies) program programmes treatment therapy 10. Type meta-analysis (MeSH) 10.1. meta-analysis systematic review (MeSH) 10.2. systematic review TABLE A-4 Example of Search Combinations 1 (adolescent$1 or teen$1 or teenager$1 or youth or underage or young).ti. or (adolescent$1 or teen$1 or teenager$1 or youth or underage or young).ab. or (adolescent$1 or teen$1 or teenager$1 or youth or underage or young).kw. 2 (smoking or vaping or tobacco).ti. or (smoking or vaping or tobacco).ab. or (smoking or vaping or tobacco).kw. 3 ("cannabis smoking" or "drug abuse" or "drug addiction" or "illicit drugs" or "recreational drugs" or "substance abuse").ti. or ("cannabis smoking" or "drug abuse" or "drug addiction" or "illicit drugs" or "recreational drugs" or "substance abuse").ab. or ("cannabis smoking" or "drug abuse" or "drug addiction" or "illicit drugs" or "recreational drugs" or "substance abuse").kw. 4 (prevent$3 or anti?smoking or cessation).mp. 5 2 and 3 6 4 and 5 7 1 and 6 8 limit 7 to last 10 years A-4

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Adolescence is a critical growth period in which youth develop essential skills that prepare them for adulthood. Prevention and intervention programs are designed to meet the needs of adolescents who require additional support and promote healthy behaviors and outcomes. To ensure the success of these efforts, it is essential that they include reliably identifiable techniques, strategies, or practices that have been proven effective.

Promoting Positive Adolescent Health Behaviors and Outcomes: Thriving in the 21st Century identifies key program factors that can improve health outcomes related to adolescent behavior and provides evidence-based recommendations toward effective implementation of federal programming initiatives. This study explores normative adolescent development, the current landscape of adolescent risk behavior, core components of effective programs focused on optimal health, and recommendations for research, programs, and policies.

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