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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 1: Guidance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25678.
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Page 67
Page 68
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 1: Guidance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25678.
×
Page 68
Page 69
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 1: Guidance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25678.
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Page 69

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67 References AASHTO. (2010). Highway Safety Manual. Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. AASHTO. (2018). Roadway Lighting Design Guide. 7th ed. Publication Code GL-7. Avrenli, K. A., Benekohal, R. F., and Medina, J. C. (2012). LED Roadway Lighting: Volume 1: Background Infor- mation. Research Report FHWA-ICT-12-012. Urbana, IL: Illinois Center for Transportation, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Borugian, M. J., Gallagher, R. P., Friesen, M. C., Switzer, T. F., and Aronson,K. J. (2005). Twenty-Four-Hour Light Exposure and Melatonin Levels Among Shift Workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 47(12):1268–1275. Boyce, P. (2009). Lighting for Driving: Roads, Vehicles, Signs, and Signals. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor and Francis Group. Cajochen, C., Frey, S., Anders, D., Späti, J., Bues, M., Pross, A., Mager, R., Wirz-Justice, A., and Stefani, O. (2011). Evening Exposure to a Light-Emitting Diodes (LED)-Backlit Computer Screen Affects Circadian Physiology and Cognitive Performance. Journal of Applied Phsiology, 110(5):1432–1438. Chang, A.-M., Aeschbach, D., Duffy, J. F., and Czeisler, C. A. (2015). Evening Use of Light-Emitting Ereaders Negatively Affects Sleep, Circadian Timing, and Next-Morning Alertness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(4):1232–1237. CIE. (2004). Guide for the Lighting of Road Tunnels and Underpasses. 2nd ed. CIE 88:2004. http://cie.co.at/ publications/guide-lighting-road-tunnels-and-underpasses-2nd-ed. CIE. (2010). Lighting of Roads for Motor and Pedestrian Traffic. CIE 115:2010. http://www.cie.co.at/publications/ lighting-roads-motor-and-pedestrian-traffic. Cissé, Y., Peng, J., and Nelson, R. (2016). Dim Light at Night Prior to Adolescence Increases Adult Anxiety-Like Behaviors. Chronobiology International, 33(10):1473–1480. Cissé, Y., Peng, J., and Nelson, R. J. (2017). Effects of Dim Light at Night on Food Intake and Body Mass in Developing Mice. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11:294. Clanton and Associates Inc. (2014). Seattle LED Adaptive Lighting Study. Portland, OR: Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance. https://neea.org/resources/seattle-led-adaptive-lighting-study. Cope, K., and Bugbee, B. (2013). Spectral Effects of Three Types of White Light-Emitting Diodes on Plant Growth and Development: Absolute Versus Relative Amounts of Blue Light. HortScience, 48(4):504–509. Cree Inc. (2014). Cree First to Break 300 Lumens-Per-Watt Barrier. Cree News, March 26. http://www.cree.com/ news-media/news/article/cree-first-to-break-300-lumens-per-watt-barrier. Dauchy, R. T., Xiang, S., Mao, L., Brimer, S., Wren, M. A., Yuan, L., Anbalagan, M., Hauch, A., Frasch, T., Rowan, B. G., Blask, D. E., and Hill, S. M. (2014). Circadian and Melatonin Disruption by Exposure to Light at Night Drives Intrinsic Resistance to Tamoxifen Therapy in Breast Cancer. Cancer Research, 74(15):4099–4110. Dyble, M., Narendran, N., Bierman, A., and Klein, T. (2005). Impact of Dimming White LEDs: Chromaticity Shifts Due to Different Dimming Methods. Presented at the Fifth International Conference on Solid-State Lighting, Bellingham, WA. Ellis, R. D., Jr., Amos, S., and Kumar, A. (2003). NCHRP Report 498: Illumination Guidelines for Nighttime Highway Work. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies. Elvik, R., and Vaa, T. (2004). The Handbook of Road Safety Measures. Elsevier. Evans, D. L. (1997). High-Luminance LEDs Replace Incandescent Lamps in New Applications. Proceedings Volume 3002, Light-Emitting Diodes: Research, Manufacturing, and Applications. SPIE (International Society for Optics and Photonics). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.271036. FHWA. (2009). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. U.S. Department of Transportation, 2009. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/.

68 Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Figueiro, M. G., Rea, M. S., and Bullough, J. D. (2006). Does Architectural Lighting Contribute to Breast Cancer? Journal of Carcinogenesis 5(1):20. Figueiro, M. (2017). Disruption of Circadian Rhythms by Light During Day and Night. Current Sleep Medicine Reports, 3(2):76–84. Fonken, L., Aubrecht, T., Melendez-Fernandez, O., Weil, Z., and Nelson, R. (2013). Dim Light at Night Disrupts Molecular Circadian Rhythms and Increases Body Weight. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 28(4):262–271. Gaston, K. J., Davies, T. W., Bennie, J., and Hopkins, J. (2012). REVIEW: Reducing the ecological consequences of night-time light pollution: options and developments. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49(6):1256–1266. Gibbons, R. B., Edwards, C. J., Bhagavathula, R., Carlson, P., and Owens, D. A. (2012). Development of Visual Model for Exploring Relationship Between Nighttime Driving Behavior and Roadway Visibility Features. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2298:96–103. Gibbons, R., Guo, F., Median, A., Terry, T., Du, J., Lutkevich, P., Corkum, D., and Vetere, P. (2014). Guidelines for the Implementation of Reduced Lighting on Roadways. Publication No. FHWA-HRT-14-050. McLean, VA: U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of Research, Development, and Technology, Turner–Fairbank Highway Research Center. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/safety/14050/. Gibbons, R. B., Li, Y., and Meyer, J. (2015a). Assessment of the Performance of Light-Emitting Diode Roadway Lighting Technology. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Tech Transportation Institute. http://www.virginiadot.org/ vtrc/main/online_reports/pdf/16-r6.pdf. Gibbons, R., Meyer, J., Terry, T., Bhagavathula, R., Lewis, A., Flanagan, M., and Connell, C. (2015b). Evaluation of the Impact of Spectral Power Distribution on Driver Performance. Publication No. FHWA-HRT-15-047. McLean, VA: U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of Research, Development, and Technology, Turner–Fairbank Highway Research Center. https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/35871. Gil-de-Castro, A., Moreno-Munoz, A., and Larsson, A. (2013). LED Street Lighting: A Power Quality Comparison Among Street Light Technologies. Lighting Research and Technology, 45(6):710–728. Goldstein, B. (2010). Sensation and Perception (8th ed). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Hurley, S., Goldberg, D., Nelson, D., Hertz, A., Horn-Ross, P. L., Bernstein, L., and Reynolds, P. (2014). Light at Night and Breast Cancer Risk Among California Teachers. Epidemiology, 25(5):697–706. Illuminating Engineering Society (IES). (2015). Approved Method: Measuring Luminous Flux and Color Maintenance of LED Packages, Arrays and Modules. ANSI/IES LM-80-15. New York. Illuminating Engineering Society (IES). (2011). Projecting Long Term Lumen Maintenance of LED Light Sources. IES TM-21-11. New York. https://www.ies.org/product/projecting-long-term-lumen-maintenance-of-led- light-sources/. Illuminating Engineering Society (IES). (2018). Recommended Practice for Design and Maintenance of Roadway and Parking Facility Lighting. ANSI/IES RP-8-18. New York. Jin, H., Jin, S., Chen, L., Cen, S., and Yuan, K. (2015). Research on the Lighting Performance of LED Street Lights with Different Color Temperatures. IEEE Photonics Journal, 7(6). Josefowicz, D. J. (2012). Electronics Reliability Prediction Methodology for LED Outdoor Lighting. LEDs Magazine, 11. Kinzey, B. (2016). The Nighttime Blue in Context. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy. https://www. energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2016/10/f33/Nighttime-Blues-Webinar_10-20-16_0.pdf. Kinzey, B., Perrin, T. E., Miller, N. J.,Kocifaj, M., Aubé, M., and Lamphar, H. S. (2017). An Investigation of LED Street Lighting’s Impact on Sky Glow. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy. Kloog, I., Haim, A., Stevens, R., Barchana, M., and Portnov, B. (2008). Light at Night Co-distributes with Incident Breast But Not Lung Cancer in the Female Population of Israel. Chronobiology International, 25(1):65–811. Kloog, I., Stevens, R., Haim, A., and Portnov, B. (2010). Nighttime Light Level Co-Distributes with Breast Cancer Incidence Worldwide. Cancer Causes and Control, (12):2059–2068. Kraus, L. J. (2016). Human and Environmental Effects of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Community Lighting H-135.927. https://policysearch.ama-assn.org/policyfinder/detail/H-135.927?uri=%2FAMADoc%2FHOD- 135.927.xml. Lerchl, A., Schindler, C., Eichhorn, K., Kley, F., and Erren. T. C. (2009). Indirect Blue Light Does Not Suppress Nocturnal Salivary Melatonin in Humans in an Automobile Setting. Journal of Pineal Research, 47(2):143–146. Lewy, A., Wehr, T., Goodwin, F. K., Newsome, D. A., and Markey, S. P. (1980). Light Suppresses Melatonin Secretion in Humans. Science, 210(4475):1267–1269. Li, F., Chen, D., Song, X., and Chen, Y. (2009). LEDs: A Promising Energy-Saving Light Source for Road Lighting. Presented at the 2009 Asia–Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference, Wuhan, China. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/4918460. Lighting Research Center. (2016). Effect of White Light on Melatonin Suppression. Troy, NY. https://www.lrc.rpi.edu/ resources/newsroom/pdf/2016-2017/EffectsOfWhiteLight_8511.pdf. Liu, S., and Luo, X. (2011). LED Packaging for Lighting Applications: Design, Manufacturing and Testing. Singapore: Chemical Industry Press, John Wiley & Sons (Asia).

References 69 Lucas, R. J., Peirson, S., Berson, D. M., Brown, T. M., Cooper, H. M., Czeizler, C. A., Figueiro, M. G., Gamlin, P. D., Lockley, S. W., O’Hagan, J. B., Price, L. L. A., Provencio, I., Skene, D. J., and Brainard, G. C. (2014). Measuring and Using Light in the Melanopsin Age. Trends in Neuroscience, 37(1):1–9. Luginbuhl, C., Duriscoe, D., Moore, C., Richman, A., Lockwood, G. W., and Davis, D. (2009). From the Ground Up II: Sky Glow and Near-Ground Artificial Light Propagation in Flagstaff, Arizona. Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 121:204–212. Lutkevich, P., McLean, D., and Cheung, J. (2012). FHWA Lighting Handbook. Report No. FHWA-SA-11-22. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, FHWA. https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/roadway_dept/ night_visib/lighting_handbook/. McLean, D., and Lutkevich, P. (2016). LED Street Lighting Colour Temperature and Health Impacts. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Transportation Association of Canada. https://www.tac-atc.ca/en/events-and-learning/ webinars/led-street-lighting-colour-temperature-and-health-impacts. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). 2020. Standard for Road Tunnels, Bridges, and Other Limited Access Highways. NFPA 502. Quincy, MA. https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/ list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=502. Palmer, M., Gibbons, R., Bhagavathula, R., Holshouser, D., and Davidson, D. (2017). Roadway Lighting’s Impact on Altering Soybean Growth: Volume 1. FHWA-ICT-17-010. Springfield, IL: Illinois Center for Transportation. https://apps.ict.illinois.edu/projects/getfile.asp?id=5252. Peters, A., and Verhoeven,K. (1994). Impact of Artificial Lighting on the Seaward Orientation of Hatchling Loggerhead Turtles. Journal of Herpetology, 28(1):112–114. Portnov, B., Stevens, R., Samociuk, H., Wakefield, D., and Gregorio, D. (2016). 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S., Soares, G. M., Jorge, J. M., Pinto, D. P., and Braga, H. A. C. (2011). An Experimental Comparison Between Different Technologies Arising for Public Lighting: LED Luminaires Replacing High Pressure Sodium Lamps. Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, pp. 141–146. Rydell, J. (1991). Seasonal Use of Illuminated Areas by Foraging Northern Bats Eptesicus nilssoni. Ecography, 14(3):203–207. Schernhammer E. S., Laden, F, Speizer, F. E., Willett, W. C., Hunter, D. J., Kawachi, I., Fuchs, C. S., and Colditz, G. A. (2003). Night-Shift Work and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Nurses’ Health Study. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 95(11):825–828. Stouch Lighting. (n.d.). Lighting Comparison: LED Versus High Pressure Sodium (HPS) and Low Pressure Sodium (LPS). Stouch Lighting LED Lighting Solutions. http://www.stouchlighting.com/blog/led-vs-hps-lps- high-and-low-pressure-sodium. Terry, T. (2011). 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The lighting industry has changed dramatically over the past decade. The optical system design of legacy high-intensity discharge (HID) luminaires was restricted to the lamp, refractor, and reflector design, which had limits in the distribution of the light, controls, and adaptability. Roadway luminaires have moved beyond this design methodology to include the vast possibilities presented by solid-state lighting (SSL). At present, in the form of light emitting diodes (LED), SSL uses lower energy, reduces maintenance, improves color, and can be easily dimmed and controlled.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Research Report 940: Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 1: Guidance develops more comprehensive guidelines in American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO)-standard format for the application of roadway lighting related to the widespread adoption of SSL, and identifies gaps in knowledge where possible future research will enhance these guidelines.

Also see this guide's accompanying report, NCHRP Research Report 940: Solid-State Roadway Lighting Design Guide: Volume 2: Research Overview.

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