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Suggested Citation:"B COMMITTEE MEETINGS AND ACTIVITIES." National Research Council. 1996. Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5294.
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APPENDIX B Committee Meetings and Activities

First Committee Meeting, October 25–26, 1994, Washington, D.C.

The following presentations were made to the committee:

Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force/International Maritime

Organization Interest in Study.

Commander Richard Gaudiosi, U.S. Coast Guard

U.S. Research on the Role of Vessels in Nonndigenous Species

Introduction and Control.

James Carlton, Williams College

Nonindigenous Species Research at the Smithsonian Environmental

Research Center.

Greg Ruiz, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

SHIPS' BALLASTING REQUIREMENTS AND SYSTEMS:

General Cargo Vessels

Captain Joseph Delehant, Sea Land (retired)

Oil Tankers

Captain James Morgan, ARCO

Bulk Ocean Shipping

Jeffrey Flumignan, Liberty Maritime

Great Lakes Shipping

Richard Harkins, Lake Carriers Association

Suggested Citation:"B COMMITTEE MEETINGS AND ACTIVITIES." National Research Council. 1996. Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5294.
×

Second Committee Meeting, February 7–9, 1995. Irvine, California

The following presentation was made to the committee:

The Proposed Nonindigenous Aquatic Organisms Risk Analysis Review Process.

Richard Orr, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health inspection service

At the Port of Long Beach the committee toured The Patriot, a Sea Land container vessel, with Captain Kim Davis and Captain Joseph Delehant, and the ARCO tanker Prudhoe Bay with Captain Jim Morgan. On The Patriot a mud sample from Yokohama, brought on board by the anchor, was taken.

Writing Group Meeting, April 1–3, 1995, Washington, D.C.

Third Committee Meeting, May 15–17, 1995, Duluth, Minnesota

Ballast Water Treatment Technologies Workshop, Part 1

The following presentations were made to the committee: Ozone Treatment.

Michael Walsh, Alten Water Treatment Corporation, Palo Alto, California

Electric Pulse Treatment

Thomas Fox, Center for Advanced Ship Repair and Maintenance, Norfolk, Virginia

Metal Ion Treatment.

John Hayes, Pan-Ionic Ltd., TP Technology plc, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England

Magnetic Water Treatment.

Charles Sanderson, ZMT Industries, Inc., Fort Wayne, Indiana

ET Formula #1 (Modified Bentonite Clay).

Stuart Forrest, E.T. Ventures, L.L.C., Johns Island, South Carolina

The committee took a boat tour of Duluth Harbor to learn about the nonindigenous species problem and control strategies in the Great Lakes Basin.

Monitoring Task Group Meeting, July 17–18, 1995, Washington, D.C.

Implementing Change Task Group Meeting, July 20–22, 1995, Honolulu, Hawaii

Suggested Citation:"B COMMITTEE MEETINGS AND ACTIVITIES." National Research Council. 1996. Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5294.
×

Technology Task Group Meeting, August 22–24, 1995, Washington, D.C.

Ballast Water Treatment Technologies Workshop, Part 2

The following presentations were made to the committee:

Acoustic Solutions to Environmental Problems.

Mark Kenna, Sonalysts, Inc.

Multi-media Filtration Systems.

Thomas Waite, University of Miami

Immediate Research Priorities for Improvement of Ballast Water Control.

Eric Reeves, U.S. Coast Guard, Chief, Port and Environmental Safety Branch, Ninth Coast Guard District, Cleveland, Ohio

Fourth Committee Meeting, October 2–4, 1995, Washington, D.C.

The following presentation was made to the committee:

Application of Information-Limited Risk Analysis to the Aquatic

Nonindigenous Species Question.

James Englehardt, University of Miami

Fifth Committee Meeting, January 18–20, 1996, Irvine, California

Selected members of the committee attended the following meetings and symposia:

International Maritime Organization, Ballast Water Working Group, September 1995 and July 1996, London, England

First International Scientific Conference on Ballast Water, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), 83rd Statutory Meeting, September 1995, Aalborg, Denmark

Suggested Citation:"B COMMITTEE MEETINGS AND ACTIVITIES." National Research Council. 1996. Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5294.
×
Page 99
Suggested Citation:"B COMMITTEE MEETINGS AND ACTIVITIES." National Research Council. 1996. Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5294.
×
Page 100
Suggested Citation:"B COMMITTEE MEETINGS AND ACTIVITIES." National Research Council. 1996. Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5294.
×
Page 101
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The European zebra mussel in the Great Lakes, a toxic Japanese dinoflagellate transferred to Australia--such biologically and economically harmful stowaways have made it imperative to achieve better management of ballast water in ocean-going vessels.

Stemming the Tide examines the introduction of nonindigenous species through ballast water discharge. Ballast is any solid or liquid that is taken aboard ship to achieve more controlled and safer operation. This expert volume

  • Assesses current national and international approaches to the problem and makes recommendations for U.S. government agencies, the U.S. maritime industry, and the member states of the International Maritime Organization.
  • Appraises technologies for controlling the transfer of organisms--biocides, filtration, heat treatment, and others --with a view toward developing the most promising methods for shipboard demonstration.
  • Evaluates methods for monitoring the effectiveness of ballast water management in removing unwanted organisms. The book addresses the constraints inherent in ballast water management, notably shipboard ballast treatment and monitoring. Also, the committee outlines efforts to set an acceptable level of risk for species introduction using the techniques of risk analysis.

Stemming the Tide will be important to all stakeholders in the issue of unwanted species introduction through ballast discharge: policymakers, port authorities, shippers, ship operators, suppliers to the maritime industry, marine biologists, marine engineers, and environmentalists.

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