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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

Index

A

Access and egress, 21, 69-70, 72, 79-80, 86-87

corridors, 20, 34, 83, 84-86, 96, 102, 145

disabled persons, 13, 21, 71, 79, 87-88

elevators, 84, 86, 87-88

fume hoods, 92

Access and egress control, 19, 68, 80-81

Administrators and administration, see Managers and management

Advisory boards, 23, 40

Aesthetics, 21

landscaping, 21, 77, 109, 117

Air quality, see Clean Air Act;

Chemical vapor emissions;

Fume hoods;

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

American Institute of Architects, 1, 42, 44, 45, 119, 138, 140

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 21, 79, 87-88, 92, 93

Architects, 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 11, 12-13, 27, 33, 59, 118-119

American Institute of Architects, 1, 42, 44, 45, 119, 138, 140

construction phase, 48-49

facility inventories, 35

facility program, 35

landscaping, 119

predesign phase, 32

schematic design phase, 41, 111-112

selection process, 137-142

Architect project manager, 49, 61

The Architect's Handbook of Professional Practices, 47

As-builts, 6, 54, 56, 58, 143

B

Bathrooms, see Rest rooms

Benchmarking, 33-34, 36, 108

cost factors, 34, 108

defined, 143

fume hoods, 66

space planning, 34, 36

Bids, bidding, 5, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47-48, 52, 113-114, 115, 118, 124

Brooks Act, 137

Budgetary factors, see Cost factors

Building codes and permits, 6, 12, 14, 37, 60-62, 75, 77-78, 85-86, 87, 105, 117

defined, 143

Building commissioning, 5, 6, 54-55, 56, 58, 123-124

client groups and teams, 54-55

defined, 143

experts, 11-12

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

Building Officials and Code Administrators International, 62

By-pass hoods, 98

defined, 144

C

Cabinets, 39, 71, 83, 88, 90, 92, 93, 94, 121

Casework, 72, 89, 93, 94, 104, 109, 116, 118

Central utility shafts, 97, 144

Chambers of commerce, 24

Champion, 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 27

defined, 144

Change orders, 5, 6, 28, 52-53, 56, 115, 144

contingencies and, 7, 122

cost of, 52-53, 114, 115

defined, 144

record drawings, 115

sources of, 51

Chemical hygiene plan, 64-65, 67

Chemical vapor emissions, 63-64

see also Fume hoods

Clean Air Act, 62

Client budget authorities, 10, 11, 46, 144

Client groups and teams, 3, 8, 9, 30, 40, 73, 112

building commissioning, 54-55

defined, 144

design and construction documents, 39, 41, 45 -46

membership, 11

phases of participation, 10, 30-31, 32, 39, 41, 43, 44-46, 48, 53, 55

sociological factors, 11, 15, 16

Client project leader, 32

Client project managers, 3, 11, 14, 144

defined, 144

phases of participation, 10

Client user representatives, 3, 4, 11, 27

champion and, 9

defined, 16, 144

phases of participation, 10, 30-31, 32, 40, 41, 48, 50-51

role of, 16-17, 31

Codes, see Regulatory issues

Communication factors, 2, 4, 5, 14, 15, 58

construction phase, 46-47

design and documentation, 39, 40, 46

equipment, 95, 101

information technology, 16, 17, 19, 121

mass media, 4, 24

postconstruction interactions, 56

predesign, 32-33

public education, 4, 20-21, 24

regulatory authorities, 7, 61, 124

Community relations, 2-4, 7, 8, 14, 15, 20-27

chambers of commerce, 24

consultants, 23-24

phases of participation, 10, 53

postconstruction interactions, 56

public education, 4, 20-21, 24

rumor control and risk communication, 25

zoning, 14, 74, 75, 77-78, 105, 120, 147

Computer technology, see Information technology

Conditions assessments, 58, 144

Conference rooms, 19, 80

Construction documents, 39, 45-46

Construction groups and teams, 8, 13-14, 48-49, 52-53, 55

partnering, 50

Construction phase, 46-53

contingencies, 122

cost factors, 51-53, 113-115, 122

change orders, 6, 52-53, 114, 115

documentation, 38-39, 45-46, 47, 49, 87-88, 112;

see also Change orders

foundations of buildings, 51, 116-117

scheduling, 13, 46, 47, 50, 51-52, 114

Consultants, 3, 4, 11-13, 118-120

community relations, 23-24

contingencies, 122, 124

cost estimators, 12, 38

design, selection process, 137-142

hazardous materials, 67-68

insurance, 121-122

phases of participation, 10, 32-33

see also Architects;

Engineers

Contamination, see Hazardous materials

Contingencies, 7, 122-123, 124

Contractors and contracting, 4, 13-14, 27, 51

bids, bidding, 6, 29, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47-48, 52, 113-114, 115, 118, 121, 124

building commissioning, 54, 55

construction documentation, 45-46, 47;

see also Change orders

general contractors, 3, 4, 10, 13, 27, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 55, 112-113, 118

partnering, 50

phases of participation, 10, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 52

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

procedural guidelines, 47

selection, 13, 47-48

subcontractors, 5, 10, 13, 45, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 112-113, 114, 115, 118

see also Consultants

Contracts, contract documents

architect, 55, 119, 140

construction, 47, 113

Corridors, 20, 34, 83, 84-86, 96, 102, 145

Cost factors, 1, 6, 51-53, 57, 58, 103-124

benchmarking, 34, 108

bidding, 6, 29, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47-48, 52, 113-114, 115, 118, 121, 124

budget authorities, 10, 11, 28

community relations, 21, 23

construction phase, 51-53, 106-107, 112, 113-115, 122

change orders, 3, 6, 23, 24, 52-53, 113, 114, 115

nonbuilding costs, 116-122

contingencies, 122-123, 124

design development phase, 5, 6, 31, 44, 72-73, 111-113, 122

energy use and conservation, 66-67, 109-110

environmental health and safety, 103-104

estimates, 7, 30, 37-38, 124;

see also ''bidding" supra

expert estimators, 12, 38

flexibility, 19, 42-43, 74-75, 108-109

floor layout, 81-83

floor loading, 102

fume hoods, 90

funding, 6, 57, 58

heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, 66-67, 103, 108, 110

insurance, 121-122

life-cycle, 57, 107, 108, 110, 112, 146

modular design, 19, 42-43, 81-82

postoccupancy evaluations, 56

predesign and, 7, 30, 36, 104-105, 110-111, 124

regulatory, 103-104, 117, 120

renovation vs new construction, 38, 105-106

schematic design, 6, 42, 111-112

ventilation systems, 66-67, 103

D

Demolition, 116

Design groups and teams, 8, 12-13, 27, 111, 114-115

defined, 145

phases of participation, 10, 31, 32-33, 48-49, 50-51, 55

see also Architects;

Engineers

Design phase, 5, 38-46

alternative designs, 36-37, 38, 112, 124

building commissioning, 54

cost factors, 6, 44, 72-73, 111-113, 122, 124

design considerations, 59, 72-103

generic laboratory designs, 42-43, 81-82, 88, 89, 91, 100, 108-109, 145

mock-ups, 16, 44, 118, 119

computer design models, 16, 43, 44

modular design, 3, 19, 42-43, 81-82, 83, 93, 146

schematic design, 6, 39, 40, 41-43, 111-112

Desks, 42, 72, 89

Diagrams, 35-36, 79, 80-81, 145

see also Drawings

Disabled persons, 13, 21, 71, 79, 87-88

fume hoods, 92, 93

Documentation, 58

client groups and teams, 39, 40, 45-46

construction documents, 38-39, 45-46, 47, 49, 112;

see also Change orders

design/documentation phase, 5, 38, 39-40, 41-46, 111-115

diagrams, 35-36, 79, 80-81, 145

drawings, 32, 37, 40, 43, 44, 45, 46, 55, 111, 112

shop, 49, 51, 114-115

facility evaluations, inventories, and programs, 34-36, 53-58, 145

floor layout, 81-82

operations and maintenance manuals, 55, 58, 146

predesign phase, 34-38

verification, 5, 6

Drawings, 37, 40, 43, 45, 46, 56, 111, 112, 147

as-builts, 6, 54, 56

code compliance, 44

diagrams, 35-36, 79, 80-81

existing condition, 32

shop, 49, 51, 114-115

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

E

Earthquakes, 61, 74

Economic factors

community relations, 27

see also Cost factors;

Funding

Educational outreach, see Public education

Egress, see Access and egress

EH&S, see Environmental health and safety

Electrical systems, see Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems

Elevation, 44

defined, 145

Elevators, 84, 86, 87-88

Emergency planning, 22, 25-26, 56, 69-70, 95-96

earthquakes, 61, 74

equipment, 70-71

fire prevention and response, 61, 62, 85-86, 87

Employment issues, see Occupational safety and health

Energy use and conservation, 66-67, 109-110

Engineers, 1, 3, 11, 12, 13, 111-112, 119

phases of participation, 10, 40, 49

Entrances, see Access and egress

Environmental health and safety (EH&S), 2, 6, 7, 11, 59-73, 124

building commissioning, 54-55, 60

community relations, 14, 22, 25-26

cost factors, 103-104

facility inventories, 35

hazardous materials, 16, 22, 61, 62, 63-64, 67-68, 70, 71, 85-86, 87, 88;

see also Fume hoods

phases of participation, 3, 10, 31-32, 40, 45, 53, 54-55, 60

regulations, 59, 60-64, 64-65, 69, 70

waste disposal, 21, 63

see also Access and egress;

Occupational safety and health

Environmental impact assessments, 22, 120

Environmental Protection Agency, 63-64

Evaluation, facilities, see Facility evaluations; Postoccupancy evaluations

Existing conditions, 145

Exits, see Access and egress

Eyewash fountains, 70

F

Facility evaluations

defined, 145

postconstruction phase, 53-58

postoccupancy evaluations, 55-56, 146

predesign phase, 30, 34-35

Facility inventories, 30, 35

defined, 145

Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 62

Fire prevention and response, 61, 62, 85-86, 87

Flexibility, 19, 33, 74-75, 108-109, 133

defined, 145

modular design, 3, 19, 42-43, 81-82, 83, 93, 146

Flooring, 94

Floor loading, 95, 102. 145

Floor planning, 43, 73, 80-84

open laboratories, 18, 33, 72, 146

Floor plates. 42, 101, 145

Floor-to-floor height, 78, 101-102, 145

Focus groups. 15-16

Food services, 19

Footprints, 78, 81, 85, 145

Foundations of buildings, 51, 116-117

Fume hoods, 44, 54, 64, 65-67, 72, 79, 88, 90-93, 95, 97-99, 101, 109-110, 144, 147

Funding, 6, 57, 58, 104-105

see also Cost factors

Furniture, 20, 89, 93-94, 120-121

desks, 42, 72, 89

G

Generic laboratory designs, 42-43, 81-82, 89, 91, 108-109, 145

Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 74

H

Handicapped persons, see Disabled persons

Hazardous materials, 16, 22, 61, 62, 63-64, 67-68, 70, 71, 85-86, 87, 88, 99-100

sociological factors, 72

see also Fume hoods

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

Health issues, see Environmental health and safety;

Occupational safety and health

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, 13, 54, 66-67, 76-77, 78-79, 83, 88, 90, 93, 95, 97-98, 103

codes, 61-62

cost factors, 66-67, 103, 108

liability issues, 66-67

makeup air, 92, 95, 97, 98, 146

manifold exhaust systems, 98-99, 101, 146

see also Chemical vapor emissions;

Fume hoods

Height, buildings, 75, 78

Human factors, see Managers and management; Sociological issues

I

Information technology, 19, 101, 121

design models, 16, 43, 44

use of, 16, 17

Insurance, 121-122

Interaction diagrams, 79, 80-81, 145

International Conference of Building Officials, 62, 148

Interstitial space, 78, 96, 101-102

defined, 145-146

L

Landscaping, 21, 77, 109, 117, 119

Leadership, see Champions;

Managers and management

Legal issues, see Building codes and permits;

Contractors and contracts;

Legislation, specific;

Liability;

Regulatory issues

Legislation, specific

Americans with Disabilities Act, 21, 77, 79, 86, 87-88, 93

Brooks Act, 137

Clean Air Act, 62, 63, 77

Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 62

National Environmental Policy Act, 22

Occupational Safety and Health Act, 69

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 62, 63

Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, 22, 62

see also Regulatory issues

Less Is Better, Laboratory Chemical Management for Waste Reduction, 63 (n. 1)

Liability issues, 46-47, 121

insurance, 121-122

ventilation systems, 66-67

Libraries, 19-20, 41

Life-cycle costs, 57, 107, 108, 110, 112

defined, 146

Lighting, 20, 91, 94

Liquid effluents, 64

Loading docks, 80, 87

Local issues, see Building codes and permits;

Community relations;

Zoning

M

Maintenance, see Operations and maintenance

Makeup air, 92, 95, 97, 98, 146

Managers and management, 1, 3, 11

advisory boards, 23, 40

construction, 13, 39, 119-120

phases of participation, 10

see also Champion;

Client project managers;

Communication factors

Manifold exhaust systems, 98-99, 101, 146

Manuals, see Operations and maintenance (manuals)

Mass media, 4, 24

Master plans, 25, 26, 30, 32, 33, 58

defined, 146

Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems, 73, 75, 76-77, 84, 95, 96-97, 100-101

central utility shafts, 96, 144

construction documents, 45

cost factors, 103, 117

defined, 146, 147

design development phase, 43

elevators, 84, 86, 87-88

energy use and conservation, 109-110

fume hoods, 90-91

utility chases, 96-97, 147

variable air volume systems, 97-98, 147

see also Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

Media, see Mass media

Meeting rooms, see Conference rooms

Mixed use, 3, 15, 18

Mock-ups, 16, 44, 118, 119

computer design models, 16, 43, 44

Modular designs, 3, 19, 42-43, 81-82, 93

defined, 146

N

National Environmental Policy Act, 22

National Institute of Building Science, 55

O

Occupational safety and health, 2, 64-72, 133

building commissioning, 54-55

construction phase, 49

disabled workers, 71, 79, 87-88

fume hoods, 54, 64, 65-67, 72, 90, 91, 92, 93, 97-99, 101, 109-110

heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, 54, 61, 66-67, 78-79, 83, 88, 90, 93, 97-98, 103-104

safety showers, 70

see also Access and egress;

Environmental health and safety

Occupational Safety and Health Act, 69

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 64-65, 70

Offices, 82-83, 89

facility inventories, 35

sociological factors, 18

windows, 18, 79, 89, 116

Open laboratories, 18, 33, 72, 146

safety, 72

Operations and maintenance, 20, 28, 53

cost factors, 107, 110

funding and staffing, 6, 57

life-cycle costs, 57, 107, 146

manuals, 6, 55, 58, 146

phases of participation in design, 10, 31-32, 40

P

Parking, 21, 51

Partnering, 50

Pay Now or Pay Later: Controlling Costs of Ownership from Design Throughout the Service Life of Public Buildings, 57

Permits, see Building codes and permits

Planning alternatives, 36-37, 38, 112, 124

Plumbing systems, see Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems

Postconstruction phase, 53-58

see also Operation and maintenance

Postoccupancy evaluations, 55-56

defined, 146

Predesign phase, 2, 4, 5, 6, 18, 28, 30-38, 39, 58, 79

budget, 7, 30, 36, 104-105, 124

cost factors, 110-111

documentation, 34-38

lacking, 40

participants, 30-33

Privacy, 19, 70

Procedural guidelines, 5, 30-33, 39-40, 47-48

Project groups and teams

defined, 147

see also Client groups and teams;

Construction groups and teams;

Design groups and teams

Project leader, 11

Project managers, see Architect project manager;

Client project manager

Architect project manager, 49

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals, 56, 63 (n. 1), 67

Public education, 4, 20-21, 24

mass media, 4, 24

R

Regulatory issues, 6, 25, 59, 60-63, 75, 105

building codes and permits, 6, 12, 14, 37, 60-62, 75, 77-78, 85-86, 87, 105, 117, 143

cost factors, 103-104, 117, 120

communications with authorities, 7, 49, 124

makeup air, 92-93, 97, 98, 146

occupational safety and health, 64-65, 69, 70

zoning, 14, 74, 75, 77-78, 105, 120, 147

see also Environmental health and safety;

Legislation, specific;

Standards

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

Renovation, per se, 31-32, 33, 37, 74, 109

benchmarking, 34

modular design, 42-43

new construction vs, 38, 73, 75-76, 105-106

sociology of, 14, 16, 17

temporary facilities during, 17

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 62, 63

Rest rooms, 20

S

Safety issues, see Environmental health and safety; Occupational safety and health

Scheduling, 30, 31, 38, 105, 106-107

accelerated, 13, 47

construction phase, 13, 46, 47, 50, 51-52, 114

designer selection and, 137-138, 139, 140-141, 142

mock-up construction, 118

planning, 16-17

renovation, 17, 38, 123

Schematic design, 39, 40, 41-43, 111-112

cost factors, 6, 42, 111-112

Security, 20, 79-81, 88

see also Access and egress control

Seismic activity, see Earthquakes

Service corridors, 84, 96, 147

Site selection, 32, 75, 76-78, 116

Sociological issues, 2, 3, 4, 14-21, 27, 75, 79-80, 82-83, 84

assembly areas, 19

atriums, 87

champions, 2, 144

client groups and teams, 15, 16

client user representatives, 16-17, 31

focus groups, 15-16

food services, 19

information technology, 16, 17, 19

interaction diagrams, 80-81, 145

schematic design phase, 42

see also Community relations;

Environmental health and safety;

Occupational

safety and health

Southern Building Code Congress International, 62

Space planning, 3, 18-20, 31, 41, 42, 73, 80-86

assembly areas, 19

atriums, 87

benchmarking, 33-34, 36

building height, 75, 78

conference rooms, 19, 80

corridors, 20, 34, 83, 84-86, 102

environmental health and safety, 70-71, 72

facility programs, 35-36

floor planning, 43, 73, 80-84

open laboratories, 18, 33, 72, 146

floor plates, 42, 145

floor-to-floor height, 78, 101-102, 145

footprints, 78, 81, 145

fume hoods, 92

interaction diagrams, 80-81, 145

interstitial spaces, 78, 96, 101-102, 145-146

modular design, 3, 19, 42-43, 81-82, 83, 93, 146

offices, 18, 82-83, 89

open laboratories, 18, 72, 146

private space, 19

public space, 3, 15;

see also Landscaping

schematic design, 42

storage, 18, 20, 21, 42, 70-71, 83, 87

structural grids, 81, 95, 101-102, 147

Standards

aesthetic, 21

area requirements, 36

facility program summaries, 36, 56

occupational safety and health, 64-65, 69, 70

operations and maintenance manuals, 55, 58, 146

see also Benchmarking;

Building codes and permits;

Legislation, specific;

Regulatory issues

Stewardship plans, 5, 6, 57, 58

Storage, 18, 20, 21, 42, 70-71, 83, 87

cabinets, 39, 71, 83, 88, 90, 92, 93, 94, 121

casework, 72, 89, 93, 94, 104, 109, 116, 118

Strategic plans, 33

defined, 147

predesign phase, 30, 32, 33

Structural grids, 81, 95, 101-102

defined, 147

Subcontractors, 5, 10, 13, 45, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 112-113, 114, 115, 118

Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, 22, 62

Sustainability, 109-110

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

T

Temporary facilities, 17, 123

Toilets, see Rest rooms

Traffic flow, 18, 85-86

interim traffic, 51

see also Access and egress;

Corridors;

Elevators

Transportation services, 21, 80, 85-86, 87, 88

U

User representatives, see Client user representatives

Utilities, see Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems

Utility chases, 96-97, 147

V

Vapor emissions, see Chemical vapor emissions

Variable air volume systems, 97, 147

Ventilation, see Chemical vapor emissions;

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

Vibration, 18, 95, 102, 103

W

Windows, 18, 21, 79, 83, 89, 116, 118

Z

Zoning, 14, 74, 75, 77-78, 105, 120

defined, 147

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×
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Laboratory facilities are complex, technically sophisticated, and mechanically intensive structures that are expensive to build and to maintain. Hundreds of decisions must be made before and during new construction or renovation that will determine how successfully the facility will function when completed and how successfully it can be maintained once put into service.

This book provides guidance on effective approaches for building laboratory facilities in the chemical and biochemical sciences. It contains both basic and laboratory-specific information addressed to the user community-the scientists and administrators who contract with design and construction experts. The book will also be important to the design and construction communities-the architects, laboratory designers, and engineers who will design the facility and the construction personnel who will build it-to help them communicate with the scientific community for whom they build laboratory facilities.

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