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Appendix D Recent Studies and Initiatives Outside the National Academies U.S. Government Congressional Export Control Working Group (Congress) The Defense Trade Controls Performance Improvement Act of 2007 (H.R. 4246), as amended, is now Subtitle A of Title I of the Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Reform Act of 2008 (H.R. 5916). Sponsored by Donald Manzullo (R-IL), Reps. Bradley Sherman (D-CA), Joseph Crowley (D-NY), and Roy Blunt (R-MO). Congressional Research Service The Export Administration Act: Evolution, Provisions, and Debate, Updated January 9, 2008, Ian F. Fergusson, Specialist in International Trade and Finance, Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division, RL31832. Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force, Updated July 2008, Christine M. Matthews, 97-746. Military Technology and Conventional Weapons Export Controls: The Wassenaar Arrangement, Updated September 29, 2006, Richard F. G Â rimmett, Specialist in National Defense Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division, RS20517. 101
102 APPENDIX D Deemed Export Advisory Committee, a technical advisory committee of the Bureau of Industry and Security, Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. The Deemed Export Rule in the Era of Globalization. Released Decem- ber 20, 2007. Executive Office of the President Presidential Export Controls Directive to âensure that U.S. defense trade policies and practices better support the National Security Strat- egy of the United States, â January 21, 2008. Government Accountability Office Export Controls: Challenges with Commerceâs Validated End-User ProÂ gram May Limit its Ability to Ensure that Semiconductor Equipment Exported to China Is Used as Intended. Report to the Committee on ForÂ eign Affairs, House of Representatives. Released September 2008. Export Controls: State and Commerce Have not Taken Basic Steps to ÂBetter Ensure U.S. Interests Are Protected. Testimony Before the SubÂcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia, Committee on Homeland Security and GovernÂ mental Affairs, U.S. Senate. Released April 2008. Defense Trade: State Department Needs to Conduct Assessments to IdenÂ tify and Address Inefficiencies and Challenges in the Arms Export Process. Report to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives. Released November 2007. Defense Technologies: DODâs Critical Technologies Lists Rarely Inform Export Control and Other Policy Decisions. GAO-06-793. Washington, D.C.: July 28, 2006. Export Controls: Improvements to Commerceâs Dual-Use System Needed to Ensure Protection of U.S. Interests in the Post 9-11 Environment. GAO Report 06-638. Washington, D.C.: June 2006. Export Controls: Issues to Consider in Authorizing a New Export AdminÂ istration Act. GAO-02-468T. Washington, D.C.: February 2002.
APPENDIX D 103 Nonproliferation: Strategy Needed to Strengthen Multilateral Export ConÂ trol Regimes. GAO-03-43. Washington, D.C.: October 2002. U.S.-U.K. and U.S.-Australia Defense Trade Cooperation Treaty Signed by administration in 2007 and currently pending ratification in the Senate. Nongovernmental Organizations American Association for the Advancement of Science. Washington, D.C. âRecommendations for Enhancing the U.S. Visa System to Advance Americaâs Scientific and Economic Competitiveness and National Secu- rity Interests.â Released May 2005. Association of American Universities/Council on Government Relations. Washington, D.C. âRestrictions on Research Awards:Â Troublesome Clauses 2007/2008.â Released July 2008. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Washington, D.C. âToward a U.S. Export Control and Technology Transfer System for the 21st Century,â May 15, 2008. âBriefing of the Working Group on the Health of the U.S. Space Indus- trial Base and the Impact of Export Controls,â February 2008. âTrusted Partners: Sharing Technology within the U.S.-U.K. Security Relationship,â May 26, 2006. âSecurity Controls on the Access of Foreign Scientists and Engineers to the United States,â October 2005. âSecurity Controls on Scientific Information and the Conduct of Scien- tific Research,â June 2005.
104 APPENDIX D Center for International and Security Studies, University of Maryland Controlling Dangerous Pathogens. Authors: John D. Steinbruner, Elisa D. Harris, Nancy Gallagher, Stacy M. Okutani. Released March 2007. Coalition for Security and Competitiveness (a coalition of trade associations and related organizations, including the U.S. Chamber of Commerce) Letter to the President on Export Control Modernization, March 2007. Defense MOU AttachÃ©s Group (DMAG) The DMAGâs Vision of the Ideal U.S. Export Control Regime, 2008. The Hudson Institute, Washington D.C. Export Controls and Technology Transfers: Turning Obstacles into OpporÂ tunities. Author: Maria Farkas. Released 2007. Report from the confer- ence Defense Coalitions and the Global Character of the New Defense Industry, Hudson Institute, December 6, 2006. Institute for Defense Analysis, Alexandria, VA Export Controls and the U.S. Defense Industrial Base. Project leader: Richard Van Atta. Released January 2007. NAFSA: Association of International Educators, Washington, D.C. Restoring US Competitiveness for International Students and Scholars. June 19, 2006. NATO Industrial Advisory Group (NIAG) 2007-2008 Study on Transatlantic Defence Industrial Cooperation. RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California U.S. Competitiveness in Science and Technology. Authors: Titus Gal- ama, James Hosek. Released June 2008.
APPENDIX D 105 Security Defense Agenda in Brussels Cutting through the Transatlantic Tangle of Defence Equipment Export Controls, an SDA Monthly Roundtable Report, January 2007.