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Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction (2010)

Chapter: Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey

« Previous: Appendix A - Method and Survey Response
Page 50
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
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Page 51
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
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Page 52
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
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Page 53
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
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Page 54
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
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Page 55
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
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Page 56
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
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Page 57
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
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Page 58
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 58
Page 59
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 59
Page 60
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 60
Page 61
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 61
Page 62
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 62
Page 63
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 63
Page 64
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 64
Page 65
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 65
Page 66
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 66
Page 67
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14413.
×
Page 67

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50 APPENDIX B Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Survey

51 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 1 of 17 INSTRUCTIONS: COMPLETE BY EMAIL: complete survey electronically, click email button, follow prompts COMPLETE BY FAX: complete survey electronically, print, fax to (612) 337-0001. COMPLETE BY USMAIL: complete survey electonically, print, mail to: Joel Stromgren, AIA Miller Dunwiddie Architecture 123 N. 3rd Street, Ste 104 Minneapolis, MN 55401 QUESTIONS - PLEASE CONTACT Joel Stromgren at 612 - 278 - 7690 THIS FORM IS BEST VIEWED IN ADOBE READER 9 THIS FORM CAN BE SAVED IN AN INCOMPLETE STATE AND RE-OPENED SECTION I: Background Information. Please note if information is not available with n/a. SURVEY RECIEVED ______________ INTERVIEW DATE ______________ MDA USE ONLY SURVEY CODE ___ The Transportation Research Board's Airport Cooperative Research Program has commissioned a study on airport terminal energy efficiency and cost reduction. One objective is to identify practices which have been particularly effective at small airport terminals. As someone with experience in this area, we would like to have your input. Please be assured that your responses will be kept in confidence, to be aggregated with all other responses. 5% LocID City Airport Name Terminal Square Footage - approximate Name Title Name Title Primary Contact Person Completing the Survey if different Email EmailPhone Phone State $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost Payback and implementation costs for improvements are requested when available. Please indicate quanties with as much accuracy as possible. Costs are relative to total capital improvements that year. Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page Alabama

SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 2 of 17 SECTION II: Planning Practices. The following questions relate to planning for energy efficiency improvements at your facility. Check all that apply. 6% S2-1 How is the airport planning for future energy efficiency projects? Included in airport long range plan Energy audits with local utility Staff survey Ongoing Operations and Maintenance plan Other S2-2 When considering facility or tenant/lessee improvements, does your airport rely on or implement design or performance standards to increase energy efficiency ? Tenant Design Standards Facility Design Standards No Standards Other S2-3 Do design standards identified in the previous question apply to any or all of the following categories below? Lighting Plumbing Fixtures Metering Heating Other Cooling Ventilation Materials Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page 52

53 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 3 of 17 14% S2-4 How does the airport identify energy efficiency projects? Utility Audits Commissioning Staff Survey Operations and Maintenance Monitoring Other S2-5 What areas of planning for the airport include energy efficiency as a component? Long Range Airport Plan General Budget Other City / County Policy S2-6 What actions within the budget process have allowed successful planning for energy efficiencyimprovements? Phased Funding Departmental Prioritization Other S2-7 What documents or resources have been referenced when planning for energy efficiency improvements? Trade Publications Partner Agencies Other Airport Facilties Managers NAS Transportation Research Board ACRP Synthesis Documents Other S2-8 Identify resources that have allowed for study and planning for energy efficiency improvements? Local Utility Grant Federal Grant Budgeting Line Other Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

54 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 4 of 17 22% SECTION III: Energy Efficiency Practices - Mechanical Systems. The following questions relate to mechanical systems at your facility and practices affecting energy efficiency that have been implemented or are planned at your facility . Check all that apply. S3-1 Cooling - Identify new or upgraded cooling systems (check all types) ? central chiller plant rooftop air-handlers and/or split systems water-to-air heat pumps ground source heat pumps packaged air-conditioner (through-wall, window, etc.) well water usage none $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S3-2 Winter Cooling - Is there any winter cooling utilized in your facility? Yes - central system capability Yes - local capability (computer room cooling, etc.) No S3-3 Heating: Identify existing heating fuels (check all types)? Other natural gas propane electric natural gas propane electric Primary Heating Fuel Secondary Heating Fuel S3-4 Solar Heating - Identify solar heating systems? hydronic panel collectors passive solar system (thermal mass, trombe wall, movable insulation, etc) none $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

55 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 5 of 17 30% S3-5 Heating: Identify new or upgraded hydronic heating systems? central boiler plant feeding a heating water piping system central boiler plant feeding a steam piping system decentralized boiler none water-to-air heat pumps ground-source heat pumps $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S3-6 Heating: Identify new or upgraded radiation heating systems? fin tube radiation heating radiant floor heat steam or hot water unit heaters rooftop air-handlers with gas-fired furnaces none electric heat - unit heaters, duct coils, fin tube, floor heat $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S3-7 Heating: Identify new or upgraded heat recovery systems? boiler stack chiller or heat pump (cooling one space helps to heat another) cogeneration (electrical generator heat recovery) building exhaust air-to-airenergy wheel - dessicantpump around loop none $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

56 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 6 of 17 37% S3-8 Are motor controls used to save energy? variable speed fans constant speed fans with throttling discharge dampers constant airflow systems - no need to control airflow cooling tower fans variable or constant speed pumps none $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S3-9 Has thermal storage been used to reduce energy costs? ice storage to shift the cooling load off-peak chilled water storage to shift the cooling load off-peak ground source heat pump / geothermal other none S3-10 Has the airport implemented troubleshooting strategies, efficiency standards or other on-going engineering programs to improve energy efficiency? commissioning new projects periodic recommissioning of existing systems project energy efficiency standards such as LEED or state/local standards energy audits and/or professional energy studies on-going energy conservation program with annual investment payback or ROI criteria for investements that improve energy efficiency other S3-11 Has the airport implemented building automation strategies that have reduced energy consumption? yes no building automation specify Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

57 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 7 of 17 42% SECTION IV: Energy Efficiency Practices - Electrical Systems. The following questions relate to electrical systems at your facility and practices affecting energy efficiency that have been implemented or are planned at your facility . Check all that apply. S4-1 What types of lighting controls are used and have savings been documented. timeclock daylight harvesting with photocells and dimming control occupancy sensors timer switches centeral lighting control system multi-level switching $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S4-2 If the airport terminal has pursued lighting retrofit programs, what was the conversion? old fluorescent to T8 fluorescent incandescent to fluorescent incandescent to HID incandescent to LED fluorescent to LED HID to fluorescent none HID to LED magnetic ballasts to electronic ballasts lower wattage energy saving lamps HID to fluorescent $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

58 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 8 of 17 S4-4 Has the airport reduced electrical costs with metering or rate adjustments? no yes S4-5 Please identify existing electrical metering configuration? Metering other S4-6 Please identify existing electrical rate arrangement? Rates other S4-3 Does the airport have a regular program of light fixture and/or lamp replacement? yes no S4-9 Does the airport control baggage or other infomation displays to reduce electrical costs? If so, please identify control type. occupancy sensor none / manual timeclock automated control system S4-8 Has the airport replaced flight, baggage or other infomation displays to reduce electrical costs? If so, please identify current displays used. LED's CRT's LCD's Plasma S4-7 Has the airport implemented power factor correction to reduce electrical costs? no yes 52% Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page Service Meters Only Primary (customer owned transformer)

59 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 9 of 17 60% S4-10 Does the airport control illuminated signage to reduce electrical costs? If so, please identify control type. occupancy sensor none / manual timeclock automated control system photocell S4-11 Has the airport installed energy saving features to conveyance systems? If so, please identify control type? speed controllers (elevators and trams) none NOLA devices (escalators and moving walks) variable frequency drives or adjustable frequency drives (baggage conveyors) photocell S4-12 What types of alternative energy production are utilized to provide power? purchase of carbon credits purchase of "green power" from utility on-site photovoltaic array - grid tied on-site photovoltaic array - on-site wind turbine(s) hydroelectric biomass fueled generator $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

60 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 10 of 17 SECTION V: Energy Efficiency Practices - Building Envelope. The following questions relate to the building envelope and practices affecting energy efficiency that have been implemented or are planned at your facility . Check all that apply. S5-1 Identify projects related to building insulation and air infiltration that have resulted in energy savings? roofing insulation exceeding code minimums at re-roof none super-insulation on new projects air leakage detection and reduction - gap filling $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S5-3 Identify any retrofit daylighting systems that have measurably reduced energy costs? skylights none light tubes sunlight collector with fiber optic distribution (Parans System) interior light shelves exterior shading devices - awnings, louvers, other $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S5-2 Identify projects related to glass and glazing that have resulted in energy savings? glass - window replacement with high performance, insululated, low-e or other none glass - retrofit with solar control film interior shading devices (automatic operation) interior shading devices (manual operation) $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost 64% Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

61 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 11 of 17 S5-4 Identify any retrofit door, entry and exit systems that have measurably reduced energy costs? man-doors - replacement with automatic, self-closing or other none man-doors - replacement of weather seals, closers, other roll-up doors - replacement with automatic, self-closing or other roll-up doors - replacement with insulated other $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost NEXT SECTION CONTINUES ON NEXT PAGE 66% Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

62 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 12 of 17 SECTION VI: Energy Efficiency Practices - Operations. The following questions relate to the practices affecting energy efficiency that have been implemented or are planned at your facility . Check all that apply. S6-1 Identify any projects related to office systems that have measurably reduced energy costs? replacement and upgrade of monitors and displays (CRT to LED) none staff workstation nightly shut-down other $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S6-2 Identify any projects related to occupant behavior that have measurably reduced energy costs? training programs none mandated staff work practices other / additional info $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S6-3 Identify operational practices that have measurably reduced energy costs? troutine maintenance none tenant mix other / additional info lease arrangements $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost 76% Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

63 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 13 of 17 S6-4 Identify operational arrangements that have affected the airports ability to control or implement energy efficiency strategies? tenant lease terms none maintenance agreements other $ 5-10 years2-5 years0-2 yearsEstimated Payback 10 + years $ med. costlow-costno-costCost to Implement high cost S6-5 In what ways has the airport changed operations in order to implement energy efficiency measures ? none please specify 80% Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

64 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 14 of 17 S7-1 What type of energy efficiency improvement brings the most rapic payback for the least cost? mechanical systems operations electrical systems other building envelope operations S7-2 How have energy efficiency improvements been funded ? FAA / AIP line item in budget FAA Special Grant (VALE or other) other State DOT Local Authority State Utility Grants S7-3 What factors aid in implementation of energy efficiency projects? policy change by governing body funding source outside regular budget staff behavior other technical / design political SECTION VII: Energy Efficiency Practices - Implementation. The following questions relate to implementation of energy efficiency practices at your facility . 85% Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

65 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 15 of 17 S7-4 Does your facility have a dedicated energy manager ? no yes other S7-5 What types of resources were used to support and justify energy efficiency projects? literature / case study payback from past projects NAS synthesis / industry reports other commissioning or energy audit S7-6 What types of challenges impede implementation of energy efficiency projects? policy funding technical issues other operational control setup S7-7 How would you categorize the impact of energy efficiency projects implemented at your airport in terms of energy cost savings? medium - noticable low - not quantifiable high - "big bang", major change and cost savings comments 94% Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

66 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 16 of 17 S7-8 If funding for facilility improvements was available, please rank which area of savings would be your top priority? reduced maintenance of systems (i.e. relamping) yearly energy cost reduction improved passenger, tenant, staff comfort other improved controllability of systems woudl not spend on energy efficiency S7-9 What categories of information woudl be most useful to airport facilities managers and staff to plan for and implement energy efficiency improvements? Cost based chart comparing typical energy efficiency improvements Return-On-Investment (ROI) chart for typical energy efficiency improvements implementation strategies chart for typical energy efficiency improvements other all of the above S7-10 Please use this space to provide any additional comments regarding airport terminal energy efficiency that you feel would be helpful to the study? 100% SURVEY COMPLETE Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page

67 SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR AIRPORTS ACRP SYNTHESIS S10-04 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction Transportation Research Board Page 17 of 17 TO RETURN SURVEY INFORMATION CLICK BELOW AND FOLLOW PROMPTS TO SAVE SURVEY INFORMATION CLICK BELOW TO PRINT A COPY Thank you for your assistance in completing this questionnaire. Your responses will help provide insights into economic practices for improving airport terminal energy efficiency. Please follow the directions below to print and transmit your responses to this survey. NEXT STEPS: Selected respondants will be contacted to discuss responses to the questionnaire and energy efficiency practices at your facility by the TRB Consultant. If you are interested in being contacted, and would like to share more infomation about energy efficiency practices - please check the box below. Joel Stromgren, AIA Miller Dunwiddie Architecture 123 North 3rd Street Suite 104 Minneapolis, MN 55401 jstromgren@millerdunwiddie.com 612-278-7690 yes - please contact me to discuss energy efficiency practices Last PageNext PagePrevious PageFirst Page Submit the completed survey by Email Print the completeted survey for your records

Next: Appendix C - List of Airports Responding to Survey »
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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Synthesis 21: Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction explores energy efficiency improvements being implemented at airports across the country that are low cost and short payback.

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