National Academies Press: OpenBook

Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for Revisions: Interim Report (2016)

Chapter: Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for Revisions: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21832.
×

Appendix A

Acronyms and Abbreviations

αTOC

α-tocopherol

µg

microgram or micrograms

AAP

American Academy of Pediatrics

ACC

American College of Cardiology

ADA

American Diabetes Association

AHA

American Heart Association

AHRQ

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

AI

Adequate Intake

AMDR

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range

AND

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

ARA

arachidonic acid

ARS

Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

BF

breastfeeding

BLS

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

BMI

body mass index

c

cup or cups

CACFP

Child and Adult Care Food Program

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

C.F.R.

Code of Federal Regulations

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for Revisions: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21832.
×
CNPP

Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, U.S. Department of Agriculture

CPI

Consumer Price Index

CPS

Current Population Survey

CVD

cardiovascular disease

CVV

cash value voucher

d

day or days

DASH

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension

DFE

dietary folate equivalent

DGA

Dietary Guidelines for Americans

DGAC

Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

DGV

dark green vegetables

DHA

docosahexaenoic acid

DRI

Dietary Reference Intake

EAR

Estimated Average Requirement

EBT

electronic benefit transfer

ECLS-B

Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort

EER

Estimated Energy Requirement

eq

equivalent

ERS

Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

F&V

fruits and vegetables

FDA

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

FF

formula fed

FITS

Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study

FLSA

Fair Labor Standards Act

FNS

Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

FoodAPS

National Household Food Acquisition and Purchasing Survey

FPED

Food Patterns Equivalent Database

g

gram or grams

GAO

U.S. Government Accountability Office

GDM

gestational diabetes mellitus

GI

glycemic index

GRAS

generally recognized as safe

HBW

high birth weight

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for Revisions: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21832.
×
HEI

Healthy Eating Index

HHS

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

IFPS II

Infant Feeding Practices Study II

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IRI

Information Resources Incorporated

ISU

Iowa State University

ITO

Indian Tribal Organization

IU

international unit

kcal

kilocalorie or kilocalories

kg

kilogram or kilograms

LBW

low birth weight

LGA

large for gestational age

mg

milligram or milligrams

MIS

management information system

MMA

maximum monthly allowance

N

sample size

NASS

National Agricultural Statistical Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

NBDQ

Nutrient-Based Diet Quality

NCGS

non-celiac gluten sensitivity

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NHIS

National Health Interview Survey

NIS

National Immunization Survey

NPNL

nonpregnant, nonlactating

NSLP

National School Lunch Program

NSWP

National Survey of WIC Participants

NTD

neural tube defect

nutr

nutrients

oz

ounce or ounces

P

pregnant

PC

peer counselor

PC-SIDE

PC Software for Intake Distribution Estimation

PedNSS

Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System

PIH

pregnancy-induced hypertension

PIM

perceived insufficient milk

PIR

percent income-to-poverty ratio

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for Revisions: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21832.
×
PNSS

Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System

PP

postpartum

PRAMS

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System

RAE

retinol activity equivalents

RDA

Recommended Dietary Allowance

Red-Or

red and orange vegetables

RIA

Regulatory Impact Analysis

SE

standard error

SGA

small for gestational age

SNAP

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SPADE

Statistical Program for Age-adjusted Dietary Assessment

T2D

type 2 diabetes

TANF

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

tsp

teaspoon or teaspoons

UL

Tolerable Upper Intake Level

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

WHO

World Health Organization

WIC

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children

wk

week or weeks

WP

white potatoes

WWEIA

What We Eat in America (NHANES)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for Revisions: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21832.
×
Page 353
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for Revisions: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21832.
×
Page 354
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for Revisions: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21832.
×
Page 355
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for Revisions: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21832.
×
Page 356
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The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) began 40 years ago as a pilot program and has since grown to serve over 8 million pregnant women, and mothers of and their infants and young children. Today the program serves more than a quarter of the pregnant women and half of the infants in the United States, at an annual cost of about $6.2 billion. Through its contribution to the nutritional needs of pregnant, breastfeeding, and post-partum women; infants; and children under 5 years of age; this federally supported nutrition assistance program is integral to meeting national nutrition policy goals for a significant portion of the U.S. population.

To assure the continued success of the WIC, Congress mandated that the Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reevaluate the program's food packages every 10 years. In 2014, the USDA asked the Institute of Medicine to undertake this reevaluation to ensure continued alignment with the goals of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. This, the second report of this series, provides a summary of the work of phase I of the study, and serves as the analytical underpinning for phase II in which the committee will report its final conclusions and recommendations.

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