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Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter: Workshop Summary (2016)

Chapter: Appendix C: Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23531.
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Appendix C

Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff

PLANNING COMMITTEE

William Nazaroff, Ph.D. (Chair), is the Daniel Tellep Distinguished Professor of Engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Nazaroff’s research focuses on the physics and chemistry of air pollutants in proximity to people, especially in indoor environments. His research also involves the domain of exposure science, stressing the development and application of methods to better understand mechanistically the relationship between emission sources and human exposure to pollutants. Dr. Nazaroff is the editor-in-chief of the journal Indoor Air. He is the former president of the Academy of Fellows in the International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate, and also served as president of the American Association for Aerosol Research. Dr. Nazaroff received his master’s in electrical engineering and computer science from the University of California, Berkeley, and holds a Ph.D. in environmental engineering sciences from California Institute of Technology. He is co-author of Environmental Engineering Science and has served on the National Academies’ Committee on the Effect of Climate Change on Indoor Air Quality and Public Health (2011) and the Committee on Air Quality in Passenger Cabins of Commercial Aircraft (2001).

Terry Brennan, M.S., is a building scientist, educator, and the president of the consulting firm Camroden Associates, Inc. He has studied buildings since the 1970s. Mr. Brennan has provided research, training, curriculum development, and program support for the U.S. Environmental Protec-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23531.
×

tion Agency, building owners and managers, individual homeowners, and several state health departments. He is a member of ASHRAE 62.2 committee on ventilation for low-rise residential buildings and the ASTM E06 Committee on the Performance of Buildings, and he chairs the Air Barrier Association of America Whole Building Testing Committee (ASTM WK35913 Collaboration New Standard—Whole Building Enclosure Air Tightness Compliance). Mr. Brennan served as a consultant to the National Academies’ Committee on Damp Indoor Spaces and Health and presented testimony to the Committee on the Effect of Climate Change on Indoor Air Quality and Public Health. He holds a master’s degree in environmental studies from Antioch–New England Graduate School.

Richard Corsi, Ph.D., P.E., is the chair and ECH Bantel Professor of Practice in the Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering at The University of Texas (UT) at Austin. Dr. Corsi’s general areas of expertise include the sources, fate, human exposure to, and control of indoor air pollution. His research foci are on homogeneous and heterogeneous chemistry that occur indoors, the novel use of building materials to sequester indoor chemistry, and links between building energy use and indoor air quality. He has been honored as a Distinguished Alumnus of Humboldt State University and of the College of Engineering at the University of California, Davis, and he has been elected to the UT Academy of Distinguished Teachers. His work has been featured in the media, from the CBC (Canada) television series The Nature of Things, to The Economist, Business Week, and National Geographic. Dr. Corsi received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in civil engineering from the University of California, Davis.

Howard Kipen, M.D., M.P.H., is a professor in the Environmental & Occupational Health Department of the Rutgers School of Public Health. He is also the director of the Clinical Research and Occupational Medicine Division of the Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences Institute at Rutgers University. Dr. Kipen’s research focuses on clinical and epidemiological studies of the health effects of ambient air pollution. He received his M.D. from the University of California, San Francisco, and holds an M.P.H. from Columbia University. He is the chair of NASA Human Research Program’s Advanced Environmental Health/Advanced Food Technology Standing Review Panel; a governor’s appointee of the Public Employees Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, New Jersey Department of Labor; and a member of the Public Health Scientific Advisory Board, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. He has served on several committees of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23531.
×

Tiina Reponen, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Environmental Health at the University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine. Dr. Reponen is also director of the National Institute for Occupation Safety and Health–funded University of Cincinnati Education and Research Center, which includes graduate programs related to occupational health from three colleges: medicine, nursing, and applied science and engineering. She is also a visiting professor at the University of Eastern Finland and a recipient of Finland Distinguished Professor award. Dr. Reponen is an editor for the journal Aerosol Science and Technology, an associate editor for Indoor Air, and a member of the editorial advisory board of Science of the Total Environment. Dr. Reponen received both her M.S. and her Ph.D. from the University of Kuopio, Finland. She has served on the board of directors of the American Association of Aerosol Research and the International Society of Indoor Air Quality, of which she is a fellow.

NATIONAL ACADEMIES OF SCIENCES, ENGINEERING, AND MEDICINE STAFF

David A. Butler, Ph.D., is a scholar in and the director of the Medical Follow-up Agency in the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. He received his B.S. and M.S. in engineering from the University of Rochester and his Ph.D. in public policy analysis from Carnegie Mellon University. Before joining the Academies, Dr. Butler served as an analyst for the U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment, was a research associate in the Department of Environmental Health of the Harvard School of Public Health, and performed research at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. He has directed several Academies studies on environmental health and risk assessment topics, including ones that produced Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health; Damp Indoor Spaces and Health; Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures; and the series Characterizing the Exposure of Veterans to Agent Orange and Other Herbicides Used in Vietnam. Dr. Butler was also a co-editor of Systems Engineering to Improve Traumatic Brain Injury Care in the Military Health System. He was awarded the Cecil Award, the highest distinction for a staff member of the Institute of Medicine.

Guru Madhavan, Ph.D., is a senior program officer with the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. He is a co-developer of SMART Vaccines—a novel multi-stakeholder software tool to help prioritize new vaccine development. Dr. Madhavan received his M.S. and Ph.D. in biomedical engineering and an M.B.A. from the State University of New

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23531.
×

York. He has worked in the medical device industry as a research scientist developing cardiac surgical catheters for ablation therapy and has been a strategic consultant for technology startup firms and nonprofit organizations. Dr. Madhavan is a vice-president of IEEE-USA and was a founding member of the Global Young Academy. Among numerous honors, he has been named as a distinguished young scientist by the World Economic Forum. Dr. Madhavan has also received the Innovator Award and the Cecil Award from the presidents of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Anna Martin, B.A., is a senior program assistant in the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. She has worked on three consensus studies at the Academies: Community Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States; the Public Health Impact of Raising the Minimum Age for Purchasing Tobacco Products; and the Assessment of Agent-Based Models to Inform Tobacco Product Regulation. She also staffs the Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity and the Elimination of Health Disparities. Prior to joining the Academies, Ms. Martin worked at the National Museum of Women in the Arts. She received a B.A. in art history and studio art from McDaniel College.

Rose Marie Martinez, Sc.D., is the senior director of the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice in the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Under her leadership, the board has examined such topics as the safety of childhood vaccines, pandemic influenza preparedness, the revival of civilian immunization against smallpox, the health effect of environmental exposures, the capacity of governmental public health to respond to health crises, systems for evaluating and ensuring drug safety post-marketing, the soundness and ethical conduct of clinical trials to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS, and chronic disease prevention. Prior to joining the Academies, Dr. Martinez was a senior health researcher at Mathematica Policy Research, where she conducted research on the impact of health system change on the public health infrastructure, access to care for vulnerable populations, managed care, and the health care workforce. Dr. Martinez is a former assistant director for health financing and policy with the U.S. General Accounting Office, where she directed evaluations and policy analysis in the area of national and public health issues. Her experience also includes directing research studies for the Regional Health Ministry of Madrid, Spain. Dr. Martinez received her Sc.D. from the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. She is also a recipient of the Cecil Award.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23531.
×
Page 139
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23531.
×
Page 140
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23531.
×
Page 141
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Information: Planning Committee and Staff." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23531.
×
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The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines PM as a mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets comprising a number of components, including “acids (such as nitrates and sulfates), organic chemicals, metals, soil or dust particles, and allergens (such as fragments of pollen and mold spores)”. The health effects of outdoor exposure to particulate matter (PM) are the subject of both research attention and regulatory action. Although much less studied to date, indoor exposure to PM is gaining attention as a potential source of adverse health effects. Indoor PM can originate from outdoor particles and also from various indoor sources, including heating, cooking, and smoking. Levels of indoor PM have the potential to exceed outdoor PM levels.

Understanding the major features and subtleties of indoor exposures to particles of outdoor origin can improve our understanding of the exposure–response relationship on which ambient air pollutant standards are based. The EPA’s Indoor Environments Division commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to hold a workshop examining the issue of indoor exposure to PM more comprehensively and considering both the health risks and possible intervention strategies. Participants discussed the ailments that are most affected by particulate matter and the attributes of the exposures that are of greatest concern, exposure modifiers, vulnerable populations, exposure assessment, risk management, and gaps in the science. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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