BIG DATA AND ANALYTICS FOR
INFECTIOUS DISEASE RESEARCH,
OPERATIONS, AND POLICY
Proceedings of a Workshop
Joe Alper, Rapporteur
Forum on Microbial Threats
Board on Global Health
Health and Medicine Division
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS500 Fifth Street, NWWashington, DC 20001
This project was supported by Contract No. 200-2011-38807 (Task Order No. 38), Contract No. DJF-16-1200-P-0002127, Contract No. 1R13FD005335-01, Contract No. ICD_620644, Contract No. APA-2015-6885, Contract No. HHSN26300055, Contract No. HT9404-12-1-0009, Contract No. GHN-G-00-07-00001-00, Contract No. W81XWH-14-P-0339, Contract No. HSHQDC-15-C-00043, and Contract No. VA250-16-P-1998 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Food and Drug Administration, Johnson & Johnson, Merck Company Foundation, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/National Institutes of Health, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, the U.S. Agency for International Development, the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, respectively, and by the American Society for Microbiology, the Infectious Diseases Society of America, Sanofi Pasteur, and the Skoll Global Threats Fund. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.
International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-45011-9
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-45011-X
Digital Object Identifier: 10.17226/23654
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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Big data and analytics for infectious disease research, operations, and policy: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23654.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON BIG DATA AND ANALYTICS FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASE RESEARCH, OPERATIONS, AND POLICY1
LONNIE KING (Chair), Acting Dean and Vice President for Agricultural Administration, College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, The Ohio State University
SCOTT DOWELL, Deputy Director for Surveillance and Epidemiology, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
JENNIFER GARDY, Assistant Professor, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia
MARGARET HAMBURG, Foreign Secretary, National Academy of Medicine; Former Commissioner, Food and Drug Administration
KENT KESTER, Vice President and Head, Translational Science and Biomarkers, Sanofi Pasteur
GEORGE POSTE, Chief Scientist, Complex Adaptive Systems Institute, and Del E. Webb Professor of Health Innovation, Arizona State University
MARTIN SEPÚLVEDA, Retired Vice President, Integrated Health Services and IBM Fellow, IBM Corporation
JAY SIEGEL, Chief Biotechnology Officer and Head of Scientific Strategy and Policy, Johnson & Johnson Corporation
LANCE WALLER, Rollins Professor and Chair, Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University
GURU MADHAVAN, Project Director
V. AYANO OGAWA, Associate Program Officer
MARIA LUND DAHLBERG, Associate Program Officer, Office of Communications
PRIYANKA NALAMADA, Senior Program Assistant
ALLISON BERGER, Senior Program Assistant
FAYE HILLMAN, Financial Officer
CARMEN MUNDACA-SHAH, Director, Forum on Microbial Threats
PATRICK KELLEY, Senior Director, Board on Global Health
RACHEL TAYLOR, Director, Forum on Public–Private Partnerships for Global Health and Safety, Health and Medicine Division
1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.
ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Senior Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Health and Medicine Division
MICHELLE SCHWALBE, Director, Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics, Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
MARILEE DAVENPORT-SHELTON, Senior Program Officer, Board on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies
KEVIN FINNERAN, Director, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, Policy and Global Affairs Division
PROCTOR REID, Director, National Academy of Engineering Program Office
JOE ALPER, Science Writer
This Proceedings of a Workshop has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published Proceedings of a Workshop as sound as possible and to ensure that the Proceedings of a Workshop meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this Proceedings of a Workshop:
Jonathan M. Carlson, Microsoft Research
Joseph M. Jasinski, Smarter Healthcare and Life Sciences at IBM Research
Catherine Ordun, Booz Allen Hamilton
Thomas Schenk, City of Chicago
Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the Proceedings of a Workshop before its release. The review of this Proceedings of a Workshop was overseen by Linda A. McCauley, Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing at Emory University. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this Proceedings of a Workshop was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this Proceedings of a Workshop rests entirely with the rapporteur and the institution.
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The Forum on Microbial Threats staff and planning committee deeply appreciate the many valuable contributions from individuals who assisted us with this project.
First, we offer our profound thanks to all of the presenters and discussants at the workshop who gave so generously of their time and expertise. The symposium presentations were both interesting and stimulating. Speakers, in alphabetical order, were Assaf Anyamba, David Frost Attaway, Francisco Becerra, Luciana Borio, Guillaume Chabot-Couture, Scott F. Dowell, William DuMouchel, Victor J. Dzau, Michael Edelstein, Jennifer Gardy, Dale Griffin, Simon I. Hay, James M. Hughes, Kent Kester, Lonnie J. King, Emil Lesho, Jonna Mazet, Catherine Ordun, George Poste, David A. Relman, Alton D. Romig, Jr., Adam Sadilek, Tom Schenk, Martin J. Sepúlveda, Jay P. Siegel, William So, and Lance A. Waller. Their biographical sketches are provided in Appendix B.
We are also grateful to Carissa Etienne and her staff, including Fredy Aviles, Sofía Benegas, Alex Romero, and Lourdes Withrow for graciously hosting the workshop at the Pan American Health Organization’s headquarters building.
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Figures and Tables
|ABRAID||Atlas of Baseline Risk Assessment for Infectious Disease|
|API||application program interface|
|CDC||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention|
|cPCR||consensus polymerase chain reaction|
|DoD||U.S. Department of Defense|
|FBI||Federal Bureau of Investigation|
|FDA||Food and Drug Administration|
|GIS||geographical information system|
|HAP-VAP||hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia|
|HIV||human immunodeficiency virus|
|MERS||Middle East respiratory syndrome|
|MVP||minimal viable product|
|NASA||National Aeronautics and Space Administration|
|PCR||polymerase chain reaction|
|SARS||severe acute respiratory syndrome|
|USAID||U.S. Agency for International Development|
|USDA||U.S. Department of Agriculture|
|USGS||U.S. Geological Survey|
|WHO||World Health Organization|