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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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NUTRITION
ACROSS THE LIFESPAN FOR HEALTHY AGING

Proceedings of a Workshop

Leslie Pray, Rapporteur

Food Forum

Food and Nutrition Board

Health and Medicine Division

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Institutes of Health (HHSN263201200074I); U.S. Department of Agriculture (59-1235-2-114, AG-3A94-P-15-0095, CNPP-IOM-FY-2015-01, and FS_NAS_IOM_FY2015_01); and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (HHSP233201400020B/HHSP23337012), with additional support by Abbott Laboratories, Incorporated; Cargill, Inc.; The Coca-Cola Company; ConAgra Foods; Dr Pepper Snapple Group; General Mills, Inc.; Kellogg Company; Kraft Heinz; Mars, Inc.; Monsanto; Nestlé Nutrition; Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc.; PepsiCo; and Tate & Lyle. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-45748-4
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-45748-3
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24735

Additional copies of this publication are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/24735.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
×

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Reports document the evidence-based consensus of an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and committee deliberations. Reports are peer reviewed and are approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR A WORKSHOP ON NUTRITION ACROSS THE LIFESPAN1

PAMELA STARKE-REED (Chair), Deputy Administrator, Nutrition, Food Safety and Quality, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland

JOHANNA DWYER, Senior Nutrition Scientist, Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health; Director, Frances Stern Nutrition Center, Tufts-New England Medical Center; Professor, Tufts University Medical School and Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts

GORDON L. JENSEN, Senior Associate Dean for Research, Professor of Medicine and Nutrition, The University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine, Burlington

CATHERINE KWIK-URIBE, Global Director, Health and Nutrition, Mars, Inc., Germantown, Maryland

SHARON A. ROSS, Program Director, Nutritional Science Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland

MARY T. STORY, Professor of Global Health and Community and Family Medicine, Associate Director, Education and Training, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

REGINA L. TAN, Director, Office of Food Safety, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Alexandria, Virginia

CONNIE WEAVER, Distinguished Professor and Department Head, Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
×

FOOD FORUM1

SYLVIA ROWE (Chair), SR Strategy, LLC, Washington, DC

ARTI ARORA, The Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta, Georgia

CONNIE AVRAMIS, Unilever Research and Development, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey

FRANCIS (FRANK) BUSTA, University of Minnesota, St. Paul

PAUL M. COATES, Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

DAVID B. COCKRAM, Abbott Laboratories, Incorporated, Columbus, Ohio (through December 2016)

NAOMI FUKAGAWA, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland

DAVID GOLDMAN, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC

DANIEL A. GOLDSTEIN, Monsanto, St. Louis, Missouri

DANIELLE GREENBURG, PepsiCo, Purchase, New York

SONYA A. GRIER, American University, Washington, DC

JEAN HALLORAN, Consumers Union, Yonkers, New York

JACKIE HAVEN, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Alexandria, Virginia

KATE J. HOUSTON, Cargill Inc., Washington, DC

LEE-ANN JAYKUS, North Carolina State University, Raleigh

GORDON L. JENSEN, Pennsylvania State University, University Park (through December 2016)

HELEN H. JENSEN, Iowa State University, Ames

RENÉE S. JOHNSON, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

WENDY L. JOHNSON-ASKEW, Gerber Products Company, Florham Park, New Jersey

CHRISTINA KHOO, Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc., Lakeville, Massachusetts

VIVICA KRAAK, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg

SUSAN M. KREBS-SMITH, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

CATHERINE KWIK-URIBE, Mars, Inc., Germantown, Maryland

CHRISTOPHER JOHN LYNCH, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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SUSAN MAYNE, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland

KAREN McINTYRE, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

S. SUZANNE NIELSEN, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana

ERIK D. OLSON, Natural Resources Defense Council, Washington, DC

ROBERT POST, Chobani, LLC, New York, New York

KRISTIN REIMERS, ConAgra Foods, Omaha, Nebraska

CLAUDIA RIEDT, Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Plano, Texas

SARAH ROLLER, Kelley Drye & Warren LLP, Washington, DC

SHARON A. ROSS, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

JACQUELINE SCHULZ, The Kraft Heinz Company, Northfield, Illinois (through December 2016)

LISA SPENCE, Tate & Lyle, Hoffman Estates, Illinois

PAMELA STARKE-REED, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland

MAHA TAHIRI, General Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota

REGINA TAN, Office of Food Safety, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Health and Medicine Division Staff

HEATHER DEL VALLE COOK, Co-Director

LESLIE J. SIM, Co-Director

ANNA BURY, Research Assistant

GERALDINE KENNEDO, Administrative Assistant

ANN YAKTINE, Director, Food and Nutrition Board

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
×

Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published Proceedings of a Workshop as sound as possible and to ensure that the Proceedings of a Workshop meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this Proceedings of a Workshop:

LAWRENCE J. APPEL, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland

DANIEL BELSKY, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

KRISTA SCOTT, Childcare Aware of America, Arlington, Virginia

PAMELA STARKE-REED, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the Proceedings of a Workshop before its release. The review of this Proceedings of a Workshop was overseen by JAMES M. NTAMBI, University of Wisconsin–Madison. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this Proceedings of a Workshop was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this Proceedings of a Workshop rests entirely with the rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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4-5 Change in bacterial diversity in the gut microbiome over time in mice fed a high-fiber diet versus those initially fed a low-fiber diet and then later fed a high-fiber diet

4-6 Percentages of five phyla found in the gut microbiota of breastfed (BF) and formula-fed (FF) infants

4-7 Survival (percentage of the population surviving) as a function of days (in humans, mice, and worms) or generations (in yeast)

4-8 Change in the human survival curve over time, 1541-1991

4-9 Survival curves for two strains of mice (DBA and C57BL/6), both females and males, on three different diets: regular diet (AL; black curves), 20 percent calorie-restricted diet (20 percent CR; blue curves), and 40 percent calorie-restricted diet (40 percent CR; red curves)

5-1 Average Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores of the U.S. population, aged 2 years and older, as a function of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cycle, 1999-2000 to 2009-2010

5-2 Average Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores of the U.S. population as a function of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cycle, 2005-2006 to 2011-2012, by age group

5-3 Percentage of the U.S. population aged 1 year and older who are below, at, or above recommended minimums or limits for certain food groups and other dietary components

5-4 Average daily intakes (yellow dots) compared with recommended intake ranges (blue bars) for selected food groups and other dietary components, by age, for both males (the left graph of each pair) and females (the right graph of each pair)

5-5 Areas in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) in which guidance includes specific statements focused on older individuals

5-6 Percentage of the U.S. population aged 2 years and older with nutrient intakes below Estimated Average Requirements (EARs), taking into account either (1) only intake of foods with naturally occurring nutrients (“naturally occurring”); (2) intake of all foods, including fortified foods (“with fortification”); or (3) intake of all foods plus dietary supplements (“with supplements”)

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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Page R12
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
×
Page R13
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Nutrition Across the Lifespan for Healthy Aging: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24735.
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In September 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to examine trends and patterns in aging and factors related to healthy aging in the United States, with a focus on nutrition, and how nutrition can sustain and promote healthy aging, not just in late adulthood, but beginning in pregnancy and early childhood and extending throughout the lifespan. Participants discussed the role of nutrition in the aging process at various stages in life, changes in organ systems over the lifespan and changes that occur with age related to cognitive, brain, and mental health, and explored opportunities to move forward in promoting healthy aging in the United States. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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