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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Strategies for Effective Improvements to the BioWatch System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25014.
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References

Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense. 2015. A national blueprint for biodefense: Leadership and major reform needed to optimize efforts. Washington, DC: Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense.

IOM and NRC (Institute of Medicine and National Research Council). 2011. BioWatch and public health surveillance: Evaluating systems for the early detection of biological threats: Abbreviated version. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

IOM and NRC. 2014. Technologies to enable autonomous detection for BioWatch: Ensuring timely and accurate information for public health officials: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Kalb, S. R., A. E. Boyer, and J. R. Barr. 2015. Mass spectrometric detection of bacterial protein toxins and their enzymatic activity. Toxins 7(9):3497–3511.

Kumar, A., D. Roberts, K. E. Wood, B. Light, J. E. Parrillo, S. Sharma, R. Suppes, D. Feinstein, S. Zanotti, L. Taiberg, D. Gurka, A. Kumar, and M. Cheang. 2006. Duration of hypotension before initiation of effective antimicrobial therapy is the critical determinant of survival in human septic shock. Critical Care Medicine 34(6):1589–1596.

Lu, H., F. Giordano, and Z. Ning. 2016. Oxford nanopore minion sequencing and genome assembly. Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics 14(5):265–279.

NASEM (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine). 2016. Enhancing BioWatch capabilities through technology and collaboration: Proceedings of a workshop, edited by J. Alper. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Presidential Commission. 1986. Report to the president by the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident. Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Walter, M. V. 2014. BioWatch program overview: Briefing on PCR standards. Presentation to the Committee on PCR Standards for the BioWatch Program. Washington, DC.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Strategies for Effective Improvements to the BioWatch System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25014.
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BioWatch is the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS’s) system for detecting an aerosolized biological attack using collectors that are positioned strategically across the country to continuously monitor the air for biological threats. As currently deployed, BioWatch collectors draw air through filters that field technicians collect daily and transport to laboratories, where professional technicians analyze the material collected on the filter for evidence of biological threats.

As part of the BioWatch program’s efforts to enhance its effectiveness and capabilities, particularly with regard to detecting biological threats in challenging indoor environments, DHS requested the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hold a workshop to explore alternative and effective biodetection systems for aerosolized biological agents that would meet BioWatch’s technical and operational requirements, integrate into the existing system architecture and public health infrastructure, and be deployable by 2027. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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