National Academies Press: OpenBook

Exoplanet Science Strategy (2018)

Chapter: Appendix B: White Papers

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: White Papers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: White Papers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: White Papers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: White Papers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: White Papers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: White Papers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: White Papers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: White Papers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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B White Papers CALL FOR WHITE PAPERS Issued by the Committee on an Exoplanet Science Strategy Dear Colleagues, In preparation for and as an input to the upcoming decadal surveys in astronomy and astrophysics and planetary science, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has been charged with carrying out a study on the science strategy for field of extrasolar planets. The committee’s statement of task involves surveying the status of the field, recommending a future science strategy, discussing ways in which the key goals identified by the committee can be addressed by current priorities and activities, and identifying possible opportunities for coordination with international, commercial, and not-for-profit partners. The committee will regularly consult with the concurrent study on the “State of the Science of Astrobiology.” The committee is requesting community input on these topics in the form of white papers. Please find below recommended topics for white papers and submission guidelines. White papers will be accepted from now until March 9, 2018. Please note that multiple authorship accurately reflecting a consensus among many individuals is strongly encouraged. Everyone in the research communities associated with exoplanets, astrobiology, and related fields is encouraged to author or collaborate on these papers. Note that the committee will also consider reports from the Program Analysis (PAG) study groups, so these need not be resubmitted as white papers, although any important and relevant updates to these reports are encouraged. Recommended Topics for White Papers The following topics, derived from the study’s statement of task, are suggested. White papers should not revisit or attempt to redefine the scientific priorities or mission recommendations from previous decadal surveys or strategies:  Identify areas of significant scientific progress since publication of the New Worlds New Horizons Decadal Survey.  Identify exoplanet science areas where significant progress will likely be made with current and upcoming observational facilities, such as the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, the James Webb Space Telescope, the Wide Field InfraRed Survey Telescope, and other ground- and space-based facilities.  Identify exoplanet science areas and key questions that will likely remain after these current and planned missions are completed. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION B-1

 Identify key observational, technological, theoretical, and computational challenges for making progress in further understanding exoplanets and exoplanetary systems.  Identify the opportunities and obstacles that need to be overcome to make medium-to- long-term progress in key observational, technological, and theoretical areas. Identify the resources that are required to make progress in these areas, and the time scale on which this progress is likely to be made.  Discuss how to develop and expand partnerships (interagency, international, and public/private) in furthering understanding of the nature, formation, and evolution of exoplanets and exoplanetary systems.  Identify likely fruitful cross-disciplinary topics and initiatives that will enable and accelerate progress in these future areas of exoplanet inquiry, including but not limited to: protoplanetary and debris disk science, stellar astrophysics, planetary science, and astrobiology. WHITE PAPERS RECEIVED Airapetian, V.S., V. Adibekyan, M. Ansdell, O. Cohen, M. Cuntz, W. Danchi, C.F. Dong, et al. 2018. Exploring extreme space weather factors of exoplanetary habitability. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Anderson, J., R. Akeson, E. Bachelet, C. Beichman , A. Bellini, D. Bennett, A. Bhattacharya, et al. 2018. Exoplanetary microlensing from the ground in the 2020s. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Apai, D., F. Ciesla, G.D. Mulders, I. Pascucci, R. Barry, K. Pontoppidan, E. Bergin, et al. 2018. A comprehensive understanding of planet formation is required for assessing planetary habitability and for the search for life. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Apai, D., B.V. Rackham, M.S. Giampapa, D. Angerhausen, J. Teske, J. Barstow, L. Carone, et al. 2018. Understanding stellar contamination in exoplanet transmission spectra as an essential step in small planet characterization. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Ardial, D.R., V. Gorgian, M. Swain, and M. Saing. 2018. Big exoplanet science with small satellites. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Arney, G., N. Batalha, N. Cowan, S. Domagal-Goldman, C. Dressing, Y. Fujii, R. Kopparapu, et al. 2018. The importance of multiple observation methods to characterize potentially habitable exoplanets: ground- and space-based synergies. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Artigau, É., R.A. Bernstein, T. Brandt, J.Chilcote, L. Close, I. Crossfield, J.-R. Delorme, et al. 2018. Direct imaging in reflected light: characterization of older, temperate exoplanets with 30-m telescopes. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Bailey, V.P., L. Armus, B. Balasubramanian, P. Buadoz, A. Bellini, D. Benford, B. Berriman, et al. 2018. Key technologies for the wide field infrared survey telescope coronagraph instrument. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Barnes, R., A. Shahar, C. Unterborn, H. Hartnett, A. Anbar, B. Foley, P. Driscoll, et al. 2018. Geoscience and the search for life beyond the Solar System. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION B-2

Batalha, N.M., A. J. Rushby, S. Domagal-Goldman, A. Roberge, E. Ford, J.J. Fortney, A.D. Del Genio, et al. 2018. Practices and policies impacting the future of exoplanet research. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Beichman, C.A., T.P. Greene, D.B. y Navascués, N. Batalha, R. Belikox, B. Benneke, Z. Berta, et al. 2018. Observing exoplanets with the James Webb Space Telescope. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Bendek, E.A., M.S. Marley, M. Shao, O. Guyon, R. Belikov, and P. Tuthill. 2018. The value of astrometry for exoplanet science. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Bennett, D.P., R. Akeson, M. Albrows, R. Barry, J. Anderson, J.-P. Beaulieu, A. Bellini, et al. 2018. ExoPAG SAG-11 update: preparing for the WFIRST microlensing survey. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Bennett, D.P., R. Akeson, J. Anderson, L. Armus, E. Bachelet, V. Bailey, T. Barclay, et al. 2018. The WFIRST exoplanet microlensing survey. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Brandt, P.C., R. McNutt, M. Paul, C. Lisse, K. Mandt, and A. Rymer. 2018. Using the interstellar probe to decipher exoplanet signatures of our planets from the very local interstellar medium. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Bryson, S., N. Batalha, R. Belikov, D. Caldwell, D.R. Ciardi, J. Coughlin, E.B. Ford, et al. 2018. Exoplanet occurrence rates and -Earth: status, challenges, and future prospects. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Cale, B., P. Plavchan, J. Gagné, E. Gaidos, A. Tanner, and P. Gao. 2018. Precise near-infrared radial velocities with iSHELL. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Ciardi, D.R., J. Pepper, K. Colon, and S.R. Kane. 2018. Resources needed for planetary confirmation and characterization. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Crass, J., A. Bechter, E. Bechter, C. Beichman, C. Blake, T. Feger, S. Halverson, et al. 2018. The need for single-mode fiber-fed spectrographs. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Crill, B., N. Siegler, S. Domagal-Goldman, E. Mamajek, and K. Stapelfeldt. 2018. Key technology challenges for the study of exoplanets and the search for habitable worlds. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Currie, T., R. Belikov, O. Guyon, N.J. Kasdin, C. Marois, M.S. Marley, K. Cahoy, et al. 2018. Using ground-based telescopes to mature key technologies and advance science for future NASA exoplanet direct imaging missions. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Del Genio, A.D., V. Airapetian, C. Dong, S.D. Guzewich, W.G. Henning, S.R. Kane, N.Y. Kian, et al. 2018. Climates of potentially habitable exoplanets and priorities for the future. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Domagal-Goldman, S., N.Y. Kiang, N. Parenteau, D.C. Catling, S. DasSerma, Y. Fujii, C.E. Harman, et al. 2018. Life beyond the Solar System: remotely detectable biosignatures. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION B-3

Drake, J.J., J. Linsky, L. Oskinova, K. Poppenhaeger, B. Airapetian, P.K.G. Williams, P. Tzanavaris, et al. 2018. High-energy photon and particle effects on exoplanet atmospheres and habitability. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Fitzgeral, M., É. Artigau, R.A. Bernstein, T. Brandt, J. Chilcote, L. Close, I. Crossfield, et al. 2018. Direct imaging in reflected light: characterization of older, temperature exoplanets with 30-m telescopes. Fortney, J.J., M.K. Alam, D. Angerhausen, N. Batalha, N. Batalha, J. Blecic, G. Bruno, et al. 2018. A science case for transiting giant planet observations with the James Webb Space Telescope. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Fortney, J.J., T. Kataria, K. Stevenson, R. Zellem, E. Nielsen, P. Cuartas-Restrepo, E. Gaidos, et al. 2018. The Origins Space Telescope: towards an understanding of temperate planetary atmospheres. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Fortney, J.J., T.D. Robinson, S. Domagal-Goldman, A.D. Del Genio, N. Batalha, and D. Gelino. 2018. The need for laboratory work to aid in the understanding of exoplanetary atmospheres. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Fraine, J.D., H. Wakeford, T. Kataria, K. Stevenson, M. Meizner, J. Fortney, C. Morley, et al. 2018. Transiting exoplanet characterization beyond 2030: a case for observing giant planets with giant telescopes. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Freund, F. 2018. Oxygen in the atmospheres of exoplanets: a sure sign of life? White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Graham, J.R., E.B. Ford, W.B. Danchi, P. Kalas, R. Jensen-Clem, M. Ansdell, J. Want, et al. 2018. Technology development for continued progress in characterizing exoplanetary systems via radial velocity and direct imaging observations. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Henning, W.G., J.P. Renaud, A.M. Mandell, P. Saxena, T.A. Hurford, S. Matsumura, L.S. Glaze, et al. 2018. Exoplanet science priorities from the perspective of internal and surface processes for silicate and ice dominated worlds. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Henning, W.G., J.P. Renaud, P. Sexena, P.L. Whelley, A.M. Mandell, S. Matsumura, L.S. Glaze, et al. 2018. Highly volcanic exoplanets, lava worlds, and magma ocean worlds: an emerging class of dynamic exoplanets of significant scientific priority. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Jackson, B., E. Adams, R. Heller, and M. Endl. 2018. Investigating planet formation and evolutionary processes with short-period exoplanets. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Kane, S.R., G. Arney, D. Crisp, S. Domagal-Goldman, L.S. Glaze, C. Goldblatt, D. Grinspoon, J.W. Head, A. Lenardic, C. Unterborn, and M.J. Way. 2018. Venus: the nearby exoplanetary laboratory. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Kasdin, N.J., E.Higgens, V. Bailey, B. Menneson, J. Trauger, S. Hildebrandt, M. Frerking, et al. 2018. Potential exoplanet direct imaging science with the WFIRST coronagraph instrument (CGI). White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Kataria, T., K.B. Stevenson, J.J. Fortney, R. Kopparapu, E.T. Wolf, R.T. Zellem, R.K. Barry, et al. 2018. Characterizing potentially habitable planets orbiting M-dwarfs with thermal phase curves. White PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION B-4

paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Kopparapu, R., E. Hebrard, R. Belikov, N.M. Batalha, G.D. Mulders, C. Stark, D. Teal, et al. 2018. Exoplanet diversity in the era of space-based direct imaging missions. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Kuhn, J.R., S.V. Berdyugina, D. Apai, A.V. Berdyugin, D.C. Catling, T. Darnell, B. Diamond, et al. 2018. Exo-Life Finder (ELF): a hybrid optical telescope for imaging exo-Earths. White paper submitted to the Astrobiology Science Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Kurtz, M.J., A. Accomazzi, and E.A. Henneken. 2018. Merging the astrophysics and planetary science information systems. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Lazio, J., G. Hallinan, V. Airapetian, D.A. Brain, C.F. Dong, P.E. Driscoll, J.-M. Griessmeier, et al. 2018. Magnetic fields of extrasolar planets: planetary interiors and habitability. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Lillo-Box, J., D. Kipping, I. Rebollido, P. Figueira, A. Leleu, A. Correai, P. Robutel, N.C. Santos, D. Barrado, B. Montesinos, and T. Boekholt. 2018. Towards completing planetary systems: the role of minor bodies on life growth and survival. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Marley, M., and N. Lewis. 2018. Giant planet as pathfinders for characterizing the Pale Blue Dot. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. McGuire, B.A., E. Bergin, G.A. Blake, A.M. Burkhardt, L.I. Cleeves, R.A. Loomis, A.J. Remijan, C.N. Shingledecker, and E.R. Willis. 2018. Observing the effects of chemistry on exoplanets and planet formation. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Mennesson, B., V. Bailey, J. Kasdin, J. Trauger, R. Akeson, L. Armus, J.L. Baudino, et al. 2018. The potential of exozodiacal disks observations with the WFIRST coronagraph instrument. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Mennesson, B., S. Seager, A. Kiessling, D. Stern, K. Warfield, T. Robinson, C. Stark, et al. 2018. Characterizing the architectures, diversity, and habitability of nearby planetary systems: the HabEx observatory. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Meshkat, T., E.L. Nielsen, E. Bergin, L.M. Close, R.J. De Rosa, C. Dong, J.J. Fortney, et al. 2018. Predicted capabilities and planet yields of an Origins Space Telescope coronagraph. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Meyer, M.R. 2018. Finding and characterizing other worlds: the thermal-IR ELT opportunity. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Millar-Blanchaer, M., S. Sanghavi, S. Wiktorowicz, R. Jensen-Clem, V. Bailey, K. Bott, J. Breckinridge, et al. 2018. Polarimetry of exoplanets. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Monnier, J.D., S. Kraus, and M.J. Ireland. 2018. Exoplanet science potential of the planet formation imager. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION B-5

Morse, J.A., E. Bendek, N. Cabrol, F. Marchis, M. Turnbull, S. Chakrabarti, D. Fischer, et al. 2018. Project blue—visible light imaging search for terrestrial-class exoplanets in the habitable zones of Alpha Centauri A & B. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Mukherjee, R., N. Siegler, B.M. Petterson, G. Roesler, J. Grunsfeld, H. Thronson, M. Greenhouse, R. Polidan, and H. MacEwen. 2018. The case for in-space assembly of telescopes to advance exoplanet science. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Oberg, K.I., E.A. Bergin, and G.A. Blake. 2018. The chemistry of planet formation: opportunities and challenges. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Osten, R.A., M.K. Crosley, M. Gudel, A. Kowalski, J. Lazio, J.Linsky, E. Murphy, and S. White. 2018. The ngVLA’s role in exoplanet science: constraining exo-space weather. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Plavchan, P., B. Cale, P. Newman, B. Hamze, N. Latoug, W. Matzko, C. Beichman, et al. 2018. EarthFinder: a precise radial velocity probe mission concept for the detection of Earth-mass planets orbiting Sun-like stars. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Polidan, R.S., H.A. MacEwen, J.B. Breckinridge, and C.F. Lillie. 2018. In space assembly for large astronomical telescopes. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Pontoppidan, K.M., E.A. Bergin, G. Melnick, M. Bradford, J.G. Staghun, D.T. Leisawitz, M. Meixner, et al. 2018. The need for a far-infrared cold space telescope to understand the chemistry of planet formation. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Ramirez, R.M., D.S. Abbot, V. Airapetian, Y. Fujii, K. Hamano, A. Levi, T.D. Robinson, L. Schaefer, E.T. Wolf, and R.D. Wordsworth. 2018. The continued importance of habitability studies. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Ricci, L., A. Isella, S.M. Andrews, T. Birnstiel, J.N. Cuzzi, G. D’Angelo, R. Dong, et al. 2018. Witnessing planetary systems in the making with the next generation Very Large Array. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Robertson, R., S. Mahadevan, J.T. Wright, C.F. Bender, C. Blake, D. Conran, E.B. Ford, et al. 2018. Radial velocities as a critical tool in the exoplanet discovery arsenal: the search for the nearby terrestrial planets with NEID. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Ruane, G., N. Jovanovic, J. Wang, S. Albrecht, C. Beichman, G.A. Blake, B. Bowler, et al. 2018. Combining high-contrast imaging and high-resolution spectroscopy for exoplanet characterization. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Rymer, A., K. Mandt, D. Hurley, C. Lisse, N. Izenberg, H.T. Smith, J. Westlake, et al. 2018. Solar System ice giants: exoplanets in our backyard. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Schwieterman, E., C. Reinhard, S. Olson, T. Lyons, V. Airapetain, M. Ansdell, G. Arney, et al. 2018. The importance of UV capabilities for identifying inhabited exoplanets with next generation space telescopes. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION B-6

Seager, S., J. Kasdin, A. Gray, J. Booth, M. Greenhause, D. Lisman, S. Shaklan, et al. 2018. Imaging and spectra of exoplanets orbiting our nearest Sun-like star neighbors with a starshade in the 2020s. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Shao, M., S.G. Turyshev, E. Bendek, D. Fischer, O. Guyon, B. McArthur, M. Muterspaugh, C. Zhai, and C. Boehm. 2018. Precision space astrometry as a tool to find Earth-like exoplanets. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Stapelfeldt, K.R., K.R. Warfield, R.T. Effinger, E.E. Mamajek, G.C. Bryden, J.E. Krist, J. Nissen, et al. 2018. A dedicated probe-scale mission for coronagraphic imaging and spectroscopy of exoplanetary systems: “Eco-C.” White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Steffen, J.H., P. Plavchan, T. Brown, E.B. Ford, A.W. Howard, H. Jang-Condell, D.W. Latham, J.J. Lissauer, B.E.Nelson, P. Newman, and D. Rogizzine. 2018. The crucial role of ground-based, Doppler measurements for the future of exoplanet science. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Stevens, D.J., G. Melnick, M. Ashby, K. Su, B. Crill, O. Doré, M. Werner, and J. Bock. 2018. Exoplanet science with SPHEREx’s all-sky spectro-photometric survey in the near-infrared. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Taylor, S.F. 2018. Creation of a list of exoplanet parameters. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Taylor, S.F. 2018. Distribution of exoplanet parameters: how achieving inclusion and participation in exoplanet science essential is to the credibility of peer review. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Taylor, S.F. 2018. Distribution of exoplanet parameters: patterns in the distribution of exoplanet parameters give essential insight into planet evolution. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Turyshev, S.G., M. Shao, J. Shen, H. Zhou, V.T. Toth, L. Friedman, L. Alkalai, et al. 2018. Recognizing the value of the solar gravitational lens for direct multipixel imaging and spectroscopy of an exoplanet. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Verma, V., S.W. Nam, A. McCaughan, M. Stevens, M. Shaw, E. Wollman, J. Allmaras, B. Korzh, and A. Beyer. 2018. Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors for exoplanet transit spectroscopy. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Wright, J.T., and S. Sigurdsson. 2018. Advances in precise radial velocimetry from cross-disciplinary work in heliophysics, stellar astronomy, and instrumentation. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Yee, J., J. Anderson, R. Akeson, E. Bachelet, C. Beichman, A. Bellini, D. Bennett, et al. 2018. Exoplanetary microlensing from the ground in the 2020s. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Zellem, R.T., J.J. Fortney, M.R. Swain, G. Bryden, J.W. Chapman, N.B. Cowan, T. Kataria, et al. 2018. Additional exoplanet science enabled by FINESSE. White paper submitted to the Committee on PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION B-7

Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. Ziemer, J.K., D. Lisman, S. Martin, S. Shaklan, D. Webb, S. Warwick, S. Seager, J. Kasdin, and A. Harness. 2018. Starshade technology development: preparing for an exoplanet observatory mission in the next decade. White paper submitted to the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, D.C. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION B-8

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The past decade has delivered remarkable discoveries in the study of exoplanets. Hand-in-hand with these advances, a theoretical understanding of the myriad of processes that dictate the formation and evolution of planets has matured, spurred on by the avalanche of unexpected discoveries. Appreciation of the factors that make a planet hospitable to life has grown in sophistication, as has understanding of the context for biosignatures, the remotely detectable aspects of a planet’s atmosphere or surface that reveal the presence of life.

Exoplanet Science Strategy highlights strategic priorities for large, coordinated efforts that will support the scientific goals of the broad exoplanet science community. This report outlines a strategic plan that will answer lingering questions through a combination of large, ambitious community-supported efforts and support for diverse, creative, community-driven investigator research.

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