National Academies Press: OpenBook

Exoplanet Science Strategy (2018)

Chapter: Appendix F: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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F

Acronyms

1D one-dimensional
2D two-dimensional
3D three-dimensional
AAS American Astronomical Society
AGU American Geophysical Union
ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array
AO adaptive optics
APLC apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph
ARIEL Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large-Survey
AU astronomical unit
CARMENES Calar Alto High-Resolution Search for M Dwarfs with Exoearths with Near-Infrared and Optical Échelle Spectrographs
CASE Contribution to ARIEL Spectroscopy of Exoplanets
CCD charge coupled device
CFAO Center for Adaptive Optics
CHEOPS Characterising Exoplanet Satellite
CoRoT Convection, Rotation, and Planetary Transits
COS Cosmic Origins Spectrograph
CUTE Colorado Ultraviolet Transit Experiment
DOD Department of Defense
DST Decadal Survey Testbed
ELT Extremely Large Telescope
EMCCD electron multiplying charge coupled device
EOS equations of state
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
×
EPRV extremely precise radial velocity
ERS Early Release Science
ERS European remote sensing satellite
ESA European Space Agency
ESPRESSO Échelle Spectrograph for Rocky Exoplanet- and Stable Spectroscopic Observations
EUV extreme ultraviolet
ExAO extreme adaptive optics
ExEP Exoplanet Exploration Program
Exo-C Exoplanet Direct Imaging: Coronagraph
Exo-S Exoplanet Direct Imaging: Starshade
ExoPAG Exoplanet Exploration Program Analysis Group
FFP free-floating planet
FGS fine guidance sensor
FIES Fiber-Fed Échelle Spectrograph
FIR far infrared
FOV field of view
FUV far ultraviolet
GALEX Galaxy Evolution Explorer
G-CLEF Giant Magellan Telescope-Consortium Large Earth Finder
GCM general circulation model
GMT Giant Magellan Telescope
GMTNIRS Giant Magellan Telescope Near-Infrared Spectrograph
GPI Gemini Planet Imager
GSMT giant segmented mirror telescope
Gyr billion years
HabEx Habitable Exoplanet Imaging Mission
HARPS High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher
HARPS-N High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher-North
HD hydrogen deuteride
HDS high-dispersion spectroscopy
HIRIS High Resolution Imaging Spectrometer
HITRAN high-resolution transmission
HOSTS Hunt for Observable Signatures of Terrestrial Systems
HROS High-Resolution Optical Spectrometer
HST Hubble Space Telescope
HZ habitable zone
IFS Integral Field Spectrograph
IFU Integral Field Unit
IR infrared
IR-APD infrared avalanche photodiodes
IRDIS Infra-Red Dual-Beam Imager and Spectrograph
IWA inner working angle
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JWST James Webb Space Telescope
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
×
KELT-FUN Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope Follow-Up Network
KGMT-FUN Korean Giant Magellan Telescope Follow-Up Network
KMTNet Korean Microlensing Telescope Network
L2 Lagrange 2 point
LBT Large Binocular Telescope
LBTI Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer
LCOGT Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope
LRS Low Resolution Spectrometer
LSST Large Synoptic Survey Telescope
LTE local thermodynamic equilibrium
LUVOIR Large UV/Optical/IR Surveyor
ME mass—Earth
MJ mass—Jupiter
MP mass—planet
METIS Mid-Infrared E-ELT Imager and Spectrograph
MHD magnetohydrodynamics
MIR mid-infrared
MIRI Mid-Infrared Instrument
MKID microwave kinetic inductance detector
MOA Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics
MRI magnetorotational instability
MRS Medium Resolution Spectroscopy
MS main sequence
Myr million years
NAI NASA Astrobiology Institute
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NExSS Nexus for Exoplanet Systems Science
ngVLA Next Generation Very Large Array
NICMOS Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer
NIR near infrared
NIRES Near-Infrared Échelle Spectrometer
NN-EXPLORE NASA-NSF Exoplanet Observational Research
NOAO National Optical Astronomy Observatory
NSF National Science Foundation
NUV near ultraviolet
OGLE Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment
OST Origins Space Telescope
OWA Outer Working Angle
PI principal investigator
PLATO Planetary Transits and Oscillations of Stars
PM phase modulation
PRIME Prime focus Infrared Microlensing Experiment
PSF point spread function
QE quantum efficiency
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
×
R* radius—star
Re radius—Earth
Rp radius—planet
R&D research and development
RMS root-mean-square
RT radiative transfer
RV radial velocity
SAG Study Analysis Group
SCDA Segmented Coronagraph Design and Analysis
SDT science definition team
SED spectral energy distribution
SHW2018 Sexual Harassment of Women (National Academies 2018 report)
SIM Space Interferometry Mission
SNR signal-to-noise ratio
SPARCS Star-Planet Activity Research CubeSat
SPECULOOS Search for Habitable Planets Eclipsing Ultra-Cool Stars
SPHERE Spectro-Polarimetric High-Contrast Exoplanet Research
SSB Space Studies Board
STDT Science and Technology Definition Team
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
STIS Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph
STScI Space Telescope Science Institute
TDEM Technology Demonstration for Exoplanet Missions
TESS Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite
TMT Thirty Meter Telescope
TPF-C Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph
TPF-I Terrestrial Planet Finder Interferometer
TRAPPIST Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescope
TRL technology readiness level
TTV transit timing variation
URM underrepresented minority group
vc vortex coronagraph
Vis visible
VLT Very Large Telescope
VLTI Very Large Telescope Interferometer
WISE Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer
WFIRST Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope
WFIRST-CGI Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope-Coronagraph Instrument
WIETR WFIRST Independent External Technical/Management/Cost Review
XRP Exoplanets Research Programs
XUV extreme ultraviolet
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
×
Page 164
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
×
Page 165
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
×
Page 166
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
×
Page 167
Next: Appendix G: Glossary »
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The past decade has delivered remarkable discoveries in the study of exoplanets. Hand-in-hand with these advances, a theoretical understanding of the myriad of processes that dictate the formation and evolution of planets has matured, spurred on by the avalanche of unexpected discoveries. Appreciation of the factors that make a planet hospitable to life has grown in sophistication, as has understanding of the context for biosignatures, the remotely detectable aspects of a planet’s atmosphere or surface that reveal the presence of life.

Exoplanet Science Strategy highlights strategic priorities for large, coordinated efforts that will support the scientific goals of the broad exoplanet science community. This report outlines a strategic plan that will answer lingering questions through a combination of large, ambitious community-supported efforts and support for diverse, creative, community-driven investigator research.

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