National Academies Press: OpenBook

Exoplanet Science Strategy (2018)

Chapter: Appendix F: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Page 181
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Page 182
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Page 183
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Exoplanet Science Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25187.
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Page 184

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F Acronyms 1D one-dimensional 2D two-dimensional 3D three-dimensional AAS American Astronomical Society AGU American Geophysical Union ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array APLC apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph AO adaptive optics ARIEL Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large-Survey AU astronomical unit CARMENES Calar Alto High-Resolution Search for M Dwarfs with Exoearths with Near-Infrared and Optical Échelle Spectrographs CASE Contribution to ARIEL Spectroscopy of Exoplanets CCD charge coupled device CFAO Center for Adaptive Optics CHEOPS Characterising Exoplanet Satellite CoRoT Convection, Rotation, and Planetary Transits COS Cosmic Origins Spectrograph CUTE Colorado Ultraviolet Transit Experiment DOD Department of Defense DST Decadal Survey Testbed ELT Extremely Large Telescope EMCCD electron multiplying charge coupled device EOS equations of state EPRV extremely precise radial velocity ERS European remote sensing satellite ERS Early Release Science ESA European Space Agency ESPRESSO Échelle Spectrograph for Rocky Exoplanet- and Stable Spectroscopic Observations EUV extreme ultraviolet ExAO extreme adaptive optics ExEP Exoplanet Exploration Program Exo-C Exoplanet Direct Imaging: Coronagraph Exo-S Exoplanet Direct Imaging: Starshade ExoPAG Exoplanet Exploration Program Analysis Group PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-1

FFP free-floating planet FGS fine guidance sensor FIES Fiber-Fed Échelle Spectrograph FIR far infrared FOV field-of-view FUV far ultraviolet GALEX Galaxy Evolution Explorer G-CLEF Giant Magellan Telescope-Consortium Large Earth Finder GCM general circulation model GMT Giant Magellan Telescope GMTNIRS Giant Magellan Telescope Near-Infrared Spectrograph GPI Gemini Planet Imager GSMT giant segmented mirror telescope Gyr billion years HabEx Habitable Exoplanet Imaging Mission HARPS High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher HARPS-N High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher-North HD hydrogen deuteride HDS High Dispersion Spectroscopy HIRIS High Resolution Imaging Spectrometer HITRAN high-resolution transmission HOSTS Hunt for Observable Signatures of Terrestrial Systems HROS High-Resolution Optical Spectrometer HST Hubble Space Telescope HZ habitable zone IFS Integral Field Spectrograph IFU Integral Field Unit IR infrared IR-APD infrared avalanche photodiodes IRDIS Infra-Red Dual-Beam Imager and Spectrograph IWA inner working angle JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory JWST James Webb Space Telescope KELT-FUN Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope Follow-Up Network KGMT-FUN Korean Giant Magellan Telescope Follow-Up Network KMTNet Korean Microlensing Telescope Network L2 Lagrange 2 point LBT Large Binocular Telescope LBTI Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer LCOGT Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope LRS Low Resolution Spectrometer LSST Large Synoptic Survey Telescope LTE local thermodynamic equilibrium LUVOIR Large UV/Optical/IR Surveyor PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-2

ME mass—Earth MJ mass—Jupiter MP mass—planet METIS Mid-Infrared E-ELT Imager and Spectrograph MHD magnetohydrodynamics MIR mid-infrared MIRI Mid-Infrared Instrument MKID microwave kinetic inductance detector MOA Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics MRI magnetorotational instability MRS Medium Resolution Spectroscopy MS main sequence Myr million years NAI NASA Astrobiology Institute NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NExSS Nexus for Exoplanet Systems Science ngVLA Next Generation Very Large Array NICMOS Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer NIR near infrared NIRES Near-Infrared Échelle Spectrometer NN-EXPLORE NASA-NSF Exoplanet Observational Research NOAO National Optical Astronomy Observation NSF National Science Foundation NUV near ultraviolet OGLE Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment OST Origins Space Telescope OWA Outer Working Angle PI principal investigator PLATO Planetary Transits and Oscillations of Stars PM phase modulation PRIME Prime focus Infrared Microlensing Experiment PSF point spread function QE quantum efficiency R* radius—star Re radius—Earth Rp radius—planet R&D research and development RMS root-mean-square RT radiative transfer RV radial velocity SAG Study Analysis Group SCDA Segmented Coronagraph Design and Analysis SDT science definition team SED spectral energy distributions SHW2018 Sexual Harassment of Women (National Academies 2018 report) PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-3

SIM Space Interferometry Mission SNR signal-to-noise ratio SPARCS Star-Planet Activity Research CubeSat SPECULOOS Search for Habitable Planets Eclipsing Ultra-Cool Stars SPHERE Spectro-Polarimetric High-Contrast Exoplanet Research SSB Space Studies Board STDT Science and Technology Definition Team STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics STIS Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph STScI Space Telescope Science Institute TDEM Technology Demonstration for Exoplanet Missions TESS Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite TMT Thirty Meter Telescope TPF-C Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph TPF-I Terrestrial Planet Finder Interferometer TRAPPIST Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescope TRL technology readiness level TTV transit timing variation URM underrepresented minority group vc vortex coronagraph Vis visible VLT Very Large Telescope VLTI Very Large Telescope Interferometer WISE Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer WFIRST Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope WFIRST-CGI Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope-Coronagraph Instrument WIETR WFIRST Independent External Technical/Management/Cost Review XRP Exoplanets Research Programs XUV extreme ultraviolet PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-4

Next: Appendix G: Glossary »
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The past decade has delivered remarkable discoveries in the study of exoplanets. Hand-in-hand with these advances, a theoretical understanding of the myriad of processes that dictate the formation and evolution of planets has matured, spurred on by the avalanche of unexpected discoveries. Appreciation of the factors that make a planet hospitable to life has grown in sophistication, as has understanding of the context for biosignatures, the remotely detectable aspects of a planet’s atmosphere or surface that reveal the presence of life.

Exoplanet Science Strategy highlights strategic priorities for large, coordinated efforts that will support the scientific goals of the broad exoplanet science community. This report outlines a strategic plan that will answer lingering questions through a combination of large, ambitious community-supported efforts and support for diverse, creative, community-driven investigator research.

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