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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25542.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25542.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25542.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25542.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25542.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25542.
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A Committee Biographies Andrew Brown, Jr. (NAE), is currently the Chief Technology Officer of his own consulting practice, Diamond Consulting. He provides leadership, guidance, and solutions for technology and innovation for major corporations, organizations, and nongovernmental organizations. Dr. Brown has served as a member of the Board of Directors for the Center for Automotive Research since 2015, an Automotive News PACE Judge since 2016, and a CES Technology & Innovation Judge since 2016. Dr. Brown retired as the Vice President and Chief Technologist for Delphi Automotive, where he provided leadership on corporate innovation and technology issues to help achieve profitable competitive advantage. Prior to this assignment, Dr. Brown had responsibility for common policies, practices, processes, and performances across Delphi’s 19,000-member technical community globally and its budget of $1.8 billion, including establishing Delphi’s global engineering footprint with new centers in Poland, India, China, and Mexico, among other locations. In December 2014, he was inducted into the Delphi Innovation Hall of Fame. Dr. Brown came to Delphi from the GM Research and Development Center in Warren, Michigan, where he was Director-Strategic Futures. At Saturn, he was on the Site Selection Team and responsible for the conceptual design and engineering of this innovative manufacturing facility. Dr. Brown began his GM career as a project engineer at Manufacturing Development in 1973 and then progressed in the engineering field as a senior project engineer, staff development engineer, and manager of research and development (R&D) for the manufacturing staff. During this period, he worked on manufacturing processes and systems with an emphasis on energy systems, productivity improvement, and environmental efficiency. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree in chemical engineering from Wayne State University in 1971, a Master of Business Administration in finance and marketing from Wayne State University in 1975, and a Master of Science degree in mechanical engineering focus on energy and environmental engineering from the University of Detroit-Mercy in 1978. As a registered Professional Engineer, Dr. Brown earned a doctorate of engineering in September 1992. Members Inês Azevedo is a professor of engineering and public policy as well as the co-Director for the Climate and Energy Decision Marking Center at Carnegie Mellon University. Dr. Azevedo’s research interests lie at the intersection of environmental, technical, and economic issues, such as how to address the challenge of climate change and to move toward a more sustainable energy system. In particular, she has been looking at how energy systems are likely to be shaped in the future, which requires comprehensive knowledge not only of the technologies that can address future energy needs but also of the decision-making process followed by different agents in the economy. She received her B.S. in environmental engineering and M.S. in engineering policy and management of technology from IST University in Portugal, and her Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University in engineering and public policy. Rodica Baranescu (NAE) retired as a professor from the College of Engineering, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Before that, she was manager of the fuels, lubricants, and engine group of the International Truck and Engine Corporation in Melrose Park, Illinois. She is an international public speaker on technical issues related to mobility technology, environmental control, fuels, and energy. Dr. Baranescu has extensive expertise in diesel engine technology and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in 2001 for research leading to effective and environmentally sensitive diesel and alternative-fuel engines and leadership in automotive engineering. She is a fellow of SAE International after being the Prepublication Copy – Subject to Further Editorial Correction A-1

association’s president in 2000. In 2003 she received the Internal Combustion Engine Award of the American Society of Mechanical Engineering (ASME). Dr. Baranescu received her M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering in 1961 and 1970, respectively, from the Politehnica University in Bucharest, Romania, where she served as an assistant professor (1964-1968), lecturer (1970-1974), and associate professor (1974-1978). Thomas Cackette retired at the end of 2012 after serving as the Chief Deputy Executive Officer of the California Air Resources Board (ARB) for over 20 years. With the Board since 1982, he managed the Board's motor vehicle emission control program, which develops regulations and other programs to reduce vehicle emissions. He also managed the Board's Monitoring and Laboratory Division, which performs ambient air quality monitoring and develops test methods. Overall, 400 professional and support staff are dedicated to these programs, which are contributing to a steady decline in air pollution in California's major urban areas. Mr. Cackette served as a Legislative lobbyist for the ARB for several years, and worked 8 years for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Motor Vehicle Emission Laboratory in a variety of technical, management, and policy positions. Prior to that he was involved in rocket engine production, testing, and flight performance analysis at Rocketdyne in Los Angeles, where he gained first-hand knowledge of living in the smoggiest city in the United States. He holds an M.S. in engineering and a B.S. in aeronautics and astronautics. He has published papers for the Society of Automotive Engineers and Air and Waste Management Association, and is a frequent speaker on air quality issues. Nigel N. Clark is the George B. Berry Chair of Engineering and Emeritus Professor for Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering in the Statler College of Engineering & Mineral Resources at West Virginia University (WVU) and Associate Vice President for Academic Strategic Planning at WVU. He holds a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Natal, South Africa, and previously held assistant and associate professor positions in the Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering at WVU. Dr. Clark’s areas of interest include vehicle design, advanced vehicle concepts, alternative fuels, and the measurement and reduction of vehicle emissions. He has also published extensively in the areas of particle science and multiphase systems. He has conducted research for government and industry in the areas of fuel economy and emissions from heavy-duty vehicles, including buses and heavy hybrid drive vehicles, and works with the International Council for Clean Transportation on technology and efficiency review. Dr. Clark has contributed to understanding the influence of vehicle activity and test cycles on fuel use, and to relating engine and vehicle dynamometer data. He commenced his career with a National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award, was recognized as a Benedum Scholar by his institution, and is a Fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers. Ronald Graves is on staff at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as a technical advisor for transportation R&D and is also a part-time subject matter expert for Energetics, Inc. He retired from his full-time role at ORNL in 2016 as Director of the Sustainable Transportation Program, which covered the laboratory’s research in vehicle efficiency technologies, fuels, and intelligent transportation systems. He joined ORNL in 1976 after receiving his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Tennessee. He has been a member and leader of many projects in transportation fuels and engines since the early 1980s, including work on pathways to higher engine efficiency, alcohol fuels, and the effects of fuel sulfur and fuel composition on combustion and emissions. He currently serves on the technical teams for the U.S. DRIVE Partnership and the 21st Century Truck Partnership. Over 25 years ago, he led the establishment of engine and emissions research at ORNL that continues today. He has participated in Working Groups of the Coordinating Research Council and is a Fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers. Dr. Graves has a record of over 60 publications and reports that encompass subjects in internal combustion engines, fuels, power systems, and materials. He shares four patents with co-workers. He recently served on the National Academy of Prepublication Copy – Subject to Further Editorial Correction A-2

Sciences Committee on Fuel Economy of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, he is a member of the judges panel for the Automotive News PACE award, and also serves on the selection committees for awards in SAE and ASME. Dan Hancock (NAE) retired from General Motors effective September 1, 2011, where he was the Vice President for Global Strategic Product Alliances. In this newly created position, Dan was charged with building strong product alliance relationships and speeding development and implementation of joint ventures for winning vehicles and technologies. Hancock’s previous appointments included GM Powertrain vice president, global engineering and chief executive officer, Fiat-GM Powertrain, based in Turin, Italy. After joining General Motors in 1968 he held various engineering positions within Allison Transmission Division, which later became Detroit Diesel Allison Division in Indianapolis, Indiana. In 1983 he became Chief Engineer for Detroit Diesel in Redford, Michigan. He became Technical Director for Advanced Powertrain at the Chevrolet-Pontiac- GM Canada Group in 1987. In 1992, he was appointed Chief Engineer of the Small Block V8 engine, and in 1994 was appointed Director of Transmission Engineering at GM Powertrain. In 1997, he returned to Indianapolis where he was named President at Allison Transmission Division. Born in Indiana, Hancock received an M.S. in mechanical engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1973 and a B.S. in mechanical engineering from the General Motors Institute in Michigan in 1974. Hancock served as Chairman of the Society of Automotive Engineers Foundation Board of Trustees from 1998 to 2008. He served as President of FISITA, the International Federation of Automotive Engineering Societies, from 2004 to 2006. He was also inducted into the National Academy of Engineering in 2011. He is a recipient of the SAE Medal of Honor, the Great Golden Medal for Service to the Republic of Austria, and the Sagamore of the Wabash recognition from the State of Indiana. W. Michael Hanemann (NAS) joined the Arizona State University (ASU) Department of Economics and the Center for Environmental Economics and Sustainability Policy in 2011 where he is a Wrigley Chair in Sustainability. He came to ASU from the University of California, Berkeley, where he was a Chancellor's Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Resources Economics and the Goldman School of Public Policy. His research interests include non-market valuation, the economics of water and of climate change, environmental policy, adaptive management, and demand modeling for market research. Dr. Hanemann has served on many National Research Council (NRC) committees and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2011. He is currently a lead author and a contributing lead author for Working Group III of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report on Climate Change. Dr. Hanemann received his B.A. degree from Oxford University in philosophy, politics, and economics, M.S. from the London School of Economics in development economics, and M.A. and Ph.D. from Harvard University in public finance and decision theory and economics. He received an honorary Ph.D. from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and the Lifetime Award for Outstanding Achievement from the European Association of Environmental & Resource Economists. He is an inaugural Fellow of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists and a Fellow of the American Association of Agricultural Economics. Winston Harrington is Senior Fellow at Resources for the Future, where his research interests include urban transportation, motor vehicles and air quality, and problems of estimating the costs of environmental policy. He has worked extensively on the economics of enforcing environmental regulations, the health benefits derived from improved air quality, the costs of waterborne disease outbreaks, endangered species policy, federal rulemaking procedures, and the economics of outdoor recreation. Harrington has written or coauthored five books and numerous book chapters. In October 2000, he won the Vernon Award of the Association of Public Policy Analysis and Management for a paper he coauthored, “On the Accuracy of Regulatory Cost Estimates.” Harrington Prepublication Copy – Subject to Further Editorial Correction A-3

has served as a consultant to U.S. state and federal governments, the World Bank, and the Harvard Institute for International Development and has worked in Lithuania, Mexico, and Poland. Gary Marchant is a Regents’ Professor of Law and Faculty Director of the Center for Law, Science, & Innovation in the College of Law at Arizona State University. He is also a Senior Sustainability Scientist at ASU’s Global Institute of Sustainability. Professor Marchant teaches environmental law, science and technology, genetics and the law, and environmental justice. Prior to joining the ASU faculty, he was a partner at the Washington, D.C. office of the law firm of Kirkland & Ellis, where his practice focused on environmental and administrative law. He received his B.S. and Ph.D. in genetics from the University of British Columbia, his M.P.P. from the Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University, and his J.D. from Harvard Law School. Paul Menig is the Chief Executive Officer of Business Accelerants™ powered by Tech-I.M., a consulting company. Previously he was employed by Freightliner, where he was responsible for daily production problems, field problems, custom work orders, and advanced engineering for electrical and electronic items such as engines, transmissions, brakes, and safety devices. Mr. Menig joined Daimler Trucks North America in July of 1994 and initially led the development of electronics for the new Freightliner Century Class truck product line. Prior to joining Freightliner, Mr. Menig spent 7 years with Eaton Truck Components, leading a team as large as 65 people in the development of electronic products for automated mechanical transmissions, brakes, and tire pressure control. These activities included some worldwide responsibility and coordination with engineering in Europe and joint venture development with Japanese companies. Mr. Menig has worked for the industrial automation part of Eaton known as Cutler-Hammer, where for 8 years he has led teams working on sensors, factory communications, programmable and motion controllers, and vision inspection equipment. Mr. Menig has also worked 5 years for General Electric in the areas of medical equipment for hospitals, remotely guided military vehicles (smart bombs), and charge coupled device imagers and signal processors. Mr. Menig graduated from MIT in 1976 with a B.S. in electrical engineering. He participated in the ABC program of General Electric, completing the A and B portions. M.S. work in electrical engineering was completed with the exception of a thesis at Marquette University. Amelia Regan is a professor of computer science and civil (transportation systems) engineering at the University of California, Irvine (UCI). Her research interests include dynamic and stochastic network optimization, parallel and distributed computing, optimal contracting, port operations, logistics systems analysis, freight industry analysis, shipper behavior modeling, freight transportation planning, combinatorial and on-line auction mechanism and algorithm design, transportation economics, data mining, vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-roadside communication systems (VANets), network design under uncertain demand, humanitarian cyber physical systems, and cyber physical transportation systems. Regan's research has been published in more than 120 refereed journal articles and conference proceedings papers in Transportation Research (A, B, C and E), Transportation Science, Operations Research, INFOR, the Transportation Research Record, the Transportation Journal, Transportation, Computers and Industrial Engineering, IEEE Network and IIE Transactions, and others. She has been at UCI since 1997, where she has had primary faculty appointments in the Departments of Computer Science and Civil and Environmental Engineering and a courtesy appointment in the Paul Merage School of Business (formerly the Graduate School of Management). She was the Associate Dean for Student Affairs for the Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences from 2005 to 2009. Previously, she earned an M.S. and Ph.D. degree in transportation systems engineering from the University of Texas, Austin, an M.S. in applied mathematics from the Johns Hopkins University, and a B.S. in systems engineering from the University of Pennsylvania. She also worked as a research engineer, software engineer, and operations research analyst for the Association of American Railroads and United Parcel Service prior to joining the Ph.D. program at the University of Texas. Prepublication Copy – Subject to Further Editorial Correction A-4

Mike Roeth is the Executive Director of the North American Council for Freight Efficiency and leads the Trucking Efficiency Operations for the Carbon War Room. He has worked in the commercial vehicle industry for over 30 years, with a specialty in brokering green truck collaborative technologies into the real world at scale. He has a B.S. in engineering from the Ohio State University and a master’s in organizational leadership from the Indiana Institute of Technology. Mike served as the Chairman of the Board for the Truck Manufacturers Association and as a Board member of the Automotive Industry Action Group. He currently serves on the second National Academy of Sciences Committee on Technologies and Approaches for Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles and is a Department of Energy Merit Reviewer for the SuperTruck programs. He understands the customers, operations, and intricacies of the commercial vehicle industry, having held various positions in product development, engineering, reliability, quality, sales, materials, and plant management with Navistar and Behr/Cummins. Gary W. Rogers is Vice President, Advanced Technology, of Roush Industries, Inc. His previous positions included Director of Research, School of Engineering and Computer Science, Oakland University; President, Chief Executive Officer, and Sole Director of FEV, Inc.; Director of Power Plant Engineering Services Division, Senior Analytical Engineer for Failure Analysis Associates, Inc.; Design Development Engineer for Garrett Turbine Engine Company; and Exploration Geophysicist for Shell Oil Company. He has extensive experience in research, design, and development of advanced engine and powertrain systems, including homogeneous and direct-injection gasoline engines, high-speed direction-injection passenger car diesel engines, heavy-duty diesel engines, hybrid vehicle systems, gas turbines, pumps, and compressors. He provides corporate leadership for a multinational research, design, and development organization specializing in engines and energy systems. He is a Fellow of the SAE, an advisor to the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) on heavy-fuel engines, and previously sat on the President’s Advisory Board of Clemson University and on the advisory board to the College of Engineering and Computer Science, Oakland University. He has served as a member of the NRC Committee on Review of DOE’s Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies Program, Committee on the Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards, Panel on Benefits of DOE’s Light-Duty Hybrid Vehicle R&D Program, Committee for the Assessment of Technologies for Improving Light Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy, and Committee to Review the 21st Century Truck Partnership. He holds a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Northern Arizona University and a M.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Colorado. Charles K. Salter is retired after working 39 years with Mack Trucks, Inc. and Volvo PowerTrain North America for 3.5 years. His experience covers a wide range of heavy-duty diesel engine engineering and development. His most recent positions included Executive Director at Engine Development, where he was responsible for all engine/system functions (design and analysis; emissions control and fuel economy optimization; electronics system development, performance, and durability test, manufacturing, supplier, sales, and service liaison). This responsibility included the design and production introduction of the world’s first fully electronically controlled diesel unit injector (for 12-liter, 6-cylinder) engine in 1990. He was also the Executive Director at Advanced Engine Engineering, and collaborated with three sites (Volvo, Goteborg; Renault, Lyon; Volvo/Mack, Hagerstown) in advanced heavy-duty diesel engine research projects, setting objectives and managing the budget. He jointly initiated with Detroit Diesel and developed with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and various industry participants, a urea infrastructure for targeted 2007 calendar year engine production. He participated in industry collaborative research through the Department of Energy (DOE) Diesel Crosscut Committee, which was part of the 21st Century Truck Partnership. He was a consultant to Volvo PowerTrain NA from 2005 to June 2007 on advanced large truck diesel exhaust-gas recirculation cooler vibration study/amelioration, as well as on heavy-duty truck hybrid Prepublication Copy – Subject to Further Editorial Correction A-5

powertrain duty cycle test procedure development for comparative fuel consumption (EPA/industry/High Efficiency Truck Users Forum), and recently, a study of regulatory boundaries for the EPA heavy-duty truck and engine nonconformance penalty rule, particularly concerning criteria for declaring technological laggard. He holds a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Penn State University and a M.S. in mechanical engineering and solid mechanics from the University of Maryland. Christine Vujovich retired in 2009 from Cummins Inc. as its Vice President, Marketing and Environmental Policy. During much of her 31 years at Cummins, she collaborated with other industry representatives to develop industry positions on legislative and regulatory matters affecting engine emissions and the practicality of those laws and regulations given developing technologies. She oversaw all engine certification and regulatory compliance at Cummins and developed a broad- reaching worldwide platform for CO 2 emission reductions across the company. Her work at Cummins also included overseeing the development and marketing of a new light-duty diesel engine for the light pickup and work truck markets. Since retiring from Cummins, Mrs. Vujovich has co-chaired the Health Effects Special Committee on Emerging Technology. She has also served as an adjunct faculty member at the Indiana University School of Public and Environmental Affairs. Mrs. Vujovich has an undergraduate degree in the teaching of earth sciences and an M.S. degree in environmental engineering in civil engineering, both from the University of Illinois. She attended the Yale Executive Management Program. John Woodrooffe retired in 2016 from the University of Michigan Transportation Institute (UMTRI), where he headed Transportation Safety Analytics and is Director of the Commercial Vehicle Research and Policy Program. He was further responsible for the Center for National Truck and Bus Statistics, which conducts nationwide surveys of Trucks Involved in Fatal Accidents and Buses Involved in Fatal Accidents, and the Statistical Analysis Group, which performs analytical modeling and conducts research to advance statistical methods for road and vehicle safety analysis. He is an international expert on policy and safety evaluation of large vehicles including stability and control, accident reconstruction, vehicle productivity, fuel use, and environmental impact. He has participated in many large international technical projects and has been a member of vehicle-related Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development technical expert working groups. Prior to joining UMTRI, Mr. Woodrooffe founded the Road Vehicle Research Program at the National Research Council of Canada and developed it into a successful, internationally active heavy-truck research laboratory. He was a consultant to Australia's National Road Transport Commission for a unique 3-year performance-based standards development project that produced a new performance- based regulatory system for large vehicle combinations. Mr. Woodrooffe holds both a B.S. and M.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Ottawa. Martin Zimmerman is the Ford Motor Company Clinical Professor of Business Administration Emeritus, at the Ross School of Business of the University of Michigan. His career has spanned academia, government, and business. He served as a Chief Economist as well as Group Vice President at Ford Motor Company, where he was responsible for corporate economics, governmental affairs, environmental and safety engineering, and corporate social responsibility. Before joining Ford, he taught at the Sloan School of Management at MIT and at the business school at the University of Michigan. He has served on the National Commission on Energy Policy and also served as a Senior Staff Economist on the President's Council of Economic Advisors and as a member of the Panel of Economic Advisors to the Congressional Budget Office. He is presently a member and past Chair of the Board of the National Bureau of Economic Research. His research is concerned with energy policy, government regulation of business, and economic developments in the automotive industry. Professor Zimmerman earned a Ph.D. in economics from MIT and the A.B. degree from Dartmouth College. Prepublication Copy – Subject to Further Editorial Correction A-6

Next: Appendix B: Disclosure of Conflict(s) of Interest »
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Medium- and heavy-duty trucks, motor coaches, and transit buses - collectively, "medium- and heavy-duty vehicles", or MHDVs - are used in every sector of the economy. The fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of MHDVs have become a focus of legislative and regulatory action in the past few years. This study is a follow-on to the National Research Council's 2010 report, Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium-and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. That report provided a series of findings and recommendations on the development of regulations for reducing fuel consumption of MHDVs.

On September 15, 2011, NHTSA and EPA finalized joint Phase I rules to establish a comprehensive Heavy-Duty National Program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and fuel consumption for on-road medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. As NHTSA and EPA began working on a second round of standards, the National Academies issued another report, Reducing the Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: First Report, providing recommendations for the Phase II standards. This third and final report focuses on a possible third phase of regulations to be promulgated by these agencies in the next decade.

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