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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Statement of Task." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
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Page 208

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A Statement of Task The committee will be charged with producing a comprehensive report on the status and future directions of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science. The committee’s report shall: 1. Review the field of AMO science as a whole, emphasize recent accomplishments, and identify new opportunities and compelling scientific questions. 2. Use case studies in selected, nonprioritized fields in AMO science to describe the impact that AMO science has on other scientific fields, identify opportunities and challenges associated with pursuing research in these fields because of their interdisciplinary nature, and inform recommendations for addressing these challenges. 3. Identify the impacts of AMO science, now and in the near future, on emerging technologies and in meeting national needs. 4. Evaluate recent trends in investments in AMO research in the United States relative to similar research that is taking place internationally, and provide recommendations for either securing leadership in the United States for certain subfields of AMO science, where appropriate, or for enhancing collaboration and coordination of such research support, where appropriate. 5. Identify future workforce, societal, and educational needs for AMO science. 6. Make recommendations on how the U.S. research enterprise might realize the full potential of AMO science. In carrying out its charge, the committee might consider issues such as the state of the AMO research community, international models for support and collaboration, and institutional and programmatic barriers. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION A-1

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The field of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science underpins many technologies and continues to progress at an exciting pace for both scientific discoveries and technological innovations. AMO physics studies the fundamental building blocks of functioning matter to help advance the understanding of the universe. It is a foundational discipline within the physical sciences, relating to atoms and their constituents, to molecules, and to light at the quantum level. AMO physics combines fundamental research with practical application, coupling fundamental scientific discovery to rapidly evolving technological advances, innovation and commercialization. Due to the wide-reaching intellectual, societal, and economical impact of AMO, it is important to review recent advances and future opportunities in AMO physics.

Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States assesses opportunities in AMO science and technology over the coming decade. Key topics in this report include tools made of light; emerging phenomena from few- to many-body systems; the foundations of quantum information science and technologies; quantum dynamics in the time and frequency domains; precision and the nature of the universe, and the broader impact of AMO science.

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