National Academies Press: OpenBook

Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response (2020)

Chapter: Appendix C: Commissioned Reports That Informed the Four Mixed-Method Reviews

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Commissioned Reports That Informed the Four Mixed-Method Reviews." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25650.
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Page 509
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Commissioned Reports That Informed the Four Mixed-Method Reviews." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25650.
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Page 510

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Appendix C Commissioned Reports That Informed the Four Mixed-Method Reviews This appendix lists the 10 works commissioned by the committee to inform its mixed- method reviews. These commissioned papers can be found under the resources tab at http://www.nap.edu/catalog/25650.  Brown University Center for Evidence Synthesis in Health’s commissioned report – Data Extraction and Quality Assessment: Methodology and Evidence Tables  Wayne State University’s commissioned reports – Engaging with and Training Community-Based Partners for Public Health Emergencies: Qualitative Research Evidence Synthesis – Public Health Emergency Operations Coordination: Qualitative Research Evidence Synthesis – Communicating Public Health Alerts and Guidance with Technical Audiences: Qualitative Research Evidence Synthesis – Quarantine as a Non-Pharmaceutical Intervention: Qualitative Research Evidence Synthesis  Sneha Patel’s commissioned reports – Engaging with and Training Community-Based Partners to Improve the Outcomes of At-Risk Populations After Public Health Emergencies: Findings from Case Reports – Public Health Emergency Operations Coordination: Findings from After Action Reports and Case Reports – Information Sharing with Technical Audiences: Findings from After Action Reports and Case Reports – Use of Quarantine as a Non-Pharmaceutical Intervention for Public Health Emergencies: Findings from Case Reports  Jeremy Goldhaber-Feibert’s commissioned report – In what situations do modeling studies suggest quarantine is more versus less effective to control infectious disease outbreaks? PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS C-1

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When communities face complex public health emergencies, state local, tribal, and territorial public health agencies must make difficult decisions regarding how to effectively respond. The public health emergency preparedness and response (PHEPR) system, with its multifaceted mission to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from public health emergencies, is inherently complex and encompasses policies, organizations, and programs. Since the events of September 11, 2001, the United States has invested billions of dollars and immeasurable amounts of human capital to develop and enhance public health emergency preparedness and infrastructure to respond to a wide range of public health threats, including infectious diseases, natural disasters, and chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear events. Despite the investments in research and the growing body of empirical literature on a range of preparedness and response capabilities and functions, there has been no national-level, comprehensive review and grading of evidence for public health emergency preparedness and response practices comparable to those utilized in medicine and other public health fields.

Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response reviews the state of the evidence on PHEPR practices and the improvements necessary to move the field forward and to strengthen the PHEPR system. This publication evaluates PHEPR evidence to understand the balance of benefits and harms of PHEPR practices, with a focus on four main areas of PHEPR: engagement with and training of community-based partners to improve the outcomes of at-risk populations after public health emergencies; activation of a public health emergency operations center; communication of public health alerts and guidance to technical audiences during a public health emergency; and implementation of quarantine to reduce the spread of contagious illness.

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