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Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping (2007)

Chapter: References

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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
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References

ASCE, ACSM, ASPRS (American Society of Civil Engineers, American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing). 1994. Glossary of the Mapping Sciences. Bethesda, Md.: ASCE.

ASPRS (American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing). 2004. Vertical Accuracy Reporting for Lidar Data, version 1.0. May 24.

Bethel, G. 2006. USDA input to Committee on Floodplain Mapping Technologies. Presentation to the Committee on Floodplain Mapping Technologies, Washington, D.C., October 17. 59 pp. Available at http://dels.nas.edu/besr/FpMT_workshop_presentations.shtml. Accessed December 1, 2006.

FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). 2000. Harris County Flood Insurance Study, Volume 1. Washington, D.C.: FEMA.

FEMA. 2002a. Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration. National Flood Insurance Program: Program Description. Available at http://www.fema.gov/doc/plan/prevent/floodplain/nfipdescrip.doc. Accessed November 30, 2006.

FEMA. 2002b. Guidelines and Standards for Flood Hazard Mapping Partners, Volume 1: Flood Studies and Mapping. Available at http://www.fema.gov/pdf/fhm/frm_gsv102.pdf. Accessed December 18, 2006.

FEMA. 2003. Guidelines and Standards for Flood Hazard Mapping Partners, Appendix A: Guidance for Aerial Mapping and Surveying. Available at http://www.fema.gov/pdf/fhm/frm_gsaa.pdf. Accessed December 18, 2006.

FEMA. 2004. Draft FY04-FY08 Multi-year Flood Hazard Identification Plan (MHIP), Version 1.0, November. Available at http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/fhm/mh_v1_6.shtm. Accessed October 5, 2006.

FEMA. 2005. Draft FY05-FY09 Multi-year Flood Hazard Identification Plan (MHIP), Version 1.5. Available at http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/fhm/mh_v1_6.shtm. Accessed October 5, 2006.

FEMA. 2006a. Guidelines and Specifications for Flood Hazard Mapping Partners. Available at http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/fhm/gs_memos.shtm. Accessed January 4, 2007.

FEMA. 2006b. Rating. In FEMA, National Flood Insurance Program Flood Insurance Manual. Available at http://www.fema.gov/pdf/nfip/manual200610/05rate.pdf. Accessed January 16, 2007.

FEMA. 2006c. Flood Map Modernization: Mid-Course Adjustment—Executive Overview. Available at http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/fhm/mm_mca.shtm. Accessed October 5, 2006.

FEMA. 2006d. FEMA Map Modernization: National Flood Risk and Regional Funding Distribution for FY06-FY08, Version 1.5. Available at http://www.fema.gov/txt/fhm/mm_mca.txt. Accessed November 30, 2006.

FEMA. 2006e. Flood Map Modernization: Mid-Course Adjustment. Available at http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/fhm/mm_mca.shtm. Accessed October 5, 2006.

FGDC (Federal Geographic Data Committee). 1998. Geospatial Positioning Accuracy Standards. Part 3: National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy. FGDC-STD-007.3-1998. Available at http://www.cast.uark.edu/local/GEOG4593/readings/NSSDA.pdf. Accessed November 30, 2006.

Fowler, R. A., A. Samberg, M. J. Flood, and T. J. Greaves. 2007. Topographic and terrestrial lidar. In Maune, D. F., ed., Digital Elevation Model Technologies and Applications: The DEM Users Manual, 2nd edition. Bethesda, Md.: American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Galloway, D. L., D. R. Jones, and S. E. Ingebritsen. 2000. Land subsidence in the United States. USGS Fact Sheet 165-00. Available at http://water.usgs.gov/ogw/pubs/fs00165/. Accessed November 30, 2006.

GAO (Government Accountability Office). 2004. Flood Map Modernization: Program Strategy Shows Promise, but Challenges Remain. GAO-04-417. Available at http://www.gao.gov/docdblite/details.php?rptno=GAO-04-417. Accessed November 30, 2006.

GAO. 2005. Federal Emergency Management Agency: Challenges Facing the National Flood Insurance Program. Testimony of William O. Jenkins, Jr., Director, Homeland Security and Justice Issues, before the Chairman, Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, U.S. Senate. Available at http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-06-174T. Accessed December 8, 2006.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×

Gesch, D. 2006. The National Elevation Dataset. Presentation to the Committee on Floodplain Mapping Technologies, Washington, D.C., October 17-19. Available at http://dels.nas.edu/besr/FpMT_workshop_presentations.shtml. Accessed December 1, 2006.

Hensley, S., R. Munjy, and P. Rosen. 2007. InterFerometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (IFSAR). In Maune, D. F., ed., Digital Elevation Model Technologies and Applications: The DEM Users Manual, 2nd edition. Bethesda, Md.: American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Jensen, J. R. 2006. Chapter 10: LIDAR remote sensing. Pp. 335-354 in Remote Sensing of the Environment: An Earth Resource Perspective, 3rd edition. Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Maune, D., ed. 2007. Digital Elevation Model Technologies and Applications: The DEM Users Manual, 2nd edition. Bethesda, Md.: American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Maune, D. F., J. B. Maitra, and E. J. McKay. 2007. Accuracy standards. In Maune, D. F., ed., Digital Elevation Model Technologies and Applications: The DEM Users Manual, 2nd edition. Bethesda, Md.: American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

McGlone, J. C. 2007. Photogrammetry. In Maune, D. F., ed., Digital Elevation Model Technologies and Applications: The DEM Users Manual, 2nd edition. Bethesda, Md.: American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Moritz, H. 1980. Geodetic Reference System 1980. Available at http://www.gfy.ku.dk/~iag/HB2000/part4/grs80_corr.htm. Accessed December 1, 2006.

Mugnier, C. J. 2006. Grids and Datums: Elevations in South Louisiana. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 72(9): 1001-1004.

NDEP (National Digital Elevation Program). 2004. National Digital Elevation Program, Guidelines for Digital Elevation Data, Version 1.0. May 10.

NDOP (National Digital Orthophoto Program). 2006. National Digital Orthophoto Program. Available at http://www.ndop.gov/index.html. Accessed November 30, 2006.

NIMA (National Imagery and Mapping Agency). 1987. World Geodetic System 1984: Its Definition and Relationship to Local Geodetic Systems, 3rd edition. NIMA Technical Report TR8350.2. Available at http://earth-info.nga.mil/GandG/publications/tr8350.2/tr8350_2.html. Accessed December 1, 2006.

NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). 1998. National Height Modernization Study: Report to Congress. Available at http://geodesy.noaa.gov/PUB_LIB/1998heightmodstudy.pdf. Accessed December 2, 2006.

NRC (National Research Council). 1991. Mitigation Losses from Land Subsidence in the United States. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 2000. Risk Analysis and Uncertainty in Flood Damage Reduction Studies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 2003. Using Remote Sensing in State and Local Government: Information for Management and Decision Making. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

NSGIC (National States Geographic Information Council). 2006. Digital Imagery for the Nation Version #14. Bel Air, Md.: National States Geographic Information Council, 4 pp.

Rodriguez, E., C. Morris, E. Belz, E. Chapin, J. Morton, W. Daffer, and S. Hensley. 2005. An Assessment of the SRTM Topographic Products. Technical Report D-31639. Pasadena, Calif.: Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Rooney, P., and M. Godesky. 2006. Mapping Technology and the NFIP. Presentation to the Committee on Floodplain Mapping Technologies, Washington, D.C., October 17-19. Available at http://dels.nas.edu/besr/FpMT_workshop_presentations.shtml. Accessed December 1, 2006.

USACE (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers). 2002. EM 1110-1-1000. Engineering and Design: Photogrammetric Mapping. Available at http://www.usace.army.mil/publications/eng-manuals/em1110-1-1000/toc.htm. Accessed November 30, 2006.

U.S. Bureau of the Budget. 1947. United States National Map Accuracy Standards. Available at http://www.gislounge.com/glossary/bldefnmas.shtml. Accessed November 30, 2006.

USGS (U.S. Geological Survey). 2001. Digital Orthophoto Quadrangles, Fact Sheet 057-01. Reston, Va.: USGS. Available at http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/factsheets/fs05701.html. Accessed November 30, 2006.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×

USGS. 2002. The National Map—Orthoimagery, Fact Sheet 107-02. Reston, Va.: USGS. Available at http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/factsheets/fs10702.html. Accessed November 30, 2006.

USGS. 2006. National Aerial Photography Program (NAPP). Available at http://edc.usgs.gov/products/aerial/napp.html. Accessed November 30, 2006.

Vanicek, P., and E. J. Krakiwsky. 1986. Geodesy: The Concepts, 2nd edition. New York: Elsevier.

Wolf, P., and B. Dewitt. 2000. Elements of Photogrammetry with Applications in GIS, 3rd edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×
Page 121
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×
Page 122
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×
Page 123
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2007. Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11829.
×
Page 124
Next: Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff »
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Floodplain maps serve as the basis for determining whether homes or buildings require flood insurance under the National Flood Insurance Program run by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Approximately $650 billion in insured assets are now covered under the program. FEMA is modernizing floodplain maps to better serve the program. However, concerns have been raised as to the adequacy of the base map information available to support floodplain map modernization.

Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping shows that there is sufficient two-dimensional base map imagery to meet FEMA's flood map modernization goals, but that the three-dimensional base elevation data that are needed to determine whether a building should have flood insurance are not adequate. This book makes recommendations for a new national digital elevation data collection program to redress the inadequacy.

Policy makers; property insurance professionals; federal, local, and state governments; and others concerned with natural disaster prevention and preparedness will find this book of interest.

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