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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2012. Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13303.
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Acronyms

ABS alkylbenzenesulfonate
ADD average daily dose
ADI acceptable daily intake
AGI acute gastrointestinal infection
AOP advanced oxidation process
APEO alkylphenol polyethoxylate
ARR artificial recharge recovery
ASR aquifier storage and recovery
AWWA American Water Works Association
BAF bioaccumulation factor
BASINS Better Assessment Science Integrating Point and Nonpoint
Sources
BCF bioconcentration factor
BGD billion gallons per day
BNR biological nutrient removal
BOD biochemical oxygen demand
BPA bisphenol A
CCE carbon-chloroform extract
CCL Contaminant Candidate List
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDPH California Department of Public Health
CEC contaminant of emerging concern
CERP Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan
CRWS Central Regional Wastewater System
CSF cancer slope factor
CWA Clean Water Act
CWD chronic wasting disease
DALYs disability-adjusted life years
DBP disinfection byproduct
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2012. Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13303.
×
DOC dissolved organic carbon
DOE Department of Energy
ED electrodialysis
EDR electrodialysis reversal
EE2 ethinyl estradiol
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
ERA ecological risk assessment
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
GWRC Global Water Research Coalition
GWRS groundwater replenishment system
HAAs haloacetic acids
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
IPR indirect potable reuse
IU infectious unit
IWF21 Interim Water Factor 21
JECFA Joint Expert Commission on Food Additives
KWRP Kwinana Water Reclamation Plant
LOAEL lowest observed adverse effect level
LOEC lowest observed effect concentration
MBR membrane bioreactor
MCL maximum contaminant level
MCLG maximum contaminant level goal
MDWASD Miami Dade Water and Sewer Department
MF microfiltration
MGD million gallons per day
MIB methylisoborneol
MMWD Marin Municipal Water District
MOE margin of exposure
MOS margin of safety
NDMA nitrosodimethylamine
NDWAC National Drinking Water Advisory Council
NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
NGO nongovernmental organization
NJDEP New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
NOEC no observed effect concentration
NOM natural organic matter
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2012. Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13303.
×
NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NPDWR National Primary Drinking Water Regulation
NRC National Research Council
NTU nephelometric turbidity unit
O&M operation and maintenance
OCWD Orange County Water District
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OWD Oceanside Water Department
PCCL Preliminary Contaminant Candidate List
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PEC predicted environment concentration
PFOA perfluorooctanoate
PFOS perfluorooctane sulfonate
PNEC predicted no-effect concentration
PPCP pharmaceuticals and personal care products
QALYs quality-adjusted life years
RBAL Risk-Based Action Level
RBF riverbank filtration
RfD reference dose
RO reverse osmosis
RQ risk quotient
RWC recycled water contribution
SAR sodium absorption ratio
SAT soil aquifer treatment
SCVWD Santa Clara Valley Water District
SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act
SDWRP South District Water Reclamation Plant
SFWMD South Florida Water Management District
SWAQ Subcommittee on Water Availability and Quality
SWFWMD Southwest Florida Water Management District
TDI tolerable daily intake
TDS total dissolved solids
TEF toxicity equivalency factor
TEQ toxic equivalents
THM trihalomethane
TN total nitrogen
TOC total organic carbon
TOR threshold of regulation
TOX total organic halides
TP total phosphorus
TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2012. Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13303.
×
TSS total suspended solids
TTC threshold of toxicological concern
UCMR Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Regulation
UIC underground injection control
UOSA Upper Occoquan Service Authority
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USBR U.S Bureau of Reclamation
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
WET whole effluent toxicity
WERF Water Environment Research Foundation
WHO World Health Organization
WRP water reclamation plant
YAR yeast androgen receptor
YES yeast estrogen
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2012. Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13303.
×
Page 227
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2012. Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13303.
×
Page 228
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2012. Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13303.
×
Page 229
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2012. Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13303.
×
Page 230
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Water Reuse: Potential for Expanding the Nation's Water Supply Through Reuse of Municipal Wastewater Get This Book
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Expanding water reuse--the use of treated wastewater for beneficial purposes including irrigation, industrial uses, and drinking water augmentation--could significantly increase the nation's total available water resources. Water Reuse presents a portfolio of treatment options available to mitigate water quality issues in reclaimed water along with new analysis suggesting that the risk of exposure to certain microbial and chemical contaminants from drinking reclaimed water does not appear to be any higher than the risk experienced in at least some current drinking water treatment systems, and may be orders of magnitude lower. This report recommends adjustments to the federal regulatory framework that could enhance public health protection for both planned and unplanned (or de facto) reuse and increase public confidence in water reuse.

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