National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Appendix A: Committee Biographies
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

Appendix B

Convening Organizations

THE CROATIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AND ARTS

Founded in 1861, the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts is the highest scientific and artistic institution in the Republic of Croatia.

The founder of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts was Josip Juraj Strossmayer, bishop of Đakovo and Srijem, whose proposal to found the Academy of Sciences was unanimously approved by the Croatian Parliament in April 1861. Bishop Strossmayer was elected the patron of the Academy and the historian Canon Franjo Rački the first president. This national academy of sciences and arts took the name Accademia Slavorum Meridionalium (of the South Slavs).

The Academy promotes and organizes scientific research and encourages the application of the findings of this research, develops artistic and cultural activities, and is concerned with Croatian cultural heritage and its affirmation throughout the world. It also publishes the results of scientific research and artistic creation and makes proposals and gives its opinion on the promotion of sciences and arts in the fields that are of special importance to the Republic of Croatia.

The Croatian Academy’s scientific and artistic activities are carried out through its nine departments (I—Department of Social Sciences, II—Department of Mathematical, Physical and Chemical Sciences, III—Department of Natural Sciences, IV—Department of Medical Sciences, V—Department of Philological Sciences, VI—Department of Literature, VII—Department of Fine Arts, VIII—Department of Music and Musicology, and IX—Department of Technical Sciences), as well as through its

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

scientific councils and committees. The research is performed through the scientific and research units (institutes) of the Croatian Academy in Zagreb and other Croatian towns. The Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts collaborates with other academies of sciences and arts, international scientific organizations, universities, scientific institutions, state bodies, cultural and other institutions, as well as with individual scholars and artists from Croatia and abroad.

The main bodies of the Academy are the Assembly, which includes all full members of the Academy, the Presidency, the executive body of the Assembly, which consists of the Management Board members, secretaries of the departments, and five full members of the Academy.

The Academy consists of honorary, full, corresponding, and associate members. Full members reserve the right to bear the title of Fellow of the Croatian Academy (F.C.A.), and they are part of the permanent working structure of the Academy.

The Croatian Academy may elect as honorary members, persons who are exceptionally meritorious for the development and progress of sciences and arts. Among its deceased members, we should mention the Nobel Laureates Lavoslav Ružička, Vladimir Prelog, Ivo Andrić, and Linus Pauling; Nikola Tesla, world famous scientist and inventor; Vlaho Bukovac, famous Croatian painter; Ivan Meštrović, world famous sculptor; and Andrija Štampar, founder of the World Health Organization; Dmitrij Ivanovič Mendeljejev; and numerous other world-renowned scientists and artists.

The managment board of the Academy for the period from 2011 to 2014 consists of the President, Professor Zvonko Kusić; two vice-presidents, Professor Velimir Neidhardt and Professor Jakša Barbić; Secretary-General, Professor Pavao Rudan; and Secretary, Marina Štancl.

More information is available at http://info.hazu.hr/.

THE INTERNATIONAL UNION OF MICROBIOLOGICAL SOCIETIES (IUMS)

The Union is one of the 31 Scientific Unions of the International Council of Science (ICSU). It was founded in 1927 as the International Society of Microbiology, and became the International Association of Microbiological Societies affiliated with the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) as a Division in 1967. It acquired independence in 1980 and became a Union Member of ICSU in 1982.

The objectives of the Union are to promote the study of microbiological sciences internationally: initiate, facilitate, and coordinate research and other scientific activities that involve international cooperation; ensure the discussion and dissemination of the results of international conferences,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

symposia, and meetings and assist in the publication of their reports; represent microbiological sciences in ICSU; and maintain contact with other international organizations. The major goal of IUMS is to promote research and the open exchange of scientific information for advancement of the health and welfare of humankind and the environment and it strongly discourages any uses of knowledge and resources to the contrary. In particular, the IUMS strives to promote ethical conduct of research and training in the areas of biosecurity and biosafety so as to prevent use of microorganisms as biological weapons and therefore to protect the public’s health and to promote world peace. IUMS seeks that all its member societies adopt or develop a Code of Ethics to prevent misuse of scientific knowledge and resources. The scientific activities of the Union are conducted by the three Divisions of Bacteriology & Applied Microbiology (BAM), Mycology, and Virology and by six specialist international committees, eight international commissions, and two international federations. Their major activities include the classification and nomenclature of bacteria, fungi, and viruses; food microbiology; medical microbiology and diagnostics; culture collections; education; and biological standardization. The Divisions are responsible for the organization of their International Congresses (International Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology, International Congress of Mycology, and International Congress of Virology), and the committees, commissions, and federations organize their own meetings.

More information is available at http://www.iums.org/.

THE ROYAL SOCIETY

The Royal Society is a self-governing fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine.

The Society’s fundamental purpose, reflected in its founding charters of the 1660s, is to recognize, promote, and support excellence in science and to encourage the development and use of science for the benefit of humanity.

The Society has played a part in some of the most fundamental, significant, and life-changing discoveries in scientific history, and Royal Society scientists continue to make outstanding contributions to science in many research areas.

The Royal Society is the national academy of science in the United Kingdom, and its core is its Fellowship and Foreign Membership, supported by a dedicated staff in London and elsewhere. The Fellowship comprises the most eminent scientists of the United Kingdom, Ireland,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

and the Commonwealth. Its current president is Sir Paul Nurse, a geneticist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 2001.

A major activity of the Society is identifying and supporting the work of outstanding scientists. The Society supports researchers through its early and senior career schemes, innovation and industry schemes, and other schemes.

The Society facilitates interaction and communication among scientists via its discussion meetings, and disseminates scientific advances through its journals. The Society also engages beyond the research community, through independent policy work, the promotion of high-quality science education and communication with the public.

The Royal Society’s Science Policy Centre provides independent, timely, and authoritative scientific advice to U.K., European, and international decision makers. It champions the contribution that science and innovation can make to economic prosperity, quality of life, and environmental sustainability and is a hub for debate about science, society, and public policy.

More information is available at www.royalsociety.org.

THE U.S. NATIONAL ACADEMIES

The National Academies of the United States comprise four organizations: the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council.

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr. is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appro-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

priate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Cicerone and Dr. Mote are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

More information is available at http://www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 199
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 200
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 201
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 202
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 203
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Convening Organizations." National Research Council. 2014. Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18737.
×
Page 204
Next: Appendix C: Agenda »
Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $56.00 Buy Ebook | $44.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Microbial forensics is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime, or inadvertent microorganism or toxin release for attribution purposes. This emerging discipline seeks to offer investigators the tools and techniques to support efforts to identify the source of a biological threat agent and attribute a biothreat act to a particular person or group. Microbial forensics is still in the early stages of development and faces substantial scientific challenges to continue to build capacity.

The unlawful use of biological agents poses substantial dangers to individuals, public health, the environment, the economies of nations, and global peace. It also is likely that scientific, political, and media-based controversy will surround any investigation of the alleged use of a biological agent, and can be expected to affect significantly the role that scientific information or evidence can play. For these reasons, building awareness of and capacity in microbial forensics can assist in our understanding of what may have occurred during a biothreat event, and international collaborations that engage the broader scientific and policy-making communities are likely to strengthen our microbial forensics capabilities. One goal would be to create a shared technical understanding of the possibilities - and limitations - of the scientific bases for microbial forensics analysis.

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities, based partly on a workshop held in Zabgreb, Croatia in 2013, identifies scientific needs that must be addressed to improve the capabilities of microbial forensics to investigate infectious disease outbreaks and provide evidence of sufficient quality to support legal proceedings and the development of government policies. This report discusses issues of sampling, validation, data sharing, reference collection, research priorities, global disease monitoring, and training and education to promote international collaboration and further advance the field.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!