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188 CHAPTER 9: DISCUSSION-BASED SCENARIOS STUDENT HANDOUTS WITH EVALUATION SHEET
188 Sponsoring Agency Logo NCHRP 20-59(30) ICS for Field-Level Transportation Supervisors and Staff Sponsored by State DOT Discussion-Based Training Student Handouts
189 Scenario: Wildland Fire DOT Joins ICS It is September 10 at 10:00 am. There is a wildland fire burning in Hilly County near the town of Foresthill off Yankee Jims Road. Fire personnel from ten agencies have responded to the fire, and State Fire Department is the Incident Commander. They have reopened an old fire camp to support operations but access is limited. You have been assigned to join State Fire Department at their command post. Your mission is to repair a temporary road to the fire camp in support of fire operations. The existing dirt road has not been used for over twenty years and it is overgrown with brush. The area has already been surveyed and the track of the old road is visible in some sections. Your job is to restore the road for use by heavy fire equipment. You will be joining the existing Pollock Pines Incident. The DOT Task Force includes two Senior Superintendents, and field crews and supervisors sufficient to operate heavy equipment for 2 12-hour shifts each day. The Task Force has its own grader, roller, back hoe, light unit and generator. Each vehicle is on its own trailer pulled by a truck. It will need fuel for all the vehicles after the first shift. There are 18 people in the Task Force who will have to be fed and housed during the road building operation. Discussion: 1. Where do you go when you get to Yankee Jim Road? It is getting too dark to survey the camp road tonight. 2. How will you get food and lodging for tonight? 3. How will you get fuel for the road building equipment, which needs diesel? For the trucks that need gas? For the lighting trailer generator that needs diesel?
190 Scenario: Hurricane State DOT as a Technical Specialist in Operations Hurricane Lulu has developed from a tropical storm into a Category 2 hurricane as it passed over Cuba. Florida has been hit with 120 mile per hour winds and driving rain as the hurricane passed through, and the storm, which is over 500 miles in diameter, has already begun to cause storm surge, flooding and wind damage in your state. Your stateâs emergency operations center has been activated, mandatory evacuations of the coast have been underway for several hours, and the State Highway System has traffic jams along most routes moving away from the coast. One of these State Highway System routes is the main street of Leafville, where your State DOT Maintenance District headquarters is located. Leafville, a community of 10,000 people, 25 miles from the coast, has declared a state of emergency for the impending storm, and begun the evacuation of low lying areas of the community to a shelter at the high school. The high school is located one block from the townâs Main Street, which is US Route X, and part of the State Highway System. There are no interstates in the area. Traffic is beginning to build up in the community as residents leave their homes with multiple vehicles per household, heading for the high school shelter, and some feeder streets are clogged. Residents are fearful and driving aggressively. The local streets department director is new to the area, and has never been through a hurricane before. He is asking for a traffic control specialist from the State DOT Maintenance District to join the Operations Section at the Incident Command Post to advise on improving traffic flow through the community to the high school. Discussion: 1. You have been assigned to be the technical specialist because you have lived in the community for twenty years and been through several hurricanes and tropical storms. What personal supplies and equipment would you need? 2. It appears that the Operations Section needs some specialist information on State Highway System roadway capacity (notably Main Street), areas of historic flooding, methods that have worked for traffic management in the past. What information will you need to have with you to provide this assistance? 3. It appears that there is no plan for people with access and functional needs to get close to the high school shelter, or for parking the vehicles of the evacuees once the schoolâs lot is full. What information would you need to bring to the command post to help develop such plans?
191 Scenario: Flooding State DOT in Unified Command The Mississippi River is swollen with spring melt from the snow and ice that has accumulated in communities along its length throughout the winter of 2015. Oakton is a town of 50,000 people on the western banks of the Mississippi River. It draws its drinking water from the Mississippi River at the northern boundary of the town, and disposes of its storm water runoff along the length of the cityâs shoreline, and its water treatment plant effluent in the river about five miles south of the drinking water intake. The interstate crosses the Mississippi River after it passes through Oakton and after crossing the river is in another state. The interstate roadwayâs bridge carries the electrical power grid connection cables, phone and internet fiber optic lines, and a natural gas line. This is the only bridge across the river for ten miles north and ten miles south. The bridge approach crosses some low lying areas that are prone to flooding, however most of the interstate is elevated as it passes through the commercial district of the town. About 25% of the town is below the river and protected by a levee that is owned by the Army Corps of Engineers. It has only 500 year flood protection. Most of the town is in a 100 year flood plain. The main commercial district of the community is in the flood plain. The only hospital is in the flood plain, and the only large rehabilitation center is next door to the hospital, in the flood plain. The local government buildings are on raised pads but are in the commercial district in the flood plain. Two of the four fire stations are in the flood plain and the police station is in City Hall, on a raised pad but in the flood plain. The Public Safety Answering Point (9-1-1 center) is in the City Hall but on the 4th floor. There are six assisted living centers in town, of which five are in the flood plain. The only commercial day care center is in the flood plain. The stateâs hydrologist has warned that the river is flooding north of Oakton. The mayor has declared a local emergency, and has all available city resources sandbagging critical buildings. The cityâs emergency operations center is open and the police chief has just called for an evacuation of the critical facilities in the flood plain. He is discussing using the interstate as an evacuation route. The Oakton Fire Chief has been appointed Incident Commander and is working with city staff from law enforcement, the building department and the streets department to create a multi-modal evacuation plan. He has asked State DOT to join the Unified Command, and they have asked a senior field superintendent from the Maintenance District for Oakton to represent the State DOT. Discussion: 1. Who would be the best person to represent the State DOT Maintenance District in the Unified Command? 2. What would the Maintenance Districtâs objectives be for an evacuation plan? 3. What resources does the Maintenance District have that might be useful in an evacuation of the flood plain?
192 Scenario: Bridge Collapse State DOT Assumes Incident Command It is November 15. Three days ago a deck truss bridge over the Old Muddy River collapsed at the end of rush hour when a truck with an oversize load ran into one of the steel beams, dislodging the gusset plate, which led to the structural failure. City Fire Department was the initial Incident Commander because there were people trapped on the undamaged portions of the bridge who had to be rescued, as well as people and vehicles in the water. During this time the State Police led the Law Enforcement Branch of the Operations Section. They detained the truck driver, did a blood alcohol and drug test and interviewed him. He stated that the wind on the span over the river caused him to lose control of the wide load, which shifted as he approached the steel girder that he hit. The State Police cleared him of drug or alcohol involvement. One State DOT engineer was a Technical Specialist in the Operations Section to advise on issues of bridge construction and failure. Other State DOT personnel were assigned to the Logistics Section where they organized bridge inspection equipment and other specialized equipment to assist with the early investigation of the failure. As soon as the victims were rescued or recovered the Incident Command was turned over to State Police on Day Two, and they did a crime scene investigation of the portions of the bridge still standing to confirm the driverâs story. Having completed their investigation they are turning over Incident Command to the State DOT today. You have been appointed State DOT Incident Commander for the first day. Discussion: 1. Where will you go to assume Incident Command? 2. What documentation would you need from the departing Incident Commander? 3. Where would you get personnel to fill the ICS positions? Which would you fill with State DOT personnel and which would you request to fill with personnel from other agencies? Why?
193 State DOT District X Discussion-Based âSand Boxâ: Scenario (substitute name of scenario) Date Evaluation 5= Completely agree 1= Completely disagree Please circle your responses for 1, 3 and 5 Use the back side for extra space for any question, or for additional comments 1. The sand box training was useful for me in my State DOT role: 5 4 3 2 1 2. The most useful thing I learned at todayâs sand box training was: Important thing (s) that should be added for future training: What should be eliminated from future training? ___________________________________________________________________