National Academies Press: OpenBook

Simulation Options for Airport Planning (2019)

Chapter: Appendix B - Sample Simulation Study Inputs and Outputs

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Page 60
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Sample Simulation Study Inputs and Outputs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Simulation Options for Airport Planning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25573.
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Page 60
Page 61
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Sample Simulation Study Inputs and Outputs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Simulation Options for Airport Planning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25573.
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Page 61

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60 A P P E N D I X B Sample Simulation Study Inputs and Outputs Airspace Studies Typical Inputs Aircraft Performance Profiles Flight Schedule Airport/Runway Layouts Runway Dependency and Coordination SIDs and STARs Sector Maps Typical Outputs Airport/Runway Throughput and Capacity Airspace/Fix Throughput and Capacity Airspace/Airport/Runway Delay Potential Conflict Counts and Areas Sector and Fix Usage Travel Time and Distance Fuel Burn Noise/Emission Plots Airfield Studies Typical Inputs Aircraft Performance Profiles Flight Schedule Airport/Runway Layouts Runway Dependency and Coordination SIDs and STARs Gate and Apron Usage and Coordination Gate Allocation Plans Taxiway Usage and Restrictions Typical Outputs Airport/Runway Throughput and Capacity Airport/Runway Delay Travel Time and Distance Fuel Burn Taxi-Flow Bottlenecks Runway Queue Lengths Runway Occupancy Time and Exit Locations

Sample Simulation Study Inputs and Outputs 61 Terminal Passenger Studies Typical Inputs Statistical Distributions of Passenger Characteristics, Behavior, and Trends Origin-Destination Versus Connecting Passenger Information Passenger Arrival Statistics and Trends (i.e., Early Arrivals) Flight Schedules Detailed Terminal Layouts Passenger Flow Maps Terminal Resource Maps and Characteristics (check-in kiosks, security checkpoints, etc.) Typical Outputs Passenger Flow Maps Resource Utilization, Capacity, and Throughput Queue Lengths Flow Bottleneck Passenger Transit Times Wait Times and Delays Terminal System Studies Typical Inputs Passenger Demand Statistics Passenger Characteristics and Demographics Flight Schedules System Resource Operational Statistics System Resource Time Schedules System Process Time Statistics System Design Layouts Typical Outputs System Capacity System Throughput Resource Utilization Delays and Queue Lengths Bottlenecks Ground-Access Studies Typical Inputs Passenger Arrival and Departure Statistics Flight Schedules Vehicle Statistics Detailed Ground-Access or Roadway Layouts Passenger Crossings Typical Outputs Capacity Throughput Utilization of Ground-Access Service Resources Vehicle Delays and Queue Lengths Bottlenecks

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Global business and tourism depend heavily on the efficient operation of airports and movement of passengers, baggage, and cargo across many areas. With increasing demand and connectivity requirements for airports comes the need for more sophisticated simulation and modeling tools to validate design assumptions.

Furthermore, airport design and planning decisions have significant impacts on policy and major capital improvement decisions, which can be supported by simulation and modeling tools at many levels.

ACRP Synthesis 98: Simulation Options for Airport Planning is the result of the collection and analysis of information on current industry practices and on applications of simulation tools for airport planning and design. Credible simulation projects can help airport administrators, designers, engineers, and planners estimate the impact of planned changes on passenger traffic, aircraft traffic, roadway traffic, baggage movements, and other subsystems such as bus and train links and aircraft ground support operations.

The toolsets and processes used to analyze and simulate airport operations have changed significantly since the 1980s, when analysis techniques were limited to general purpose queuing and network analysis concepts or purpose-built simulation tools. These tools have become much more sophisticated and accurate in emulating real-world aircraft, passenger, and vehicle dynamics.

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