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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: CV Infrastructure Component Units Costs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25946.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: CV Infrastructure Component Units Costs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25946.
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Page 100

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CV INFRASTRUCTURE COMPONENT UNITS COSTS Table C-1. CV Infrastructure Component Unit Costs Equipment (per unit unless indicated otherwise) Design/Systems Engineering, Deployment, Integration, Testing Annual O&M Note Source Roadside Systems RSU Hardware (RSU, mounting hardware, cabling, connection to traffic signal/ITS cabinet) $5,000 $5,000 $250 a - $1,000 - b Traffic Signal Controller $6,000 - $11,000 $10,000 $850 Controller only a $1,000 - $13,000 - - Low end – upgraded ancillary equipment in cabinet High end – new controller and network interface b Network Interface Devices (modem/switches) - - - Included in RSU Hardware CV Information Message Sets - - - Included in V2I application development Other ITS Equipment Traffic Sensor (Microwave) $7,000 - $10,000 $10,000 $280 a Pedestrian Sensor (Microwave) $400 - $800 $800 $60 a Environmental Sensing Station $10,000 - $35,000 $15,000 $2,250 a In-Vehicle Systems OBU Hardware (after market) $700 - $2,500 $2,500 n/a Required for public fleet-based apps b Backhaul Communications Fiber Optic Cable Installation (urban region, per mile) $150,000 - $200,000 - n/a b Fiber Optic Cable Installation (rural, suburban regions, per mile) $21,000 - $55,000 - n/a a $100,000 - n/a b IPv6 Upgrade - - - Typically incorporated in

Equipment (per unit unless indicated otherwise) Design/Systems Engineering, Deployment, Integration, Testing Annual O&M Note Source other comms or network upgrades (e.g. backhaul or SCMS) Support Systems Security Credential Management System (SCMS) - - $15,000 - $50,000 Assumed to be developed by others and purchased as a subscription on an annual basis (SaaS) b CV Back Office System $50,000 - $800,000 n/a Varies considerably based on existing systems, application(s), and extent. Low end – 50 RSU SPaT deployment High end – small urban region test bed environment b V2I Application Software - $100,000 - $200,000 10% maintenance, support, and enhancement per year Per discrete app. Projects may deploy multiple apps and net economies of scale. a b - $500,000 n/a UDOT modification of MMITSS software to implement TSP b a. Parikh et al., 2019 b. NCHRP Project 20-102(12) interviews with DOTs deploying CV infrastructure

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State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) and other government agencies recognize the value of connected vehicle (CV) technologies in helping achieve the strategic objectives of saving lives and relieving congestion. Several agencies are currently planning and preparing for a future where CV technologies could become a part of their routine business operations. A core consideration in any such planning effort is an assessment of the need for and the nature of public CV infrastructure investments to support applications based on CV technologies.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Web-Only Document 289: Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations presents methods to identify the most plausible CV infrastructure investments, shows how to build effective business case arguments, and details specific business model options during project procurement and delivery.

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