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Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25946.
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Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25946.
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Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25946.
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Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25946.
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Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25946.
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Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25946.
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Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25946.
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109 REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY Ahn, K., H. Rakha and D.K. Hale. Aug. 2015. “Multi-Modal Intelligent Traffic Signal Systems (MMITSS) Impacts Assessment.” No. FHWA-JPO-15-238. Prepared for FHWA. https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/3557. AECOM. 2018. “Benefit Cost Analysis to Support the BUILD Grant Application for Building the Internet of Roads with V2V Technology to Improve Colorado’s Safety and Mobility.” Prepared for Colorado Department of Transportation. ARTBA (American Road & Transportation Builders Association). 2019. Federal Highway Investment Benefits by State – FY 2018. https://www.artba.org/economics/federal- investment/ assessed, June 1, 2020. Asselin-Miller, N., M. Biedka, G. Gibson, F. Kirsch, B. White, and K. Uddin. February 2016. “Study on the Deployment of C-ITS in Europe: Final Report, Framework Contract on Impact Assessment and Evaluation Studies in the Field of Transport.” European Commission Department for Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE). MOVE/C.3/No. 2014- 795. Bayless, S., A. Guan, J. Paruch, J. Carter, T. Schaffnit, and A. Shaw. 2016. “The Impact of a Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications Rulemaking on Growth in the DSRC Automotive Aftermarket A Market Adoption Model and Forecast for Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) for Light and Heavy Vehicle Categories.” Prepared for USDOT ITS JPO. https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/34758 (As of August 21, 2018). Bureau of Transportation Statistics. 2018. “Table 4-43: Estimated National Average Vehicle Emissions Rates per Vehicle by Vehicle Type using Gasoline and Diesel (Grams per mile).” National Transportation Statistics. https://www.bts.gov/sites/bts.dot.gov/files/table_04_43.xlsx. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. 2018. “Table 4-23: Average Fuel Efficiency of U.S. Light Duty Vehicles.” National Transportation Statistics. https://www.bts.gov/sites/bts.dot.gov/files/table_04_23_3.xlsx. CAT Coalition. May 2020a. V2I Deployment Coalition Phase 2, Technical Resources Working Group, Connected Vehicle Deployment Environment. Version 0.5. CAT Coalition. June 2020b. Current CAT/CAV Initiatives in the States, Survey Results. Working Group on Policy, Regulation, and Legislation (PLR). CAT Coalition, Working Group on Policy, Regulation, and Legislation. June 2019. “Current CAT/CAV Initiatives in the States.” Survey Results. https://transportationops.org/sites/transops/files/CAT%20Funding%20Initiatives%20in%20t he%20States%20-%20June%202019.pdf (As of June 9, 2020). CDOT (Colorado Department of Transportation). July 18, 2018. “Building the Internet of Roads with V2X Technology to Improve Colorado’s Safety and Mobility.” Application for the USDOT 2018 BUILD Transportation Discretionary Grants Program.

110 CDOT. 2017. “CDOT FY 2017-18 Performance Plan.” https://www.codot.gov/library/AnnualReports/cdot-annual-performance-reports-plans/2017- 2018-performance-plan (As of August 21, 2018). Cordahi, G., M. Ettefagh, R. Kamalanathsharma, and S. Murari. May 2015. “Impact Assessment of Incident Scene Work Zone Alerts for Drivers and Workers (INC-ZONE) and Incident Scene Pre-Arrival Staging Guidance for Emergency Responders (RESP-STG).” No. FHWA- JPO-15-203. Prepared for USODT ITS JPO. https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/3545. Cordahi, G., M. Ettefagh and S. Murari. July 2016. “Dynamic Mobility Applications, Program Evaluation: National-Level Impacts and Costs Estimation.” No. FHWA-JPO-16-419. Prepared for USDOT ITS JPO. https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/31814. Evans, J., H. Hinsch, N. Kehoe, F. Perry, and A. Zografos. December 2014. “Costs and Benefits of Public Sector Deployment of Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Technologies.” NCHRP 03-101 Final Report. FCC (Federal Communications Commission). Dec. 17, 2003. Ruling No. 03-324. https://docs.fcc.gov/public/attachments/FCC-03-324A1.pdf (As of June 23, 2020). FCC. Oct. 21, 1999. Ruling No. 99-305. https://docs.fcc.gov/public/attachments/FCC-99- 305A1.pdf (As of June 23, 2020). FDOT (Florida Department of Transportation). January 2019. “Florida’s CAV Business Plan.” https://fdotwww.blob.core.windows.net/sitefinity/docs/default- source/traffic/doc_library/pdf/fdot-cav-business-plan-2019.pdf?sfvrsn=45b478ff_0. FDOT. June 2016. “I-75 Florida’s Regional Advanced Mobility Elements (FRAME).” Application for the USDOT 2016 Advanced Transportation Congestion Management Technologies Deployment (ATCMTD) Grant Program. http://www.cflsmartroads.com/projects/design/future/I-75_Frame_Application.pdf (As of June 26, 2020). FHWA (Federal Highway Administration). 2020. “Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Joint Program Office: Strategic Plan 2020–2025.” https://www.its.dot.gov/stratplan2020/ITSJPO_StrategicPlan_2020-2025.pdf (As of May 2020). FHWA. 2019. “A Guide to Federal-Aid Programs and Projects.” Office of Stewardship, Oversight, and Management. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/federalaid/projects.pdf (As of June 15, 2020). FHWA. Sept. 30, 2015. Connected Vehicle Pilot Demonstration Program - Phase 1, Presentation at CV Pilots Joint Technical Kickoff. https://www.tampacvpilot.com/wp- content/uploads/2016/12/tampa-connected-vehicle-pilot-deployment-phase-1.pdf (As of May 2020). FHWA. 2012. “Executive Order: Accelerating Broadband Infrastructure Deployment – Background Paper and Work Plan Strategy.” Office of Policy and Governmental Affairs. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/otps/workplan.cfm (As of September 4, 2018).

111 Gáspár, P., Z. Szalay, and S. Aradi. 2014. “Highly Automated Vehicle Systems.” BME MOGI. Hale, D., T. Phillips, K. Raboy, J. Ma, P. Su, X.Y. Lu, H. Rakha, and D.J. Dailey. Mar. 2016. “Introduction of Cooperative Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Systems to Improve Speed Harmonization.” Report No. FHWA-HRT-16-023. Prepared for FHWA Office of Operations Research and Development. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/operations/16023/16023.pdf (As of July 19, 2019). Harmon, T., G. Bahar, and F. Gross. 2018. “Crash Costs for Highway Safety Analysis.” No. FHWA-SA-17-071. Prepared for FHWA Office of Safety. https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/docs/fhwasa17071.pdf (As of July 10, 2019). Hatcher, G., J. Campos, J.L. Craig, and D. Hardesty. 2018. “Connected Vehicle Procurement State of the Practice Assessment: Summary Findings Report.” Report No. FHWA-JPO-18- 703. Prepared for ITS Joint Program Office, United States Department of Transportation. Hill, C.J. and J.K. Garrett. June 2011. “AASHTO Connected Vehicle Infrastructure Deployment Analysis.” Report No. FHWA-JPO-11-090. Prepared for ITS Joint Program Office, Research and Innovative Technologies Administration. http://transops.s3.amazonaws.com/uploaded_files/FHWA-JPO-11- 090_AASHTO_CV_Deploy_Analysis_final_report.pdf (As of June 22, 2020). Hooper, A. and D. Murray. Oct. 2018. “An Analysis of the Operational Costs of Trucking: 2018 Updates.” American Transportation Research Institute. https://atri-online.org/wp- content/uploads/2018/10/ATRI-Operational-Costs-of-Trucking-2018.pdf Hyman, W. and P. Tarnoff. 2016. USDOT Guidance for Connected Vehicle Deployments: Institutional and Business Models and Financial Sustainability. Report No. FHWA-JPO- 16-348. ITS-Joint Program Office, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC. INRIX. March 2020. Global Traffic Scorecard. https://inrix.com/scorecard/# (As of May 2020). ITS America (Intelligent Transportation Society of America). March 2020. Comments Before the Federal Communications Commission. In the Matter of Use of the 5.850-5.925 GHz Band. ET Docket No. 19-139. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/596fb16003596e0fa70a232f/t/5e66883595aba23ba 9029bc8/1583777848673/Comments+of+Intelligent+Transportation+Society+of+Americ a+-+20200309.pdf ITS JPO (Intelligent Transportation Systems – Joint Program Office). 2020. “Knowledge Resources: Costs Database.” (Browse CV Costs.) https://www.itsknowledgeresources.its.dot.gov/its/benecost.nsf/SearchCosts?SearchView& Query=%22Connected%20Vehicles%22&Start=1&Count=10&SearchFuzzy=FALSE&Sear chWV=TRUE (As of June 25, 2020). ITS JPO. 2018a. “CV Pilot Deployment Program: Connected Vehicle Applications.” https://www.its.dot.gov/pilots/cv_pilot_apps.htm (As of September 4, 2018).

112 ITS JPO (ITS Joint Program Office). 2018b. “Automated Vehicle Research.” https://www.its.dot.gov/automated_vehicle/index.htm (As of September 4, 2018). ITS JPO (JPO). 2016. “Connected Vehicle Reference Implementation Architecture.” U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. https://local.iteris.com/cvria/html/applications/applications.html (As of May 2020). ITS JPO. 2013. “ITS ePrimer Presentation, Module 13: Connected Vehicles.” Slide 32. United States Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. https://www.pcb.its.dot.gov/eprimer/module13p.aspx (As of August 21, 2018). ITS JPO. Undated B. Dynamic Mobility Application Research Plan. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. https://www.its.dot.gov/research_archives/dma/dma_plan.htm (As of June 2020). Kimley-Horn and Associates, Inc. and Noblis. 2013. “Traffic Management Centers in a Connected Vehicle Environment, Task 2. Investigation of Expected Changes in TMCs.” Final Report. Prepared for CTS Pooled Fund Study, University of Virginia. http://www.cts.virginia.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/PFS_TMC03_Task2.pdf (As of September 4, 2018). Litman, T. 2018. “Automated Vehicle Implementation Predictions: Implications for Transport Planning.” Victoria Transport Policy Institute. https://www.vtpi.org/avip.pdf (As of August 21, 2018). Lopez, A., E. Rensel, L. Matkowski, A. Slizofski, C. McAliney, B. Kuhn, K. Balke, D. Shank, and C. Heise. July 2018. “Pennsylvania Joint Statewide Connected and Automated Vehicle Strategic Plan.” https://transportationops.org/sites/transops/files/Pennsylvania_Automated_Vehicle_Strategic _Plan.pdf. McGuckin, N. and A. Fucci. July 2018. “Summary of Travel Trends: 2017 National Household Travel Survey.” No. FHWA-PL-18-019. Prepared for FHWA Office of Policy and Governmental Affairs. https://nhts.ornl.gov/assets/2017_nhts_summary_travel_trends.pdf. Metrolinx, Business Case Manuals (Volume 2), March 2018. http://www.metrolinx.com/en/regionalplanning/projectevaluation/benefitscases/2018_08_03 %20Metrolinx%20Guidance%202.pdf (As of March 2020). MDOT (Michigan Department of Transportation). 2017. “Connected and Automated Vehicle Program Strategic Plan.” https://transportationops.org/sites/transops/files/MDOT_CAV_Strategic_Plan_FINAL_6238 11_7.pdf. Mixon Hill, Inc. Sept. 2009. “AASHTO IntelliDrive Strategic Plan.” NASEM (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine), “Renewing the National Commitment to the Interstate Highway System: A Foundation for the Future.” Washington, DC, 2019: The National Academies Press. (Appendix F: Connected and Automated Vehicle

113 Technology Impacts on Future Interstate Highway System by Steven E. Shladover). https://doi.org/10.17226/25334. NHTSA (National Highway Transportation Safety Administration). May 2020. Traffic Safety Facts 2018: Rural/Urban Comparison of Traffic Fatalities. https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812957 (As of May 2020). NHTSA. 2017. “Automated Driving Systems: A Vision for Safety 2.0.” https://www.nhtsa.gov/sites/nhtsa.dot.gov/files/documents/13069a- ads2.0_090617_v9a_tag.pdf (As of September 4, 2018). NOCoE (National Operations Center of Excellence). 2020. “Clearinghouse of CAT Policy Frameworks and Policy Statements.” https://transportationops.org/CATCoalition/clearinghouse-cat-policy-frameworks (As of June 2020). NOCoE. 2019. “CAT/CAV Funding Initiatives in the States Survey Results.” https://transportationops.org/sites/transops/files/CAT%20CAV%20Funding%20Initiatives% 20-%20Survey%20Responses_6-13-2019.pdf (As of June 2020). Parikh, G., M. Duhn, and J. Hourdos. Aug. 2019. “How Locals Need to Prepare for the Future of V2V/V2I Connected Vehicles.” Report MN/RC 2019-35, Local Road Research Board, Office of Research and Innovation, Minnesota Department of Transportation. Port Authority (Port Authority of New York and New Jersey). June 14, 2019. “Lincoln Tunnel Exclusive Bus Lane Connected Automated Bus Project – Proof of Concept Demonstration.” Presented at the ITS America Annual Meeting, Washington, DC. Quddus, M. Feb. 2013. “Exploring the Relationship Between Average Speed, Speed Variation, and Accident Rates Using Spatial Statistical Models and GIS.” Journal of Transportation Safety & Security 5(1):27-45. Rall, J. 2016. Transportation Governance and Finance: A 50-State Review of State Legislatures and Departments of Transportation, 2nd Edition, NCHRP 20-24(107), Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. http://www.financingtransportation.org/pdf/50_state_review_nov16.pdf (As of June 25, 2020). Ricardo Energy & Environment. Feb. 2016. “Study on the Deployment of C-ITS in Europe: Final Report.” No. 2014-795. Prepared for the European Commission Department for Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE). Sando, T., P. Alluri, and M. Angel, M. 2019. Exploring the Modified Procurement Framework for Expediting Florida Connected Vehicle (CV) Deployments. Florida Department of Transportation. Society of Automotive Engineers International. 2018, “Taxonomy and Definitions for Terms Related to Driving Automation Systems for On-Road Motor Vehicles (J3016_201806)” https://www.sae.org/standards/content/j3016_201806/ (As of March 25, 2019).

114 Schoettle, B., M. Sivak and M. Tunnell. Oct. 2016. “A Survey of Fuel Economy and Fuel Usage by Heavy-Duty Truck Fleets.” No SWT-2016-12. The University of Michigan. Prepared for ExxonMobil Corporation. https://atri-online.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/2016.ATRI- UMTRI.FuelEconomyReport.Final_.pdf. Schrank, D., B. Eisele, and T. Lomax. August 2019. 2019 Urban Mobility Report, Texas A&M Transportation Institute in Cooperation with INRIX, https://static.tti.tamu.edu/tti.tamu.edu/documents/mobility-report-2019.pdf (As of June 2020). Steadman, M. and B. Huntsman. 2018. “Connected Vehicle Infrastructure: Deployment and Funding Overview.” Final Report PRC 17-77 F, Transportation Policy Research Center, Texas A&M University. https://static.tti.tamu.edu/tti.tamu.edu/documents/PRC-17-77-F.pdf (As of September 4, 2018). Tarnoff, P.J., and K. R. Marshall. 2005. NCHRP Web-Only Document 85: Considerations for a Guide to Contracting ITS Projects. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC. U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), Office of the Secretary of Transportation. Dec. 2018. “Benefit-Cost Analysis Guidance for Discretionary Grant Programs.” https://www.transportation.gov/sites/dot.gov/files/docs/mission/office-policy/transportation- policy/14091/benefit-cost-analysis-guidance-2018.pdf. USDOT, Office of the Secretary of Transportation. Sept. 2016. “Revised Departmental Guidance on Valuation of Travel Time in Economic Analysis.” Memorandum. https://www.transportation.gov/sites/dot.gov/files/docs/2016%20Revised%20Value%20of% 20Travel%20Time%20Guidance.pdf. USDOT, Office of the Secretary of Transportation. 2015. “Guidance on Treatment of the Economic Value of a Statistical Life (VSL) in U.S. Department of Transportation Analyses – 2015 Adjustment.” Memorandum to Secretarial Officers and Modal Administrators. https://cms.dot.gov/sites/dot.gov/files/docs/VSL2015_0.pdf (As of August 21, 2018). U.S. Energy Information Administration. 2019. Petroleum and Other Liquids: Weekly Retail Gasoline and Diesel Prices. https://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/PET_PRI_GND_DCUS_NUS_A.htm. (As of June 7, 2019). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2019. “Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle.” https://www.epa.gov/greenvehicles/greenhouse-gas-emissions-typical- passenger-vehicle. (As of June 7, 2019). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2018. “SmartWay Carrier Performance Ranking: 2018 Data Year Performance Rankings Spreadsheet.” http://app4.erg.com/smartwayweb/portal/carrierdata/carrierPerfDataEPA.xlsx. (As of June 7, 2019). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2016. “The Social Cost of Carbon: Estimating the Benefits of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions.”

115 https://19january2017snapshot.epa.gov/climatechange/social-cost-carbon_.html. (As of June 7, 2019). USDOT (in cooperation the National Science & Technology Council), 2020. “Ensuring American Leadership in Automated Vehicle Technologies Automated Vehicles 4.0,” United States Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. Virginia Tech Transportation Institute. Mar. 2016. “Connected Vehicle Freeway Speed Harmonization Systems.” Prepared for Research and Innovative Technology Administration, USDOT. https://vtechworks.lib.vt.edu/handle/10919/72263. Wright, J., J.K. Garrett, C.J. Hill, G.D. Krueger, J.H. Evans, S. Andrews, C.K. Wilson, R. Rajbhanadari, and B. Burkhard. 2014. “National Connected Vehicle Field Infrastructure Footprint Analysis.” Report No. FHWA-JPO-14-125. https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/3440 (As of June 2020). WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff. 2016. “Trans-Hudson Commuting Capacity Study. Appendix A: Interstate Bus Network – Operational and Service Strategies.” Prepared for Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. https://www.panynj.gov/about/pdf/Trans- Hudson_Commuting_Capacity_Study-All_Appendices_9-21-16.pdf (As of August 21, 2018). Yelchuru, B., R. Kamalanathsharma, K.F. Abdelghany, H.S. Mahmassani, Prinelli, P.Li, X. Zhous, B.T. Ong. Feb. 2017. “Analysis, Modeling, and Simulation (AMS) Test bed Development and Evaluation to Support Dynamic Mobility Applications (DMA) and Active Transportation and Demand Management (ATDM) Programs —Evaluation Report for DMA Program.” No. FHWA-JPO-16-383. Prepared for USDOT ITS JPO. https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/32615. Yelchuru, B., P. Rinelli, L. Torres and R. Kamalanathsharma. July 2017. “Analysis, Modeling, and Simulation (AMS) Test bed Development and Evaluation to Support Dynamic Mobility Applications (DMA) and Active Transportation and Demand Management (ATDM) Programs —Evaluation Report for the San Diego Test bed.” No. FHWA-JPO-16-389. Prepared for USDOT ITS JPO. https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/34173 (As of July 19, 2019). Yue, L., M. Abdel-Aty, Y. Wu, and L. Wang. Apr. 2018. “Assessment of the Safety Benefits of Vehicles' Advanced Driver Assistance, Connectivity and Low-Level Automation Systems.” Accident Analysis and Prevention 117(2018) 55-64.

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State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) and other government agencies recognize the value of connected vehicle (CV) technologies in helping achieve the strategic objectives of saving lives and relieving congestion. Several agencies are currently planning and preparing for a future where CV technologies could become a part of their routine business operations. A core consideration in any such planning effort is an assessment of the need for and the nature of public CV infrastructure investments to support applications based on CV technologies.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Web-Only Document 289: Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of Connected Vehicle Infrastructure to Support Automated Vehicle Operations presents methods to identify the most plausible CV infrastructure investments, shows how to build effective business case arguments, and details specific business model options during project procurement and delivery.

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