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Body Composition and Physical Performance: Applications for the Military Services

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Body Composition and Physical Performance

Applications for the Military Services (1990)
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This book surveys the entire field of body composition as it relates to performance. It includes a clear definition of terminology and a discussion of the various methods for measuring body composition.

The authored papers represent a state-of-the-art review of this controversial field and address questions such as: What is a better measure of body composition—body fat or lean body mass? Does being overweight for one's height really affect performance?

The book also addresses the issue of physical appearance as it relates to body fatness and performance. It includes an in-depth discussion of many of the topics of interest to those involved in sports medicine and exercise physiology.


Suggested Citation

Institute of Medicine. 1990. Body Composition and Physical Performance: Applications for the Military Services. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

372 pages | 6 x 9
ISBN: 978-0-309-04586-5

Table of Contents

skim chapter
I Overview 1-2
1 Introduction and Background 3-24
2 Conclusions and Recommendations 25-28
II Invited Papers 29-30
3 Body Composition and Military Performance: Origins of the Army Standards 31-56
4 Body Composition in the Military Services: Standards and Methods 57-70
5 Effects of Experimental Alterations in Excess Weight on Physiological Responses to Exercise and Physical Performance 71-88
6 Army Data: Body Composition and Physical Capacity 89-104
7 The Relationship of Body Size and Composition to the Performance of Physically Demanding Military Tasks 105-118
8 New Approaches to Body Composition Evaluation and Some Relationships to Dynamic Muscular Strength 119-140
9 Associations Among Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Injury in Men and Women Army Trainees 141-174
10 Body Composition, Morbidity, and Mortality 175-184
11 Critique of the Military's Approach to Body Composition Assessment and Evaluation 185-194
12 Body Composition and Performance in Relation to Environment 195-206
13 Sex Differences and Ethnic/Racial Differences in Body Size and Body Composition 207-220
III Committee Discussion Paper 221-222
14 Body Composition Measurement: Accuracy, Validity, and Comparability 223-236
Appendixes 237-238
Appendix A: Accession Standards for the Military Services 239-246
Appendix B: Retention Standards for the Military Services 247-340
Appendix C: Weight-for-Height Tables 341-344
Appendix D: Proposed Revisions to Accession (AR 40-501) and Retention (AR 600-9) Body Weight and Body Fat Standards 345-346
Appendix E: Recent Changes to the U.S. Army Standards 347-350
Appendix F: Biographical Sketches 351-356

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