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Air Quality Management in the United States (2004)

Chapter: References

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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2004. Air Quality Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10728.
×

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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2004. Air Quality Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10728.
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EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1995b. Users Guide for the Calpuff Dispersion Model. EPA-454/B-95-006. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1996a. Review of National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone. Assessment of Scientific and Technical Information OAQPS Staff Paper. EPA-452/R-96-007. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1996b. Air Quality Criteria for Ozone and Related Photochemical Oxidants. EPA/600/P-93/004a-cF. National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. July. [Online]. Available: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/ozone.cfm [accessed Feb. 5, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1997. Benefits and Costs of the Clean Air Act, 1970 to 1990. Final Report to U.S. Congress. EPA 410/R-97-002. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/oar/sect812/contsetc.pdf [accessed July 10, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1998a. Chemical Hazard Data Availability Study. What Do We Really Know About the Safety of High Production Volume Chemicals? Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/chemrtk/hazchem.pdf [accessed Nov. 17, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1998b. Handbook for Air Toxics Emission Inventory Development, Vol. 1. Stationary Sources. EPA 454/B-98-002. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/eidocs/airtoxic.pdf [accessed Oct. 1, 2002].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1998c. Evaluation of Emissions from the Open Burning of Household Waste in Barrels. EPA/600-SR-97/134. National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH. March 1998. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/burn/trashburn1.pdf [accessed Jan. 15, 2002].

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2004. Air Quality Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10728.
×

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1998d. Commonly Asked Questions about ORVR (Onboard Refueling Vapor Recovery). Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/ld-hwy/onboard/orvrq-a.txt [accessed Jan. 15, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1998e. Ecological Research Strategy. EPA/ 600/R-98/086. Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. June 1998.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999a. Final Report to Congress on Benefits and Costs of the Clean Air Act, 1990 to 2010. EPA 410-R-99-001. Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Nov. 1999.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999b. Residual Risk Report to Congress. EPA-453/R-99-001. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. March 1999. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttnatw01/risk/risk_rep.pdf [accessed Jan. 31, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999c. Progress Report on the EPA Acid Rain Program. EPA 430-R-99-011. Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Nov. 1999. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/progress/arpreport/acidrainprogress.pdf [accessed Oct. 16, 2002].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999d. Ozone and Your Health. EPA 452/F-99-003. Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/airnow/brochure.html [accessed Apr. 1, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999e. Emissions Inventory Guidance for Implementation of Ozone and Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and Regional Haze Regulations. EPA-454-99-006. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/eidocs/eidocfnl.pdf [accessed Oct. 17, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999f. Achieving Clean Air and Clean Water: The Report of the Blue Ribbon Panel on Oxygenates in Gasoline. EPA420-R-99-021. Blue Ribbon Panel for Reviewing Use of MTBE, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/consumer/fuels/oxypanel/r99021.pdf [accessed Jan. 21, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999g. Economic Analysis of Alternate Methods of Allocating NOx Emission Allowances, Draft. Prepared by ICF Consulting, for the Acid Rain Division, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/fednox/alloc-rprt.pdf [accessed Oct. 14, 2002].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2000a. Taking Toxics Out of the Air. Progress in Setting “Maximum Achievable Control Technology” Standards Under the Clean Air Act. EPA/452/K-00-002. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/oar/oaqps/takingtoxics/index_small.html [accessed Sept. 23, 2002].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2000b. National Air Toxics Program: The Integrated Urban Strategy. Report to Congress. EPA-453/R-99-007. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. July 2000. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/urban/natprpt.pdf [accessed Apr. 11, 2003].

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2004. Air Quality Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10728.
×

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2000c. National Air Pollutant Emission Trends: 1900–1998. Trend Charts. EPA-454/R-00-002. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/trends/trends98/trendcharts.pdf [accessed Feb. 11, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2000d. Draft Technical Support Document: Control of Emissions of Hazardous Air Pollutants from Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Fuels. EPA420-D-00-003. Assessment and Standards Division, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/toxics/d00003.pdf [accessed May 6, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2000e. National Air Quality and Emissions Trends Report, 1998. EPA 454/R-00-003. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Emissions Monitoring and Analysis Division, Air Quality Trends Analysis Group, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2001a. National Air Quality and Emissions Trends Report, 1999. EPA 454/R-01-004. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/oar/aqtrnd99/ [accessed Oct. 14, 2002].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2001b. Introduction to Area Source Emission Inventory Development, Vol. 3, Ch. 1, Revised Final. Emission Inventory Improvement Program, Emission Factor and Inventory Group, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/eiip/techreport/volume03/ [accessed Jan. 13, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2001c. Draft Guidance for Demonstrating Attainment of Air Quality Goals for PM2.5 and Regional Haze. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. [Online]. Available: http://vistas-sesarm.org/tech/draftpm.pdf [accessed Oct. 17, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2001d. Emission Scorecard 2000. Clean Air Markets, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. June 2001. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/airmarkt/ [accessed Oct. 14, 2002].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002a. Summary of Air Quality and Emissions Trends. Six Principal Pollutants. Air Trends, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/airtrends/sixpoll.html [accessed March 14, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002b. Air Quality Criteria for Particulate Matter, Third External Review Draft, Vol. 1 and 2. EPA/600/P-99/002aC. National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/partmatt.cfm [accessed March 25, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002c. Maps of Air Quality, Deposition, Emissions, and Population Changes, February 2002. The Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center (AMTIC). Technology Transfer Network, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/files/ambient/monitorstrat/detailmp.pdf [accessed Feb. 10, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002d. What Is an Ambient Air Quality Standard? Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/air/oaqps/ozpmbro/ambient.htm [accessed Feb. 10, 2003].

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2004. Air Quality Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10728.
×

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002e. The National-Scale Air Toxics Assessment. Technology Transfer Network, Air Toxics Website. Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/nata [accessed Feb. 04, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002f. Air, EPA and State Progress in Issuing Title V Permits. Report No. 2002-P-00008. Evaluation Report. Office of Inspector General, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. March 29, 2002. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/air/oaqps/permits/maps/mapslink.html [accessed May 15, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002g. AP-42: Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/ap42.htm [accessed Oct. 1, 2002].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002h. Draft Design and Implementation Plan for EPA’s Multi-Scale Motor Vehicle and Equipment Emission System (MOVES). EPA 420-P-02-006. Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/models/ngm/p02006.pdf [accessed Oct. 17, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002i. Final Regulatory Support Document: Control of Emissions from Unregulated Nonroad Engines. EPA420-R-02-022 Assessment and Standards Division, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/nonroad/2002/r02022.pdf [accessed Feb. 3, 2004].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002j. List of Federal Reformulated Gasoline Program Areas. Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/fuels/rfg/rfgarea.wpd [accessed May 30, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002k. Bulletins & Memos. New Sources Review Announcement, Nov. 22, 2002. Technology Transfer Network, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/nsr/bull_mem.html [accessed Jan. 15, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002l. Acid Rain Program 2001 Progress Report. EPA 430-R-02-009. Clean Air Markets Program, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Nov. 2002. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/cmprpt/arp01/2001report.pdf [accessed March 31, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002m. An Evaluation of the South Coast Air Quality Management District’s Regional Clean Air Incentives-Lessons in Environmental Markets and Innovation, Nov. 2002. EPA’s Evaluation of the RECLAIM Program in the South Coast Air Quality Management District. Air Programs, Region 9, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, San Francisco. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/region09/air/reclaim/ [accessed Nov. 6, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002n. Evaluation of Air Emissions Credits Results in Reduced Credits and Penalty Assessment in New Jersey. Pp. 2–3 in Quarterly Report, Apr. 1–June 30, 2002, Fiscal Year 2002. Office of Inspector General, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/oigearth [accessed Apr. 4, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002o. PM Supersite Projects (Phase I and II) Information. Technology Transfer Network, Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center. Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/ssprojec.html [accessed March 16, 2003].

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2004. Air Quality Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10728.
×

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002p. National Ambient Monitoring Strategy, Summary Document. Sept. 1, 2002, Final Draft for Comment. National Air Monitoring Strategy Information, Draft Monitoring Strategy, Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/stratdoc.html [accessed Apr. 8, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002q. All Designated Methods. Technology Transfer Network, Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/all.html [accessed Oct. 17, 2002].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002r. Limitations in the 1996 National-Scale Air Toxic Assessment. The National Scale-Air Toxics Assessment, Technology Transfer Network, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/nata/natsalim2.html [accessed Apr. 8, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2002s. Interim Report on Personal and Residential Particulate Matter Gaseous Co-pollutant Air Concentrations for Potentially Sensitive Individuals and Their Association with Ambient Sources. National Exposure Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/nerl/research/2002/g1-1.html. [accessed June 11, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003. Latest Findings on National Air Quality, 2002 Status and Trends. EPA 454/K-03-001. Emissions Monitoring and Analysis Division, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003a. Average Annual Emissions, All Criteria Pollutants Years Including 1980, 1985, 1989–2001, February 2003. Emission Factor and Inventory Group, TTNWeb, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/trends/trends01/trends2001.pdf [accessed May 14, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003b. Fact Sheet: Final Amendments to the “General Provisions” of National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions. Final Amendments to Clean Air Act’s “Section 112(j) Rule.” Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. May 14, 2003. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/airlinks/factsheet5803.pdf [accessed May 14, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003c. Environmental Justice. Compliance and Enforcement, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/compliance/environmentaljustice/index.html [accessed Apr. 1, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003d. FY 2002 Annual Report, Annual Performance Reports. Office of Chief Financial Officer, Office of Planning, Analysis, and Accountability, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ocfo/finstatement/2002ar/2002ar.htm [accessed May 28, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003e. Categorical Grants Program. Pp. A-4 in FY 2004, Summary of EPA’s Budget. Office of Chief Financial Officer, Office of Planning, Analysis, and Accountability, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ocfo/budget/2004/2004bib.pdf [accessed May 29, 2003].

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2004. Air Quality Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10728.
×

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003f. Emissions Inventories. Technology Transfer Network Clearinghouse for Inventories and Emission Factors, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/eiinformation.html [accessed May 16, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003g. Hourly Emissions Data. Clean Air Markets—Data and Maps. Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://cfpub.epa.gov/gdm/ [accessed Jan. 17, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003h. Green Book Nonattainment Areas for Criteria Pollutants. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/oar/oaqps/greenbk/ [accessed May 29, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003i. Reducing Nonroad Diesel Emissions. Low Emission Program Summary. Fact Sheet. EPA 402-F-03-008. Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/nonroad/f03008.htm [accessed Apr. 22, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003j. Title V Permit Issuance Status: United States. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/oar/oaqps/permits/maps/index.html [accessed May 15, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003k. Performance Specifications and Other Monitoring Information. Technology Transfer Network, Emission Measurement Center, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/emc/monitor.html [accessed Jan. 22, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003l. FTIR Technology. Technology Transfer Network, Emission Measurement Center, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/emc/ftir.html [accessed Jan. 22, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003m. 2001 Toxics Release Inventory, Executive Summary. EPA 260-S-03-001. Office of Environmental Information, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. July 2003. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/tri/tridata/tri01 [accessed Nov. 20, 2003]

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003n. Draft Report on the Environment. Office of Research and Development and the Office of Environmental Information, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/indicators/roe/html/roeTOC.htm [accessed Nov. 12, 2003].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003o. Trends in Wet Sulfate Deposition Following Implementation of Phase I of the Acid Rain Program: 1989–1991 vs. 1997–1999 (CASTNet and NADP/NTN Data) Clean Air Markets-Progress and Results. Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/cmap/mapgallery/mg_wetsulfatephase1.html#desc [accessed Apr. 27, 2004].

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003p. Ozone Nonattainment Area Summary, Feb. 06, 2003. Green Book Nonattainment Areas for Criteria Pollutants. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/oar/oaqps/greenbk/onsum.html [accessed Apr. 11, 2003].

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2004. Air Quality Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10728.
×

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2003r. Average Annual Emissions, All Criteria Pollutants Years Including 1970–2001. National Emission Inventory (NEI) Air Pollutant Emission Trends. Technology Transfer Network, Clearinghouse for Inventories and Emission Factors, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/trends/ [accessed Jan. 21, 2004].

EPA/SAB (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board). 1995. RE: CASAC Closure on the Primary Standard Portion of the Stuff Paper for Ozone. EPA-SAB-CASAC-LTR-96-002. Letter to Carol M. Browner, Administrator, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, from George T. Wolff, Chair Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, Nov. 30, 1995. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/sab/pdf/casac02.pdf [accessed May 9, 2003].

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The implementation of air quality regulations should be less bureaucratic -- with more emphasis on results than process -- and should be designed to protect ecosystems as well as people. The report recommends that The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) use an approach to target groups of pollutants instead of individual ones and that revised or new regulations also should consider how air pollution travels from state to state and across international borders. In addition, improved tracking of emissions is needed to accurately assess what populations are at the highest risk of health problems from pollution and to better measure the progress of pollution-control strategies.

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