Virginia A. Stallings, M.D. (Chair) is the Jean A. Cortner Endowed Chair in Gastroenterology, and Director of the Nutrition Center at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and Professor of Pediatrics at the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. Her research interests include pediatric nutrition, evaluation of dietary intake and energy expenditure, and nutrition-related chronic disease. Dr. Stallings has been a member of the National Academy of Medicine since 2005 and has served on several National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine committees: Committee on Nutrition Standards for National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs, Committee on Nutrition Services for Medicare Beneficiaries, Committee on the Scientific Basis for Dietary Risk Eligibility Criteria for WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) Programs, the Committee to Review the WIC Food Packages, and the Committee to Review Child and Adult Care Food Program Meal Requirements. She is a former member (1997-2000) and co-vice chair (2000-2002) of the Food and Nutrition Board. Dr. Stallings is board certified in pediatrics and clinical nutrition. She received the Fomon Nutrition Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics and is a Fellow of the American Society of Nutrition. Dr. Stallings earned a B.S. in Nutrition and Foods from Auburn University, an M.S. in Human Nutrition and Biochemistry from Cornell University, and an M.D. from the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine.
Katrina (Katie) Allen, Ph.D., is Director of the Population Health Research Theme, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Professor of Paediatrics at the University of Melbourne, Australia, and holds a Chair in Food
Allergy at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom. She is an active pediatric allergist and gastroenterologist at the Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne. Her research focuses on the evolving field of food allergy and her vision is to prevent food allergy in children. She is a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Practitioner Fellow and Chief Investigator on five NHMRC-funded studies, which seek to answer questions about population health and evolution of the allergy epidemic, including gene-environment and epigenetic associations with food allergy. Dr. Allen also is Director of the NHMRC-funded Australian Centre of Food & Allergy Research, which aims to translate research findings into clinical practice and public health policy to ensure the best outcomes for children with food allergy.
A. Wesley Burks, M.D., is Executive Dean for the University of North Carolina (UNC) School of Medicine. In this role he provides overall academic leadership for the School of Medicine and the UNC Health Care System. He also is the Curnen Distinguished Professor in Pediatrics. Dr. Burks joined the UNC system in November 2011. His research interests are in the allergic diseases, particularly adverse reactions to foods. Dr. Burks heads a research team whose work centers on identifying the allergens in specific foods at a molecular level, improving understanding of the mechanism of adverse food reactions, and developing treatments for food allergy in animal models and in clinical studies. Dr. Burks and his colleagues are currently conducting clinical studies with different types of mucosal immunotherapy. His laboratory funding comes from many sources, including the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and private foundations. He is a past Chair and member of the NIH Hypersensitivity, Autoimmune, and Immune-mediated Diseases study section and is Past President of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. He received an M.D. from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and completed a fellowship in Allergy and Immunology at Duke University Medical Center.
Nancy R. Cook, Sc.D., is a Professor in the Department of Medicine at the Brigham & Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, and Professor of Epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health. Dr. Cook is a biostatistician involved in the design, conduct, and analysis of several large randomized trials, including the Women’s Health Study, the Physicians’ Health Study, and the VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL (VITAL). She leads the Trials of Hypertension Prevention (TOHP) Follow-up Study, an observational follow-up of participants in Phases I and II of TOHP. Dr. Cook’s methodologic efforts focus on the predictive modeling of observational data and developing risk prediction scores using clinical biomarkers. She was a member of the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s
Committee on the Consequences of Sodium Reduction in Populations. She received her M.S. and Sc.D. from the Harvard School of Public Health.
Sharon M. Donovan, Ph.D., R.D., is Professor and Melissa M. Noel Endowed Chair in the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Her research focuses on pediatric nutrition, with an emphasis on optimization of neonatal intestinal development. She compares the biological effects of human milk and infant formulas on intestinal function in human infants and neonatal piglets and in various models of intestinal disease. Dr. Donovan is actively involved in several professional societies and served as the President of the American Society for Nutrition (2011-2012). She is the recipient of several awards in recognition of her research, including the Mead Johnson Award and the Norman A. Kretchmer Award from the American Society for Nutrition. She is currently a member of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Food and Nutrition Board. Dr. Donovan received her B.S. and Ph.D. in Nutrition from the University of California, Davis, and completed a post-doctoral fellowship in Pediatric Endocrinology at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Stephen J. Galli, M.D., was chair of the Department of Pathology (1999-2016), and since 1999 has been the Mary Hewitt Loveless, M.D. Professor, and Professor of Pathology and of Microbiology and Immunology at the Stanford University School of Medicine. He also was the Co-Director of the Stanford Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine from 2009-2016. He served on the faculty of Harvard Medical School from 1979 to his arrival at Stanford. Dr. Galli’s research has focused on the development and function of mast cells and basophils and the development of new animal models for studying the roles of these cells in health and disease, with particular interests in the roles of these cells in asthma, anaphylaxis, and food allergies, and the roles of mast cells and IgE in innate and acquired host defense against venoms. He is currently principal investigator of a National Institute of Allergy and Immune Diseases (NIAID) Asthma and Allergic Diseases Cooperative Research Center (AADCRC) at Stanford (2013-2018), for a project entitled “Integrated Genomic and Functional Studies of Tolerance Therapy for Peanut Allergy.” Dr. Galli served as one of two Co-Chairs of an NIAID Food Allergy Research Expert Panel (2006) and is a member of the National Allergy and Infectious Diseases Council of the NIH (2014-2018). Dr. Galli was a member of the National Research Council committee that wrote the report Toward Precision Medicine: Building a Knowledge Network for Biomedical Research and a New Taxonomy of Disease. Dr. Galli was elected to the Collegium Internationale Allergologicum (serving as president from 2010-2014) and the National Academy of Medicine. He
also is a foreign member of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (National Academy of the Lynxes) in Rome. Dr. Galli received a MERIT Award from the NIAID/NIH (1995), Scientific Achievement Awards from the International Association of Allergy & Clinical Immunology (1997) and the World Allergy Organization (2011), the Rous-Whipple Award of the American Society for Investigative Pathology (2014), and the Karl Landsteiner Medal of the Austrian Society of Allergology and Immunology (2014). Dr. Galli received an M.D. from Harvard Medical School, and completed a residency in Anatomic Pathology at Massachusetts General Hospital.
Bernard Guyer, M.D., M.P.H., is the Zanvyl Krieger Professor of Children’s Health, Emeritus, at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. A physician trained in both pediatrics and preventive medicine, Dr. Guyer’s 40-year career in public health has been devoted to advancing the health of mothers, children, and families worldwide. Retired in 2011, he continues to be actively involved in the Women’s and Children’s Health Policy Center at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, where he lectures, teaches, and advises students and faculty. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and chaired the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Board on Children, Youth, and Families (2007-2013). Dr. Guyer received his B.S. from Antioch College, his M.D. from the University of Rochester School of Medicine, and his M.P.H. from the Harvard School of Public Health.
Gideon Lack, M.B.B.Ch., is Head of the Children’s Allergy Service at Guy’s and St. Thomas’ National Health Service Foundation Trust, Professor of Paediatric Allergy and Head of Department of Paediatric Allergy at King’s College London. His research has focused on severe childhood asthma, peanut allergy, and new strategies to prevent and treat food allergies, eczema, asthma, and hay fever in children and adults. His clinical expertise includes allergic asthma, anaphylaxis, and desensitizing vaccines to treat hay fever and other allergies. Dr. Lack is principal investigator of a current randomized controlled clinical trial designed to determine the best strategy to prevent peanut allergy in young children, the LEAP-On (Learning Early About Peanut Allergy) study and principal investigator of the EAT (Enquiring About Tolerance) study. He is a member of the British Medical Association, the British Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, the European Academy of Allergy & Clinical Immunology, the Medical Research Council Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, and the Collegium Internationale Allergolicum. He also is a Fellow of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. Dr. Lack obtained his medical degree from the University of Oxford Medical School and his specialization in Allergy
and Immunology from the National Jewish Centre for Immunology and Respiratory Medicine in Denver, Colorado.
Ann S. Masten, Ph.D., LP, is Regents Professor and Irving B. Harris Professor of Child Development in the Institute of Child Development at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Masten’s research focuses on understanding processes that promote competence and prevent problems in human development, with a focus on adaptive processes and pathways, developmental tasks and cascades, and resilience in the context of high cumulative risk, adversity, and trauma. She directs the Project Competence studies of risk and resilience, including studies of normative populations and high-risk young people exposed to war, natural disasters, poverty, homelessness, and migration. Dr. Masten co-chairs the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally and serves on the Board of Children, Youth, and Families for the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. She is a member of the U.S. National Committee of Psychology, a past-president of the Society for Research in Child Development, and recipient of the Bronfenbrenner Award for Lifetime Contributions to Developmental Psychology in the Service of Science and Society from the American Psychological Association. Her publications include the 2014 book Ordinary Magic: Resilience in Development and numerous empirical articles. She completed her Ph.D. in psychology at the University of Minnesota and her clinical psychology internship at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Jose M. Ordovas, Ph.D., is Professor of Nutrition at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Professor of Genetics at the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences at Tufts University and Senior Scientist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University in Boston, Massachusetts, where he also is the Director of the Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory. He is a Senior Collaborating Scientist at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares and Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Alimentación (IMDEA), both in Madrid, Spain. Dr. Ordovas’s major research interests focus on the genetic factors predisposing to cardiovascular disease and obesity and their interaction with the environment and behavioral factors, with special emphasis on diet. Throughout his career, Dr. Ordovas has received multiple honors for his scientific achievements, including the USDA Secretary’s Award, the Centrum American Nutrition Society Award, the Mary Swartz Award from the Dietetic Association, the Garry-Labbe Award from the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the Francisco Grande Memorial Lecture for Excellence in Nutrition Research, The Rafael del Pino Foundation Lecture, the Turkish Genetics Society Award, the Jaén Paraíso Interior and Asociación Española de Municipalidades del
Olivo (AEMO) awards for his contributions to the diffusion of the Mediterranean diet and the olive oil, the Good Cholesterol award from Aviles and the Danone Foundation Award for achievements in Nutrition Research, the Gold Medal of the Spanish Society of Cardiology, and the Francisco Grande Award from the Fundacion Dieta Mediterranea. He has been awarded an honorary degree in Medicine from the University of Cordoba in Spain and the title of Member of the Royal Academies of Sciences, Medicine, Nutrition and Pharmacy, all of them in Spain. Dr. Ordovas serves on multiple editorial boards and is active with multiple international peer review and steering committees. He served on the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Food and Nutrition Board (2005-2011). Dr. Ordovas was educated in Spain at the University of Zaragoza where he completed his undergraduate work in chemistry and received his doctorate in human lipoprotein metabolism. He did postdoctoral work at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard, and Tufts.
Hugh A. Sampson, M.D., is the Kurt Hirschhorn, M.D. and Children’s Center Foundation Professor of Pediatrics and the Director of the Jaffe Food Allergy Institute at Mount Sinai’s Icahn School of Medicine. Dr. Sampson’s research interests have focused on food allergic disorders, and now include work on the pathogenesis of food-induced anaphylaxis, characterization of allergenic food proteins and their processing by the immune system, genetics of food allergy, development of novel diagnostic tests, and mechanisms of immunotherapeutic strategies for treating food allergies, including basic studies and clinical trials in oral, sublingual, and epicutaneous immunotherapy and the potential use of biologics, such as anti-IgE and anti-cytokine monoclonal antibodies. Dr. Sampson is past chair of the Section on Allergy & Immunology of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the past-president of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. He has served on several editorial boards, including 20 years on the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, and as Chair of the Medical Advisory Board for Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network/Food Allergy Research and Education for 25 years. He also has served as a Director of the American Board of Allergy and Immunology. Dr. Sampson is a member of the National Academy of Medicine. He received his M.D. from the University at Buffalo, the State University of New York.
Scott H. Sicherer, M.D., is the Elliot and Roslyn Jaffe Professor of Allergy, Immunology and Pediatrics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Chief of the Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, and Medical Director of Mount Sinai’s Clinical Research Unit. His research interests include the following aspects of food allergy: natural history, gastrointestinal manifestations, epidemiology, psychosocial and quality of life issues,
modalities to educate physicians and parents, and treatment modalities (including novel therapies). He is a co-author of three Practice Parameters (two on food allergy and one on diagnostic testing), and participated as a member of the Coordinating Committee for the NIAID/NIH-supported food allergy Guidelines. He is also a co-author of four American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Clinical Reports covering allergy prevention, diagnostics, use of epinephrine for anaphylaxis, and school issues for management of food allergy. Dr. Sicherer was the AAP representative for drafting the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s guidelines for managing food allergies in schools. He is past chair of the Adverse Reactions to Foods Committee of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, the board of directors of the American Board of Allergy and Immunology, and the Section on Allergy and Immunology of the AAP. He is associate editor of The Journal of Allergy and Immunology, In Practice. Dr. Sicherer received his M.D. from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and his pediatric training, including a chief residency, at Mount Sinai in New York City. He completed a fellowship in allergy and immunology at Johns Hopkins.
Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Ph.D., was the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor in the Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition at the Gillings School of Global Public Health, the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill at the start of this report. She is now a Professor in the Departments of Public Health Sciences and Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Virginia School of Medicine. She has focused her research on maternal nutritional status, including maternal obesity and gestational weight gain and their effect on the short- and long-term outcomes of the mother and child. She studies dietary patterns among Hispanic adults and children. She was a member of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee and has served on multiple committees for the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, examining topics from the WIC (Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children) food packages to standards for systematic reviews in health care. She currently serves on the advisory council of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and on the USDA working group preparing for the Dietary Guidance during pregnancy for the 2020 report. Dr. Siega-Riz earned a B.S. in Public Health in Nutrition from the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, an M.S. in Food, Nutrition, and Food Service Management from UNC–Greensboro, and a Ph.D. in Nutrition (Minor in Epidemiology) from the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health.
Stephen L. Taylor, Ph.D., is Co-Founder and Co-Director of the Food Allergy Research and Resource Program, and Professor in the Department
of Food Science and Technology at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. His research interests involve food allergies and allergy-like illnesses, including the development, evaluation, and improvement of immunochemical methods for the detection of allergens and allergenic foods; the determination of threshold doses for allergenic foods and implementation of risk assessment approaches for allergenic foods; and the effect of food processing on food allergens. Dr. Taylor has served on several committees and was a member of the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Food and Nutrition Board (1999-2004). He received his B.S. and M.S. in Food Science and Technology from Oregon State University and his Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of California, Davis.
Xiaobin Wang, M.D., M.P.H., Sc.D., is Zanvyl Krieger Professor in Child Health, Director of the Center on the Early Life Origins of Disease, and Professor of Pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and School of Medicine. In the past 16 years, Dr. Wang has served as the principal investigator in a number of large scale molecular epidemiological studies funded by NIH. She has led a multi-institution, multidisciplinary team to investigate environmental, nutritional, genetic and epigenetic factors during critical developmental windows (preconception, in utero, infancy, and childhood) aiming to elucidate the root causes of high-impact pediatric and adult diseases, including adverse reproductive and pregnancy outcomes, obesity/diabetes/metabolic syndrome, and food allergies. In particular, her team has conducted a series of innovative studies on food allergies and related traits or conditions in three unique study cohorts (the Boston Birth Cohort, Chicago Family Cohort, and Chinese Twin Cohort) and contributed to an improved understanding of the role of genetics, gene–environment interactions, and epigenetics in the development of food allergies. Dr. Wang previously served as a member of the Institute of Medicine Committee on Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Healthy Outcomes. Dr. Wang received her M.D. from Peking University (formerly, Beijing Medical University) in Beijing, China, and M.P.H. from the School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine at Tulane University in New Orleans. She also received an Sc.D. degree from the Department of Maternal and Child Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. She completed a 3-year research fellowship in Environmental Epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health and a residency in pediatrics at the Boston University Medical Center.