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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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FRAMING THE CHALLENGE OF

URBAN FLOODING

IN THE UNITED STATES

Committee on Urban Flooding in the United States

Program on Risk, Resilience, and Extreme Events Policy and Global Affairs

Water Science and Technology Board
Division on Earth and Life Studies

A Consensus Study Report of

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by a contract between the National Academy of Sciences and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (Award No. HSFE20-16-C-0211). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the view of the organization that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-48961-4
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-48961-X
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25381

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25381.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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COMMITTEE ON URBAN FLOODING IN THE UNITED STATES

Members

DAVID R. MAIDMENT (Chair), University of Texas at Austin

CHAD BERGINNIS, Association of State Floodplain Managers, Madison, Wisconsin

LT. GEN. (RET.) THOMAS P. BOSTICK, Intrexon, Germantown, Maryland

SAMUEL BRODY, Texas A&M University, College Station

JEFFERY CZAJKOWSKI, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and National Association of Insurance Commissioners, Kansas City, Missouri

DARA ENTEKHABI, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

HARRIET FESTING, Anthropocene Associates, Chicago, Illinois

KATHERINE GREIG, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

JO ANN HOWARD, H2O Partners Inc., Austin, Texas

CONOR JENSEN, Renegade Science, Oswego, Illinois

ERIC TATE, University of Iowa, Iowa City

CLAIRE WELTY, University of Maryland, Baltimore County

JAMES L. WESCOAT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

Study Staff

LAUREN ALEXANDER AUGUSTINE, Study Director

ANNE LINN, Scholar, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

ERIC EDKIN, Program Coordinator, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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Acknowledgments

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Philip Bedient, Rice University; Timothy Collins, University of Utah; Kimberly Grove, Baltimore City Department of Public Works; Eric Klinenberg, New York University; Ning Lin, Princeton University; Jay Lund, University of California, Davis; David Miller, Electric Infrastructure Security Council; Doug Plasencia, Moffatt & Nichol; and P. Kay Whitlock, Christopher B. Burke Engineering, Ltd.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Michael Kavanaugh, Geosyntec Consultants, and David Dzombak, Carnegie Mellon University. They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

A central part of this study was stakeholder workshops, meetings, interviews, and site visits in four metropolitan areas: Baltimore, Chicago, Houston, and Phoenix. The participants in these activities are listed in Appendixes B through E, and the committee thanks them for their insights on urban flooding in their area. The committee also thanks the following individuals for making maps, compiling data, carrying out literature searches, or making other contributions to the report: Federico Antolini, University of Iowa; Oronde Drakes, University of Iowa; Wesley E. Highfield, Texas A&M, Galveston; Asif Rahman, University of Iowa; Jayton Rainey, Texas A&M, College Station; and Oliver Wing, University of Bristol.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States Get This Book
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Flooding is the natural hazard with the greatest economic and social impact in the United States, and these impacts are becoming more severe over time. Catastrophic flooding from recent hurricanes, including Superstorm Sandy in New York (2012) and Hurricane Harvey in Houston (2017), caused billions of dollars in property damage, adversely affected millions of people, and damaged the economic well-being of major metropolitan areas. Flooding takes a heavy toll even in years without a named storm or event. Major freshwater flood events from 2004 to 2014 cost an average of $9 billion in direct damage and 71 lives annually. These figures do not include the cumulative costs of frequent, small floods, which can be similar to those of infrequent extreme floods.

Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States contributes to existing knowledge by examining real-world examples in specific metropolitan areas. This report identifies commonalities and variances among the case study metropolitan areas in terms of causes, adverse impacts, unexpected problems in recovery, or effective mitigation strategies, as well as key themes of urban flooding. It also relates, as appropriate, causes and actions of urban flooding to existing federal resources or policies.

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