National Academies Press: OpenBook

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc (2001)

Chapter: Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994

« Previous: Appendix B Acknowledgments
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

C
Dietary Intake Datafrom the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994

TABLE C-1 Mean and Percentiles for One-Day Intake of α-Carotene (μg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

359

0

0

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

589

0

1

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

221

1

2

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

207

1

3

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

343

1

3

M 14 to 18 y

909

239

0

<1

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

425

<1

2

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

457

<1

2

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

582

<1

2

M 71+ y

1,255

535

<1

3

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

307

1

1

F 14 to 18 y

949

203

0

1

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

246

<1

1

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

468

<1

2

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

592

1

3

F 71+ y

1,368

588

1

4

F Pregnant

346

376

1

3

F Lactating

99

417

1

2

All Individuals

28,575

407

<1

2

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

406

<1

2

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0

3

210

1,107

2,066

3,894

6

91

638

1,596

3,194

5,417

6

17

56

655

1,376

3,443

9

22

58

366

1,190

3,443

8

25

68

291

1,202

5,846

8

29

76

257

1,638

4,476

9

39

128

1,386

2,355

7,207

10

51

191

1,457

2,464

6,620

13

58

308

2,028

3,174

6,053

13

51

262

1,681

3,135

5,758

7

19

60

400

1,719

5,171

4

21

58

295

1,348

2,927

7

29

97

567

1,327

3,718

10

44

208

1,460

2,712

6,960

15

59

354

1,823

3,240

7,427

14

58

488

2,250

3,266

4,966

9

41

166

1,175

1,836

6,735

10

43

111

483

2,132

6,735

9

36

144

1,184

2,416

5,689

9

36

144

1,184

2,389

5,689

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. Estimates represent the unadjusted distribution of the intake reported per individual (the distribution of the data does not meet the assumptions of the Iowa State University method, i.e., the C-Side program). The mean and percentiles for all distributions were calculated using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. All sample weights greater than 40,000 were truncated to 40,000 to reduce the influence of extreme intake patterns. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000, Revised.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-2 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of β-Carotene (μg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

1,159

1

1

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

1,950

42

79

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

1,020

75

110

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

1,722

1,037

1,148

Standard error

 

353

174

202

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

1,694

461

575

Standard error

 

499

89

124

M 14 to 18 y

909

1,420

492

600

Standard error

 

190

51

67

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

2,146

726

885

Standard error

 

164

63

71

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

2,299

736

913

Standard error

 

139

48

54

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

2,622

826

1,026

Standard error

 

163

73

82

M 71+ y

1,255

2,733

800

1,009

Standard error

 

166

64

72

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

1,826

584

720

Standard error

 

667

141

186

F 14 to 18 y

949

1,183

411

502

Standard error

 

124

35

44

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

1,595

538

660

Standard error

 

169

38

50

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

2,144

763

929

Standard error

 

100

46

49

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

2,665

931

1,141

Standard error

 

336

64

71

F 71+ y

1,368

2,634

983

1,196

Standard error

 

133

65

72

Pregnant

346

1,531

654

778

Standard error

 

217

112

138

Lactating

99

1,568

789

900

Standard error

 

425

147

176

All Individuals

28,575

1,985

617

774

Standard error

 

45

23

25

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

1,978

615

771

Standard error

 

44

23

25

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

6

77

1,274

4,240

6,658

10,365

236

711

2,166

5,684

7,974

13,208

198

411

931

2,279

3,920

8,583

1,362

1,649

2,001

2,386

2,653

3,247

256

332

426

531

606

777

839

1,300

2,069

3,218

4,230

7,173

206

353

612

1,030

1,420

2,630

833

1,201

1,749

2,484

3,082

4,670

101

153

236

358

466

778

1,231

1,793

2,663

3,831

4,759

7,101

88

124

199

321

429

728

1,306

1,942

2,886

4,110

5,068

7,479

69

103

170

288

409

848

1,470

2,199

3,302

4,741

5,861

8,603

100

134

198

297

381

596

1,479

2,261

3,457

5,029

6,262

9,334

91

134

213

335

448

794

1,023

1,519

2,269

3,278

4,099

6,278

296

495

834

1,350

1,810

3,190

700

1,014

1,472

2,062

2,523

3,692

64

96

154

260

370

737

929

1,359

1,989

2,805

3,447

5,083

78

128

214

338

444

739

1,289

1,857

2,678

3,713

4,502

6,414

57

78

129

205

266

428

1,598

2,317

3,339

4,612

5,580

7,943

100

186

400

811

1,230

2,560

1,653

2,351

3,304

4,431

5,250

7,138

91

123

168

224

266

379

1,031

1,388

1,866

2,456

2,902

3,972

178

204

258

368

468

760

1,121

1,435

1,862

2,391

2,798

3,812

239

348

530

800

1,040

1,700

1,110

1,665

2,491

3,580

4,444

6,641

29

40

55

78

100

167

1,106

1,659

2,483

3,567

4,428

6,614

29

39

54

76

97

161

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-3 Mean and Percentiles for One-Day Intake of β-Cryptoxanthin (μg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

18

0

0

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

43

0

1

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

83

0

1

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

84

0

1

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

101

0

0

M 14 to 18 y

909

121

0

1

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

136

0

1

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

117

0

1

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

122

0

1

M 71+ y

1,255

135

0

1

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

94

0

0

F 14 to 18 y

949

88

0

0

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

98

0

0

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

84

0

1

F 51–70 y

2,065

107

0

1

F 71+ y

1,368

105

0

1

F Pregnant

346

159

1

2

F Lactating

99

172

0

1

All Individuals

28,575

104

0

1

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

105

0

1

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. Estimates represent the unadjusted distribution of the intake reported per individual (the distribution of the data does not meet the assumptions of the Iowa State University method, i.e., the C-Side program). The mean and percentiles for all distributions were calculated using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. All sample weights greater than 40,000 were truncated to 40,000 to reduce the influence of extreme intake patterns. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0

7

23

45

65

177

8

23

51

103

143

258

4

39

113

213

326

544

3

27

120

239

337

596

3

20

139

263

373

662

3

14

167

334

463

1,376

4

19

177

392

556

1,262

5

27

152

326

476

982

4

34

160

312

442

892

4

39

154

278

384

1,336

3

23

147

266

344

787

3

13

92

266

422

836

3

13

118

260

421

1,009

3

18

100

245

357

738

4

41

157

266

383

715

5

52

153

273

345

635

6

46

184

367

813

1,357

16

91

179

474

1,003

1,003

4

24

134

277

410

830

4

24

135

279

413

850

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000, Revised.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-4 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Lutein and Zeaxanthin (μg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

457

0

0

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

790

60

98

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

927

159

217

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

1,277

530

616

Standard error

 

93

24

32

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

1,330

674

770

Standard error

 

68

30

38

M 14 to 18 y

909

1,418

693

801

Standard error

 

84

39

45

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

2,032

881

1,040

Standard error

 

353

71

95

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

2,192

929

1,097

Standard error

 

151

57

70

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

2,264

880

1,046

Standard error

 

110

29

36

M 71+ y

1,255

2,088

788

937

Standard error

 

132

44

52

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

1,280

569

668

Standard error

 

306

72

70

F 14 to 18 y

949

1,162

448

526

Standard error

 

102

34

37

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

1,704

532

645

Standard error

 

243

19

30

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

2,013

690

848

Standard error

 

102

32

39

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

1,960

691

840

Standard error

 

96

24

29

F 71+ y

1,368

1,921

675

817

Standard error

 

108

26

33

Pregnant

346

1,455

649

754

Standard error

 

132

50

60

Lactating

99

1,850

958

1,098

Standard error

 

277

144

171

All Individuals

28,575

1,719

583

714

Standard error

 

49

13

16

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

1,712

581

712

Standard error

 

44

11

14

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

1

94

353

1,083

2,407

5,703

214

398

832

1,512

2,788

5,673

365

624

1,068

1,823

2,572

7,542

801

1,099

1,537

2,135

2,625

3,965

48

74

119

190

261

471

960

1,228

1,583

2,009

2,328

3,099

52

65

84

113

138

217

1,016

1,317

1,707

2,159

2,487

3,247

57

76

104

144

179

284

1,366

1,839

2,469

3,240

3,834

5,342

126

234

554

880

1,090

1,700

1,443

1,957

2,669

3,560

4,251

5,986

94

130

186

269

339

539

1,405

1,966

2,776

3,825

4,656

6,800

51

83

140

228

308

543

1,261

1,778

2,552

3,590

4,430

6,649

72

107

168

260

342

582

866

1,152

1,544

2,038

2,426

3,408

135

298

430

547

669

1,210

699

993

1,421

1,989

2,452

3,700

57

79

128

210

292

608

906

1,353

2,071

3,111

4,026

6,743

65

142

296

558

819

1,730

1,185

1,712

2,486

3,514

4,346

6,541

55

82

127

199

266

473

1,167

1,684

2,437

3,404

4,161

6,077

43

65

111

226

363

857

1,130

1,634

2,381

3,359

4,133

6,124

50

82

137

228

320

626

973

1,306

1,767

2,335

2,764

3,811

80

113

166

243

311

502

1,373

1,750

2,217

2,730

3,087

3,874

220

278

340

406

457

593

1,004

1,466

2,144

3,021

3,711

5,470

23

36

61

99

133

231

1,001

1,461

2,135

3,007

3,694

5,442

20

32

55

91

123

218

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-5 Mean and Percentiles for One-Day Intake of Lycopene (μg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

164

0

0

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

1,873

0

0

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

5,278

0

0

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

6,951

0

0

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

10,111

0

0

M 14 to 18 y

909

11,547

0

0

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

12,656

0

0

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

9,882

0

0

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

6,635

0

0

M 71+ y

1,255

6,666

0

0

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

8,262

0

0

F 14 to 18 y

949

7,980

0

0

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

7,438

0

0

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

5,972

0

0

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

5,388

0

0

F 71+ y

1,368

4,332

0

0

F Pregnant

346

8,713

0

0

F Lactating

99

9,513

0

0

All Individuals

28,575

7,753

0

0

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

7,774

0

0

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. Estimates represent the unadjusted distribution of the intake reported per individual (the distribution of the data does not meet the assumptions of the Iowa State University method, i.e., the C-Side program). The mean and percentiles for all distributions were calculated using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. All sample weights greater than 40,000 were truncated to 40,000 to reduce the influence of extreme intake patterns. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0

0

0

188

666

2,707

0

0

780

7,520

11,481

21,577

0

1,361

6,366

16,629

23,756

43,262

23

2,902

9,125

19,566

30,234

52,255

242

4,301

12,771

24,775

41,509

89,687

133

5,211

15,355

30,456

38,538

123,299

511

5,079

16,000

33,447

47,460

110,395

0

2,902

11,832

29,126

46,342

76,642

0

1,625

6,853

19,600

30,456

60,917

0

1,376

5,627

20,557

29,938

83,429

0

2,902

11,482

23,962

34,292

50,216

0

2,902

10,179

20,804

31,449

72,465

0

2,420

9,709

20,760

29,933

62,806

0

1,836

7,053

15,350

28,061

57,600

0

1,361

4,877

15,741

27,594

47,917

0

842

3,409

13,084

22,550

52,255

696

3,802

13,467

25,101

27,943

71,038

1,625

3,969

12,058

33,520

37,942

48,076

0

2,141

9,152

22,290

33,325

65,522

0

2,167

9,226

22,398

33,325

65,517

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000, Revised.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-6 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Retinol (μg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

530

220

297

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

515

198

246

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

496

83

139

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

610

423

459

Standard error

 

15

10

11

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

673

291

348

Standard error

 

23

11

13

M 14 to 18 y

909

689

248

309

Standard error

 

36

16

19

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

598

199

241

Standard error

 

36

9

14

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

636

206

260

Standard error

 

31

9

11

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

682

216

277

Standard error

 

40

14

17

M 71+ y

1,255

658

229

281

Standard error

 

35

13

14

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

576

227

279

Standard error

 

34

18

22

F 14 to 18 y

949

440

147

186

Standard error

 

22

10

12

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

429

141

177

Standard error

 

19

7

9

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

441

146

179

Standard error

 

19

4

7

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

527

159

192

Standard error

 

40

7

10

F 71+ y

1,368

543

188

231

Standard error

 

41

9

9

Pregnant

346

600

233

282

Standard error

 

132

23

25

Lactating

99

931

480

577

Standard error

 

134

125

158

All Individuals

28,575

547

216

263

Standard error

 

8

4

4

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

550

217

264

Standard error

 

8

4

4

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

417

523

641

744

881

1,175

345

481

632

785

906

1,424

245

404

602

836

1,058

2,069

523

602

687

771

823

929

13

15

17

20

22

27

462

619

823

1,063

1,238

1,645

15

20

30

44

57

92

437

624

869

1,150

1,351

1,802

24

32

45

65

82

128

346

534

763

1,039

1,231

1,707

16

35

53

85

91

166

376

557

807

1,109

1,333

1,863

15

24

39

63

83

138

410

607

862

1,160

1,395

2,040

24

37

58

184

223

270

395

571

818

1,130

1,378

2,031

17

26

44

75

108

219

373

526

711

946

1,089

1,502

25

29

53

118

99

286

269

393

559

752

892

1,212

16

21

28

38

49

81

255

378

545

742

888

1,245

11

19

25

38

48

83

254

383

551

779

935

1,366

8

15

23

55

64

148

274

428

655

969

1,243

1,951

17

25

49

102

140

316

324

468

673

937

1,149

1,716

19

29

61

99

139

317

387

540

746

990

1,169

1,591

32

49

118

321

581

1,620

733

895

1,079

1,314

1,503

1,974

176

140

133

184

228

387

361

502

684

889

1,034

1,358

5

7

10

14

17

26

362

505

688

895

1,041

1,368

6

8

10

14

18

26

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-7 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Total Vitamin A (μg REa/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categoryb

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

755

318

381

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

893

298

362

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

691

149

213

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

849

585

632

Standard error

 

32

20

22

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

965

404

477

Standard error

 

46

15

18

M 14 to 18 y

909

950

381

462

Standard error

 

49

24

28

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

1,005

377

463

Standard error

 

58

20

21

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

1,111

387

470

Standard error

 

62

12

16

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

1,146

415

512

Standard error

 

46

17

22

M 71+ y

1,255

1,182

451

549

Standard error

 

48

17

19

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

836

387

453

Standard error

 

58

18

21

F 14 to 18 y

949

660

282

337

Standard error

 

39

19

22

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

740

302

365

Standard error

 

35

13

16

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

838

355

424

Standard error

 

21

10

11

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

1,013

409

492

Standard error

 

68

22

22

F 71+ y

1,368

1,040

460

542

Standard error

 

41

17

20

Pregnant

346

947

423

497

Standard error

 

156

44

63

Lactating

99

1,253

717

811

Standard error

 

263

369

435

All Individuals

28,575

922

445

517

Standard error

 

12

6

7

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

924

446

518

Standard error

 

12

6

7

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

493

624

881

1,315

1,732

2,586

516

721

1,034

1,631

2,021

3,093

351

537

804

1,198

1,570

2,796

719

829

958

1,090

1,177

1,356

27

31

36

45

55

90

628

859

1,178

1,571

1,880

2,689

26

33

61

106

152

322

629

870

1,182

1,538

1,789

2,356

36

47

62

81

96

139

638

914

1,273

1,643

1,917

2,647

44

48

135

126

104

157

652

949

1,380

1,926

2,367

3,582

24

46

85

130

176

352

713

1,012

1,425

1,937

2,332

3,307

30

35

69

97

127

231

750

1,047

1,457

1,972

2,371

3,357

26

38

60

97

138

284

587

776

1,016

1,290

1,490

1,964

28

45

77

122

162

280

450

610

815

1,045

1,208

1,571

28

36

48

62

74

105

490

668

907

1,200

1,424

1,969

22

30

43

65

83

131

565

764

1,027

1,341

1,574

2,132

14

19

26

39

51

88

664

913

1,245

1,648

1,954

2,714

29

60

101

138

168

307

710

954

1,271

1,640

1,911

2,562

24

34

54

86

118

223

648

861

1,139

1,485

1,760

2,484

106

157

198

259

336

628

988

1,215

1,477

1,745

1,922

2,289

426

279

237

332

362

542

662

863

1,118

1,402

1,601

2,046

8

11

15

20

25

36

663

865

1,120

1,405

1,605

2,051

8

11

15

20

25

36

a RE = retinol equivalents. 1 μg RE = 6 μg β-carotene and 12 μg α-carotene or β-cryptoxanthin.

b M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-8 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Total Vitamin A (μg RAEa/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categoryb

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

643

305

362

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

704

260

331

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

593

123

181

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

728

588

615

Standard error

 

25

21

23

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

818

354

422

Standard error

 

29

13

15

M 14 to 18 y

909

819

322

392

Standard error

 

41

20

23

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

803

295

367

Standard error

 

59

13

19

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

898

309

368

Standard error

 

58

7

8

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

910

330

405

Standard error

 

36

13

15

M 71+ y

1,255

909

360

435

Standard error

 

33

13

14

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

706

323

381

Standard error

 

44

16

21

F 14 to 18 y

949

549

228

275

Standard error

 

30

15

18

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

583

236

287

Standard error

 

24

9

12

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

640

266

320

Standard error

 

23

12

9

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

771

299

361

Standard error

 

43

12

15

F 71+ y

1,368

793

354

408

Standard error

 

34

15

15

Pregnant

346

757

346

405

Standard error

 

147

37

46

Lactating

99

1,094

603

686

Standard error

 

217

270

333

All Individuals

28,575

733

343

402

Standard error

 

9

4

5

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

736

344

404

Standard error

 

9

4

5

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

468

590

761

1,009

1,170

1,587

468

636

841

1,144

1,338

1,930

304

484

707

1,014

1,259

2,131

663

722

787

850

890

968

24

25

26

27

30

38

557

746

996

1,301

1,530

2,081

18

24

35

58

81

149

538

749

1,023

1,333

1,553

2,048

30

39

51

70

87

133

516

744

1,024

1,292

1,487

2,028

48

47

163

140

90

121

515

759

1,104

1,584

1,964

3,002

21

42

71

141

198

392

565

811

1,141

1,523

1,818

2,602

19

29

48

77

107

209

587

810

1,117

1,500

1,794

2,517

17

24

41

71

101

191

497

660

863

1,086

1,244

1,614

28

37

57

88

116

208

371

507

681

877

1,015

1,322

22

28

37

48

57

83

388

530

717

943

1,112

1,517

16

22

31

45

57

92

428

583

795

1,030

1,191

1,583

9

24

31

96

113

125

491

685

959

1,281

1,516

2,125

20

31

57

101

132

218

532

716

967

1,264

1,493

2,068

25

23

41

89

125

299

523

691

916

1,188

1,394

1,893

69

111

170

308

483

1,190

845

1,054

1,299

1,555

1,725

2,085

343

233

191

260

289

484

521

687

894

1,123

1,283

1,636

6

8

11

15

19

28

523

689

897

1,128

1,288

1,644

6

8

11

15

19

28

a RAE = retinol activity equivalents. 1 μg RAE = 12 μg β-carotene and 24 μg α-carotene or β-cryptoxanthin.

b M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-9 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Total Vitamin A (μg RAEa/day) from Supplements NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categoryb

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMc

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 1 to 8 y

1,677

804

51

193

Both sexes, 9 to 18 y

437

906

58

75

M 19+ years

1,041

1,304

38

145

F 19+ years

1,463

1,338

63

171

F Pregnant/Lactating

148

1,106

36

567d

All Individuals

4,618

1,185

35

150

All Indiv (+P/L)

4,766

1,182

33

150

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a RAE = retinol activity equivalents. 1 μg RAE = 12 μg β-carotene and 24 μg α-carotene or β-cryptoxanthin.

b M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

323

438

721

745

1,439

1,482

2,511

191

431

751

1,437

1,492

1,676

3,713d

250

779

1,439

1,485

1,756

3,003

4,494d

298

818

1,422

1,501

1,531

2,543

4,120

854

866

1,027

1,146

1,420

1,492d

2,894d

293

647

1,172

1,501

1,501

2,390

4,449

294

651

1,174

1,501

1,501

2,383

4,367

c SEM = standard error of the mean.

d These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-10 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Vitamin K (μg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

62.6

19.8

29.8

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

53.1

6.7

9.3

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

38.7

5.3

8.3

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

59.2

32.0

36.0

Standard error

 

6.2

2.3

2.9

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

65.1

35.0

40.0

Standard error

 

3.6

1.7

1.6

M 14 to 18 y

909

79.4

43.0

49.0

Standard error

 

4.4

2.3

2.6

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

105.8

54.0

62.0

Standard error

 

12.6

2.4

2.9

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

125.4

63.0

72.0

Standard error

 

11.4

5.6

6.8

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

120.0

55.0

64.0

Standard error

 

8.5

3.4

4.2

M 71+ y

1,255

97.8

44.0

52.0

Standard error

 

8.1

3.8

4.4

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

63.4

27.0

31.0

Standard error

 

6.3

1.5

2.1

F 14 to 18 y

949

66.6

29.0

35.0

Standard error

 

3.6

1.6

2.0

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

98.0

32.0

40.0

Standard error

 

14.6

2.5

3.7

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

99.6

38.0

46.0

Standard error

 

3.3

1.2

1.4

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

97.2

36.0

44.0

Standard error

 

4.4

1.3

1.6

F 71+ y

1,368

93.8

32.0

39.0

Standard error

 

4.3

1.5

1.9

Pregnant

346

87.8

38.0

45.0

Standard error

 

12.5

5.7

7.7

Lactating

99

78.6

38.0

44.0

Standard error

 

11.1

6.1

7.4

Pregnant/Lactating

440

87.0

37.0

44.0

Standard error

 

8.5

4.1

5.4

All Individuals

28,575

93.9

38.0

45.0

Standard error

 

3.1

1.0

1.3

All Individuals (+P/L)

29,015

93.7

38.0

45.0

Standard error

 

3.0

1.0

1.3

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

41.4

54.2

71.9

99.1

119.8

274.2

20.9

45.1

67.0

95.5

119.2

246.2

14.3

25.8

44.1

77.1

111.9

308.7

44.0

55.0

70.0

87.0

101.0

132.0

4.1

5.6

7.7

10.5

12.9

18.5

49.0

61.0

77.0

95.0

108.0

139.0

1.8

2.7

4.4

7.6

10.8

22.1

60.0

75.0

94.0

116.0

131.0

166.0

3.2

4.1

5.3

7.0

8.3

11.7

77.0

98.0

126.0

158.0

183.0

241.0

5.1

10.2

17.5

26.0

32.5

51.3

91.0

117.0

150.0

189.0

217.0

282.0

8.6

10.6

13.1

16.9

20.9

34.8

82.0

109.0

145.0

189.0

223.0

303.0

5.7

7.7

10.5

14.2

17.2

25.1

67.0

89.0

119.0

155.0

181.0

243.0

5.7

7.6

10.1

13.0

15.3

22.3

41.0

56.0

77.0

104.0

125.0

181.0

3.2

4.9

7.7

12.2

16.3

28.4

45.0

60.0

81.0

106.0

125.0

174.0

2.7

3.4

4.5

6.4

8.4

14.5

56.0

82.0

121.0

173.0

217.0

340.0

6.2

10.9

19.7

31.2

41.6

77.5

63.0

88.0

123.0

167.0

201.0

288.0

2.0

2.8

4.1

6.2

8.2

14.3

60.0

85.0

121.0

165.0

200.0

284.0

2.3

3.5

5.6

8.9

11.9

20.3

55.0

79.0

116.0

165.0

204.0

308.0

2.7

3.8

5.4

8.8

13.4

31.7

59.0

80.0

107.0

140.0

166.0

229.0

10.3

11.7

13.3

17.8

24.7

52.9

57.0

74.0

95.0

119.0

136.0

172.0

9.8

12.5

14.4

14.7

14.5

18.7

59.0

79.0

106.0

139.0

164.0

225.0

6.9

7.8

9.2

12.7

17.6

37.5

60.0

83.0

115.0

155.0

186.0

264.0

1.8

2.6

3.8

5.9

8.0

14.7

60.0

83.0

115.0

155.0

186.0

263.0

1.7

2.5

3.7

5.8

7.8

14.5

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-11 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Vitamin K (μg/day) from Food and Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

62.6

19.8

29.8

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

53.1

6.8

9.5

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

38.9

6.2

8.9

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

59.5

32.5

36.1

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

65.7

35.2

39.7

M 14 to 18 y

909

80.3

42.4

50.0

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

107.8

56.2

62.9

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

126.9

64.6

74.4

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

122.3

56.2

64.5

M 71+ y

1,255

99.8

43.6

52.6

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

63.7

26.9

32.4

F 14 to 18 y

949

67.2

29.8

34.1

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

99.6

32.6

39.1

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

101.9

39.1

47.3

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

100.3

36.9

45.0

F 71+ y

1,368

97.3

33.7

40.5

Pregnant

346

88.4

38.2

45.6

Lactating

99

79.1

37.9

43.6

Pregnant/Lactating

440

87.4

36.4

44.4

All Individuals

28,575

95.5

38.5

45.7

All Individuals (+P/L)

29,015

95.3

38.5

45.7

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Food composition data are from the NDS-R Food and Nutrient Database, Version 30, 1999, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

41.2

53.7

71.9

98.3

115.8

227.4

23.4

46.2

66.5

96.5

121.3

278.5

14.7

25.9

43.9

77.7

107.9

241.2

44.1

55.0

70.2

88.4

97.9

137.7

48.9

62.1

77.8

94.3

112.4

138.3

60.3

76.5

96.5

116.3

131.0

162.3

78.4

101.1

129.1

160.4

181.3

233.8

92.1

118.6

151.1

189.3

217.2

296.3

85.0

110.7

146.7

191.1

229.9

316.5

68.3

92.7

119.0

153.8

182.8

249.1

41.4

56.7

77.8

102.3

126.3

173.8

45.1

60.4

82.1

105.9

122.4

176.1

56.6

82.3

128.0

173.1

211.5

367.0

64.3

90.2

126.3

167.1

201.4

290.4

62.3

87.4

125.9

168.0

195.7

286.0

57.0

82.5

121.7

168.9

202.5

328.5

59.9

79.5

110.6

137.1

169.7

249.4

62.0

72.3

94.8

114.1

123.7

206.9

60.2

79.2

107.8

139.6

165.1

239.5

61.5

85.0

116.9

158.2

186.6

264.2

61.4

84.9

116.8

157.7

185.6

262.8

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-12 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Boron (mg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 6 to 8 y

1,512

0.85

0.33

0.43

Standard error

 

0.03

0.01

0.02

M 9 to 13 y

1,223

0.92

0.34

0.46

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

M 14 to 18 y

913

1.06

0.34

0.47

Standard error

 

0.05

0.02

0.02

M 19 to 30 y

1,906

1.29

0.47

0.63

Standard error

 

0.04

0.03

0.02

M 31 to 50 y

2,536

1.42

0.57

0.76

Standard error

 

0.04

0.02

0.03

M 51 to 70 y

1,946

1.42

0.59

0.77

Standard error

 

0.04

0.02

0.02

M 71+ y

1,257

1.28

0.46

0.63

Standard error

 

0.04

0.02

0.02

F 9 to 13 y

1,241

0.84

0.33

0.43

Standard error

 

0.03

0.01

0.02

F 14 to 18 y

979

0.80

0.29

0.39

Standard error

 

0.03

0.01

0.02

F 19 to 30 y

1,975

0.92

0.33

0.44

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.03

F 31 to 50 y

2,993

1.19

0.49

0.64

Standard error

 

0.06

0.04

0.03

F 51 to 70 y

2,080

1.16

0.49

0.64

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.03

F 71+ y

1,370

1.03

0.42

0.55

Standard error

 

0.02

0.01

0.01

Pregnant

348

1.13

0.39

0.53

Standard error

 

0.10

0.03

0.04

All Individuals 6+

21,931

1.15

0.60

0.72

Standard error

 

0.01

0.03

0.02

All Indiv 6+ (+P)

22,279

1.15

0.60

0.73

Standard error

 

0.01

0.03

0.02

NOTE: Estimates were obtained using C-SIDE v1.02 (C-SIDE courtesy of Iowa State University Statistical Laboratory). Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of freedom.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.50

0.63

0.80

1.02

1.27

1.45

1.89

0.03

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.18

0.53

0.68

0.86

1.09

1.38

1.59

2.10

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.14

0.56

0.73

0.98

1.30

1.67

1.93

2.54

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.12

0.22

0.72

0.91

1.20

1.58

1.97

2.25

2.97

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.15

0.87

1.08

1.35

1.67

2.05

2.34

3.01

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.14

0.87

1.08

1.34

1.68

2.05

2.32

2.95

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.09

0.14

0.73

0.94

1.20

1.53

1.91

2.20

2.88

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.09

0.16

0.50

0.63

0.79

0.99

1.23

1.40

1.80

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.09

0.45

0.56

0.75

1.00

1.21

1.36

1.77

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.07

0.12

0.51

0.66

0.87

1.11

1.40

1.61

2.14

0.03

0.02

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.14

0.73

0.90

1.13

1.40

1.72

1.95

2.47

0.02

0.05

0.09

0.08

0.07

0.08

0.12

0.73

0.89

1.10

1.36

1.64

1.85

2.32

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.63

0.78

0.98

1.22

1.48

1.66

2.04

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.62

0.80

1.05

1.38

1.74

2.00

2.59

0.05

0.07

0.08

0.12

0.18

0.23

0.39

0.80

0.94

1.12

1.33

1.55

1.70

2.03

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.07

0.80

0.94

1.12

1.33

1.55

1.70

2.02

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.07

a M = male, F = female, P = pregnant.

SOURCE: C. Rainey, Nutrition Research Group, and A. Carriquiry, Iowa State University, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-13 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Boron (mg/day) from Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMb

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 1 to 8 y

24

0.27c

0.08

0.01c

Both sexes, 9 to 18 y

78

0.16

0.03

0.00c

M 19+ y

521

0.17

0.01

0.02

F 19+ y

658

0.18

0.01

0.02

Pregnant/lactating

5

0.15c

0.00

0.13c

All individuals

1,281

0.18

0.01

0.02

All individuals (+P/L)

1,286

0.18

0.01

0.02

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

b SEM = standard error of the mean.

TABLE C-14 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Chromium (μg/day) from Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMb

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 1 to 8 y

83

24.5

2.8

6.1c

Both sexes, 9 to 18 y

129

18.3

2.5

0.6c

M 19+ y

698

29.5

1.7

3.2

F 19+ y

915

30.0

1.6

4.4

F Pregnant/Lactating

33

23.7c

0.8

13.0c

All Individuals

1,825

28.9

1.1

3.3

All Individuals (+P/L)

1,858

28.8

1.1

3.3

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

b SEM = standard error of the mean.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.02c

0.08c

0.12c

0.28c

0.46c

0.65c

0.94c

0.01c

0.03

0.12

0.14

0.30c

0.47c

1.01c

0.04

0.12

0.14

0.14

0.15

0.41

1.08c

0.05

0.13

0.14

0.14

0.15

0.47

1.01c

0.13c

0.14c

0.14c

0.14c

0.15c

0.15c

0.15c

0.04

0.13

0.14

0.14

0.15

0.47

1.02c

0.04

0.13

0.14

0.15

0.15

0.47

1.02c

c These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 1999.

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

10.1c

14.7

17.6

22.1

40.2c

57.9c

97.1c

1.2c

4.3

14.3

23.2

26.0c

45.9c

122.8c

6.3

13.8

22.7

24.7

48.5

100.0

204.1c

7.7

14.8

23.1

24.6

49.3

126.8

202.3c

14.3c

18.4c

20.7c

23.0c

24.4c

24.9c

29.4c

6.4

14.7

23.0

24.6

48.7

100.0

200.9

6.4

14.7

23.0

24.6

48.5

100.0

200.4

c These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-15 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Copper (mg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

0.71

0.30

0.40

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

0.75

0.30

0.40

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

0.74

0.30

0.40

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

0.97

0.70

0.75

Standard error

 

0.02

0.03

0.03

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

1.24

0.86

0.93

Standard error

 

0.03

0.03

0.03

M 14 to 18 y

909

1.50

0.86

0.97

Standard error

 

0.05

0.04

0.04

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

1.70

0.96

1.08

Standard error

 

0.05

0.05

0.05

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

1.67

0.96

1.08

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

1.54

0.86

0.97

Standard error

 

0.03

0.03

0.03

M 71+ y

1,255

1.33

0.75

0.85

Standard error

 

0.05

0.03

0.03

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

1.08

0.74

0.80

Standard error

 

0.03

0.03

0.03

F 14 to 18 y

949

1.10

0.61

0.69

Standard error

 

0.05

0.03

0.03

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

1.17

0.67

0.75

Standard error

 

0.10

0.14

0.13

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

1.18

0.68

0.76

Standard error

 

0.02

0.03

0.03

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

1.13

0.67

0.75

Standard error

 

0.02

0.02

0.02

F 71+ y

1,368

1.04

0.63

0.70

Standard error

 

0.02

0.03

0.02

Pregnant

346

1.28

0.76

0.85

Standard error

 

0.05

0.06

0.05

Lactating

99

1.62

0.97

1.09

Standard error

 

0.11

0.08

0.08

All Individuals

28,575

1.30

0.72

0.82

Standard error

 

0.04

0.03

0.03

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

1.30

0.72

0.82

Standard error

 

0.04

0.03

0.03

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.50

0.70

0.90

1.00

1.20

1.50

0.50

0.70

0.90

1.10

1.30

1.70

0.50

0.70

0.90

1.10

1.30

1.90

0.84

0.96

1.09

1.21

1.29

1.46

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.05

1.06

1.22

1.40

1.59

1.70

1.95

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.04

0.06

1.17

1.44

1.76

2.09

2.32

2.80

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.07

0.08

0.12

1.32

1.63

2.00

2.39

2.65

3.21

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.09

0.13

1.30

1.60

1.96

2.35

2.61

3.18

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.11

1.19

1.47

1.81

2.18

2.43

2.97

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.11

1.03

1.27

1.57

1.88

2.10

2.56

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.09

0.14

0.92

1.06

1.22

1.39

1.49

1.71

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.84

1.05

1.30

1.56

1.74

2.13

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.09

0.12

0.91

1.12

1.37

1.64

1.83

2.24

0.12

0.10

0.09

0.09

0.11

0.17

0.93

1.14

1.39

1.65

1.83

2.20

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.08

0.90

1.09

1.32

1.55

1.71

2.05

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.83

1.01

1.21

1.43

1.57

1.86

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.06

1.02

1.24

1.50

1.77

1.95

2.32

0.04

0.04

0.06

0.09

0.12

0.20

1.31

1.58

1.89

2.20

2.41

2.82

0.10

0.12

0.14

0.17

0.19

0.24

0.99

1.24

1.54

1.86

2.09

2.58

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.10

1.00

1.24

1.54

1.86

2.09

2.59

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.10

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-16 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Copper (mg/day) from Food and Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

0.71

0.30

0.40

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

0.75

0.30

0.40

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

0.74

0.30

0.40

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

1.05

0.69

0.75

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

1.28

0.87

0.94

M 14 to 18 y

909

1.58

0.90

0.99

M 19 to 30 y

1,900

1.85

0.97

1.13

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

1.85

1.03

1.11

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

1.79

0.91

1.00

M 71+ y

1,255

2.20

0.77

0.94

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

1.13

0.74

0.81

F 14 to 18 y

949

1.15

0.64

0.73

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

1.32

0.65

0.74

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

1.45

0.75

0.83

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

1.45

0.64

0.81

F 71+ y

1,368

1.52

0.63

0.71

Pregnant

346

1.86

0.86

1.01

Lactating

99

2.14

0.97

1.12

All Individuals

28,575

1.49

0.77

0.85

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

1.50

0.77

0.85

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted; the total nutrient intake is the sum of the unadjusted food intake and the daily supplement intake. For all other groups, individual total nutrient intakes were obtained as the sum of the adjusted individual usual intake from food alone and the daily supplement intake. The mean and percentiles of the estimated usual intake distributions were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.50

0.70

0.90

1.00

1.20

1.50

0.50

0.70

0.90

1.10

1.30

1.70

0.50

0.70

0.90

1.10

1.30

1.90

0.86

0.96

1.13

1.25

1.58

3.00

1.06

1.21

1.42

1.64

1.92

2.95

1.21

1.47

1.77

2.24

2.62

3.77

1.35

1.68

2.08

2.88

3.55

4.30

1.34

1.67

2.04

2.79

3.54

4.29

1.23

1.56

1.96

3.15

3.62

4.56

1.09

1.35

1.75

3.02

3.47

4.53

0.92

1.07

1.20

1.42

1.65

3.07

0.88

1.07

1.30

1.61

1.94

3.27

0.97

1.16

1.41

1.98

3.07

4.02

0.97

1.22

1.50

2.73

3.22

4.04

0.95

1.14

1.52

3.01

3.31

4.08

0.85

1.04

1.42

2.98

3.21

3.84

1.14

1.32

2.82

3.55

4.01

4.60

1.46

1.92

2.58

3.58

4.24

4.70

1.01

1.28

1.64

2.36

3.22

4.00

1.01

1.28

1.64

2.40

3.22

4.04

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-17 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Iodine (μg/day) from Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMb

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 1 to 8 y

289

117

8

19c

Both sexes, 9 to 18 y

154

94

8

5c

M 19+ y

749

126

4

18

F 19+ y

972

137

6

19

Pregnant/Lactating

63

158

4

76c

All Individuals

2,164

129

3

16

All Individuals (+P/L)

2,227

130

3

17

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

b SEM = standard error of the mean.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

27

67

106

130

143

148c

563c

9

25

74

129

144

150c

288c

36

75

135

143

148

150

306c

44

103

142

146

149

152

304c

82c

99

128

155

169c

173c

260c

34

74

141

146

149

150

304

35

74

141

146

149

152

304

c These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-18 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Iron (mg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

16.29

4.30

6.70

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

15.80

3.20

5.30

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

10.36

3.60

4.60

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

13.14

7.90

8.70

Standard error

 

0.18

0.14

0.15

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

16.51

9.70

10.90

Standard error

 

0.39

0.23

0.24

M 14 to 18 y

909

20.03

10.30

11.60

Standard error

 

1.35

0.34

0.40

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

19.06

10.60

11.90

Standard error

 

0.57

0.34

0.33

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

18.99

10.50

11.80

Standard error

 

0.34

0.17

0.18

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

18.19

9.60

10.90

Standard error

 

0.41

0.20

0.21

M 71+ y

1,255

16.85

8.80

10.00

Standard error

 

0.47

0.25

0.24

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

13.73

7.90

8.80

Standard error

 

0.55

0.33

0.33

F 14 to 18 y

949

12.22

6.60

7.50

Standard error

 

0.44

0.23

0.27

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

12.92

7.20

8.20

Standard error

 

0.30

0.18

0.23

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

12.77

7.40

8.30

Standard error

 

0.27

0.15

0.16

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

12.85

7.20

8.10

Standard error

 

0.29

0.16

0.14

F 71+ y

1,368

13.06

7.20

8.20

Standard error

 

0.32

0.38

0.37

Pregnant

346

15.34

9.00

10.20

Standard error

 

0.75

0.52

0.53

Lactating

99

20.87

10.10

11.70

Standard error

 

2.60

3.11

2.23

All Individuals

28,575

15.08

7.70

8.80

Standard error

 

0.12

0.12

0.11

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

15.13

7.70

8.90

Standard error

 

0.19

0.17

0.17

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

10.80

15.30

20.40

26.50

31.40

47.30

9.00

14.50

20.00

26.90

33.60

46.40

6.50

9.00

12.50

17.60

21.30

31.30

10.40

12.60

15.30

18.20

20.20

25.00

0.16

0.19

0.22

0.28

0.35

0.58

13.00

15.70

19.20

23.10

25.90

32.40

0.28

0.34

0.47

0.70

0.93

1.60

14.10

18.10

23.50

30.50

36.10

52.60

0.42

0.76

1.64

3.34

5.00

11.80

14.20

17.90

22.70

27.50

31.10

40.80

0.32

0.46

0.80

1.16

1.41

2.85

14.40

17.90

22.20

27.40

31.30

41.00

0.21

0.27

0.42

0.69

0.93

1.73

13.40

16.80

21.40

27.10

31.40

42.00

0.23

0.31

0.48

0.79

1.10

2.01

12.30

15.50

19.90

25.30

29.50

39.70

0.26

0.35

0.55

0.99

1.50

3.30

10.60

12.90

16.00

19.70

22.40

28.80

0.42

0.48

0.88

1.01

1.18

1.93

9.20

11.60

14.50

17.70

20.00

25.20

0.36

0.44

0.54

0.68

0.78

0.95

10.00

12.20

15.10

18.40

21.00

26.90

0.40

0.30

0.48

0.54

0.69

1.23

10.00

12.10

14.80

18.00

20.30

25.70

0.18

0.22

0.32

0.48

0.64

1.11

9.70

12.00

15.00

18.70

21.40

27.90

0.16

0.22

0.36

0.59

0.82

1.65

10.00

12.30

15.30

18.70

21.30

27.40

0.44

0.41

0.32

0.47

0.60

1.20

12.20

14.70

17.60

21.20

24.00

30.80

0.58

0.70

0.98

1.34

1.62

2.35

15.80

21.30

25.80

28.90

30.80

34.60

2.93

6.15

3.93

2.49

3.32

2.52

11.00

14.10

18.10

22.60

25.80

33.10

0.10

0.11

0.15

0.23

0.31

0.53

11.10

14.20

18.10

22.60

25.80

33.10

0.18

0.18

0.20

0.26

0.32

0.54

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-19 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Iron (mg/day) from Food and Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

16.29

4.30

6.70

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

15.80

3.20

5.30

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

10.36

3.60

4.60

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

14.68

7.97

8.81

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

18.05

10.03

11.01

M 14 to 18 y

909

20.88

10.58

11.77

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

20.87

10.64

12.23

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

21.09

11.00

12.12

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

20.64

9.95

11.30

M 71+ y

1,255

20.95

9.33

10.41

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

14.63

8.13

8.89

F 14 to 18 y

949

13.24

6.88

7.63

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

16.76

7.42

8.49

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

17.11

7.61

8.66

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

16.83

7.54

8.27

F 71+ y

1,368

19.01

7.38

8.41

Pregnant

346

48.97

9.90

10.59

Lactating

99

58.51

12.29

13.19

All Individuals

28,575

17.78

8.04

9.33

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

18.34

8.04

9.34

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for infants 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted; the total nutrient intake is the sum of the unadjusted food intake and the daily supplement intake. For all other groups, individual total nutrient intakes were obtained as the sum of the adjusted individual usual intake from food alone and the daily supplement intake. The mean and percentiles of the estimated usual intake distributions were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

10.80

15.30

20.40

26.50

31.40

47.30

9.00

14.50

20.00

26.90

33.60

46.40

6.50

9.00

12.50

17.60

21.30

31.30

10.75

13.10

16.49

21.27

27.13

34.83

13.11

16.09

20.39

25.70

31.87

42.14

14.60

18.32

24.03

32.68

38.84

59.41

14.70

18.55

24.39

31.84

37.80

60.93

14.64

18.90

24.24

33.48

38.74

54.96

13.74

17.89

24.30

34.30

40.47

55.70

12.58

16.74

24.42

34.50

42.69

77.66

10.63

13.28

16.61

21.84

28.63

34.93

9.18

11.96

15.20

19.61

24.42

39.78

10.28

12.97

17.26

29.10

36.35

80.78

10.41

13.08

17.56

31.01

38.50

71.49

10.02

13.06

18.64

30.46

35.84

47.20

10.35

13.21

19.55

32.03

37.35

81.24

13.86

21.42

75.48

88.84

170.70

279.30

17.40

28.33

84.48

112.00

271.50

271.50

11.58

14.84

19.87

29.66

35.90

59.42

11.59

14.93

20.06

30.13

37.14

75.67

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

 

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-20 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Manganese (mg/day) from Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMb

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 1 to 8 y

97

1.16

0.15

0.06c

Both sexes, 9 to 18 y

137

1.64

0.16

0.07c

M 19+ y

736

2.63

0.11

0.34

F 19+ y

958

2.73

0.11

0.32

Pregnant/Lactating

33

4.72c

0.17

1.25c

All Individuals

1,928

2.57

0.07

0.24

All Individuals (+P/L)

1,961

2.61

0.07

0.24

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

b SEM = standard error of the mean.

TABLE C-21 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Molybdenum (μg/day) from Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMb

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 1 to 8 y

79

26.0

3.7

6.1c

Both sexes, 9 to 18 y

128

19.5

3.1

0.5c

M 19+ y

667

28.8

1.9

3.4

F 19+ y

880

29.8

1.5

3.6

Pregnant/Lactating

33

23.8c

0.8

13.0c

All Individuals

1,754

28.6

1.2

3.2

All Individuals (+P/L)

1,787

28.5

1.2

3.2

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

b SEM = standard error of the mean.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.24c

0.64

0.86

1.34

2.36c

2.44c

2.94c

0.09c

0.33

1.16

2.37

3.32c

4.30c

5.88c

0.69

1.54

2.49

2.50

4.64

5.07

8.30c

0.70

1.82

2.37

2.50

4.80

5.07

7.88c

2.09c

3.70c

4.15c

4.59c

4.86c

4.94c

6.89c

0.57

1.39

2.49

2.50

4.73

5.00

8.09

0.58

1.42

2.49

2.50

4.78

5.00

8.08

c These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 1999.

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

9.2c

14.5

17.4

21.1

44.9c

66.1c

120.9c

2.0c

3.9

14.4

22.9

31.7c

50.4c

145.9c

6.4

14.0

22.7

24.6

36.4

79.6

159.3c

7.4

14.7

23.9

24.7

37.7

83.7

161.0c

14.3c

21.9c

23.0c

24.1c

24.7c

24.9c

31.5c

6.5

14.5

23.9

24.7

38.3

79.1

160.3

6.5

14.7

23.9

24.7

33.7

78.9

160.2

c These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-22 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Nickel (μg/day) from Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMb

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 1 to 8 y

26

5.65c

0.98

0.66c

Both sexes, 9 to 18 y

89

3.97

0.50

0.17c

M 19+ y

571

4.46

0.13

0.71

F 19+ y

737

4.80

0.13

0.82

Pregnant/Lactating

8

5.55c

0.65

2.09c

All Individuals

1,423

4.62

0.10

0.63

All Individuals (+P/L)

1,431

4.63

0.10

0.63

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

b SEM = standard error of the mean.

TABLE C-23 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Silicon (mg/day) from Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMb

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 1 to 8 y

20

1.57c

0.21

0.10c

Both sexes, 9 to 18 y

85

2.69

0.89

0.07c

M 19+ y

560

4.32

0.82

0.29

F 19+ y

727

7.04

0.89

0.26

Pregnant/Lactating

8

68.59c

17.83

0.44c

All Individuals

1,392

5.66

0.71

0.24

All Individuals (+P/L)

1,400

5.85

0.72

0.24

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

b SEM = standard error of the mean.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

1.28c

3.44c

4.30c

5.55c

7.22c

11.62c

14.52c

0.36c

0.82

4.55

4.83

5.00c

9.33c

15.18c

1.32

3.63

4.68

4.86

4.97

6.56

10.14c

1.60

4.53

4.70

4.87

4.98

7.27

15.18c

2.26c

2.79c

3.68c

4.56c

6.02c

8.01c

9.60c

1.41

4.50

4.69

4.87

4.98

7.09

14.62c

1.41

4.50

4.69

4.87

4.98

7.10

14.61c

c These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 1999.

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.71c

0.94c

1.24c

1.69c

1.96c

2.01c

2.03c

0.09c

0.29

1.26

1.75

1.96c

2.63c

44.36c

0.54

1.40

1.78

1.91

1.99

8.48

65.22c

0.66

1.75

1.85

1.95

4.35

73.08

78.69c

0.79c

1.83c

31.32c

63.83c

96.31c

128.15c

153.63c

0.58

1.58

1.84

1.94

2.03

32.10

78.19c

0.58

1.61

1.84

1.94

2.48

33.09

78.33c

c These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-24 Mean and Percentiles of Usual Intake of Vanadium (μg/day) from Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMb

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 1 to 8 y

26

6.09c

1.51

0.10c

Both sexes, 9 to 18 y

89

6.50

0.94

0.12c

M 19+ y

571

8.37

0.26

0.89

F 19+ y

742

8.61

0.19

0.91

Pregnant/Lactating

8

11.01c

1.33

0.55c

All Individuals

1,428

8.37

0.18

0.80

All Individuals (+P/L)

1,436

8.38

0.18

0.80

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

b SEM = standard error of the mean.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.52c

0.90c

5.09c

7.57c

9.06c

9.55c

9.95c

0.25c

1.12

6.25

8.79

9.75c

13.36c

20.90c

2.08

6.14

8.85

9.45

9.81

9.93

19.29c

2.12

7.80

9.34

9.69

9.90

9.97

20.03c

1.12c

2.84c

5.71c

8.57c

12.04c

16.02c

19.20c

1.68

5.68

9.31

9.68

9.89

9.97

19.99c

1.69

5.72

9.31

9.68

9.89

9.97

19.98c

c These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-25 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Zinc (mg/day) from Food, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

5.51

2.60

3.20

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

6.11

2.90

3.50

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

6.94

3.00

3.60

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

8.95

6.40

6.90

Standard error

 

0.13

0.11

0.11

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

11.83

8.20

8.90

Standard error

 

0.25

0.19

0.19

M 14 to 18 y

909

15.12

8.30

9.30

Standard error

 

0.67

0.28

0.32

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

15.40

8.80

9.90

Standard error

 

0.36

0.25

0.25

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

14.83

8.60

9.60

Standard error

 

0.26

0.17

0.18

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

13.77

7.60

8.60

Standard error

 

0.27

0.16

0.17

M 71+ y

1,255

12.17

6.70

7.50

Standard error

 

0.53

0.20

0.22

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

9.64

6.50

7.10

Standard error

 

0.32

0.17

0.18

F 14 to 18 y

949

9.26

5.20

5.90

Standard error

 

0.32

0.19

0.20

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

9.52

5.40

6.10

Standard error

 

0.22

0.14

0.14

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

9.67

5.70

6.40

Standard error

 

0.17

0.10

0.10

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

9.19

5.30

5.90

Standard error

 

0.18

0.11

0.11

F 71+ y

1,368

8.62

5.00

5.50

Standard error

 

0.19

0.10

0.11

Pregnant

346

11.24

6.90

7.70

Standard error

 

0.50

0.47

0.47

Lactating

99

14.78

9.30

10.30

Standard error

 

0.93

0.60

0.61

All Individuals

28,575

11.27

6.10

6.90

Standard error

 

0.12

0.12

0.12

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

11.29

6.20

7.00

Standard error

 

0.13

0.14

0.14

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted. Means and percentiles for these groups were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. For all other groups, data were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 49 degrees of freedom. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

4.20

5.30

6.60

8.10

8.90

11.60

4.50

5.90

7.30

8.90

10.10

12.90

4.80

6.40

8.40

10.60

12.90

17.80

7.70

8.80

10.00

11.20

12.00

13.60

0.11

0.13

0.14

0.16

0.18

0.23

10.10

11.60

13.30

15.10

16.20

18.50

0.20

0.23

0.30

0.40

0.48

0.68

11.40

14.30

17.90

22.00

24.90

31.40

0.39

0.54

0.86

1.39

1.85

3.13

12.00

14.80

18.10

21.60

23.90

28.90

0.28

0.33

0.44

0.61

0.75

1.12

11.50

14.20

17.40

20.90

23.30

28.60

0.21

0.25

0.31

0.41

0.51

0.78

10.50

13.10

16.30

19.80

22.30

27.80

0.18

0.23

0.35

0.55

0.73

1.21

9.10

11.40

14.40

17.90

20.40

26.30

0.27

0.40

0.66

1.05

1.39

2.30

8.10

9.40

10.90

12.50

13.50

15.50

0.21

0.28

0.39

0.54

0.66

0.95

7.20

8.90

10.90

13.10

14.50

17.50

0.23

0.29

0.40

0.57

0.72

1.08

7.40

9.20

11.20

13.40

14.90

18.10

0.16

0.20

0.26

0.36

0.44

0.67

7.60

9.30

11.30

13.40

14.80

17.90

0.12

0.15

0.21

0.31

0.40

0.62

7.10

8.80

10.80

13.00

14.50

17.80

0.12

0.15

0.23

0.37

0.48

0.80

6.70

8.20

10.10

12.20

13.60

16.70

0.13

0.17

0.24

0.33

0.41

0.63

9.10

10.90

13.00

15.20

16.60

19.60

0.47

0.49

0.55

0.68

0.82

1.19

12.20

14.50

17.10

19.60

21.30

24.60

0.68

0.88

1.19

1.59

1.88

2.56

8.50

10.70

13.40

16.30

18.40

23.00

0.12

0.12

0.13

0.17

0.21

0.33

8.50

10.70

13.40

16.30

18.40

23.00

0.14

0.13

0.14

0.17

0.20

0.33

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-26 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Zinc (mg/day) from Food and Supplements, NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

793

5.51

2.60

3.20

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

827

6.11

2.90

3.50

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,309

6.94

3.00

3.60

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,448

9.56

6.56

6.94

M 9 to 13 y

1,219

12.34

8.18

8.85

M 14 to 18 y

909

15.83

8.55

9.56

M 19 to 30 y

1,902

16.94

8.81

10.21

M 31 to 50 y

2,533

16.44

8.74

10.02

M 51 to 70 y

1,942

16.29

7.94

9.07

M 71+ y

1,255

15.08

7.08

7.94

F 9 to 13 y

1,216

10.17

6.68

7.35

F 14 to 18 y

949

9.78

5.19

6.18

F 19 to 30 y

1,901

11.23

5.60

6.33

F 31 to 50 y

2,939

12.14

5.98

6.63

F 51 to 70 y

2,065

12.15

5.36

6.22

F 71+ y

1,368

12.08

5.05

5.66

Pregnant

346

19.97

7.09

8.31

Lactating

99

24.67

10.05

10.60

All Individuals

28,575

13.00

6.34

7.23

All Indiv (+P/L)

29,015

13.14

6.35

7.24

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a complete and reliable 24-hour dietary recall on day 1. The intake distributions for 2–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age are unadjusted; the total nutrient intake is the sum of the unadjusted food intake and the daily supplement intake. For all other groups, individual total nutrient intakes were obtained as the sum of the adjusted individual usual intake from food alone and the daily supplement intake. The mean and percentiles of the estimated usual intake distributions were computed using SAS PROC UNIVARIATE. Infants and children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses. Females who were both pregnant and lactating were included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

4.20

5.30

6.60

8.10

8.90

11.60

4.50

5.90

7.30

8.90

10.10

12.90

4.80

6.40

8.40

10.60

12.90

17.80

7.88

8.95

10.22

11.64

14.22

24.36

10.26

11.71

13.34

15.42

17.30

30.35

11.82

14.80

18.33

22.11

26.16

39.03

12.71

15.34

19.52

25.75

29.76

43.00

12.10

14.77

18.87

25.18

30.46

42.60

11.07

13.90

18.10

26.95

31.55

59.70

9.73

12.12

16.93

26.13

30.05

56.85

8.26

9.55

11.01

12.87

14.48

25.52

7.49

8.98

11.11

13.39

15.54

26.26

7.81

9.64

12.09

18.58

24.64

36.90

8.02

10.08

12.67

22.49

25.76

36.73

7.48

9.52

13.04

23.73

26.13

37.26

7.07

8.92

12.41

23.97

26.20

49.72

10.11

13.09

31.35

37.49

39.86

47.97

13.08

20.42

38.59

42.64

46.70

46.70

8.86

11.21

14.55

21.67

26.39

38.29

8.87

11.22

14.61

22.24

26.82

39.37

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE C-27 Mean and Percentiles for Drinking Water Intake (mL/day), NHANES III (1988–1994)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

SEMb

Percentile

5th

Both sexes, 2 to 6 mo

784

115

8

0

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

809

172

8

0

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

3,172

382

10

0

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

3,247

620

24

0

M 9 to 13 y

1,188

1,107

42

64

M 14 to 18 y

891

1,402

59

0

M 19 to 30 y

1,872

1,389

41

0

M 31 to 50 y

2,495

1,294

35

0

M 51 to 70 y

1,872

1,253

41

0

M 71+ y

1,186

1,198

39

0

F 9 to 13 y

1,181

1,008

45

56

F 14 to 18 y

937

1,117

43

0

F 19 to 30 y

1,885

1,163

33

0

F 31 to 50 y

2,906

1,219

30

0

F 51 to 70 y

2,002

1,278

32

0

F 71+ y

1,317

1,147

25

0

Pregnant

341

1,413

79

147

Lactating

98

1,628

147

225c

P/L

434

1,462

69

166

All Individuals

27,744

1,144

13

0

All Indiv (+P/L)

28,178

1,149

13

0

NOTE: Means, standard errors, and percentiles were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Children fed human milk and females who had “blank but applicable” pregnancy and lactating status data or who responded “I don’t know” to questions on pregnancy and lactating status were excluded from all analyses.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

b SEM = standard error of the mean.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0

0

54

131

230

457

876c

0

0

107

205

446

472

902c

0

104

228

467

903

1,135

1,789

98

206

453

848

1,265

1,686

2,638

204

453

877

1,383

2,347

2,726

4,105c

211

608

1,038

1,772

2,648

3,642

5,612c

208

435

939

1,824

2,803

3,729

7,195

101

435

921

1,835

2,760

3,623

6,206

172

454

941

1,703

2,623

3,533

5,440

215

602

942

1,657

2,258

2,819

3,730c

178

351

709

1,320

2,103

2,628

4,371c

62

337

857

1,519

2,537

2,946

4,972c

94

368

889

1,704

2,603

3,128

4,717

95

334

897

1,734

2,645

3,411

4,723

189

468

966

1,768

2,614

3,341

4,625

222

470

945

1,545

2,064

2,634

3,724c

315

661

1,136

1,900

2,621

2,831

5,057c

453c

951

1,301

1,914

3,121c

3,721c

4,717c

353

694

1,251

1,902

2,665

3,562

4,865c

99

343

878

1,610

2,530

3,240

5,261

100

347

884

1,614

2,538

3,244

5,258

c These values are potentially unreliable in a statistical sense based on an insufficient sample size as recommended in statistical reporting standards (Life Sciences Research Office/Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1995. Third Report on Nutrition Monitoring in the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office).

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 594
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 595
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 596
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 597
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 598
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 599
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 600
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 601
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 602
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 603
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 604
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 605
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 606
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 607
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 608
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 609
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 610
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 611
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 612
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 613
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 614
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 615
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 616
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 617
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 618
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 619
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 620
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 621
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 622
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 623
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 624
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 625
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 626
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 627
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 628
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 629
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 630
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 631
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 632
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 633
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 634
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 635
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 636
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 637
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 638
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 639
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 640
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 641
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 642
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
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Page 643
Next: Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996 »
Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc Get This Book
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This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series issued by the National Academy of Sciences on dietary reference intakes (DRIs). This series provides recommended intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for individuals based on age and gender. In addition, a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), has also been established to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

Based on the Institute of Medicine's review of the scientific literature regarding dietary micronutrients, recommendations have been formulated regarding vitamins A and K, iron, iodine, chromium, copper, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, and other potentially beneficial trace elements such as boron to determine the roles, if any, they play in health. The book also:

  • Reviews selected components of food that may influence the bioavailability of these compounds.
  • Develops estimates of dietary intake of these compounds that are compatible with good nutrition throughout the life span and that may decrease risk of chronic disease where data indicate they play a role.
  • Determines Tolerable Upper Intake levels for each nutrient reviewed where adequate scientific data are available in specific population subgroups.
  • Identifies research needed to improve knowledge of the role of these micronutrients in human health.

This book will be important to professionals in nutrition research and education.

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