National Academies Press: OpenBook

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc (2001)

Chapter: Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997

« Previous: Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

E
Dietary Intake Datafrom the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991–1997

TABLE E-1 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Vitamin K (μg/day) from Food, Total Diet Study (1991–1997)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

204

111.39

0.01

0.11

Standard error

 

4.73

0.05

0.14

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

139

95.12

0.40

4.57

Standard error

 

6.96

0.00

0.38

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,908

32.11

2.89

5.97

Standard error

 

1.03

0.19

0.11

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,711

36.64

4.54

8.71

Standard error

 

1.17

0.30

0.12

M 9 to 13 y

574

48.08

8.51

11.35

Standard error

 

2.06

0.44

0.18

M 14 to 18 y

474

65.58

5.46

12.39

Standard error

 

4.34

0.57

0.28

M 19 to 30 y

920

69.47

5.72

11.55

Standard error

 

2.59

0.47

0.22

M 31 to 50 y

1,805

81.15

4.31

11.81

Standard error

 

2.18

0.30

0.18

M 51 to 70 y

1,680

95.47

4.19

11.10

Standard error

 

3.35

0.35

0.19

M 71+ y

722

81.58

3.89

8.00

Standard error

 

3.87

0.51

0.21

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

9.52

47.96

98.58

124.98

156.01

189.39

270.99

0.76

0.83

0.43

0.41

0.60

1.02

2.43

8.10

17.20

71.48

110.89

138.01

174.22

300.69

0.41

0.50

0.83

0.43

0.76

1.31

4.57

8.51

11.87

17.89

26.67

43.27

74.11

130.96

0.09

0.07

0.07

0.09

0.17

0.32

0.59

11.44

15.45

21.98

31.78

48.19

75.64

129.14

0.09

0.08

0.08

0.09

0.16

0.32

0.72

14.33

19.46

29.03

44.01

68.21

99.01

167.13

0.21

0.15

0.15

0.21

0.32

0.54

1.41

16.42

22.90

34.10

54.40

87.08

136.98

266.04

0.24

0.18

0.19

0.27

0.40

0.96

2.05

17.26

26.34

39.93

63.03

96.41

148.37

262.23

0.20

0.15

0.15

0.19

0.31

0.62

1.46

18.65

27.91

44.07

71.39

116.26

186.22

332.43

0.14

0.12

0.12

0.16

0.24

0.51

1.03

17.90

27.07

44.06

74.38

134.39

252.35

429.42

0.14

0.12

0.13

0.17

0.33

0.67

1.13

13.29

23.30

38.36

64.60

116.93

219.68

404.46

0.21

0.19

0.17

0.25

0.45

0.89

1.66

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

F 9 to 13 y

586

43.63

5.44

9.11

Standard error

 

2.30

0.57

0.22

F 14 to 18 y

455

50.96

3.17

7.05

Standard error

 

3.18

0.62

0.22

F 19 to 30 y

880

56.87

4.24

7.65

Standard error

 

2.78

0.38

0.17

F 31 to 50 y

1,733

73.43

4.30

10.01

Standard error

 

2.42

0.34

0.16

F 51 to 70 y

1,605

82.85

3.89

8.49

Standard error

 

2.90

0.29

0.17

F 71+ y

669

79.42

2.06

6.47

Standard error

 

4.20

0.40

0.22

F Pregnant

81

46.37

5.62

10.71

Standard error

 

4.69

0.00

0.86

F Lactating

44

85.43

0.00

12.65

Standard error

 

17.85

0.00

1.37

All Individuals

15,941

66.05

3.44

8.24

Standard error

 

0.74

0.10

0.05

All Indiv (+P/L)

16,065

66.01

3.46

8.26

Standard error

 

0.74

0.10

0.05

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: Health Technomics, Inc., 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

12.64

17.06

24.10

36.70

57.87

89.57

180.64

0.19

0.14

0.14

0.18

0.30

0.61

1.77

11.03

16.83

27.00

43.01

67.99

112.05

216.91

0.24

0.19

0.19

0.23

0.38

0.87

1.88

11.96

18.20

29.19

46.96

76.47

124.47

240.14

0.19

0.13

0.14

0.18

0.31

0.55

1.51

14.79

20.68

34.25

59.02

103.07

179.95

347.92

0.11

0.10

0.11

0.15

0.25

0.57

1.07

14.58

22.60

37.25

64.78

120.67

215.82

394.82

0.13

0.11

0.12

0.17

0.32

0.62

1.05

11.34

19.37

33.20

61.84

116.75

227.76

395.35

0.21

0.18

0.18

0.26

0.53

0.94

1.84

14.11

17.69

26.26

44.57

68.09

110.45

165.89

0.48

0.38

0.45

0.57

0.85

2.21

4.52

18.50

23.78

33.07

60.77

129.08

286.29

510.99

0.91

0.59

0.61

1.21

1.86

7.99

12.56

12.45

18.65

30.51

53.14

95.41

159.43

302.27

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.08

0.16

0.35

12.48

18.66

30.50

53.10

95.35

159.30

301.84

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.08

0.16

0.35

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE E-2 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Arsenic (μg/day) from Food, Total Diet Study (1991–1997)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

204

1.17

0.00

0.00

Standard error

 

0.14

0.00

0.00

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

139

5.87

0.00

0.13

Standard error

 

2.04

0.00

0.12

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,908

13.80

0.09

0.28

Standard error

 

1.31

0.05

0.03

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,711

17.25

0.15

0.32

Standard error

 

1.46

0.06

0.03

M 9 to 13 y

574

28.32

0.11

0.37

Standard error

 

4.90

0.12

0.06

M 14 to 18 y

474

29.77

0.13

0.36

Standard error

 

5.95

0.11

0.06

M 19 to 30 y

920

36.17

0.10

0.35

Standard error

 

3.77

0.09

0.04

M 31 to 50 y

1,805

56.30

0.13

0.38

Standard error

 

3.95

0.06

0.03

M 51 to 70 y

1,680

63.24

0.05

0.30

Standard error

 

4.27

0.05

0.04

M 71+ y

722

60.31

0.06

0.27

Standard error

 

6.41

0.08

0.05

F 9 to 13 y

586

19.67

0.13

0.31

Standard error

 

3.10

0.11

0.06

F 14 to 18 y

455

24.39

0.08

0.24

Standard error

 

3.79

0.12

0.05

F 19 to 30 y

880

32.99

0.10

0.26

Standard error

 

3.58

0.08

0.04

F 31 to 50 y

1,733

39.39

0.09

0.25

Standard error

 

2.85

0.05

0.03

F 51 to 70 y

1,605

53.96

0.06

0.26

Standard error

 

3.97

0.05

0.04

F 71+ y

669

44.45

0.06

0.22

Standard error

 

5.42

0.08

0.05

F Pregnant

81

27.61

0.33

0.38

Standard error

 

10.45

0.00

0.13

F Lactating

44

29.73

0.00

0.35

Standard error

 

11.01

0.00

0.45

All Individuals

15,941

37.93

0.03

0.25

Standard error

 

1.02

0.01

0.01

All Indiv (+P/L)

16,065

37.86

0.03

0.25

Standard error

 

1.01

0.01

0.01

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: Health Technomics, Inc., 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.00

0.00

0.16

0.77

2.07

4.95

7.20

0.00

0.00

0.05

0.06

0.16

0.23

0.43

0.34

0.68

1.38

2.49

4.72

8.62

41.55

0.08

0.09

0.09

0.10

0.21

0.57

2.60

0.48

0.83

1.75

3.79

11.23

32.82

103.28

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.13

0.28

0.89

0.53

0.90

1.70

3.87

14.67

44.88

158.83

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.17

0.31

1.01

0.61

1.07

1.89

5.22

22.87

65.50

234.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.12

0.35

0.71

2.65

0.61

1.01

1.95

5.28

20.12

69.43

245.28

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.12

0.37

1.01

2.90

0.59

1.06

2.55

7.99

38.45

112.06

323.83

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.12

0.37

0.74

1.83

0.68

1.26

2.89

9.91

54.42

209.97

554.39

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.10

0.30

0.91

1.32

0.63

1.18

2.63

11.70

74.55

251.96

586.92

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.13

0.36

0.95

1.50

0.51

0.95

2.01

8.91

66.80

237.84

596.56

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.19

0.50

1.45

2.01

0.48

0.75

1.48

3.82

15.63

53.95

166.30

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.10

0.29

0.72

1.80

0.41

0.76

1.73

4.82

18.66

73.48

246.51

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.13

0.36

0.93

2.16

0.46

0.85

1.91

5.66

30.21

93.76

355.42

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.11

0.35

0.68

2.00

0.47

0.93

2.11

7.48

40.65

122.39

403.66

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.09

0.25

0.65

1.34

0.50

0.92

2.02

7.89

54.91

219.60

521.01

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.11

0.33

0.92

1.35

0.45

0.83

1.73

5.04

41.26

158.11

451.34

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.12

0.45

1.50

1.72

0.54

1.03

2.17

8.74

32.55

69.02

193.49

0.14

0.13

0.17

0.53

0.94

1.64

8.18

0.89

1.53

2.95

6.63

47.36

129.29

299.80

0.26

0.22

0.33

0.42

1.98

4.46

11.43

0.49

0.92

1.98

5.81

32.47

113.75

388.39

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.03

0.08

0.21

0.46

0.49

0.92

1.98

5.82

32.50

113.34

387.04

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.03

0.08

0.21

0.46

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE E-3 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Copper (mg/day) from Food, Total Diet Study (1991–1997)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

204

0.63

0.00

0.02

Standard error

 

0.02

0.03

0.04

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

139

0.65

0.05

0.11

Standard error

 

0.04

0.00

0.07

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,908

0.49

0.08

0.15

Standard error

 

0.01

0.04

0.02

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,711

0.63

0.16

0.24

Standard error

 

0.01

0.04

0.02

M 9 to 13 y

574

0.85

0.23

0.34

Standard error

 

0.03

0.08

0.04

M 14 to 18 y

474

0.96

0.22

0.34

Standard error

 

0.02

0.10

0.04

M 19 to 30 y

920

1.10

0.18

0.32

Standard error

 

0.04

0.08

0.03

M 31 to 50 y

1,805

1.13

0.15

0.32

Standard error

 

0.05

0.06

0.03

M 51 to 70 y

1,680

1.11

0.14

0.28

Standard error

 

0.04

0.06

0.03

M 71+ y

722

0.91

0.11

0.22

Standard error

 

0.04

0.08

0.04

F 9 to 13 y

586

0.70

0.19

0.27

Standard error

 

0.02

0.10

0.04

F 14 to 18 y

455

0.71

0.12

0.22

Standard error

 

0.02

0.06

0.04

F 19 to 30 y

880

0.73

0.15

0.23

Standard error

 

0.02

0.06

0.03

F 31 to 50 y

1,733

0.79

0.13

0.22

Standard error

 

0.03

0.05

0.02

F 51 to 70 y

1,605

0.76

0.11

0.22

Standard error

 

0.03

0.05

0.02

F 71+ y

669

0.79

0.11

0.21

Standard error

 

0.05

0.07

0.03

F Pregnant

81

0.86

0.21

0.28

Standard error

 

0.05

0.00

0.09

F Lactating

44

0.96

0.00

0.31

Standard error

 

0.07

0.00

0.17

All Individuals

15,941

0.82

0.10

0.22

Standard error

 

0.01

0.02

0.01

All Indiv (+P/L)

16,065

0.82

0.11

0.22

Standard error

 

0.01

0.02

0.01

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: Health Technomics, Inc., 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.08

0.30

0.58

0.72

0.90

1.06

1.34

0.04

0.06

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.08

0.15

0.15

0.26

0.54

0.74

0.90

1.05

1.26

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.08

0.18

0.21

0.28

0.39

0.51

0.67

0.82

1.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.31

0.38

0.49

0.64

0.80

0.96

1.20

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.05

0.41

0.51

0.66

0.85

1.09

1.32

1.69

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.09

0.44

0.57

0.76

1.02

1.31

1.63

2.04

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.11

0.44

0.59

0.79

1.09

1.46

1.92

2.56

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.11

0.45

0.59

0.80

1.06

1.41

1.80

2.52

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.08

0.39

0.53

0.73

0.99

1.31

1.63

3.25

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.18

0.31

0.45

0.63

0.87

1.14

1.45

2.57

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.22

0.34

0.43

0.56

0.71

0.88

1.06

1.43

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.09

0.30

0.41

0.55

0.72

0.95

1.21

1.57

0.04

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.04

0.06

0.11

0.31

0.41

0.55

0.76

1.00

1.22

1.53

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.07

0.30

0.40

0.56

0.75

0.99

1.25

1.64

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.06

0.31

0.40

0.54

0.72

0.94

1.19

1.73

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.10

0.27

0.36

0.50

0.68

0.89

1.08

2.91

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.31

0.35

0.47

0.67

0.93

1.25

1.48

1.75

0.09

0.06

0.07

0.07

0.09

0.08

0.30

0.43

0.60

0.80

0.94

1.25

1.71

2.55

0.00

0.11

0.07

0.07

0.14

0.23

0.22

0.30

0.41

0.57

0.79

1.07

1.39

1.92

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.30

0.41

0.57

0.79

1.07

1.39

1.92

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.01

0.01

0.02

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE E-4 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Iodine (mg/day) from Food, Total Diet Study (1991–1997)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

204

0.08

0.00

0.00

Standard error

 

0.00

0.02

0.01

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

139

0.14

0.00

0.02

Standard error

 

0.01

0.00

0.04

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,908

0.30

0.05

0.10

Standard error

 

0.00

0.03

0.01

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,711

0.38

0.09

0.13

Standard error

 

0.01

0.03

0.01

M 9 to 13 y

574

0.49

0.09

0.15

Standard error

 

0.01

0.04

0.03

M 14 to 18 y

474

0.53

0.09

0.15

Standard error

 

0.02

0.04

0.03

M 19 to 30 y

920

0.41

0.05

0.11

Standard error

 

0.01

0.04

0.02

M 31 to 50 y

1,805

0.37

0.06

0.12

Standard error

 

0.01

0.03

0.01

M 51 to 70 y

1,680

0.33

0.05

0.11

Standard error

 

0.00

0.04

0.01

M 71+ y

722

0.30

0.05

0.10

Standard error

 

0.01

0.04

0.02

F 9 to 13 y

586

0.38

0.08

0.13

Standard error

 

0.01

0.06

0.02

F 14 to 18 y

455

0.33

0.06

0.09

Standard error

 

0.01

0.05

0.02

F 19 to 30 y

880

0.29

0.04

0.08

Standard error

 

0.01

0.04

0.02

F 31 to 50 y

1,733

0.26

0.04

0.08

Standard error

 

0.00

0.03

0.01

F 51 to 70 y

1,605

0.24

0.05

0.08

Standard error

 

0.00

0.03

0.01

F 71+ y

669

0.23

0.05

0.08

Standard error

 

0.01

0.03

0.02

F Pregnant

81

0.37

0.05

0.12

Standard error

 

0.02

0.00

0.05

F Lactating

44

0.41

0.00

0.11

Standard error

 

0.04

0.00

0.07

All Individuals

15,941

0.32

0.04

0.09

Standard error

 

0.00

0.01

0.00

All Indiv (+P/L)

16,065

0.33

0.04

0.09

Standard error

 

0.00

0.01

0.00

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: Health Technomics, Inc., 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.01

0.04

0.07

0.09

0.12

0.15

0.18

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.08

0.11

0.14

0.20

0.24

0.33

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.11

0.13

0.16

0.22

0.30

0.42

0.54

0.75

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.04

0.16

0.20

0.27

0.38

0.56

0.73

0.96

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.04

0.20

0.25

0.33

0.46

0.73

1.03

1.30

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.09

0.20

0.26

0.34

0.49

0.73

1.14

1.60

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.04

0.07

0.11

0.16

0.22

0.30

0.41

0.57

0.77

1.15

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.04

0.08

0.16

0.21

0.29

0.39

0.51

0.65

0.87

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.04

0.15

0.20

0.26

0.35

0.45

0.54

0.66

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.13

0.18

0.24

0.31

0.40

0.48

0.70

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.03

0.07

0.16

0.21

0.27

0.38

0.54

0.72

0.95

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.07

0.11

0.16

0.22

0.32

0.49

0.70

0.97

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.06

0.09

0.11

0.15

0.21

0.29

0.40

0.56

0.79

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.06

0.11

0.15

0.20

0.27

0.35

0.46

0.61

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.11

0.14

0.19

0.25

0.32

0.40

0.54

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.04

0.10

0.14

0.19

0.24

0.31

0.38

0.51

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.03

0.06

0.14

0.20

0.29

0.38

0.51

0.65

0.86

0.05

0.05

0.04

0.04

0.06

0.11

0.17

0.14

0.21

0.29

0.41

0.58

0.76

1.35

0.12

0.08

0.05

0.07

0.11

0.23

0.42

0.12

0.17

0.23

0.33

0.46

0.62

0.86

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.01

0.01

0.12

0.17

0.23

0.33

0.46

0.62

0.86

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.01

0.01

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE E-5 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Iron (mg/day) from Food, Total Diet Study (1991–1997)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

204

13.71

0.02

0.42

Standard error

 

0.60

0.09

0.19

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

139

15.92

0.82

2.65

Standard error

 

0.83

0.00

0.34

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,908

9.86

1.37

2.85

Standard error

 

0.12

0.14

0.09

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,711

12.27

2.90

4.63

Standard error

 

0.14

0.25

0.08

M 9 to 13 y

574

16.54

4.04

6.39

Standard error

 

0.34

0.42

0.17

M 14 to 18 y

474

18.60

3.72

6.35

Standard error

 

0.50

0.48

0.18

M 19 to 30 y

920

17.00

2.70

5.47

Standard error

 

0.31

0.29

0.15

M 31 to 50 y

1,805

16.03

2.67

5.38

Standard error

 

0.19

0.24

0.10

M 51 to 70 y

1,680

14.89

2.16

5.03

Standard error

 

0.18

0.25

0.10

M 71+ y

722

13.77

2.34

4.34

Standard error

 

0.28

0.38

0.15

F 9 to 13 y

586

12.54

3.10

4.73

Standard error

 

0.24

0.40

0.14

F 14 to 18 y

455

12.30

2.36

3.68

Standard error

 

0.37

0.31

0.16

F 19 to 30 y

880

11.99

2.28

3.63

Standard error

 

0.22

0.23

0.12

F 31 to 50 y

1,733

11.00

1.82

3.53

Standard error

 

0.14

0.20

0.08

F 51 to 70 y

1,605

10.79

1.88

3.47

Standard error

 

0.14

0.19

0.09

F 71+ y

669

10.76

1.73

3.12

Standard error

 

0.22

0.23

0.14

F Pregnant

81

14.74

3.10

5.43

Standard error

 

0.95

0.00

0.62

F Lactating

44

17.33

0.00

5.89

Standard error

 

1.37

0.00

0.70

All Individuals

15,941

13.03

1.74

3.83

Standard error

 

0.06

0.07

0.03

All Indiv (+P/L)

16,065

13.05

1.75

3.84

Standard error

 

0.06

0.07

0.03

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: Health Technomics, Inc., 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

1.63

5.04

11.04

15.08

21.48

28.03

33.20

0.21

0.26

0.17

0.16

0.27

0.36

0.55

4.05

6.61

12.59

17.54

22.75

30.23

40.30

0.28

0.23

0.22

0.22

0.29

0.57

1.26

4.13

5.47

7.46

10.44

14.03

17.78

22.31

0.06

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.10

0.17

5.82

7.36

9.59

12.79

16.74

21.54

27.41

0.06

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.12

0.20

7.94

9.81

12.74

16.99

23.38

28.19

37.26

0.12

0.09

0.09

0.11

0.15

0.24

0.45

8.06

10.26

13.75

18.73

26.30

34.94

45.69

0.13

0.12

0.10

0.12

0.20

0.30

0.50

7.43

9.74

12.85

17.41

23.80

30.42

41.23

0.10

0.07

0.07

0.09

0.13

0.19

0.37

7.29

9.39

12.49

16.57

22.07

29.11

36.88

0.08

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.08

0.14

0.21

6.67

8.48

11.51

15.57

20.98

26.70

33.76

0.07

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.14

0.21

5.80

7.74

10.39

14.12

19.36

25.64

32.96

0.10

0.08

0.07

0.08

0.13

0.19

0.34

6.04

7.58

9.96

13.20

17.10

21.43

26.92

0.11

0.08

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.23

0.34

5.06

6.84

9.21

12.49

16.93

22.58

29.76

0.14

0.09

0.09

0.10

0.16

0.26

0.46

4.99

6.58

9.14

12.53

16.39

21.70

29.92

0.09

0.07

0.06

0.07

0.10

0.20

0.33

4.71

6.26

8.41

11.33

15.26

19.83

26.68

0.06

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.12

0.23

4.72

6.11

8.27

11.23

15.22

19.42

24.68

0.05

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.11

0.20

4.45

6.08

8.20

11.26

15.32

19.68

24.62

0.10

0.07

0.07

0.08

0.12

0.19

0.28

6.65

8.49

11.04

14.15

19.74

33.86

38.77

0.19

0.26

0.21

0.24

0.39

0.83

0.69

6.62

8.14

12.36

19.68

26.28

33.92

38.17

0.43

0.26

0.44

0.57

0.42

1.09

0.98

5.27

7.03

9.74

13.51

18.48

24.26

31.65

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.07

5.28

7.04

9.75

13.53

18.51

24.32

31.76

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.07

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE E-6 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Manganese (mg/day) from Food, Total Diet Study (1991–1997)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

204

0.22

0.00

0.00

Standard error

 

0.02

0.00

0.00

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

139

0.79

0.00

0.11

Standard error

 

0.04

0.00

0.11

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,908

1.60

0.17

0.45

Standard error

 

0.02

0.07

0.03

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,711

1.89

0.40

0.63

Standard error

 

0.02

0.08

0.03

M 9 to 13 y

574

2.48

0.53

0.82

Standard error

 

0.05

0.13

0.06

M 14 to 18 y

474

2.89

0.60

0.81

Standard error

 

0.08

0.14

0.06

M 19 to 30 y

920

3.07

0.31

0.71

Standard error

 

0.07

0.14

0.06

M 31 to 50 y

1,805

3.27

0.41

0.79

Standard error

 

0.05

0.09

0.04

M 51 to 70 y

1,680

3.07

0.29

0.73

Standard error

 

0.04

0.10

0.04

M 71+ y

722

2.82

0.36

0.63

Standard error

 

0.06

0.10

0.06

F 9 to 13 y

586

2.05

0.46

0.72

Standard error

 

0.04

0.16

0.06

F 14 to 18 y

455

2.13

0.34

0.57

Standard error

 

0.07

0.13

0.07

F 19 to 30 y

880

2.34

0.34

0.57

Standard error

 

0.05

0.09

0.05

F 31 to 50 y

1,733

2.43

0.34

0.64

Standard error

 

0.03

0.08

0.03

F 51 to 70 y

1,605

2.42

0.34

0.66

Standard error

 

0.03

0.08

0.04

F 71+ y

669

2.35

0.25

0.57

Standard error

 

0.05

0.12

0.06

F Pregnant

81

2.87

0.69

0.79

Standard error

 

0.18

0.00

0.15

F Lactating

44

3.30

0.00

0.80

Standard error

 

0.28

0.00

0.25

All Individuals

15,941

2.43

0.07

0.49

Standard error

 

0.01

0.02

0.01

All Indiv (+P/L)

16,065

2.43

0.07

0.49

Standard error

 

0.01

0.02

0.01

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: Health Technomics, Inc., 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.00

0.00

0.06

0.21

0.44

0.65

0.95

0.00

0.01

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.15

0.23

0.36

0.57

0.80

1.15

1.66

2.28

0.08

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.08

0.19

0.20

0.63

0.87

1.22

1.71

2.32

2.96

3.64

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.84

1.09

1.48

2.00

2.67

3.32

4.11

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.08

1.07

1.40

1.91

2.59

3.50

4.52

5.71

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.10

0.13

1.05

1.48

2.17

3.04

4.15

5.32

7.04

0.06

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.11

0.22

1.06

1.51

2.17

3.15

4.52

6.01

8.15

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.09

0.16

1.14

1.58

2.31

3.42

4.83

6.32

8.33

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.12

1.07

1.56

2.26

3.30

4.55

5.66

6.85

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.09

0.97

1.41

2.13

3.09

4.22

5.23

6.36

0.05

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.12

0.90

1.18

1.57

2.14

2.93

3.59

4.58

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.09

0.14

0.81

1.09

1.55

2.20

3.00

3.90

5.23

0.05

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.11

0.20

0.82

1.12

1.64

2.45

3.53

4.59

5.95

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.14

0.86

1.20

1.77

2.58

3.60

4.63

5.88

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.09

0.89

1.25

1.82

2.59

3.54

4.46

5.65

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.09

0.86

1.19

1.75

2.60

3.47

4.30

5.22

0.05

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.08

0.13

1.06

1.39

2.10

3.13

4.18

5.88

6.88

0.14

0.12

0.13

0.12

0.16

0.40

0.36

1.04

1.55

2.56

3.42

5.16

5.79

8.55

0.33

0.18

0.19

0.18

0.24

0.22

0.49

0.79

1.15

1.71

2.53

3.65

4.79

6.20

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.79

1.15

1.72

2.54

3.65

4.80

6.21

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE E-7 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Nickel (μg/day) from Food, Total Diet Study (1991–1997)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

204

8.96

0.00

0.00

Standard error

 

1.03

0.00

0.00

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

139

39.33

0.00

4.92

Standard error

 

2.23

0.00

0.74

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,908

81.75

6.57

18.89

Standard error

 

1.24

0.47

0.21

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,711

99.29

17.03

30.52

Standard error

 

1.36

0.48

0.23

M 9 to 13 y

574

127.91

24.84

42.00

Standard error

 

2.92

1.15

0.44

M 14 to 18 y

474

136.87

16.03

32.21

Standard error

 

3.95

1.19

0.55

M 19 to 30 y

920

139.71

9.64

25.69

Standard error

 

3.33

0.74

0.33

M 31 to 50 y

1,805

147.23

13.35

31.05

Standard error

 

2.41

0.51

0.28

M 51 to 70 y

1,680

140.74

9.88

26.61

Standard error

 

2.15

0.55

0.26

M 71+ y

722

135.58

10.89

24.04

Standard error

 

3.13

0.69

0.43

F 9 to 13 y

586

108.69

19.74

31.28

Standard error

 

2.48

0.98

0.36

F 14 to 18 y

455

101.36

13.12

24.71

Standard error

 

3.29

0.73

0.51

F 19 to 30 y

880

107.25

13.12

24.84

Standard error

 

2.37

0.65

0.33

F 31 to 50 y

1,733

106.17

11.15

23.27

Standard error

 

1.60

0.53

0.21

F 51 to 70 y

1,605

109.36

12.75

27.76

Standard error

 

1.63

0.58

0.25

F 71+ y

669

108.97

10.19

27.23

Standard error

 

2.40

0.95

0.37

F Pregnant

81

120.76

19.41

26.36

Standard error

 

8.10

0.00

1.11

F Lactating

44

162.19

0.00

33.97

Standard error

 

16.90

0.00

2.94

All Individuals

15,941

114.16

1.03

20.15

Standard error

 

0.62

0.10

0.09

All Indiv (+P/L)

16,065

114.33

1.09

20.24

Standard error

 

0.62

0.10

0.09

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: Health Technomics, Inc., 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.00

0.00

0.23

5.16

20.35

37.15

51.83

0.00

0.00

0.07

0.26

0.42

0.74

0.70

12.39

17.76

27.22

41.79

58.05

79.72

113.17

0.52

0.30

0.33

0.36

0.57

1.07

1.66

27.38

39.77

59.69

85.82

120.99

155.12

198.55

0.14

0.13

0.12

0.14

0.20

0.27

0.52

38.85

51.77

73.78

104.25

144.15

183.76

231.61

0.15

0.14

0.13

0.16

0.22

0.32

0.64

53.35

69.75

97.34

134.79

179.94

228.54

293.55

0.33

0.28

0.26

0.29

0.41

0.67

1.23

49.11

67.89

97.55

140.45

200.81

281.32

352.81

0.43

0.31

0.31

0.37

0.52

0.97

1.25

40.53

61.37

93.53

143.95

208.64

287.08

398.16

0.33

0.23

0.23

0.28

0.38

0.71

1.26

46.83

66.49

100.12

151.98

223.17

299.03

392.21

0.20

0.17

0.17

0.20

0.30

0.44

0.88

41.33

63.94

100.51

149.37

215.60

276.92

353.50

0.21

0.18

0.17

0.20

0.29

0.41

0.74

39.56

62.58

97.52

142.65

211.21

268.70

331.36

0.35

0.28

0.25

0.32

0.44

0.60

0.95

45.46

58.96

80.26

112.36

158.03

210.82

254.62

0.36

0.23

0.24

0.28

0.44

0.62

1.05

34.30

47.49

71.35

105.61

149.98

197.88

254.14

0.28

0.27

0.29

0.33

0.47

0.80

0.99

33.49

48.42

74.77

112.69

161.32

212.00

275.40

0.23

0.21

0.21

0.25

0.35

0.51

0.90

33.71

49.46

74.37

110.73

162.93

215.07

267.32

0.19

0.15

0.14

0.18

0.25

0.35

0.62

38.36

52.83

78.89

116.14

161.62

210.29

272.22

0.17

0.15

0.15

0.17

0.25

0.37

0.66

37.77

53.91

80.73

116.99

160.46

206.57

261.05

0.28

0.25

0.23

0.27

0.35

0.60

0.86

37.19

55.66

86.57

131.37

183.69

227.98

311.58

1.09

0.81

0.76

0.86

1.25

2.72

4.42

48.80

62.71

106.45

171.89

249.36

362.28

500.11

0.78

1.28

1.24

1.65

1.76

5.22

3.37

33.70

51.18

78.68

118.66

172.94

231.80

304.12

0.06

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.13

0.22

33.77

51.25

78.77

118.83

173.23

232.16

304.61

0.06

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.13

0.22

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE E-8 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Silicon (mg/day) from Food, Total Diet Study (1991–1997)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

204

51.33

0.13

0.73

Standard error

 

3.43

0.23

0.27

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

139

43.42

2.25

4.15

Standard error

 

3.37

0.00

0.43

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,908

15.34

3.16

5.20

Standard error

 

0.26

0.18

0.09

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,711

15.52

4.50

6.75

Standard error

 

0.15

0.27

0.08

M 9 to 13 y

574

20.13

5.75

8.10

Standard error

 

0.36

0.34

0.19

M 14 to 18 y

474

24.76

6.59

8.61

Standard error

 

0.70

0.49

0.17

M 19 to 30 y

920

41.87

4.31

7.64

Standard error

 

1.48

0.32

0.18

M 31 to 50 y

1,805

36.58

5.36

8.74

Standard error

 

0.80

0.26

0.12

M 51 to 70 y

1,680

30.58

4.86

8.27

Standard error

 

0.66

0.30

0.12

M 71+ y

722

24.46

3.28

6.23

Standard error

 

0.74

0.40

0.17

F 9 to 13 y

586

16.57

4.68

6.52

Standard error

 

0.29

0.31

0.17

F 14 to 18 y

455

17.10

3.85

5.59

Standard error

 

0.40

0.35

0.20

F 19 to 30 y

880

21.43

3.85

6.07

Standard error

 

0.60

0.29

0.14

F 31 to 50 y

1,733

20.63

4.12

6.32

Standard error

 

0.33

0.25

0.09

F 51 to 70 y

1,605

19.25

3.43

6.09

Standard error

 

0.26

0.20

0.12

F 71+ y

669

18.04

2.92

5.73

Standard error

 

0.35

0.29

0.19

F Pregnant

81

22.26

4.61

7.68

Standard error

 

1.26

0.00

0.61

F Lactating

44

26.77

0.00

8.75

Standard error

 

1.80

0.00

0.45

All Individuals

15,941

23.92

3.52

6.35

Standard error

 

0.19

0.08

0.03

All Indiv (+P/L)

16,065

23.92

3.53

6.36

Standard error

 

0.19

0.08

0.03

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: Health Technomics, Inc., 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

4.16

19.00

34.59

44.47

77.45

133.32

182.03

0.34

0.47

0.24

0.29

0.88

0.67

2.49

6.50

10.64

28.82

40.95

65.89

114.13

151.76

0.36

0.34

0.43

0.30

0.91

1.17

1.85

6.64

8.69

11.60

15.44

20.37

25.92

34.80

0.06

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.08

0.12

0.27

8.06

10.00

12.76

16.38

20.76

25.04

30.59

0.07

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.07

0.11

0.19

10.09

12.89

16.54

21.24

26.81

33.08

40.27

0.14

0.11

0.09

0.11

0.15

0.26

0.38

10.93

14.06

19.37

25.58

33.02

41.43

55.10

0.15

0.14

0.13

0.13

0.19

0.34

0.62

10.61

14.93

22.53

34.98

62.77

105.67

165.58

0.13

0.11

0.11

0.15

0.30

0.49

0.78

11.94

16.10

22.86

32.84

52.44

80.41

122.98

0.10

0.08

0.07

0.09

0.17

0.27

0.55

11.07

14.82

20.70

28.71

40.93

60.48

96.85

0.09

0.08

0.07

0.08

0.13

0.29

0.54

9.26

12.56

17.85

24.79

33.00

43.08

62.36

0.15

0.11

0.10

0.12

0.16

0.29

0.67

8.33

10.74

13.81

17.39

22.33

36.34

32.69

0.15

0.10

0.08

0.09

0.14

0.17

0.37

7.57

10.16

13.59

18.27

23.18

28.50

35.84

0.18

0.10

0.11

0.12

0.15

0.26

0.45

7.79

10.54

14.72

20.65

29.63

40.63

61.02

0.11

0.09

0.09

0.10

0.16

0.28

0.63

8.36

10.92

15.18

21.11

28.49

36.65

51.17

0.08

0.06

0.06

0.07

0.10

0.16

0.38

8.50

11.27

15.07

20.41

26.30

32.65

41.12

0.09

0.06

0.06

0.07

0.09

0.14

0.26

7.71

10.39

14.07

19.38

25.27

30.65

39.73

0.12

0.10

0.09

0.10

0.13

0.22

0.39

8.93

11.64

17.45

23.85

32.86

38.96

45.60

0.08

0.40

0.31

0.31

0.56

0.56

1.53

11.30

15.66

21.92

28.51

37.01

50.20

56.93

0.75

0.64

0.46

0.50

0.63

0.21

0.53

8.44

11.15

15.53

22.08

31.98

46.27

79.63

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.04

0.07

0.17

8.45

11.15

15.55

22.11

32.01

46.21

79.28

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.04

0.07

0.17

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE E-9 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Zinc (mg/day) from Food, Total Diet Study (1991–1997)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

204

6.00

0.00

0.10

Standard error

 

0.22

0.05

0.10

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

139

6.30

0.21

0.76

Standard error

 

0.22

0.00

0.26

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,908

7.29

1.53

2.70

Standard error

 

0.08

0.18

0.07

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,711

9.14

2.31

3.45

Standard error

 

0.10

0.14

0.07

M 9 to 13 y

574

12.46

3.22

4.80

Standard error

 

0.24

0.24

0.15

M 14 to 18 y

474

15.08

2.71

4.97

Standard error

 

0.38

0.44

0.18

M 19 to 30 y

920

14.64

2.18

4.09

Standard error

 

0.33

0.27

0.11

M 31 to 50 y

1,805

13.38

2.21

4.24

Standard error

 

0.16

0.23

0.08

M 51 to 70 y

1,680

11.78

1.53

3.60

Standard error

 

0.15

0.22

0.09

M 71+ y

722

9.56

1.45

2.79

Standard error

 

0.17

0.26

0.12

F 9 to 13 y

586

9.65

2.04

3.24

Standard error

 

0.19

0.19

0.14

F 14 to 18 y

455

9.47

1.33

2.58

Standard error

 

0.24

0.22

0.15

F 19 to 30 y

880

9.33

1.50

2.90

Standard error

 

0.17

0.24

0.11

F 31 to 50 y

1,733

8.51

1.24

2.49

Standard error

 

0.11

0.17

0.07

F 51 to 70 y

1,605

7.93

1.32

2.37

Standard error

 

0.10

0.15

0.08

F 71+ y

669

7.34

1.29

2.20

Standard error

 

0.15

0.21

0.10

F Pregnant

81

11.09

2.16

4.23

Standard error

 

0.52

0.00

0.61

F Lactating

44

12.79

0.00

4.59

Standard error

 

0.97

0.00

0.34

All Individuals

15,941

10.00

1.25

2.84

Standard error

 

0.05

0.06

0.03

All Indiv (+P/L)

16,065

10.01

1.26

2.85

Standard error

 

0.05

0.06

0.03

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: Health Technomics, Inc., 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.69

2.84

5.52

6.83

8.56

10.32

12.80

0.17

0.20

0.09

0.09

0.14

0.23

0.32

2.17

4.04

5.68

7.03

8.43

10.07

11.75

0.32

0.15

0.12

0.09

0.18

0.22

0.40

3.47

4.43

5.81

7.74

9.99

12.39

15.33

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.08

0.13

4.34

5.47

7.23

9.66

12.68

15.65

19.10

0.05

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.06

0.09

0.16

5.90

7.54

9.72

13.13

17.52

21.88

25.20

0.10

0.08

0.08

0.09

0.13

0.17

0.30

6.23

8.53

11.47

15.49

20.96

28.53

36.09

0.12

0.11

0.09

0.11

0.18

0.31

0.38

5.68

7.82

10.90

15.33

20.56

27.23

33.31

0.11

0.07

0.07

0.08

0.12

0.17

0.26

5.55

7.50

10.44

14.32

18.79

23.52

29.66

0.06

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.07

0.11

0.20

4.80

6.37

9.05

12.57

16.57

21.14

27.07

0.06

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.07

0.12

0.21

3.99

5.37

7.51

10.30

13.69

16.53

20.61

0.09

0.07

0.07

0.07

0.10

0.13

0.25

4.39

5.65

7.63

10.16

13.46

17.08

21.07

0.11

0.07

0.07

0.08

0.11

0.19

0.28

3.74

5.00

7.38

10.29

13.27

16.46

21.40

0.10

0.10

0.09

0.09

0.11

0.21

0.36

3.74

5.07

7.07

9.85

13.30

17.08

21.65

0.07

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.09

0.15

0.25

3.45

4.72

6.59

9.03

12.12

15.36

19.25

0.05

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.16

3.29

4.37

6.18

8.51

11.41

14.06

17.06

0.06

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.08

0.15

2.90

4.06

5.63

7.81

10.61

13.11

16.28

0.09

0.06

0.06

0.07

0.09

0.15

0.23

5.31

6.53

9.27

11.79

15.99

18.71

20.28

0.31

0.21

0.23

0.19

0.33

0.35

0.46

5.16

6.09

9.38

13.95

20.75

23.75

25.65

0.61

0.14

0.35

0.36

0.53

1.04

0.31

3.91

5.23

7.36

10.41

14.45

18.63

24.22

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.04

0.07

3.92

5.24

7.37

10.43

14.48

18.66

24.20

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.04

0.06

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 654
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 655
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 656
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 657
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 658
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 659
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 660
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 661
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 662
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 663
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 664
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 665
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 666
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 667
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 668
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 669
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 670
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 671
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 672
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 673
Next: Appendix F Canadian Dietary Intake Data, 1990 »
Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc Get This Book
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This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series issued by the National Academy of Sciences on dietary reference intakes (DRIs). This series provides recommended intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for individuals based on age and gender. In addition, a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), has also been established to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

Based on the Institute of Medicine's review of the scientific literature regarding dietary micronutrients, recommendations have been formulated regarding vitamins A and K, iron, iodine, chromium, copper, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, and other potentially beneficial trace elements such as boron to determine the roles, if any, they play in health. The book also:

  • Reviews selected components of food that may influence the bioavailability of these compounds.
  • Develops estimates of dietary intake of these compounds that are compatible with good nutrition throughout the life span and that may decrease risk of chronic disease where data indicate they play a role.
  • Determines Tolerable Upper Intake levels for each nutrient reviewed where adequate scientific data are available in specific population subgroups.
  • Identifies research needed to improve knowledge of the role of these micronutrients in human health.

This book will be important to professionals in nutrition research and education.

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