National Academies Press: OpenBook

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc (2001)

Chapter: Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996

« Previous: Appendix C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

D
Dietary Intake Datafrom the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996

TABLE D-1 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Boron (mg/day) from Food, CSFII (1994–1996)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

195

0.75

0.03

0.06

Standard error

 

0.14

0.01

0.01

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

130

0.99

0.12

0.20

Standard error

 

0.12

0.02

0.02

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,834

0.86

0.25

0.35

Standard error

 

0.02

0.01

0.01

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,650

0.80

0.33

0.43

Standard error

 

0.01

0.01

0.01

M 9 to 13 y

552

0.90

0.38

0.49

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

M 14 to 18 y

446

1.02

0.34

0.47

Standard error

 

0.04

0.03

0.02

M 19 to 30 y

853

1.15

0.37

0.51

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

M 31 to 50 y

1,684

1.33

0.42

0.58

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

M 51 to 70 y

1,606

1.34

0.39

0.56

Standard error

 

0.02

0.02

0.02

M 71+ y

674

1.25

0.31

0.46

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.09

0.15

0.29

0.76

1.89

2.95

6.40

0.01

0.01

0.05

0.15

0.44

0.63

1.99

0.27

0.42

0.71

1.21

2.00

2.70

4.77

0.03

0.05

0.09

0.15

0.27

0.41

0.91

0.42

0.57

0.78

1.07

1.41

1.66

2.24

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.04

0.05

0.08

0.49

0.61

0.76

0.95

1.15

1.29

1.58

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.56

0.69

0.86

1.07

1.28

1.43

1.74

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.55

0.72

0.96

1.25

1.57

1.79

2.28

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.09

0.14

0.61

0.80

1.06

1.40

1.79

2.05

2.66

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.12

0.69

0.91

1.22

1.63

2.09

2.42

3.18

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.04

0.06

0.09

0.15

0.67

0.89

1.22

1.66

2.16

2.52

3.34

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.06

0.08

0.13

0.56

0.78

1.11

1.56

2.12

2.53

3.51

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.07

0.10

0.20

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

F 9 to 13 y

560

0.83

0.34

0.44

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

F 14 to 18 y

436

0.78

0.26

0.36

Standard error

 

0.04

0.02

0.02

F 19 to 30 y

760

0.87

0.30

0.40

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

F 31 to 50 y

1,614

1.00

0.31

0.44

Standard error

 

0.02

0.01

0.01

F 51 to 70 y

1,539

1.11

0.32

0.46

Standard error

 

0.02

0.01

0.01

F 71+ y

623

0.98

0.27

0.39

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

F Pregnant

70

1.16

0.37

0.52

Standard error

 

0.09

0.06

0.07

F Lactating

41

1.39

0.38

0.55

Standard error

 

0.16

0.10

0.12

All Individuals

15,156

1.06

0.28

0.41

Standard error

 

0.01

0.00

0.00

All Indiv (+P/L)

15,267

1.06

0.28

0.41

Standard error

 

0.01

0.00

0.00

NOTE: Estimates were obtained using C-SIDE v1.02 (C-SIDE courtesy of Iowa State University Statistical Laboratory, Iowa State University). Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of freedom.

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: C. Rainey, Nutrition Research Group, and A. Carriquiry, Iowa State University, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.50

0.62

0.79

0.99

1.21

1.35

1.68

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.42

0.55

0.73

0.96

1.22

1.40

1.80

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.08

0.13

0.48

0.62

0.81

1.06

1.34

1.54

1.97

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.13

0.52

0.69

0.93

1.23

1.58

1.83

2.39

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.07

0.55

0.73

1.01

1.38

1.81

2.13

2.87

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.12

0.47

0.64

0.89

1.21

1.59

1.86

2.47

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.09

0.15

0.62

0.81

1.08

1.42

1.79

2.06

2.64

0.07

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.16

0.20

0.33

0.67

0.92

1.27

1.73

2.26

2.64

3.49

0.13

0.14

0.15

0.20

0.31

0.43

0.75

0.50

0.68

0.96

1.32

1.75

2.07

2.79

0.00

0.00

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.50

0.68

0.95

1.32

1.75

2.06

2.79

0.00

0.00

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.05

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE D-2 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Copper (mg/day) from Food, CSFII (1994–1996)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

157

0.61

0.40

0.44

Standard error

 

0.02

0.02

0.02

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

112

0.77

0.49

0.55

Standard error

 

0.05

0.04

0.04

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,791

0.71

0.41

0.47

Standard error

 

0.01

0.01

0.01

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,650

0.88

0.55

0.61

Standard error

 

0.01

0.01

0.01

M 9 to 13 y

552

1.17

0.69

0.78

Standard error

 

0.04

0.02

0.02

M 14 to 18 y

446

1.45

0.81

0.92

Standard error

 

0.05

0.03

0.03

M 19 to 30 y

854

1.52

0.81

0.92

Standard error

 

0.03

0.03

0.03

M 31 to 50 y

1,684

1.50

0.84

0.95

Standard error

 

0.02

0.01

0.02

M 51 to 70 y

1,606

1.44

0.78

0.89

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

M 71+ y

674

1.25

0.67

0.77

Standard error

 

0.03

0.02

0.02

F 9 to 13 y

560

0.99

0.64

0.71

Standard error

 

0.02

0.02

0.02

F 14 to 18 y

436

1.07

0.62

0.69

Standard error

 

0.05

0.04

0.05

F 19 to 30 y

760

1.05

0.60

0.68

Standard error

 

0.02

0.02

0.02

F 31 to 50 y

1,614

1.06

0.62

0.70

Standard error

 

0.01

0.01

0.01

F 51 to 70 y

1,539

1.05

0.63

0.70

Standard error

 

0.02

0.01

0.01

F 71+ y

623

1.00

0.56

0.64

Standard error

 

0.04

0.02

0.02

F Pregnant

71

1.17

0.76

0.83

Standard error

 

0.06

0.04

0.04

F Lactating

42

1.35

0.84

0.92

Standard error

 

0.11

0.09

0.09

All Individuals

15,058

1.17

0.58

0.67

Standard error

 

0.01

0.01

0.01

All Indiv (+P/L)

15,170

1.17

0.58

0.67

Standard error

 

0.01

0.01

0.01

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided two 24-hour dietary recalls and were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of freedom. Infants and children fed human milk were excluded from all analyses. One female was pregnant and lactating and was included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0.51

0.60

0.70

0.80

0.88

1.05

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.65

0.75

0.86

0.99

1.10

1.38

0.05

0.04

0.06

0.07

0.11

0.27

0.56

0.68

0.83

0.98

1.09

1.33

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.04

0.73

0.86

1.01

1.18

1.29

1.56

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.94

1.13

1.35

1.60

1.79

2.24

0.04

0.03

0.07

0.07

0.07

0.13

1.12

1.38

1.69

2.05

2.32

2.95

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.09

0.12

0.19

1.14

1.44

1.81

2.19

2.47

3.14

0.06

0.03

0.08

0.05

0.06

0.12

1.16

1.43

1.77

2.13

2.40

3.05

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.08

1.08

1.35

1.69

2.08

2.40

3.10

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.11

0.17

0.95

1.18

1.48

1.80

2.03

2.63

0.04

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.10

0.27

0.82

0.96

1.13

1.31

1.43

1.72

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.82

1.02

1.27

1.49

1.65

2.09

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.15

0.16

0.18

0.82

1.01

1.24

1.47

1.63

2.00

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.05

0.09

0.84

1.02

1.24

1.46

1.60

1.91

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.83

1.01

1.21

1.44

1.61

1.98

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.08

0.75

0.95

1.17

1.42

1.62

2.04

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.09

0.09

0.19

0.96

1.13

1.33

1.54

1.68

1.97

0.05

0.05

0.07

0.08

0.10

0.13

1.08

1.30

1.55

1.83

2.01

2.42

0.09

0.10

0.13

0.17

0.20

0.29

0.85

1.10

1.41

1.76

2.01

2.54

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.85

1.10

1.41

1.76

2.00

2.54

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE D-3 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Iron (mg/day) from Food, CSFII (1994–1996)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

157

14.6

7.6

8.9

Standard error

 

0.6

0.8

0.8

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

112

17.3

9.2

10.6

Standard error

 

0.7

0.5

0.5

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,791

10.9

5.6

6.5

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.1

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,650

13.5

7.6

8.6

Standard error

 

0.2

0.2

0.1

M,9 to 13 y

552

18.2

10.0

11.4

Standard error

 

0.5

0.4

0.4

M 14 to 18 y

446

20.7

10.6

12.2

Standard error

 

0.8

0.4

0.4

M 19 to 30 y

854

19.2

10.3

11.9

Standard error

 

0.6

0.4

0.4

M 31 to 50 y

1,684

19.1

10.2

11.5

Standard error

 

0.4

0.3

0.2

M 51 to 70 y

1,606

17.5

9.3

10.7

Standard error

 

0.4

0.2

0.2

M 71+ y

674

16.4

8.5

9.7

Standard error

 

0.4

0.2

0.2

F 9 to 13 y

560

14.3

8.2

9.2

Standard error

 

0.4

0.2

0.2

F 14 to 18 y

436

13.5

7.4

8.5

Standard error

 

0.6

0.4

0.4

F 19 to 30 y

760

13.1

6.9

7.9

Standard error

 

0.4

0.2

0.3

F 31 to 50 y

1,614

13.1

7.1

8.0

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.2

F 51 to 70 y

1,539

12.5

7.1

8.0

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.1

F 71+ y

623

12.4

6.8

7.7

Standard error

 

0.3

0.2

0.2

F Pregnant

71

14.3

8.0

9.1

Standard error

 

4.3

4.1

4.3

F Lactating

42

18.6

9.5

10.8

Standard error

 

2.5

1.0

1.2

All Individuals

15,058

15.3

7.4

8.6

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

All Indiv (+P/L)

15,170

15.3

7.4

8.6

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided two 24-hour dietary recalls and were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of freedom. Infants and children fed human milk were excluded from all analyses. One female was pregnant and lactating and was included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

11.1

13.9

17.5

21.5

24.2

29.7

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.9

1.0

2.8

13.4

16.8

20.7

24.5

27.0

31.9

0.6

0.6

0.8

1.2

1.4

2.1

8.1

10.3

13.0

16.2

18.5

23.5

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

1.0

10.4

12.8

15.9

19.3

21.7

27.5

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.9

14.1

17.2

21.0

26.0

29.9

39.3

0.3

0.4

0.6

1.0

1.3

2.2

15.3

19.3

24.5

30.8

35.5

46.5

0.5

0.7

1.1

1.6

2.0

3.1

14.7

18.1

22.5

27.8

31.8

41.0

0.5

0.5

0.9

1.0

1.2

2.1

14.1

17.8

22.5

28.1

32.3

42.7

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.7

1.0

1.8

13.2

16.5

20.6

25.5

29.2

37.6

0.3

0.3

0.5

0.7

0.9

1.4

12.1

15.5

19.6

24.2

27.4

34.5

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

1.5

11.1

13.7

16.8

20.0

22.2

27.0

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.8

10.4

12.7

15.7

19.4

22.2

28.8

0.8

0.5

1.1

1.1

1.2

2.2

9.8

12.4

15.7

19.2

21.7

28.0

0.6

0.4

0.9

0.8

1.0

1.7

9.8

12.3

15.5

19.0

21.5

27.5

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.7

9.6

11.9

14.7

17.7

19.9

24.9

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.7

9.5

11.9

14.8

17.9

20.0

24.5

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.8

11.2

13.9

17.0

20.1

22.2

26.6

4.5

4.6

4.4

4.1

3.9

3.5

13.3

17.1

22.2

28.3

32.8

43.6

1.6

2.2

3.1

4.3

5.3

8.1

11.0

14.3

18.5

23.3

26.7

34.2

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

11.0

14.3

18.6

23.3

26.7

34.2

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

TABLE D-4 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Zinc (mg/day) from Food, CSFII (1994–1996)

Sex/Age Categorya

Number of Persons Examined

Mean

Percentile

5th

10th

Both sexes, 0 to 6 mo

157

6.1

4.0

4.3

Standard error

 

0.2

0.2

0.2

Both sexes, 7 to 12 mo

112

6.8

4.5

5.0

Standard error

 

0.2

0.2

0.2

Both sexes, 1 to 3 y

1,791

7.5

4.4

4.9

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

Both sexes, 4 to 8 y

1,650

9.3

5.5

6.1

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

M 9 to 13 y

552

12.6

7.6

8.5

Standard error

 

0.2

0.2

0.2

M 14 to 18 y

446

15.0

8.4

9.6

Standard error

 

0.6

0.5

0.7

M 19 to 30 y

854

14.6

8.1

9.2

Standard error

 

0.3

0.3

0.3

M 31 to 50 y

1,684

14.5

8.1

9.1

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.2

M 51 to 70 y

1,606

13.0

7.2

8.0

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.2

M 71+ y

674

11.4

6.3

7.1

Standard error

 

0.4

0.2

0.2

F 9 to 13 y

560

10.1

6.2

6.9

Standard error

 

0.2

0.2

0.2

F 14 to 18 y

436

9.9

5.5

6.3

Standard error

 

0.4

0.3

0.3

F 19 to 30 y

760

9.3

5.2

5.8

Standard error

 

0.3

0.2

0.2

F 31 to 50 y

1,614

9.5

5.4

6.1

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.1

F 51 to 70 y

1,539

8.7

5.2

5.8

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

F 71+ y

623

8.2

4.9

5.4

Standard error

 

0.2

0.2

0.2

F Pregnant

71

10.4

6.1

6.9

Standard error

 

2.0

1.8

1.9

F Lactating

42

12.2

7.3

8.1

Standard error

 

1.3

0.7

0.8

All Individuals

15,058

11.0

5.5

6.3

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

All Indiv (+P/L)

15,170

11.0

5.5

6.3

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided two 24-hour dietary recalls and were adjusted using the Iowa State University method. Mean, standard errors, and percentiles were obtained using C-Side. Standard errors were estimated via jackknife replication. Each standard error has 43 degrees of freedom. Infants and children fed human milk were excluded from all analyses. One female was pregnant and lactating and was included in both the Pregnant and Lactating categories. The sample sizes for the Pregnant and Lactating categories were very small so their estimates of usual intake distributions are not reliable.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

5.0

5.9

7.0

8.1

8.8

10.4

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.6

5.7

6.7

7.8

8.9

9.6

11.0

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.7

5.9

7.2

8.8

10.5

11.7

14.6

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

7.3

9.0

10.9

12.8

14.1

17.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.5

10.2

12.2

14.5

17.2

19.2

23.5

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.9

11.7

14.3

17.5

21.2

24.0

30.3

0.8

0.6

0.6

0.9

1.2

3.2

11.2

14.0

17.3

20.8

23.2

29.1

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

1.0

11.0

13.7

17.1

21.1

23.8

30.7

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.5

0.8

1.3

9.8

12.3

15.3

18.8

21.2

26.9

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.1

8.7

10.8

13.4

16.3

18.3

23.3

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.8

1.0

1.9

8.1

9.7

11.6

13.7

15.1

18.4

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.9

7.7

9.5

11.7

14.0

15.5

18.7

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.5

7.1

8.9

11.0

13.1

14.6

18.1

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.9

7.3

9.1

11.1

13.4

14.9

18.5

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

6.9

8.4

10.2

12.1

13.4

16.4

0.2

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.7

6.5

8.0

9.6

11.4

12.5

15.0

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.5

8.4

10.2

12.2

14.2

15.4

18.0

2.0

2.1

2.0

1.9

1.8

1.6

9.6

11.6

14.2

17.0

18.9

23.2

1.0

1.3

1.6

2.0

2.3

3.0

8.0

10.4

13.3

16.6

18.8

23.9

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.4

8.0

10.4

13.3

16.5

18.8

23.8

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.4

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and lactating.

SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation and Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 644
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 645
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 646
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 647
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 648
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 649
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 650
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 651
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 652
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996." Institute of Medicine. 2001. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10026.
×
Page 653
Next: Appendix E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997 »
Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc Get This Book
×

This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series issued by the National Academy of Sciences on dietary reference intakes (DRIs). This series provides recommended intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for individuals based on age and gender. In addition, a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), has also been established to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

Based on the Institute of Medicine's review of the scientific literature regarding dietary micronutrients, recommendations have been formulated regarding vitamins A and K, iron, iodine, chromium, copper, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, and other potentially beneficial trace elements such as boron to determine the roles, if any, they play in health. The book also:

  • Reviews selected components of food that may influence the bioavailability of these compounds.
  • Develops estimates of dietary intake of these compounds that are compatible with good nutrition throughout the life span and that may decrease risk of chronic disease where data indicate they play a role.
  • Determines Tolerable Upper Intake levels for each nutrient reviewed where adequate scientific data are available in specific population subgroups.
  • Identifies research needed to improve knowledge of the role of these micronutrients in human health.

This book will be important to professionals in nutrition research and education.

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