National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: KORMENDI AND MEGUIRE (1988)
Suggested Citation:"BETSON (1988)." National Research Council. 1991. Improving Information for Social Policy Decisions -- The Uses of Microsimulation Modeling: Volume II, Technical Papers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1853.
Page 268

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

EVALUATIONS OF MICROSIMULATION MODELS: LITERATURE REVIEW 268 Kormendi and Meguire considered the 50 states and the District of Columbia as mini TRIM2 models, which allowed them to make use of regression analysis in their validation of TRIM2. First, for several outputs, they regressed the forecasts on the “true” values from the CPS and compared the estimated regression coefficients to 1, which they defined as one type of unbiasedness. In addition, they also regressed the logarithm of the ratio of estimated1985 to estimated1979 on the logarithm of the ratio of true1985 to true 1979, which compares the observed forecast percentage change with the actual percentage change. Again, a regression coefficient of 1 indicated unbiasedness (i.e., that the forecasts were not systematically high or low with respect to percentage change). Kormendi and Meguire also used reverse regression to examine whether the forecasts might be improved through correction of the bias. Another application of regression used by Kormendi and Meguire was in the context of a sensitivity analysis. They attempted to attribute the changes from 1979 to 1985 to either administrative or economic/ demographic changes. To do this they ran TRIM2 based on the 1985 CPS on 1979 law, and they also ran TRIM2 based on the 1979 CPS on 1985 law, in addition to the usual runs of the 1979 CPS on 1979 law and the 1985 CPS on 1985 law. They were able to measure the percentage change in forecasts conditional on the law remaining constant, and this was added as a covariate in the regression described above. This provided a way of controlling for variation due to changes in economic and demographic conditions. The forecast errors of TRIM2 for the period 1979 to 1985 were much smaller for benefits than for units. The absolute value of the errors for units generally ranged from 5 to 30 percent, while those for benefits ranged from 1 to 6 percent. The regression of forecasts on CPS for 1979–1985 found that for benefits TRIM2's forecasts were only moderately biased, with a coefficient of 0.87. Similar results were obtained for 1983–1985. However, for units the forecasts and the CPS numbers were discovered to be essentially uncorrelated for both time periods. BETSON (1988) Betson (1988) examined the variability of estimates of the cost of a credit income tax (CIT) from the Kasten-Greenberg-Betson (KGB) microsimulation model as a function of the variability of behavioral parameters. This model was run on a sample of 16,200 unweighted households with children from the 1986 CPS. Betson modeled postreform earnings as a product of the gross wage of the individual, the individual's employment rate, and a linear function of the individual's net wage rate and linearized virtual income. Estimating the variability of postreform earnings necessitated estimating the covariance matrix

Next: DOYLE AND TRIPPE (1989) »
Improving Information for Social Policy Decisions -- The Uses of Microsimulation Modeling: Volume II, Technical Papers Get This Book
Buy Paperback | $100.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

This volume, second in the series, provides essential background material for policy analysts, researchers, statisticians, and others interested in the application of microsimulation techniques to develop estimates of the costs and population impacts of proposed changes in government policies ranging from welfare to retirement income to health care to taxes.

The material spans data inputs to models, design and computer implementation of models, validation of model outputs, and model documentation.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook,'s online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!