National Academies Press: OpenBook

Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning (2014)

Chapter: Chapter 3 - Taxonomy of Incidents

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Page 13
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 3 - Taxonomy of Incidents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2014. Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22333.
Page 13
Page 14
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 3 - Taxonomy of Incidents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2014. Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22333.
Page 14

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13 Taxonomy of Incidents C H A P T E R 3 The research team identified the nine highest-priority incident types and developed a spread- sheet tool to generate complete basic TIRPs for those nine types of incidents. The basic patterns identified in process mapping strongly indicated that the most appropriate high-priority incident type could be used to develop a tool to generate TIRPs for the other 49 incident types ascertained in the risk analysis and documented in the literature review. This assumption was revisited at each step of the development of the tool including process mapping to ensure applicability. Table 6 displays the correlation of lower-priority incident types with the nine design incident types. Design Incident Type Related Incidents Active shooter Active shooter Bomb Hostage/barricade Bomb threat Biological agent Bomb threat Chemical agent Nonspecific threat of damage to people or terminal Pandemic/quarantine Radioactive agent Suspicious odor Suspicious package or bag Earthquake Earthquake Structural failure of building Electrical outage/power failure Baggage system failure Electrical outage/power failure FAA navigation system failures Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) failure Security equipment malfunction Transit system failure (trams, people movers, access and functional needs transport, etc.) Hurricane High water/flood Hurricane Storm Tidal wave/tsunami Wind-driven water Table 6. Taxonomy of incidents as related to highest-priority incident types. (continued on next page)

14 Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning Design Incident Type Related Incidents Security breach Aircraft hijacking Civil unrest/riot Cyber-attack/disruption Other criminal act requiring investigation, crime scene protection, and crowd control Picketing/protests/labor actions Security breach Snowstorm Aircraft diversion (nonsignatory carrier) Drought Dust storms Fire (away from terminal)/wildfire/smoke Flight cancellations (local or distant) Landslide Mudslide Sandstorm Snowstorm Traffic blockage Volcanic eruption Structural fire Aircraft accident/crash Flood/sprinkler use in building Hazardous materials (HAZMAT) spill Structural fire Tornado Tornado Eliminated from study IROPS Usurpation/preemption of terminal facilities for regional disaster Table 6. (Continued).

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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 112: Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning summarizes the development and use of a tool that creates and maintains integrated incident response plans that address hazards in and around airport terminals.

The Airport Terminal Incident Response Plan (TIRP) tool, available on the CD-ROM that accompanies the report, assists in the development of a response plan to help mitigate the impact of events on terminal users. In addition to the TIRP tool, the report contains a user’s guide that provides a step-by-step process of generating incident response plans.

The report also contains an output example that demonstrates completed terminal incident response plans using the TIRP tool. The CD-ROM is also available for download from TRB’s website as an ISO image. Links to the ISO image and instructions for burning a CD-ROM from an ISO image are provided below.

Help on Burning an .ISO CD-ROM Image

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CD-ROM Disclaimer - This software is offered as is, without warranty or promise of support of any kind either expressed or implied. Under no circumstance will the National Academy of Sciences or the Transportation Research Board (collectively "TRB") be liable for any loss or damage caused by the installation or operation of this product. TRB makes no representation or warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, including without limitation, the warranty of merchantability or the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, and shall not in any case be liable for any consequential or special damages.

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