National Academies Press: OpenBook

Effects of Past Global Change on Life (1995)

Chapter: REFERENCES

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1995. Effects of Past Global Change on Life. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4762.
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Page 131
Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1995. Effects of Past Global Change on Life. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4762.
×
Page 132
Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1995. Effects of Past Global Change on Life. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4762.
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Page 133

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NEOGENE ICE AGE IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC REGION: CLIMATIC CHANGES, BIOTIC EFFECTS, AND FORCING 131 FACTORS ever, that changes in geography are insufficient to account for general climatic cooling during the late Neogene time. A trend of decreasing atmospheric CO2 is the most likely cause of long-term climatic cooling. Spreading rates at midocean ridges have not changed enough during the past 30 m.y. to have been the primary factor. A likely cause is elevation of mountains and plateaus, which increased rates of CO2 uptake by weathering. Since extensive sea ice and glaciers first formed at high latitudes, changes in the Earth's orbital behavior have caused their volumes to oscillate periodically and further influence climate. REFERENCES Axelrod, D. I. (1950). Evolution of desert vegetation in western North America, in Studies in Late Tertiary Paleobotany, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Publication 590, pp. 217-306. Axelrod, D. I. (1966). The Pleistocene Soboba flora of southern California, University of California at Berkeley Publications in Geological Sciences 60, 1-79. Axelrod, D. I. (1985) Rise of the grassland biome, central North America, Botan. Reviews 51, 163-201. Barnola, J. M., D. Raynaud, Y. S. Korotkevich, and C. Lorius (1987). Vostok ice core provides 160,000-year record of atmospheric CO2, Nature 329, 408-414. Barron, E. J. (1985). Explanations of the Tertiary global cooling trends, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 50, 45-61. Barron, E. J., et al., eds. (1989). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results 119, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, Texas, 942 pp. Beach, D. K., and R. N. Ginsburg (1980). Facies succession of Pliocene-Pleistocene carbonates, northwestern Great Bahama Banks, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 64, 1634-1642. Berner, R. A., A. C. Lasaga, and R. M. Garrels (1983). The carbonate-silicate geochemical cycle and its effect on atmospheric carbon dioxide over the last 100 million years, American Journal of Science 283, 641-683. Bonnefille, R. (1976). Palynological evidence for an important change in the vegetation of the Omo basin between 2.5 and 2 million years ago, in Earliest Man and Environments in Lake Rudolf Basin, Y. Coppens, F. C. Howell, G. L. Isaac, and R. E. F. Leakey, eds., University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 421-431. Bonnefille, R. (1985). Evolution of the continental vegetation: The palaeobotanical record from East Africa, South African Journal of Science 81, 267-270. Boyle, E. A., and L. D. Keigwin (1985). Comparison of Atlantic and Pacific paleochemical records for the last 215,000 years: Changes in deep ocean circulation and chemical inventories, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 76, 135-150. Broecker, W. S., and T.-H. Peng (1989). The cause of glacial to interglacial atmospheric CO2 change: A polar alkalinity hypothesis, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 3, 215-239. Broecker, W. S., and J. Van Donk (1970). Insolation changes, ice volumes, and the 18O record in deep-sea cores, Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics 8, 169-198. Brunner, C. A. (1984). Evidence for increased volume transport of the Florida current in the Pliocene and Pleistocene, Marine Geology 54, 223-235. Carter, L. D., J. Brigham-Grette, L. Marincovich, V. L. Pease, and J. W. Hillhouse (1986). Late Cenozoic Arctic Ocean sea ice and terrestrial paleoclimate, Geology 14, 675-678. Chamberlin, T. C. (1906). On a possible reversal of deep-ocean circulation and its influences on geologic climates, Journal of Geology 14, 363-373. Cronin, T. M. (1988). Evolution of marine climates during the past four million years, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B318, 661-678. Delson, E. (1985). Neogene African catarrhine primates: Climatic influence on evolutionary patterns, South African Journal of Science 81, 273-274. Denton, G. H., and R. L. Armstrong (1969). Miocene-Pliocene glaciations in southern Alaska, American Journal of Science 267, 1121-1142. Dowsett, H. J., and T. M. Cronin (1990). High eustatic sea-level during the middle Pliocene: Evidence from the southeastern U.S. Atlantic coastal plain, Geology 18, 435-438. Dowsett, J. M, and R. Z. Poore (1990). A new planktic foraminifer transfer function for estimating Pliocene-Recent paleoceanographic conditions in the North Atlantic, Marine Micropaleontolgy 16, 1-23. Edmond, J. M. (1987). Hydrothermal fluxes in the oceanic geochemical budgets, EOS 68, 1209. Einarsson, T., D. M. Hopkins, and R. R. Deoll (1967). The stratigraphy of Tjörnes, northern Iceland, and the history of the Bering Land Bridge, in The Bering Land Bridge, D. M. Hopkins, ed., Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif., pp. 312-325. Fredericksen, N. O. (1985). Stratigraphic, paleoclimatic, and palaeogeographic significance of Tertiary sporomorphs from Massachusetts, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1308, 1-25. Hays, J. D., J. Imbrie, and N. J. Shackleton (1976). Variations in the Earth's orbit: Pacemaker of the ice ages, Science 194, 1121-1132. Hazel, J. E. (1971) Paleoclimatology of the Yorktown Formation (upper Miocene and lower Pliocene) of Virginia and North Carolina, Centre de Recherches Pan-SNPA Bulletin 5(Supplement), 361-375. Heller, F., and T. S. Liu (1982). Magnetostratigraphical dating of loess deposits in China, Nature 300, 431-433. Henrich, R., T. C. Wolf, G. Bohrmann, and J. Thiede. (1989). Cenozoic paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic changes in the Northern Hemisphere revealed by variability of coarse fraction composition in sediments from Voring Plateau—ODP Leg 104 drill sites, Ocean Drilling Program 105, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, Texas, pp. 75-188. Hopkins, D. M. (1967). Quaternary Marine transgressions in Alaska, in The Bering Land Bridge, D. M. Hopkins, ed., Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif., pp. 47-90.

NEOGENE ICE AGE IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC REGION: CLIMATIC CHANGES, BIOTIC EFFECTS, AND FORCING 132 FACTORS Jansen, E. U., Bleil, R. Henrich, L. Kringstad, and B. Slettemark (1988). Paleoenvironmental changes in the Norwegian Sea and the northeast Atlantic during the last 2.8 m.y.: Deep-Sea Drilling Project/Ocean Drilling Program sites 610, 642, 643, and 644, Paleoceanography 3, 563-581. Keigwin, L. D. (1978). Pliocene closing of the Isthmus of Panama, based on biostratigraphic evidence from nearby Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea cores, Geology 6, 630-634. Keigwin, L. D. (1982). Isotopic paleoceanography of the Caribbean and East Pacific: Role of Panama uplift in late Neogene time, Science 217, 350-353. Keigwin, L. D., and R. C. Thunell (1979). Middle Pliocene climatic change in western Mediterranean from faunal and oxygen isotopic trends, Nature 282, 294-296. Kukla, G. (1977). Pleistocene land-sea correlations, Earth-Science Reviews 13, 307-374. Kukla, G. (1987). Loess stratigraphy in central China and Correlation with an extended oxygen isotope stage scale, Quaternary Science Reviews 6, 191-219. Kurtén, B. (1968). Pleistocene Mammals of Europe, Aldine Publishing Co., Chicago. Kutzbach, J. E., and R. G. Gallimore (1988). Sensitivity of a coupled atmosphere/mixed layer ocean model to changes in orbital forcing at 9000 years B.P., Journal of Geophysical Research 93, 803-821. Kutzbach, J. E., P. J. Guetter, W. F. Ruddiman, and W. L. Press (1989). Sensitivity of climate to late Cenozoic uplift in southern Asia and the American West: Numerical experiments, Journal of Geophysical Research 94, 18,393-18,407. Ledbetter, M. T., D. F. Williams, and B. B. Ellwood (1978). Late Pliocene climate and south-west Atlantic abyssal circulation, Nature 272, 237-239. Leopold, E. B. (1967). Late-Cenozoic patterns of plant extinction, in Pleistocene Extinctions: The Search for a Cause, P. S. Martin and H. W. Wright, eds., Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn. Leopold, E. B., and M. F. Denton (1987). Comparative age of grasslands and steppe east and west of the northern Rocky Mountains, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardens 74, 841-867. Maier-Reimer, E., U. Mikolajewica, and T. Crowley (1990). Ocean general circulation model sensitivity experiment with an open Central American Isthmus, Paleoceanography 5, 349-366. Manabe, S., and A. J. Broccoli (1985). The influence of continental ice sheets on the climate of an ice age, Journal of Geophysical Research 90, 2167-2190. Mankinen, E. A., and G. B. Dalrymple (1979). Revised geomagnetic polarity time scale for the interval 0-5 m.y. B.P., Journal of Geophysical Research 84, 615-626. Marasti, R., and S. Raffi (1979). Observations on the paleoclimatic and biogeographic meaning of the Mediterranean Pliocene molluscs, state of the problem, VII International Congress on the Mediterranean Neogene, Athens, Ann. Géol. Pays Hellén Tome Hors Série 1979 2, 727-734. McDougall, I., and H. Wensink (1966). Plaeomagnetism and geochronology of the Pliocene-Pleistocene lavas in Iceland, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 1, 232-236. McNeill, D. F., R. N. Ginsburg, S. B. R. Chang, and J. L. Kirschvink (1988). Magnetostratigraphic dating of shallow water carbonates from San Salvador, Bahamas, Geology 16, 812. Meeder, J. F. (1979). A Pliocene Fossil Reef of Southwest Florida, Miami Geological Society Field Trip Guide, January 20-21, 1979. Mercer, J. H. (1983). Cenozoic glaciation in the Southern Hemisphere, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 11, 99-132. Molnar, P., and P. England (1990). Late Cenozoic uplift of mountain ranges and global climate change: Chicken or egg? Nature 346, 29-34. Mudie, P. J., and J. Helgason (1983). Palynological evidence for Miocene climatic cooling in eastern Iceland about 9.8 Myr ago, Nature 303, 689-692. Omar, G., K. R. Johnson, L. J. Hickey, P. B. Robertson, M. R. Dawson, and C. W. Barnosky (1987). Fission-track dating of Haughton Astrobleme and included biota, Devon Island, Canada, Science 231, 1603-1605. Prell, W. L. (1984). Covariance patterns of foraminiferal δ18O: An evaluation of Pliocene ice volume changes near 3.2 million years ago, Science 226, 692-694. Prell, W. L., and J. D. Hays (1976). Late Pleistocene faunal and temperature patterns of the Columbia Basin, Caribbean Sea, Geological Society of America Memoir 145, 201-220. Rachelle, L. O. (1976). Palynology of the Lexler Lignite: A deposit in the Tertiary Cohansey Formation of New Jersey, U.S.A., Review of Paleobotany and Palynology 22, 225-252. Raffi, S., S. M. Stanley, and R. Marasti (1985). Biogeographic patterns and Plio-Pleistocene extinction of Bivalvia in the Mediterranean and southern North Sea , Paleobiology 11, 368-388. Raymo, M. E. (1994). The initiation of Northern Hemisphere glaciation, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 22, 353-383. Raymo, M. E., and W. F. Ruddiman (1992). Tectonic forcing of late cenozoic climate, Nature 359, 117-122. Raymo, M. E., W. F. Ruddiman, and P. N. Froelich (1988). The influence of late Cenozoic mountain building on oceanic geochemical cycles, Geology 16, 649-653. Raymo, M. E., W. F. Ruddiman, J. Backman, B. M. Clement, and D. G. Martinson (1989). Late Pliocene variation in Northern Hemisphere ice sheets and North Atlantic deep water circulation, Paleoceanography 4, 413-446. Raymo, M. E., D. Rind, and W. F. Ruddiman (1990). Climatic effects of reduced Arctic sea ice limits in the GISS II general circulation model, Paleoceanography 5, 367-382. Reid, C., and E. M. Reid (1915). The Pliocene Floras of the Dutch-Prussian Border , Mededeel. van de Rijisopsp. van Delfstoffen, no. 6, The Hague. Repenning, C. A., E. M. Brouwers, L. D. Carter, L. Marincovich, and T. A. Ager (1987). The Beringian ancestry of Phenacomys (Rodentia: Cricetidae) and the beginning of the modern Arctic Ocean borderland fauna, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1687. Rind, D. Y., D. Peteet, W. S. Broecker, A. McIntyre, and W. F. Ruddiman (1986). The impact of cold North Atlantic sea

NEOGENE ICE AGE IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC REGION: CLIMATIC CHANGES, BIOTIC EFFECTS, AND FORCING 133 FACTORS surface temperatures on climate: Implications for the Younger Dryas cooling (11-10 Ka), Climate Dynamics 1, 3-34. Ruddiman, W. F., and J. E. Kutzbach (1989). Forcing of late Cenozoic Northern Hemisphere climates by plateau uplift in southern Asia and the American West, Journal of Geophysical Research 94, 18,409-18,427. Ruddiman, W. F., and A. McIntyre (1984). Ice age thermal response and climatic role of the surface North Atlantic Ocean, 40° to 63°N, Geological Society of America Bulletin 95, 381-396. Ruddiman, W. F., W. L. Prell, and M. E. Raymo (1989). Late Cenozoic uplift in southern Asia and the American West: Rationale for general circulation modeling experiments, Journal of Geophysical Research 94, 18-379-18,391. Shackleton, N. J., and N. D. Opdyke (1976). 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Effects of Past Global Change on Life Get This Book
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What can we expect as global change progresses? Will there be thresholds that trigger sudden shifts in environmental conditions—or that cause catastrophic destruction of life?

Effects of Past Global Change on Life explores what earth scientists are learning about the impact of large-scale environmental changes on ancient life—and how these findings may help us resolve today's environmental controversies.

Leading authorities discuss historical climate trends and what can be learned from the mass extinctions and other critical periods about the rise and fall of plant and animal species in response to global change. The volume develops a picture of how environmental change has closed some evolutionary doors while opening others—including profound effects on the early members of the human family.

An expert panel offers specific recommendations on expanding research and improving investigative tools—and targets historical periods and geological and biological patterns with the most promise of shedding light on future developments.

This readable and informative book will be of special interest to professionals in the earth sciences and the environmental community as well as concerned policymakers.

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