National Academies Press: OpenBook

Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects (2018)

Chapter: Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25196.
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Page 179
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25196.
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Page 180
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25196.
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Page 181

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H Acronyms and Abbreviations 1D one-dimensional 2D two-dimensional 3D three-dimensional AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science ACM Association for Computing Machinery ADC analog-to-digital converter AES Advanced Encryption Standard API application programming interface APS American Physical Society AQC adiabatic quantum computing ARC Australian Research Council AWG arbitrary waveform generator BOG binned output generation BQP bounded-error quantum polynomial time CA certificate authority CAM content addressable memory CMOS CNOT controlled-NOT CSTB Computer Science and Telecommunications Board CW continuous wave DAC digital-to-analog converter DC direct current DES data encryption standard DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DSL domain-specific language EC European Commission ECC error correction code ECDSA elliptic curve digital signature algorithm EM electromagnetic FFT fast Fourier transform FPGA field programmable gate array GaAs gallium arsenide GCM Galois Counter Mode PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION H-1

GDP Gross Domestic Product HOG heavy output generation HQML heuristic quantum machine learning IC integrated circuit IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ISA instruction set architecture iSWAP JJ Josephson junction LDPC low-density parity-check LMSS Leighton-Micali signature scheme LWE learning with errors MAP materials acceleration platform NAE National Academy of Engineering NAM National Academy of Medicine NAS National Academy of Sciences NCWIT National Center for Women and Information Technology NISQ noisy intermediate-scale quantum NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NP nondeterministic polynomial time NSF National Science Foundation NV nitrogen-vacancy P polynomial time PI principal investigator PQC post-quantum cryptography QA quantum algorithms QA quantum annealing QAE quantum autoencoder QAOA quantum approximate optimization algorithm QASM QC quantum computer/quantum computing QEC quantum error correction QECC quantum error correction code QEM quantum error mitigation QFS quantum Fourier sampling QFT quantum Fourier transform QIP quantum information processing QIR quantum intermediate representation QIST quantum information science and technology QKD quantum key distribution QRAM quantum random access memory qubit quantum bit R&D research and development PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION H-2

RAM random access memory RBM randomized benchmark testing RCS random circuit sampling RF radio frequency RISC reduced instruction set computer RQL reciprocal quantum logic RSA Rivest-Shamir-Adleman cryptosystem SFQ single-flux quantum SVP shortest vector problem TLS Transport Layer Security UV ultraviolet VLSI very large scale integration VQE variational quantum eigensolver PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION H-3

Next: Appendix I: Glossary »
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Quantum mechanics, the subfield of physics that describes the behavior of very small (quantum) particles, provides the basis for a new paradigm of computing. First proposed in the 1980s as a way to improve computational modeling of quantum systems, the field of quantum computing has recently garnered significant attention due to progress in building small-scale devices. However, significant technical advances will be required before a large-scale, practical quantum computer can be achieved.

Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects provides an introduction to the field, including the unique characteristics and constraints of the technology, and assesses the feasibility and implications of creating a functional quantum computer capable of addressing real-world problems. This report considers hardware and software requirements, quantum algorithms, drivers of advances in quantum computing and quantum devices, benchmarks associated with relevant use cases, the time and resources required, and how to assess the probability of success.

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