National Academies Press: OpenBook

Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects (2019)

Chapter: Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25196.
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H

Acronyms and Abbreviations

1D one-dimensional
2D two-dimensional
3D three-dimensional
ACM Association for Computing Machinery
ADC analog-to-digital converter
AES Advanced Encryption Standard
API application programming interface
AQC adiabatic quantum computing
ARC Australian Research Council
AWG arbitrary waveform generator
BOG binned output generation
BQP bounded-error quantum polynomial time
CA certificate authority
CAM content addressable memory
CMOS
CNOT controlled-NOT
CSTB Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
CW continuous wave
DC direct current
DES data encryption standard
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25196.
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DOD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DSL domain-specific language
EC European Commission
ECC error correction code
ECDSA elliptic curve digital signature algorithm
EM electromagnetic
FFT fast Fourier transform
FPGA field programmable gate array
GaAs gallium arsenide
GCM Galois Counter Mode
GDP Gross Domestic Product
HOG heavy output generation
IC integrated circuit
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISA instruction set architecture
iSWAP
JJ Josephson junction
LDPC low-density parity-check
LMSS Leighton-Micali signature scheme
LWE learning with errors
NCWIT National Center for Women and Information Technology
NISQ noisy intermediate-scale quantum
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NP nondeterministic polynomial time
NSF National Science Foundation
NV nitrogen-vacancy
P polynomial time
PQC post-quantum cryptography
QA quantum algorithms
QA quantum annealing
QAOA quantum approximate optimization algorithm
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25196.
×
QC quantum computer/quantum computing
QEC quantum error correction
QECC quantum error correction code
QEM quantum error mitigation
QFS quantum Fourier sampling
QFT quantum Fourier transform
QIR quantum intermediate representation
QIST quantum information science and technology
QKD quantum key distribution
QRAM quantum random access memory
qubit quantum bit
R&D research and development
RAM random access memory
RBM randomized benchmark testing
RCS random circuit sampling
RF radio frequency
RISC reduced instruction set computer
RQL reciprocal quantum logic
RSA Rivest-Shamir-Adleman cryptosystem
SFQ single-flux quantum
SVP shortest vector problem
TLS Transport Layer Security
UV ultraviolet
VLSI very large scale integration
VQE variational quantum eigensolver
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25196.
×
Page 241
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25196.
×
Page 242
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25196.
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Page 243
Next: Appendix I: Glossary »
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Quantum mechanics, the subfield of physics that describes the behavior of very small (quantum) particles, provides the basis for a new paradigm of computing. First proposed in the 1980s as a way to improve computational modeling of quantum systems, the field of quantum computing has recently garnered significant attention due to progress in building small-scale devices. However, significant technical advances will be required before a large-scale, practical quantum computer can be achieved.

Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects provides an introduction to the field, including the unique characteristics and constraints of the technology, and assesses the feasibility and implications of creating a functional quantum computer capable of addressing real-world problems. This report considers hardware and software requirements, quantum algorithms, drivers of advances in quantum computing and quantum devices, benchmarks associated with relevant use cases, the time and resources required, and how to assess the probability of success.

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