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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F Training Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Reducing the Threat of Improvised Explosive Device Attacks by Restricting Access to Explosive Precursor Chemicals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24862.
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Page 155
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F Training Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Reducing the Threat of Improvised Explosive Device Attacks by Restricting Access to Explosive Precursor Chemicals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24862.
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Page 156
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F Training Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Reducing the Threat of Improvised Explosive Device Attacks by Restricting Access to Explosive Precursor Chemicals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24862.
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Page 157
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F Training Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Reducing the Threat of Improvised Explosive Device Attacks by Restricting Access to Explosive Precursor Chemicals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24862.
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Page 158

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Appendix F Training Materials The EU’s Standing Committee on Precursors (SCP) issued a guidance document that provides guidance to EU MS’ authorities and to retailers regarding the implementation of the requirements contained in EU’s Regulation 98/2013. The SCP guidelines also offer advice on good practice to retailers. Four partner countries developed retailer-oriented guidance materials for distribution across the EU MS through a project cofounded by the Prevention of and Fight against Crime program of the Directorate General for Migration and Home Affairs. Additionally, a template leaflet and a template poster in various languages were developed to provide further practical guidance on how to identify suspicious transactions and on what steps to undertake in case of suspicion (see Figures F-1 and F-2).283 Lastly, the SCP developed a document for companies and individuals who sell reportable products via internet markets to members of the public. The document provides advice on marketplace sales of explosives precursors and poisons. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS 155

156 Restrictin Access to Explosive P ing o Precursor Chemicals F FIGURE F- Template leaflet available for distr -1 ribution acro EU MS. oss PREPUBLIC P CATION CO OPY: UNCOR RRECTED P PROOFS

Appe endix F 157 F FIGURE F- Sample po -2 oster availab for distrib ble bution across EU MS. s PREPUBLIC P CATION CO OPY: UNCOR RRECTED P PROOFS

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Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) are a type of unconventional explosive weapon that can be deployed in a variety of ways, and can cause loss of life, injury, and property damage in both military and civilian environments. Terrorists, violent extremists, and criminals often choose IEDs because the ingredients, components, and instructions required to make IEDs are highly accessible. In many cases, precursor chemicals enable this criminal use of IEDs because they are used in the manufacture of homemade explosives (HMEs), which are often used as a component of IEDs.

Many precursor chemicals are frequently used in industrial manufacturing and may be available as commercial products for personal use. Guides for making HMEs and instructions for constructing IEDs are widely available and can be easily found on the internet. Other countries restrict access to precursor chemicals in an effort to reduce the opportunity for HMEs to be used in IEDs. Although IED attacks have been less frequent in the United States than in other countries, IEDs remain a persistent domestic threat. Restricting access to precursor chemicals might contribute to reducing the threat of IED attacks and in turn prevent potentially devastating bombings, save lives, and reduce financial impacts.

Reducing the Threat of Improvised Explosive Device Attacks by Restricting Access to Explosive Precursor Chemicals prioritizes precursor chemicals that can be used to make HMEs and analyzes the movement of those chemicals through United States commercial supply chains and identifies potential vulnerabilities. This report examines current United States and international regulation of the chemicals, and compares the economic, security, and other tradeoffs among potential control strategies.

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