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Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports (2020)

Chapter: Appendix E: Emissions Reduction and Reporting Programs

« Previous: Appendix D: Examples of Emissions and Technology Roadmaps
Page 105
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Emissions Reduction and Reporting Programs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25677.
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Page 105
Page 106
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Emissions Reduction and Reporting Programs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25677.
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Page 106

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  E‐1    Appendix E: Emissions Reduction and Reporting Programs  Voluntary emissions reduction programs allow businesses, colleges and universities, cities, countries,  airports, and others to collectively join forces to reduce emissions and gain recognition. These programs  include pledges in which an organization publicly states an emissions goal to reach at a future date and  accreditation programs that certify an organization meets the criteria of a given emissions level.   To date, nine countries and one province have pledged to eliminate economy‐wide emissions in the  coming decades, while other countries have targeted specific sectors or end uses. A growing number of  cities—such as those in the C40 Cities Coalition and the Carbon Neutral City Alliance—have announced  carbon neutrality targets for 2050 (CNCA 2018). Hundreds of college campuses have committed to  eliminating emissions, and architecture firms and other actors in the building sector have committed to  carbon neutral buildings by 2030. The business community is also taking action by adopting “science‐ based targets” that encourage companies to phase out all GHG emissions by January 1, 2050. 2  highlights key voluntary emissions reduction programs, organized by sector.   Table 22. Voluntary Emissions Reduction Milestones and Programs.  Sector  Milestones  Number of Commitments  (as of August 2018)  Airports   2008: ACA program are established by Airport Council International  (ACA 2018a).    2012: Stockholm‐Arlanda is considered the first airport to have  achieved carbon neutrality (AB 2012).   2015: As part of the United Nations Climate Change Conference,  COP21, 50 European airports pledged to be carbon neutral by 2030.  By 2017, the number had grown to over 100 airports (UNFCCC 2017).   44 airports have been  recognized as ACA Level 3+, and  over 200 airports have been  recognized at any ACA level.  116 European airports have  made the 2030 carbon  neutrality pledge (ACA 2017).   Buildings   2006: The American Institute of Architects establishes the 2030  Challenge (Architecture2030 2018).  175 architecture firms and  several local governments have  joined (Architecture2030 2018).  Businesses   1999: Carbon Neutral Certification (Carbon Neutral Network)  established (since discontinued)    2000: Shaklee Corporation is considered the first Climate Neutral  certified business in April 2000.   2015: Science‐Based Targets Initiative established (partnership  between CDP, UNGC, WRI, WWF, We Mean Business Coalition)  (SBT 2018).  124 companies have joined the  Science‐Based Targets.  Cities   2014: Carbon Neutral Cities Alliance (Urban Sustainability Directors  Network) (CNCA 2018).  20 cities are part of the Carbon  Neutral Cities Alliance  (CNCA 2018).  Colleges and  Universities   2006: American College and University Presidents’ Climate  Commitment (Second Nature and The Association for the  Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education).   2007: College of the Atlantic in Maine becomes the first American  school to achieve carbon neutrality (Gray 2018).  382 colleges and universities  listed as signing Second Nature’s  Carbon Commitment (Second  Nature 2018).  Countries   2017: Bhutan is considered the world’s first carbon negative country,  due to its carbon sinks (CAT 2017).  Nine countries have committed  to carbon neutrality.  Any Sector   2001: Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHGP) established by World  Resources Institute and World Business Council for Sustainable  Development.   

  E‐2    Sector  Milestones  Number of Commitments  (as of August 2018)   2006: International Organization for Standardization (ISO) establishes  ISO 14064, standards for GHG accounting and verification (ISO 2006).      

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Airports worldwide are setting aggressive zero- or low-emissions targets. To meet these targets, airports are deploying new strategies, adopting innovative financing mechanisms, and harnessing the collective influence of voluntary emissions and reporting programs. In tandem, new and affordable zero- or low-emissions technologies are rapidly becoming available at airports.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's pre-publicaton draft of ACRP Research Report 220: Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports covers all steps of roadmap development, from start to finish, using conceptual diagrams, examples, best practices, and links to external tools and resources. While the main focus of this Guidebook is airport‐controlled greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it provides discussion about airport‐influenced emissions from airlines, concessionaires, and passengers.

Whereas other guidebooks and reference material provide airports with information on emissions mitigation and management (for example, the Federal Aviation Administration’s Airport Carbon Emissions Reduction, ACRP Report 11: Guidebook on Preparing Airport Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventories, and the Airport Council International’s Guidance Manual: Airport Greenhouse Gas Emissions Management), this Guidebook articulates steps for creating an airport‐specific emissions roadmap.

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