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Suggested Citation:"B Acknowledgments." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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B
Acknowledgments

The Panel on Folate, Other B Vitamins, and Choline; the Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients; the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes; and the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) staff are grateful for the time and effort of the many contributors to the report and the workshops and meetings leading up to the report. Through openly sharing their considerable expertise and different outlooks, these individuals and organizations brought clarity and focus to the challenging task of setting thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline requirements and upper levels for humans. The list below mentions those individuals with whom we worked closely, but many others also deserve our heartfelt thanks. Those individuals, whose names we do not know, made important contributions to the report by offering suggestions and opinions at the many professional meetings and workshops the committee members attended.

The panel, subcommittee, and committee members, as well as the FNB staff thank the following named (as well as unnamed) individuals and organizations:

Suggested Citation:"B Acknowledgments." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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INDIVIDUALS

James Allen

Steven Bailey

Adrianne Bendich

Shirley Beresford

Barbara Bowman

Judith Brown

Alan Buchman

Ralph Carmel

Stephen Coburn

Nancy Crane

J.David Erickson

Nancy Ernst

Abhimanyu Garg

Jesse Gregory, III

John Hathcock

Mary Hediger

Jane Heinig

Jean Hines

Robert Jacob

Paul Jacques

Richard Johnston, Jr.

Jocelyn Kennedy-Stephenson

Young-In Kim

Kathleen Koehler

James Leklem

Christine Lewis

Harris Lieberman

John Lindenbaum (deceased)

Simon Manning

Bernadette Marriott

Peter Martin

Edward McCabe

Linda Meyers

James Mills

Donald Mock

William Mosher

Alanna Moshfegh

Robert Nicolosi

Godfrey Oakley

Mary Frances Picciano

K.Pietrzik

Jeanne Rader

Richard Rivlin

Killian Robinson

Sheldon Rothenberg

Robert Rucker

Howerde Sauberlich

Joan Schall

Herbert Schaumberg

Jacob Selhub

Bert Spiker

Sally Stabler

Richard Stampf

David Stumpf

Tsunenobu Tamura

Richard Troiano

Jacqueline Wright

ORGANIZATIONS

American Academy of Neurology

American Academy of Pediatrics

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

American Medical Association

American Society for Clinical Nutrition

American Society for Nutrition Sciences

Canadian Paediatric Society

Council for Responsible Nutrition

Federal Advisory Steering Committee for Dietary Reference Intakes

Suggested Citation:"B Acknowledgments." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Health Canada

Institute of Food Technologists

Interagency Human Nutrition Research Council

Life Sciences Research Organization

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Suggested Citation:"B Acknowledgments." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 448
Suggested Citation:"B Acknowledgments." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 449
Suggested Citation:"B Acknowledgments." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 450
Next: C Système International d'Unités »
Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline Get This Book
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Since 1941, Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) has been recognized as the most authoritative source of information on nutrient levels for healthy people. Since publication of the 10th edition in 1989, there has been rising awareness of the impact of nutrition on chronic disease. In light of new research findings and a growing public focus on nutrition and health, the expert panel responsible for formulation RDAs reviewed and expanded its approach--the result: Dietary Reference Intakes.

This new series of references greatly extends the scope and application of previous nutrient guidelines. For each nutrient the book presents what is known about how the nutrient functions in the human body, what the best method is to determine its requirements, which factors (caffeine or exercise, for example) may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease.

This volume of the series presents information about thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline.

Based on analysis of nutrient metabolism in humans and data on intakes in the U.S. population, the committee recommends intakes for each age group--from the first days of life through childhood, sexual maturity, midlife, and the later years. Recommendations for pregnancy and lactation also are made, and the book identifies when intake of a nutrient may be too much. Representing a new paradigm for the nutrition community, Dietary Reference Intakes encompasses:

  • Estimated Average Requirements (EARs). These are used to set Recommended Dietary Allowances.
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs). Intakes that meet the RDA are likely to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly all individuals in a life-stage and gender group.
  • Adequate Intakes (AIs). These are used instead of RDAs when an EAR cannot be calculated. Both the RDA and the AI may be used as goals for individual intake.
  • Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs). Intakes below the UL are unlikely to pose risks of adverse health effects in healthy people.

This new framework encompasses both essential nutrients and other food components thought to pay a role in health, such as dietary fiber. It incorporates functional endpoints and examines the relationship between dose and response in determining adequacy and the hazards of excess intake for each nutrient.

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