National Academies Press: OpenBook

Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline (1998)

Chapter: H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994

« Previous: G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

H
Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994

TABLE H-1 Dietary Thiamin Intake (mg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,506

1.60

0.01

M, 9–13

1,219

1.84

0.03

M, 14–18

908

2.09

0.04

M, 19–30

1,902

1.99

0.03

M, 31–50

2,533

1.95

0.02

M, 51–70

1,942

1.87

0.03

M, >70

1,255

1.72

0.02

F, 9–13

1,238

1.62

0.02

F, 14–18

980

1.63

0.03

F, 19–30

1,972

1.56

0.02

F, 31–50

2,988

1.52

0.02

F, 51–70

2,076

1.50

0.02

F, >70

1,368

1.49

0.01

Pregnant F, 14–55

346

1.81

0.05

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

22,233

1.72

0.01

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

1.13

1.20

1.26

1.35

1.55

1.79

1.96

2.08

2.27

1.15

1.24

1.31

1.42

1.66

1.97

2.19

2.35

2.60

1.20

1.32

1.37

1.52

1.86

2.33

2.60

2.85

3.42

1.07

1.18

1.30

1.44

1.78

2.27

2.57

2.88

3.41

1.06

1.21

1.29

1.43

1.75

2.19

2.49

2.71

3.21

1.01

1.13

1.20

1.33

1.63

2.03

2.29

2.50

2.90

1.03

1.13

1.19

1.31

1.56

1.92

2.15

2.39

2.68

1.09

1.18

1.24

1.33

1.54

1.79

1.94

2.07

2.38

1.09

1.15

1.21

1.31

1.55

1.84

2.01

2.16

2.49

0.94

1.02

1.09

1.21

1.45

1.76

1.99

2.20

2.49

0.92

1.02

1.09

1.19

1.41

1.72

1.92

2.08

2.34

0.93

1.01

1.06

1.17

1.38

1.65

1.82

1.96

2.23

0.94

1.02

1.09

1.18

1.38

1.65

1.81

1.98

2.21

1.07

1.18

1.25

1.35

1.68

2.04

2.26

2.40

2.96

1.00

1.10

1.18

1.29

1.56

1.90

2.15

2.36

2.73

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D–88D.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-2 Total Thiamin Intake (mg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,601

1.88

0.05

M, 9–13

1,262

2.55

0.24

M, 14–18

942

3.42

0.57

M, 19–30

1,962

4.25

0.54

M, 31–50

2,612

6.67

1.23

M, 51–70

2,033

4.60

0.47

M, >70

1,329

3.87

0.45

F, 9–13

1,282

2.12

0.16

F, 14–18

1,001

1.94

0.07

F, 19–30

2,027

3.83

0.51

F, 31–50

3,073

4.05

0.27

F, 51–70

2,148

4.60

0.49

F, >70

1,444

5.04

0.96

Pregnant F, 14–55

354

5.64

1.38

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

23,070

4.3

0.26

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

0.99

1.15

1.24

1.37

1.65

2.15

2.56

2.78

3.17

1.08

1.20

1.30

1.43

1.72

2.20

2.56

2.88

3.40

1.04

1.25

1.35

1.50

1.91

2.43

2.83

3.29

4.05

0.97

1.15

1.29

1.46

1.87

2.61

3.24

3.84

6.09

0.99

1.18

1.31

1.48

1.89

2.68

3.30

3.84

6.81

0.86

1.09

1.20

1.36

1.78

2.62

3.26

3.90

7.09

0.64

1.06

1.16

1.31

1.69

2.54

3.19

3.87

5.72

1.02

1.15

1.24

1.34

1.60

1.99

2.49

2.86

3.27

1.05

1.14

1.21

1.32

1.60

1.98

2.37

2.71

3.33

0.89

1.02

1.09

1.24

1.56

2.26

2.87

3.39

5.01

0.89

1.02

1.11

1.24

1.58

2.39

3.07

3.96

8.64

0.90

1.01

1.09

1.22

1.54

2.59

3.10

3.89

10.76

0.82

0.98

1.08

1.21

1.53

2.64

3.24

4.14

10.98

1.06

1.27

1.34

1.56

2.86

4.32

4.79

5.12

6.25

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D–88D. Includes estimated intake from supplements.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-3 Dietary Riboflavin Intake (mg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,506

2.06

0.02

M, 9–13

1,219

2.28

0.03

M, 14–18

908

2.52

0.07

M, 19–30

1,902

2.33

0.03

M, 31–50

2,533

2.27

0.03

M, 51–70

1,942

2.18

0.03

M, >70

1,255

2.03

0.03

F, 9–13

1,238

1.98

0.03

F, 14–18

980

1.85

0.04

F, 19–30

1,972

1.78

0.02

F, 31–50

2,988

1.75

0.02

F, 51–70

2,076

1.74

0.02

F, >70

1,368

1.74

0.02

Pregnant F, 14–55

346

2.19

0.08

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

22,233

2.03

0.01

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

1.34

1.47

1.56

1.69

1.99

2.32

2.50

2.65

2.84

1.29

1.48

1.56

1.70

2.07

2.50

2.77

2.97

3.33

1.19

1.35

1.45

1.68

2.20

2.82

3.31

3.71

4.32

1.18

1.33

1.44

1.62

2.09

2.66

3.02

3.34

3.90

1.20

1.33

1.44

1.61

2.03

2.54

2.83

3.09

3.60

1.13

1.25

1.35

1.52

1.87

2.35

2.69

2.96

3.42

1.13

1.23

1.34

1.49

1.84

2.31

2.60

2.85

3.28

1.19

1.33

1.41

1.56

1.84

2.26

2.48

2.62

2.94

1.02

1.12

1.20

1.35

1.72

2.14

2.41

2.61

3.03

0.99

1.11

1.18

1.31

1.63

2.01

2.29

2.51

2.85

0.99

1.11

1.19

1.32

1.60

1.96

2.20

2.43

2.75

0.99

1.09

1.17

1.28

1.58

1.92

2.16

2.35

2.76

1.01

1.11

1.19

1.32

1.60

1.95

2.21

2.39

2.71

1.15

1.26

1.35

1.52

1.94

2.41

2.79

3.30

3.71

1.08

1.20

1.30

1.45

1.81

2.27

2.58

2.81

3.24

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D-88D.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-4 Total Riboflavin Intake (mg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,601

2.35

0.05

M, 9–13

1,262

3.01

0.24

M, 14–18

942

3.83

0.57

M, 19–30

1,962

4.60

0.54

M, 31–50

2,612

6.93

1.23

M, 51–70

2,033

4.42

0.40

M, >70

1,329

3.61

0.36

F, 9–13

1,282

2.44

0.15

F, 14–18

1,001

2.18

0.07

F, 19–30

2,027

3.98

0.50

F, 31–50

3,073

4.24

0.27

F, 51–70

2,148

4.66

0.47

F, >70

1,444

4.70

0.68

Pregnant F, 14–55

354

6.20

1.38

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

23,070

4.5

0.26

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

1.12

1.36

1.53

1.71

2.11

2.68

3.14

3.43

3.88

1.18

1.41

1.55

1.71

2.15

2.73

3.19

3.55

4.07

1.03

1.30

1.42

1.66

2.25

2.99

3.64

4.09

5.19

1.08

1.29

1.42

1.64

2.21

3.02

3.73

4.49

6.54

1.12

1.32

1.45

1.66

2.17

3.02

3.81

4.49

7.10

0.95

1.21

1.34

1.54

2.03

2.98

3.74

4.55

6.62

0.68

1.16

1.30

1.49

1.97

2.96

3.67

4.40

6.12

1.07

1.30

1.40

1.57

1.92

2.51

3.04

3.42

3.92

0.98

1.10

1.20

1.36

1.76

2.34

2.77

3.14

3.87

0.95

1.09

1.19

1.35

1.75

2.55

3.30

3.94

5.56

0.96

1.12

1.21

1.37

1.77

2.75

3.46

4.36

8.56

0.96

1.09

1.18

1.35

1.77

2.96

3.55

4.50

8.29

0.86

1.07

1.17

1.37

1.77

3.02

3.72

4.65

10.93

1.18

1.37

1.48

1.84

3.21

5.07

5.51

6.02

7.19

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D–88D. Includes estimated intake from supplements.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-5 Dietary Niacin Intake (mg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,506

19.28

0.14

M, 9–13

1,219

22.32

0.29

M, 14–18

908

27.01

0.55

M, 19–30

1,902

28.48

0.43

M, 31–50

2,533

27.53

0.26

M, 51–70

1,942

26.03

0.29

M, >70

1,255

23.20

0.27

F, 9–13

1,238

19.84

0.20

F, 14–18

980

20.08

0.40

F, 19–30

1,972

21.48

0.26

F, 31–50

2,988

21.62

0.24

F, 51–70

2,076

20.97

0.21

F, >70

1,368

20.28

0.18

Pregnant F, 14–55

346

23.47

0.71

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

22,233

23.56

0.13

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

14.81

15.33

15.93

16.81

18.62

20.90

22.31

23.35

25.27

14.57

15.63

16.33

17.41

19.98

23.39

25.86

28.12

31.85

13.79

15.75

17.01

18.75

23.68

30.72

34.63

39.18

45.24

15.00

16.95

18.23

20.42

25.30

32.30

36.46

39.75

45.60

15.79

17.37

18.59

20.73

25.12

31.09

34.99

37.68

43.16

14.39

15.67

16.70

18.53

22.56

27.86

31.28

33.90

39.57

13.84

15.06

15.85

17.31

20.79

25.48

29.02

31.64

35.67

13.79

14.68

15.33

16.37

18.70

21.56

23.59

25.19

28.19

11.93

13.41

14.30

15.63

18.81

23.20

26.55

28.63

32.64

13.23

14.20

15.00

16.46

19.69

23.96

26.89

28.96

33.56

13.23

14.57

15.42

16.89

19.84

23.96

26.52

28.59

32.13

13.04

14.08

14.81

16.06

19.20

22.68

25.36

27.07

30.36

12.74

13.84

14.57

15.82

18.78

22.43

25.06

26.76

30.30

13.84

14.99

16.28

18.11

21.55

26.15

29.75

32.13

36.40

13.71

14.87

15.79

17.29

20.62

25.60

29.14

32.01

36.78

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D-88D.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-6 Total Niacin Intake (mg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,601

22.78

0.56

M, 9–13

1,262

25.32

0.61

M, 14–18

942

29.17

1.01

M, 19–30

1,962

35.42

1.42

M, 31–50

2,612

39.42

1.66

M, 51–70

2,033

36.85

1.30

M, >70

1,329

35.59

2.64

F, 9–13

1,282

23.32

0.48

F, 14–18

1,001

22.55

0.64

F, 19–30

2,027

29.27

1.07

F, 31–50

3,073

34.24

1.37

F, 51–70

2,148

37.05

1.86

F, >70

1,444

39.14

6.56

Pregnant F, 14–55

354

38.68

2.13

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

23,070

33.5

0.64

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

13.32

14.93

15.65

16.93

19.62

24.84

30.86

33.74

38.15

13.45

15.13

16.13

17.46

20.42

26.15

31.53

34.89

40.38

12.15

14.61

16.51

18.59

24.02

32.61

38.30

43.73

51.87

13.59

16.40

18.11

20.54

26.52

36.46

43.45

50.48

68.81

14.26

17.19

18.65

21.16

27.37

36.74

44.55

50.59

69.87

12.68

15.24

16.64

18.90

24.26

35.15

43.35

49.43

69.59

8.55

14.08

15.42

17.43

22.43

33.29

40.77

46.21

58.10

12.78

14.29

15.25

16.49

19.30

24.59

30.27

34.38

39.85

11.58

13.29

14.36

15.75

19.35

25.22

30.48

34.76

42.62

12.56

14.17

15.18

16.95

21.09

29.26

38.09

42.25

51.99

12.68

14.63

15.73

17.50

21.70

31.81

40.10

46.44

67.81

12.50

14.08

15.00

16.70

21.15

34.80

41.56

47.78

77.28

11.28

13.29

14.45

16.28

20.54

34.47

40.40

46.50

71.23

14.20

16.70

18.23

20.67

33.03

41.93

47.23

52.30

60.92

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D-88D. Includes estimated intake from supplements.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-7 Dietary Vitamin B6 Intake (mg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,506

1.63

0.01

M, 9–13

1,219

1.81

0.02

M, 14–18

908

2.18

0.05

M, 19–30

1,902

2.21

0.03

M, 31–50

2,533

2.15

0.02

M, 51–70

1,942

2.10

0.03

M, >70

1,255

1.94

0.03

F, 9–13

1,238

1.65

0.02

F, 14–18

980

1.58

0.04

F, 19–30

1,972

1.66

0.02

F, 31–50

2,988

1.66

0.02

F, 51–70

2,076

1.69

0.02

F, >70

1,368

1.72

0.02

Pregnant F, 14–55

346

1.93

0.07

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

22,233

1.87

0.01

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

1.22

1.27

1.32

1.41

1.58

1.79

1.94

2.02

2.18

1.15

1.27

1.34

1.43

1.63

1.92

2.13

2.30

2.65

1.01

1.13

1.27

1.47

1.86

2.43

2.87

3.20

3.71

1.16

1.30

1.41

1.60

2.02

2.57

2.97

3.31

3.91

1.14

1.29

1.41

1.57

1.96

2.48

2.82

3.07

3.54

1.03

1.15

1.24

1.40

1.77

2.32

2.60

2.92

3.31

1.02

1.12

1.20

1.35

1.72

2.23

2.50

2.78

3.22

1.06

1.18

1.24

1.33

1.56

1.82

1.98

2.14

2.44

0.88

0.98

1.05

1.19

1.49

1.86

2.14

2.37

2.70

0.93

1.04

1.12

1.24

1.54

1.93

2.21

2.44

2.77

0.94

1.05

1.13

1.25

1.53

1.89

2.15

2.34

2.72

0.92

1.02

1.11

1.24

1.51

1.90

2.13

2.31

2.65

0.92

1.04

1.13

1.24

1.53

1.93

2.20

2.43

2.76

1.03

1.23

1.31

1.43

1.76

2.25

2.54

2.88

3.63

1.00

1.13

1.21

1.35

1.65

2.08

2.40

2.66

3.09

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D–88D.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-8 Total Vitamin B6 Intake (mg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,601

2.89

0.95

M, 9–13

1,262

2.54

0.24

M, 14–18

942

3.51

0.57

M, 19–30

1,962

4.52

0.54

M, 31–50

2,612

6.90

1.22

M, 51–70

2,033

5.20

0.68

M, >70

1,329

3.82

0.40

F, 9–13

1,282

2.17

0.15

F, 14–18

1,001

2.07

0.13

F, 19–30

2,027

4.25

0.52

F, 31–50

3,073

4.91

0.38

F, 51–70

2,148

5.20

0.54

F, >70

1,444

4.68

0.59

Pregnant F, 14–55

354

8.77

1.45

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

23,070

4.7

0.25

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

1.04

1.23

1.31

1.43

1.67

2.15

2.59

2.80

3.44

1.04

1.23

1.32

1.43

1.69

2.14

2.59

2.90

3.59

0.88

1.08

1.22

1.45

1.89

2.63

3.20

3.63

4.98

1.05

1.26

1.40

1.62

2.13

2.98

3.85

4.51

6.81

1.06

1.28

1.42

1.63

2.16

3.07

3.84

4.61

6.75

0.93

1.13

1.23

1.42

1.97

3.03

3.95

4.68

6.66

0.68

1.05

1.16

1.36

1.87

2.92

3.91

4.41

6.25

0.92

1.14

1.23

1.35

1.62

2.06

2.56

2.96

3.62

0.84

0.97

1.06

1.19

1.53

2.07

2.55

2.94

3.95

0.90

1.03

1.13

1.30

1.68

2.51

3.53

4.29

7.80

0.92

1.06

1.16

1.32

1.73

2.80

3.72

4.74

10.88

0.89

1.03

1.14

1.29

1.75

3.17

4.01

4.79

7.50

0.81

1.00

1.12

1.29

1.77

3.20

4.10

4.74

7.23

1.03

1.31

1.41

1.67

3.72

11.25

11.92

12.32

21.01

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D–88D. Includes estimated intake from supplements.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-9 Dietary Folate Intake (µg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,506

258

2.8

M, 9–13

1,219

278

4.0

M, 14–18

908

306

7.0

M, 19–30

1,902

313

5.1

M, 31–50

2,533

317

4.1

M, 51–70

1,942

322

4.9

M, >70

1,255

302

5.4

F, 9–13

1,238

253

3.7

F, 14–18

980

239

4.4

F, 19–30

1,972

254

3.6

F, 31–50

2,988

255

3.0

F, 51–70

2,076

269

3.6

F, >70

1,368

275

4.2

Pregnant F, 14–55

346

288

9.2

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

22,233

283

1.2

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

169

178

188

204

244

295

323

351

400

170

181

190

204

255

322

368

399

471

157

171

181

204

274

368

429

477

551

163

183

194

219

277

366

430

483

564

166

185

199

225

282

365

436

477

552

165

183

197

222

285

366

437

505

625

163

178

192

213

269

348

405

443

542

156

169

176

191

234

285

330

350

416

140

150

159

170

212

283

323

348

420

145

157

166

183

223

289

338

386

497

147

160

170

189

226

287

334

374

438

152

165

175

196

246

305

357

398

454

152

166

178

200

252

322

368

410

474

155

171

181

205

258

336

381

431

543

154

168

180

200

252

326

381

429

513

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D-88D.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-10 Total Folate Intake (µg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,601

336

6.6

M, 9–13

1,262

337

7.8

M, 14–18

942

330

9.1

M, 19–30

1,962

407

15.1

M, 31–50

2,612

410

10.1

M, 51–70

2,033

429

11.0

M, >70

1,329

387

9.3

F, 9–13

1,282

316

7.0

F, 14–18

1,001

279

7.6

F, 19–30

2,027

369

14.5

F, 31–50

3,073

406

9.7

F, 51–70

2,148

413

10.6

F, >70

1,444

384

12.2

Pregnant F, 14–55

354

858

40.9

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

23,070

393

3.4

NOTE: Total intake estimated as intake from food and from supplements. Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

151

176

191

215

282

460

542

602

673

163

181

192

215

290

415

514

584

674

140

166

177

204

285

399

479

573

730

147

178

191

223

299

471

621

701

893

157

185

203

235

317

496

647

728

922

152

180

199

231

330

590

689

759

939

147

175

193

224

310

552

657

700

805

148

169

178

197

258

394

530

589

669

135

148

158

172

224

321

402

507

625

144

158

170

194

256

453

606

680

909

147

163

178

199

272

554

660

748

983

146

166

181

212

298

584

660

723

849

143

165

179

209

291

561

653

701

792

151

194

226

298

966

1,238

1,306

1,366

1,671

146

168

184

210

292

500

635

708

886

measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D–88D. Includes estimated intake from supplements.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-11 Dietary Vitamin B12 Intake (µg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,506

4.09

0.07

M, 9–13

1,219

5.03

0.16

M, 14–18

909

6.28

0.25

M, 19–30

1,902

5.65

0.08

M, 31–50

2,533

5.58

0.06

M, 51–70

1,942

5.43

0.04

M, >70

1,255

5.30

0.06

F, 9–13

1,238

4.30

0.11

F, 14–18

980

4.43

0.11

F, 19–30

1,972

5.00

0.05

F, 31–50

2,988

5.09

0.03

F, 51–70

2,076

5.05

0.05

F, >70

1,368

4.96

0.05

Pregnant F, 14–55

346

5.30

0.18

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

22,234

5.18

0.02

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

2.57

2.83

2.92

3.17

3.78

4.65

5.09

5.81

6.48

2.78

3.01

3.19

3.60

4.45

5.45

6.22

6.94

8.23

3.10

3.37

3.63

4.05

5.14

6.78

8.17

8.81

12.36

4.42

4.55

4.66

4.81

5.22

5.82

6.28

6.70

7.56

4.48

4.59

4.68

4.81

5.20

5.76

6.16

6.55

7.37

4.46

4.55

4.62

4.77

5.10

5.65

6.09

6.41

7.26

4.45

4.52

4.60

4.69

4.99

5.38

5.81

6.09

6.81

2.49

2.71

2.87

3.14

3.87

4.84

5.57

6.12

7.07

2.63

2.74

2.95

3.26

4.06

4.97

5.51

6.13

7.12

4.27

4.36

4.43

4.53

4.77

5.17

5.46

5.70

6.23

4.38

4.45

4.50

4.60

4.84

5.19

5.44

5.66

6.18

4.36

4.44

4.49

4.58

4.80

5.14

5.39

5.59

6.10

4.37

4.42

4.45

4.53

4.74

5.05

5.31

5.54

5.99

4.27

4.44

4.51

4.70

5.05

5.48

5.76

6.24

7.01

3.32

4.04

4.38

4.55

4.89

5.41

5.82

6.22

7.15

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D-88D.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE H-12 Total Vitamin B12 Intake (µg) of Persons Aged 6 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, 1988–1994

Gender and Age (y)

Number of Examined Persons

Mean

Standard Error of the Mean

Both, 6–8

1,601

5.33

0.11

M, 9–13

1,262

8.91

2.00

M, 14–18

942

10.53

2.40

M, 19–30

1,962

12.00

3.11

M, 31–50

2,612

16.96

5.06

M, 51–70

2,033

16.43

2.96

M, >70

1,329

10.49

1.49

F, 9–13

1,282

5.52

0.19

F, 14–18

1,001

7.06

1.90

F, 19–30

2,027

9.57

1.07

F, 31–50

3,073

13.96

1.43

F, 51–70

2,148

13.51

1.51

F, >70

1,444

14.36

2.40

Pregnant F, 14–55

354

13.16

1.23

Both, ≥6, unadjusted

23,070

12.52

0.85

NOTE: Data from one 24-h dietary recall have been adjusted by following methods in National Research Council. 1986. Nutrient Adequacy. Assessment Using Food Consumption Surveys. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; and Feinleib M, Rifkind B, Sempos C, Johnson C, Bachorik P, Lippel K, Carroll M, Ingster-Moore L, Murphy R. 1993. Methodological issues in the measurement of cardiovascular risk factors: Within-person

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

Selected Percentiles

5th

10th

15th

25th

50th

75th

85th

90th

95th

2.34

2.79

2.94

3.39

4.48

7.34

8.38

8.96

9.86

2.77

3.06

3.25

3.75

4.95

6.93

8.54

9.72

12.13

2.83

3.18

3.53

4.09

5.30

8.03

9.63

12.09

18.07

4.34

4.52

4.66

4.87

5.40

7.09

10.84

13.17

23.27

4.39

4.57

4.70

4.87

5.45

7.76

11.41

14.21

34.97

4.42

4.55

4.66

4.85

5.48

9.95

11.48

14.05

23.30

4.37

4.51

4.61

4.73

5.19

10.23

11.22

13.54

19.69

2.41

2.69

2.90

3.30

4.34

6.83

8.54

9.46

11.55

2.57

2.72

3.00

3.40

4.31

5.60

6.94

8.75

10.66

4.16

4.36

4.46

4.61

5.04

8.13

10.89

13.44

18.52

4.39

4.49

4.56

4.73

5.20

10.53

11.69

16.83

36.01

4.34

4.45

4.52

4.66

5.12

10.58

11.55

16.43

35.12

4.34

4.42

4.48

4.60

4.97

10.38

11.18

13.85

34.32

4.38

4.52

4.77

5.35

9.50

16.91

17.49

18.85

36.78

3.05

4.06

4.42

4.64

5.21

8.24

11.02

13.44

26.62

variability in selected serum lipid measures—results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Can J Cardiol 9:87D–88D. Includes estimated intake from supplements.

SOURCE: NHANES III, 1988–1994, unpublished data, C.L.Johnson and J.D.Wright, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997.

Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 478
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 479
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 480
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 481
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 482
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 483
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 484
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 485
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 486
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 487
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 488
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 489
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 490
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 491
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 492
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 493
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 494
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 495
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 496
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 497
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 498
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 499
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 500
Suggested Citation:"H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 501
Next: I Daily Intakes of B Vitamins by Canadian Men and Women, 1990, 1993 »
Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline Get This Book
×

Since 1941, Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) has been recognized as the most authoritative source of information on nutrient levels for healthy people. Since publication of the 10th edition in 1989, there has been rising awareness of the impact of nutrition on chronic disease. In light of new research findings and a growing public focus on nutrition and health, the expert panel responsible for formulation RDAs reviewed and expanded its approach--the result: Dietary Reference Intakes.

This new series of references greatly extends the scope and application of previous nutrient guidelines. For each nutrient the book presents what is known about how the nutrient functions in the human body, what the best method is to determine its requirements, which factors (caffeine or exercise, for example) may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease.

This volume of the series presents information about thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline.

Based on analysis of nutrient metabolism in humans and data on intakes in the U.S. population, the committee recommends intakes for each age group--from the first days of life through childhood, sexual maturity, midlife, and the later years. Recommendations for pregnancy and lactation also are made, and the book identifies when intake of a nutrient may be too much. Representing a new paradigm for the nutrition community, Dietary Reference Intakes encompasses:

  • Estimated Average Requirements (EARs). These are used to set Recommended Dietary Allowances.
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs). Intakes that meet the RDA are likely to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly all individuals in a life-stage and gender group.
  • Adequate Intakes (AIs). These are used instead of RDAs when an EAR cannot be calculated. Both the RDA and the AI may be used as goals for individual intake.
  • Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs). Intakes below the UL are unlikely to pose risks of adverse health effects in healthy people.

This new framework encompasses both essential nutrients and other food components thought to pay a role in health, such as dietary fiber. It incorporates functional endpoints and examines the relationship between dose and response in determining adequacy and the hazards of excess intake for each nutrient.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!