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Page 1607 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

INDEX

AALS, see Association of American Library Schools

Abbreviations

of periodical titles, uniform for abstracts, 487

standard, in indexing-abstracting system, 456

variation of, in abstracts, 400

Abstracting, 317;

see also Indexing

aid in retrieval, 523

astronomy, 1527

bilingualism for, 1506

Board of International Council of Scientific Unions, 1503

centralization of, in USSR, 513

chemistry, 1527, 1533

condensation, amount of, 525

coverage related to costs, 528

definition, 449

distribution of information in cooperative program, 505

documentation, cooperation and coordination with, 497, 501, 503

duplication of, in survey, 416

economy in, 529

elimination of, in direct search, 976

function of, 523

history in Russia, 511

indexing, combined with, 449

instructions to authors in research organization, 1185

international cooperation, 1503

by international institute, 1524, 1531, 1533

lack of, for geophysics, 1527

medicine, 1527

metallurgy, duplication in field of, 396

of original papers, 89

periodicals added to list in international project, 483

periodicals discovered in international cooperation, 483

physics, 1504, 1527

from proof copies, 485

publishing lag, 327, 523

qualitative efficiency of metallurgical, 398

relation to literature search, 326

selection in, 1056

subject slanting, 407, 524, 525

Abstracting services

duplication of effort, 451

responsibilities of, 1422

for storage-retrieval, 1418

Abstract journals, 590

centralization, need for, 512

literature search in, 351

for retrieval, 170

used by Cables and Insulating Materials Research Institute, 645

Abstracts;

see also Indexes

advantages of uniformity, 486

by authors, 450

characteristics of, 409

classification difficulties, 450

coverage, 330, 527, 1524

ideas, difficulty with, 89

improvements suggested for literature and reference services, 66

indexing of, 453, 890, 895

as information source, 169, 196

informative, 450

metallurgical, 393, 394

method of presentation, 404

number of, in English language, 590

from page proof of journals, 1422

publication of, 1422

publication lag, 1524

quality, 331, 334

relative importance of, 52

reproduction of, 1422

required in searching, 58

specialized, high costs of, 1538

subject indexes, 332

to supplement storage and retrieval, 89

technologists’ use of, 251

types, 526

types of service, 317

use of, 150, 524

use of, in forest science, 273

in VINITI publications, 518

Page 1608 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Abstracts Journal

reprints of individual sections, 515

of USSR, 513

Access, 70, 1301

apparatus, 1309

duplication cause, 64

lack of, to publications, 1524

of library, 55

random, in storage, 1366

of reference services, 55

Accessions

book list of, criticism of, 1421

data as measure of work load, 739

ACS, see American Chemical Society

ADI, see American Documentation Institute

Advances, see Reviews

Aerodynamics

classification schedules in retrieval tests, 797

experiment in retrieval, 771

failures in tests of retrieval on, 775

index form in experiment, 772

output in retrieval tests, 779

questions in retrieval tests, 781

relevance of documents retrieved, 778

tests for retrieval on, 774

times studies in retrieval tests, 778

Aeronautical engineering

bibliography of studies of literature, 40

Aeronautics

experiment in indexing, 688

Age

of periodicals, 144

Agencies

responsibilities for biological information, 1418

Agriculture

bibliography of studies of literature, 40

comprehensive information service of Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, 571

ALA, see American Library Association

Algebraic representation

of codes, 1313

Alkyl groups

in Haystaq system, 1153

All-Union Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (VINITI), 511, 1525

abstracts in publications of, 518

annotation in publications of, 519

bibliographical descriptions in publications of, 519

laboratories of, 520

publication of selective information, 515

Ambiguity

problem reduced in direct search, 981

property of language, 977

structural, 1042

American Chemical Society (ACS), 1464

random sample of chemists, 102

American Documentation Institute (ADI), 1431, 1464

American Institute of Physics

translations of Russian journals, 1511

American Library Association (ALA), 1463

standards of librarianship, 1461

standards of training, 1469

American Meteorological Society

bibliographic cost project, 381

American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE), 1464

American Statistical Association, 1365

Amfis, 843, 846

Analysis

forms of, in retrieval, 856

AND operations, 1353

Answers

wrong, see False drops

Anthelmintic catalogue, 430

Archaeology

abstract ornament, 893

artifacts, 895

coding experiment for, 892

iconographical monuments, 898

Argentina

facilities for training in documentation, 1459

ASEE, see American Society for Engineering Education

Asia

documentation in, 589

Aslib, 1431

Conference, 1499

evaluation of retrieval systems, 687

and Library Association (London), 1499

training courses, 1486

training of special librarians and information officers, 1499

Aspect

synonymous terms, 743

Page 1609 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Association of American Library Schools (AALS), 1463

Association of Assistant Librarians, 1500

Association of German Electrical Engineers (VDE), 498

Association of Special Libraries and Information Bureaux, see Aslib

Astronomy

abstracting of, 1527

Atomic energy

requirements for information, 181

Atomic Energy Research Establishment, 164

analysis of subject catalogue, 377

Attention

areas of, 201, 217, 219

Australia

facilities for training in documentation, 1459

Author catalogue, 430

Authors’ summaries;

see also Abstracts

in abstracting of physics, 1509

Automatic dictionary;

see also Dictionaries

classification table for Russian adjectives, 961

purposes, 952

Russian word list, alphabetized, 963

treatment of inflected forms, 955

Automatic microfilm information system, see Amfis

Automatic translation, see Machine translation

Aviation

coordination of documentation, 499

Battelle Memorial Institute

on-the-job training, 1466

Batten;

see also Peek-a-boo

apparatus, 742

chronology as characteristic, 742

description, 741

system of documentation, 740

Belgium

facilities for training in documentation, 1452

Bell Telephone Laboratories

proposed information handling system, 1181

Bibliographical descriptions

in publications of VINITI, 519

Bibliographical search,

in Czechoslovakian research organization, 617

Bibliographic services;

see also Bibliographies

cost analysis, 381

Bibliographies

bound book form, 1221

classification of lists, 595

cost analysis, 381

costs, 383, 385, 507

determination of number, for documentation, 503

effect on cost of variation in quality, 382

example of, with Tabledex, 1232

on forest science, 274

as information source, 196

research service at French Center of Documentation, 609

scattering references (Bradford law), 1315

Tabledex method for, 1221

Bilingualism

of abstracting journal, 1506

Binary system

disadvantage of, 1036, 1218

Biochemistry

information handling, 1202

journals covered in survey, 241

Biological Abstracts, 1422

Biological sciences;

see also Biology

basal metabolism study, 578

bibliography of studies of literature, 36

breadth of field, 585

data correlation with chemical data, 711

financing information center, 1425

interpretive review, 581

national information center, 1424

publications consulted for preparation of reviews, 574

research review, subject matter of, 573

responsibilities of national information center, 1423

responsibility for information storage-retrieval, 1417

reviews, 571

reviews, complexity of subject matter of, 574

reviews of concept, 581

statistical review, 578

storage-retrieval center, obstacles to comprehensive, 1427

waste in reviews, 576

Biology;

see also Biological sciences

breadth of application, 1417

financing comprehensive system for, 1417

Page 1610 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

needs for storage and retrieval, 86

peripheral fields, 430

peripheral publications in documentation of, 429

range of disciplines, 1417

responsibilities for scientific information, 1417

Biophysics

information handling, 1202

Birkhoff, G., 1354, 1364

Bits

in dictionary of terms, 752, 756

optimum number per document, 746

Blank sorts, 1064

Book accessions list

criticism of, 142

Books

on forest science, 269

purchases by individuals, 143

relative importance of, 52

as source of information, 196

Boole, G., 1354

Boolean algebra, 1331

Boolean lattice, 1336

of descriptors, 1338

of document sets, 1337

Botany;

see also Biological sciences

notation for, 1212

Bradford law

scattering references, 1315

Brazil

facilities for training in documentation, 1460

British Empire Scientific Conference, 3

Building

international cooperation in abstracting, 491, 493

Bulletin Analytique

in international abstracting service, 1513

Bulletins

criticisms of, 142

Bureau of Applied Social Research, 199

sample interview schedule, 223

Burma

documentation, 594

CA, see Chemical Abstracts

Cables

information on, in Czechoslovakian research organization, 615

Cables and Insulating Materials Research Institute

dissemination of information in, 613

periodicals and journals used by, 645

Cambridge Language Research Unit, 918

program of mechanical translation, 933

Canada

facilities for training in documentation, 1461, 1469

Canadian Library Association (CLA), 1463

Cap and cup

lattice operation, 1335

preserved by transformation T2, 1342

Carbon

coding to indicate specific-generic relationship, 1130

in VS3 index of codes, 1134

Carbon chain

in VS3 index of codes, 1134

Carburettors

characteristics, scheme of, 1079

coding scheme, 1081

limits of field in novelty search, 1079

perforations to indicate interrelationship of characteristics, 1085

punched card for novelty search, 1084

search of patent literature, 1071

Cardinal product, 1332, 1334

of descriptors, 1338

Cardiovascular Literature Project, 449

Cards, 743

in Batten system, 742

costs of bibliographic, 507

disadvantage of edge-punched, 736

in documentation system, 741

field-punched, capacities of, 745

hand-punched and machine-punched in documentation, 509

losses, as disadvantage in uniterm system, 744

as method of presentation of abstracts, 404

reproduction with Comac, 1253

Card translator, 847

Case Institute of Technology

additional analyses planned, 115

forms used for study on dissemination, 118

study of dissemination of knowledge, 97

Cataloguing

in document control, 738

international, 1531

subject, 1385

Page 1611 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Categories

descriptors in indexing system, 861

relations within, in indexing, 861

in subject analysis, 858

CDS, see Centre de la Sidérurgie

Centre National d’Etudes des Télécommunications (CNET), 611

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 594, 605

coding of archaeological documents, 892

Centre de la Sidérurgie (CDS), 611

Cerebral processes, 1044

Chain indexing, 879

Chains, 1129;

see also Chemistry

coding of, 1122

in VS3 index of codes, 1133

Characters

alphabetical, properties of, 1314

communitivity of, 1363

defined, 1332

with hierarchy, 1343

polynomials of, 1354

Chartered librarians, 1496

Chemical Abstracts (CA)

in international abstracting service, 1513

on-the-job training, 1466

as source of information, 169

Chemical Abstracts Service, 1466

Chemical-Biological Coordination Center, 711, 1423

Chemical compounds;

see also Chemistry

encoding and decoding systems, 712

grouping of, 1122

Haystaq system for, 1143

need for information on, 1202

notation for, 1212

problems of indexing, 1207

structural formulas, genus-species relationships, 1146

in VS3 index of codes, 1137

Chemical data

correlation with biological data, 711

Chemical engineering

bibliography of studies of literature, 41

Chemical structures

computer for recopying, 727

encoding, 714, 715

limitations of machine documentation system, 729

printed electronically, 711

searching and printing flow diagrams, 725

topological principle in recording, 712

Chemistry

abstracting of, 1527, 1533

bibliography of studies of literature, 36

codes for storage, disadvantages of, 714

coding formulas in patents, 1075

coding rings, 1121

deficiencies in reviews, 547

documentation center for, 550

equipment cost for input and searching, 682

grouping of codes for data, 671

Haystaq system for, 1143

indexing, 856

international cooperation in abstracting, 1512

journals covered in survey, 242

laboratory and library chemists, relative positions of, 551

machine documentation of, 713

Matrex system used in Patent Office, 676

most-read reviews, 547

organic compound disclosures, 1117

in Patent Office experiment, 680

questionnaire on reviews, 551

reviews, suggested improvements in, 553

skeletal formula in VS3, 1138

storage and retrieval, Patent Office system of, 673

structural formulas, genus-specific relationships, 1146

type of journal to publish reviews, 555

variable scope search system for organic compounds, 1117

Chemists

allocation of time, 104, 106

industrial, use of reviews, 650

random sample of American Chemical Society and National Science Foundation, 102

reviews, importance of, to, 545

in study of dissemination, 102

time spent by, in communication, 301

Chile

facilities for training in documentation, 1460

Citation index, 462, 824

Civil engineering

bibliography of studies of literature, 40

CLA, see Canadian Library Association

Page 1612 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Classification, 819, 1260, 1294;

see also Codes

choice of, for aerodynamics, 772

difficulties, 91

facet analysis, 827, 858

general and special, 878

in Haystaq system, 1161, 1162

hierarchic, 1300, 1305

Library of Congress, 1343

multiple criterion, 1298

of Patent Office, 1343, 1346, 1352

of patents, special, 1074

with peek-a-boo, 771

for physics abstracting, 1512

principles in Batten system, 742

requirements for construction of system, 868

schedules for faceted, 884

schedules in retrieval tests on aerodynamics, 797

by single criterion, 1297

special problems, 875

by subject headings, 1301

subordination problem in technological information, 1295

Classification Research Group, 867, 868, 878, 883

Class inclusion

subordination problem in information classification, 1295

Clippings

for physics abstracting, 1510

CNET, see Centre National d’ Etudes des Telecommunications

CNLA, see Council of National Library Associations

CNRS, see Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

Codes;

see also Classification

algebraic representation of, 1313

binary, 848, 851

conventional grouping for chemical data, 671, 678

designations and symbols, 837

disadvantages of, for chemistry, 714

inverted grouping for chemical data, 671, 678

number used in aerodynamics tests of retrieval, 777

for storage and retrieval, 1313

Coding, 1043, 1292;

see also Codes

analysis of, by Taylor system, 1320

carburettors, 1081

chemical formulas in patents, 1075

in descriptive documentation of Patent Office, 1100

of energy path in machine disclosures, 1108

exact pattern, 1125

of geometrical shapes, 889

hierarchical in patent search, 1094

letter, empirical check of, 914

by location, 838

in metallurgical abstracting, 402

nonrandom superimposed, 905

random superimposed, 903

representations, 889

requirements, 839

retrieval, abstract theory of, 1365

of sequences, 1113

set-subset, 1125

simplicity, 840

superimposed, 903

superposition, 1366, 1367

Coincidence, 1301

Collating, 1248, 1301

Comac system, 1245

example in uniterm system, 743

Colleges

facilities for training in documentation, 1441

responsibilities for information techniques, 1431

Colombia

facilities for training in documentation, 1460

Colon classification, 859, 867, 869, 881;

see also Classification

of Ranganathan, 1343, 1350

Comac, 1245

advantages, 1252

collating, 1248

searching, 1246

Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux

comprehensive information service of, 571

use of abstracts, 524

Communication, see also Dissemination;

Retrieval;

Storage

accidental, 205, 206

analogy of retrieval systems, 1366

answers to specific questions, 208, 212

Arabic, 1029

Aramaic, 1029

aspects of information perception, 304

Page 1613 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

behavior of scientists in relation to, 206, 219, 222

channels of, 201, 202, 208, 1027

context, 1037

cooperation of mathematicians and linguists needed for problems of, 1034–1036

documentary, 1011

Esperanto, 1031

formal and informal, 200

forms of, 1047

global, 1027

Interlingua, 1030

interlingual, 1027, 1045

Latin, 1029

meanings, 1037, 1041, 1042, 1044

mechanics of, 1028

mechanisms, unplanned, 203

medium of, 1029

microscopic problems, 1039

person-to-person, 196, 199, 209, 212, 219, 301, 306, 1187

planned and unplanned, 199

post-Hellenistic Greek, 1029

problem of creative acts of imagination, 1042

schematic of idealized channel, 1366

of scientific concepts by semantic matrices, 1001

selective variation, 1040

single form of, 1029

so-called international, 1027

so-called universal, 1029

square of, 1010

supralinguistic, 1028, 1032, 1045

theory, 1033

time spent by chemists, 301

transformations of, 1040

unplanned, 205

versus dissemination, 87

Communication research

sociological, 200

Communication system, 201, 206

functions of, 201

Communitivity

of characters, 1363

Compendia, 652

international, 1531

Computers

accuracy of retrieval, 705

arranged to provide preparation of announcement lists, 1198

compactness of system for retrieval, 708

convenience of retrieval, 699, 706

disadvantages of, 1208, 1218

evaluation of systems for retrieval, 705

intermediate-sized, for retrieval, 700

recopying function for reports, 727

special purpose, arranged to retrieve, 1192, 1196

speed of retrieval, 706

use of, with Tabledex, 1223

Concept

synonymous terms, 743

Conference papers

unpublished, 475

Conferences

organized by international center, 1518

Contents

use of table of, to cut time lag, 600

Continuous multiple access collator, see Comac

Contract provisions

for cooperation in information services, 1437

Control technology

coordination of documentation, 498

Conversation, see Communication, person-to-person

Cooperation

limits of international, 1523

Coordination, 1301

desirability of, 1523

of documentation methods, 502

false, 1307, 1310

false, in uniterm system, 744

of reviews, advantage of, 556

Coordinatization

in retrieval, 1377

Copyright

provided for in international agreements, 1439

Cordonnier-Batten system;

see Peek-a-boo

Correspondence courses

of Association of Assistant Librarians, 1500

for training in information work, 1500

Costs;

see also Savings

of access apparatus, 1311

of bibliographic cards, 507, 508

of bibliographies and bibliographic services, 381, 383

Page 1614 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

of bibliographies by size, 385

cooperation and coordination of documentation and abstracting, 507

disadvantage of computers for information retrieval, 1208

effect of quality of bibliographies and bibliographic services, 382

of equipment for input and searching chemical data, 682

of Haystaq, 1159, 1170, 1177

of indexing, 1311

related to coverage in abstracting, 528

relation to benefits in documentation, 805

of retrieval, 687, 709

of search, 1311

of specialized abstracts, 1538

storage and retrieval of information, 1293

of uniterm system, 1302

Council of National Library Associations (CNLA), 1464

Coverage

of indexes and abstracts, 330

need for centralization in abstract journals, 512

Crerar Library

literature surveys, preparation of, 1465

Cross references

in thesaurus, 925

Crystallography

International Union of Crystallography, 611

Custom duties

abolition of, for exchange of scientific information, 1520

Czechoslovakia

facilities for training in documentation, 1451

Data tables

for instruments, 91

DDC, see Dewey Decimal Classification

Denmark

facilities for training in documentation, 1448

study of literature and reference needs, 42

Department of Scientific and Industrial Research of the United Kingdom, 246, 311

survey of use of technical literature, 246

Descriptors, 1301;

see also Keywords;

Uniterm

cardinal product of, 1338

choice of, for Haystaq, 1148,1149

defined for Haystaq, 1145, 1176

definition, 743

discrimination between subjects, 863

in Haystaq system, 1145, 1148–1150, 1152, 1176

in indexing system, 861

kinds of, in indexing for retrieval, 861

ordering of, for Haystaq, 1150, 1152

problems of hierarchical, 862

of VS3, 1120

Design

of systems, 818

Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), 867, 883, 1346

Diaries

methods of scientists to secure information from, 169

notes on use of cards, 178

number of items, 170

relation to reading time, 149

as survey method, 175

use of, 147

Dictionaries

entries, 953, 954

of information requirements, 1182

for instruments, 91

stem entries, 960

storage on magnetic tape or punched cards, 955

of terms, need for and limitations, 747

of terms, required for punched-card system, 749

of terms, uniterms in, 752

of USSR, 515

Disclosures

machine, 1106

method, as sequence of states of material, 1104

in patent literature, 1098

technical, analysis by flow diagram, 1107

of technical documents, 1099

Discourse

analysis of mathematical theory of, 1037

Discovery

versus recall, 1063

Discrimination

criteria of, 863

in subject analysis, 863

Dissemination;

see also Communication

consumption as phase of, 98

Page 1615 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

distribution as phase of, 98

forms used by Case Institute for study, 118

phases, 97

through reprints, 92

study by Case Institute of Technology, 97

versus communication, 87

Documentation, 1027;

see also Documents

accession data as measure of work load, 739

advantage of centralization, 556

analysis of, in professional field, 502

Batten system, 740

better organization in international agencies, 593

bibliographical research service at French center, 609

bibliographies, determination of number of, 503

bulletins published by centers, 602

cataloguing in, 738

center for chemical information, 550

center in France, 605

centralization of, 556

concept of systems, 1047

cooperation with abstracting, 497

cooperation among organizations, 506

coordination and cooperation with abstracting in Europe, 497, 501

cost-benefit relationship, 805

coverage in French center, 606

definition of systems, 1050

descriptive, 1097

difficulties with manipulative systems, 1063

distribution of information in cooperative program, 505

elements in problem, 1365

environmental factors of, 805

facilities for training in, 1467

facilities for training outside North America and Europe, 1458

French center, 594

input to system, 1055

international center, 1543

Italian center, 594

language problem, 589

limitations of system for chemical structures, 729

manipulation time of system, 1065

manual systems, 743

national centers, 593, 595

national centers associated with Unesco, 594

organization of cooperative program with abstracting, 503

output of system, 1061

patterns of responsibility for training, 1468

practice versus theory, 808

prediction in design of systems, 1054

problems of improvement of systems, 805

publications, determination of number of, 502

publications of French center, 607

savings through cooperation, 507, 508

in South Asia, 589

speed and coverage, 589

standardization, 509.

stimulus of United Nations, 1436

structure of systems, 1050

as tool of literature search, 631

training for, see Training

translation service at Center of Documentation in France, 610

use of hand-punched and machine-punched cards, 509

use of microfilm at French center, 610

variables in systems of, 804

Documentation organizations

determination of number, 503

Document control

division in categories, 735

Document control center

heterogeneity of material, 732

Documents;

see also Documentation

acquisition and preservation of, 1365

archaeological, 889

evolution of control, 731

increase in, 1517

lower postal rates for exchange of scientific, 1520

requests for, 1365

retrieval, 1365

subsets of collection of, 1331

types of facts drawn from, 1518

Drop-outs, 1373, 1378

derivation of percentage, 1379

Duplication

caused by lack of information, 63

cooperation among organizations to prevent, 506

Dyestuffs

card index for patents, 1074

Page 1616 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Dyson system

for indexing chemical compounds, 1207

Economic sciences

coordinated documentation, 500

Economic studies

definition, 614

Economy

in recording with efficient coding, 839

Education, see Training

Egypt

documentation, 594

Electrical engineering

bibliography of studies of literature, 39

coordinated documentation, 497

Electrical engineers

Association of German Electrical Engineers, 498

Electrical industry

journals listed in survey, 264

survey of literature uses, 245

Encoding

elimination of, in direct search, 976

Energetics, 1034

Engineering

comments on value of literature, 328

evaluation of abstracting and indexing for special projects, 321

topics in literature search analysis, 337

Epilegmata, 1038

Equivalence

in answers, 1162, 1164, 1165

Equivalence table

in Haystaq system, 1153

Esperanto, 1031, 1044

Esso Research and Engineering Company, 1524

Europe

Belgium’s facilities for training in documentation, 1452

centers for distribution of information, 542

coordination and cooperation of abstracting and documentation, 501

Czechoslovakia’s facilities for training in documentation, 1451

Denmark’s facilities for training in documentation, 1448

France’s facilities for training in documentation, 1450

Germany’s facilities for training in documentation, 1453

Hungary’s facilities for training in documentation, 1451

Italy’s facilities for training in documentation, 1455

Netherlands’ facilities for training in documentation, 1447

Norway’s facilities for training in documentation, 1449

Poland’s facilities for training in documentation, 1454

Spain’s facilities for training in documentation, 1457

Sweden’s facilities for training in documentation, 1449

Switzerland’s facilities for training in documentation, 1455

training facilities for documentation, 1444

United Kingdom’s facilities for training in documentation, 1445

USSR’s facilities for training in documentation, 1456

Expansibility

of Haystaq system, 1159


Facet analysis, 827, 858, 867, 1260

Facets

dependent, 875

distributed, 873

P, M, E, S, T sequence, 871

principle of decreasing concreteness, 871

Ranganathan sequence, 871

sequence within, 870

False drops

in Haystaq system, 1159, 1169, 1170

Filmorex, 850

use in test, 1209

Financing

comprehensive storage-retrieval of biological information, 1417, 1424

information services, 1435

international institute for information, 1530

Finland

study of literature and reference needs, 42

Flexibility

of Haystaq system, 1145

Flexowriter

use in information handling system, 1210

Food Machinery and Chemical Company, 1524

Page 1617 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Food technology

bibliography of studies of literature, 41

faceted classification for, 876

Foreign literature

as source of information, 169

Forest science

abstracts of literature, 273

American, European, and Asian literature, 269

bibliographies on, 271, 274

books on, 269

classification of literature, 273

duplication of effort through lack of information, 271

information in irregularly published serials, 270

journals on, 269

libraries for, 274

relation to photogrammetry, 271

unpublished information, 270

Forest scientists

minimum reliance on literature, 268

use of literature and reference services, 267

Forrestal Research Center, 321

items on loan, 324

journals and indexes in analysis, 336

topics in literature search analysis, 337

France

aims of Center of Documentation, 606

bibliographical research service at Center of Documentation, 609

CNRS, see Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

facilities for training in documentation, 1450

Library of Center of Documentation, 607

publications of Center of Documentation, 607

translation service at Center of Documentation, 610

use of microfilm at Center of Documentation, 610

Frequencies

of letters, 906–914

Fungus catalogue, 429

Generic questions, 1054, 1066

Genus-species relationships

self-defining system, 1149, 1152, 1153, 1155, 1156

among simultaneous questions, 1165

in structural formulas, 1146

Geology

bibliography of studies of literature, 36

Geophysics

lack of abstracting, 1527

Germany

facilities for training in documentation, 1453

patents of, treatment in research organization, 641

Glossodynamics, 1044

Government

responsibilities for scientific information, 1430

Grammar

in mechanical translation, 919

in searching, 977

“universal,” 1045

Gray Herbarium Card Index, 429

Great Britain

training for scientific information work, 1495

treatment of patents in research organization, 641

Groups

size of, effect on time allocation, 113


Handbook of Biological Data, 1423

Handbooks

definition of, 457

Tabledex for coordinate indexing of, 1229

Harvard Automatic Dictionary, 951

Haystaq;

see also Literature search

characteristics and aims, 1143–1145

classification, 1161, 1162

cost, 1159, 1170, 1177

description, 1148

effectiveness of system, 1159, 1169

equivalence table, 1153

evaluation of literature search system, 1169

expansibility of system, 1159

false drops, 1159, 1169, 1170

flexibility of system, 1145

functional groups, 1148–1150, 1156, 1159

genus-species relationships, 1146, 1149, 1152, 1153, 1155, 1156, 1165

machines for, 1167, 1168, 1177

magnitude of system, 1143, 1144, 1159, 1160

noise in system, 1160, 1169, 1170

Page 1618 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

questions, types of, 1171

rings in, 1153

SEAC in system, 1144, 1158, 1177

search strategy, 1153

topological tracing of networks in, 1148, 1152, 1153, 1155, 1168

Heading

synonymous terms, 743

Hierarchical ordering

expressed in codes, 975

expressed in grammar, 975

Hierarchies, 1346

code for, in patent novelty search, 1093

Historians, 81

History

bibliography of studies of literature, 41

Hollerith, 1354;

see also Cards

Hollerith cards

in Batten system, 742

time to punch, 779

Home study

for training in documentation, 1441

Hungary

facilities for training in documentation, 1451

IBM;

see also Cards

card used for VS3, 1119

cards in collation, 1250

marginal punched cards, 905

punched card system using conventional code groups, 672

searching device, 1246

IBM 702

for search of chemical structures, 711

ICSU, see International Council of Scientific Unions

Ideas

difficulties of processing, 89

ILAS, see Interrelated Logic Accumulating Scanner

Imagination

creative acts of, 1042

Improvements in studies

suggested, 15

suggestions from Scandinavian groups, 66

Indexer

ability of, 691

qualifications of, 688

Indexes;

see also Abstracts

of abstracts, perpetuation and magnification in, 453

coverage, 330

of information requirements, 1184

interdisciplinary, 461

mechanical preparation, 471

personal, use of, 55

quality, 331

relative importance of, 52

as source of information, 196

to supplement storage and retrieval, 87

Tabledex for annual indexes, 1229

term-associative, 1392

unified, 461

use of, 1053

Indexing, 317, 533, 1260, 1292;

see also Abstracting

of abstracts, 453

accuracy of, 826

in aerodynamics retrieval experiment, 772

aeronautics, experiment in, 688

binary, 455

biological, in United States Department of Agriculture, 429

chain procedure, 873

chemistry, 856

choosing terms, 857

codes used in aerodynamics tests of retrieval, 777

combination of terms, 859

combined with abstracting, 449

comparison of, in Chemical Abstracts and British Abstracts , 470

considerations in documentation system, 740

control by index review panel, 1184

conventional, 818

conventional versus monoterm, 746

coordinate, 818

coordinate and punched card techniques, 743

coordinate, by Tabledex, 1221

costs, 744

from different viewpoints, 1296

difficulties of, 452

documents used in test, 691

freedom from constraints of, with Comac, 1253

generalized theory, 1291

importance of, 1259

Page 1619 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

indications of load in experimental file, 736

as information task, 824

intensive, as advantage of uniterm system, 744

in international institute, 1531, 1533

interpretation of test of, 694

length of terms, 1305

Linde system, 763, 764

of negative data, 455

number of articles, 590

of original papers, 89, 454

peek-a-boo classification, 771

potential depth of, 1308

as problem of design, 818

problems in large information system, 1203

problems of semantics, 855

qualifications of indexer, 688

re-entry relation to redundancy, 748

relation to cost of retrieval, 688

relation to literature search, 326

relations within categories, 861

selection in, 1056

systems for, 688

Tabledex, 1224;

see also Tabledex

term-document, 1388

time required, 690

time studies in retrieval tests, 778

types, 317

UDC system, 688

uniterm approach, 688, 736, 1302

word versus subject, 452

Indexing-abstracting system, 449

definition of, 454

handbook function of, 457

information retrieval in, 458

mechanization of, 458

standard abbreviations in, 456

use of active verbs, 455

Indexing media

responsibilities of, 1422

Index Kewensis Plantarum Phanerogamarum, 429

Index review panel

for purposes of standardization, 1184

India

documentation, 594

Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre, see Insdoc

Indonesia

documentation, 594

Information, 1039

centers of, 541, 653

centralization of, in USSR, 511

certain types not published, 215

clues to relevance of, 207, 215, 217, 220

coding, 837;

see also Coding

control sheet for information handling, 1185

controls at time of publication, 1185

in Czechoslovakian research organization, 613

development of, as national resource, 1429

dictionary of needs, 1182

diffuseness, 1294

disparity between communication and use, 305

distribution of, in cooperative program of documentation and abstracting, 505

documentation centers as sources of, 595

elements, 823

establishment of requirements, 1182

exchange of, in cooperative program, 504

functions of systems, 1257

gathering habits in medical science, 277

handling in large system, 1202

history of control problems, 1293

illiteracy as barrier to learning, 1540

importance of person-to-person contact in medical science, 283

international center for, 1517

international institute for, 1523

kinds, 82

lack of, causing duplication by forest scientists, 271

locating sources of, for medical scientists, 280, 284, 285

loss, 475, 1063

mechanized system of announcement, 1197

medical scientists’ needs, 280, 284

methods of dissemination, 593

methods of finding, 163, 196

methods for solving tasks, 842

multiple interests, 327

need for all-encompassing service, 511

need for indexing negative data, 455

need for regional centers, 1540

needs beyond conscious wants, 201, 207

needs of scientists, 1524

noise, 1065

participation of research staff, 1183

production as phase of dissemination, 97

Page 1620 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

reliance on oral communication, 1187

in research organization, 613

responsibilities of governments, 1539

substitute, suggestion of, 1065

suggestion of related, 1065

system for large research organization, 1181

techniques, 1496

technological, development of, 1294

thematical plan of choice, 189

theory, 1033, 1034

types of tasks, 823, 832

unpublished, reasons for, 215

varieties of needs, 201

Information bulletin

as source of information, 169

Information-gathering habits

versus information requirements, 311

Information lattice, 1276

Information matrix, 1278

Information office

of Atomic Energy Research Establishment, 164

Information officer

comparison with librarian, 1489, 1496

qualifications of, 1491

registration, 1500

role of, 1544

syllabus for training of, 1491

training of, 1489

Information requirements

by individual, 190

sample sheet, 192

of scientists, 189

by subject, 190

versus information-gathering habits, 311

Information scientist, see Information officer

Information services

international organizations for improvements of training in, 1471

international support, 1435

national organizations for improvement of training in, 1472

responsibilities for biology information, 1418

simplification and unification of, 1544

suggested improvements for literature and reference services, 67

Initial digits

law of logarithmic distribution of, 1314

Input

to documentation system, 1055

Insdoc

problems of speed and coverage, 589

experimentation with bibliographical list, 596

Institute for Documentation in the German Academy of Sciences

coordination of documentation, 501

Instruments, 91

Insulating materials

information on, in Czechoslovakian research organization, 615

Intelligence files

Comac system for, 1245

Interfix;

see also Interrelationships

method for indicating interrelations, 1092

of VS3, 1123

Interlingua, 1030, 1044

Interlingual translation, see Machine translation

Interlocking relations

in retrieval system, 1277

International Abstracting Service

for physics, 481, 1508

International agreements

for information services, 1437

International Association of Library Associations

training in documentation, contribution to, 1442

International Business Machines, see IBM

International center

of documentation, 1543

functions of, as information service, 1518

goals of, for scientific information, 1517, 1521

method of establishing, 1519

International cooperation

abstracting, 1503

abstracting on building, 491

International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU), 481, 600

Abstracting Board, 1503, 1513

in international cooperative abstracting service, 1520

stimulus to physics abstracting, 1508

International Federation for Documentation

training in documentation, contribution to, 1442

International institute

administration of, 1531

Page 1621 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

autonomy of, 1528

financing, 1530

indexing in, 1531, 1533

policy making in, 1530

for scientific information, 1523

International Labour Office, 868

International Organization of Medical Sciences

in international cooperative abstracting service, 1520

International organizations, 1436

for improvement of training in information services, 1471

for training in documentation, 1442

International Study Conference on Classification for Information Retrieval, 883

International Union of Biological Sciences

in international cooperative abstracting service, 1520

International Union of Crystallography, 611

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), 1512

International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, 1505

Interrelated Logic Accumulating Scanner, 1099

use in VS3, 1131

Interrelationships;

see also Interfix

indicated by punches, 1085

Interviews

sample schedule of Bureau of Applied Social Research, 223

schedule for technologists’ use of literature, 257

for study of uses of literature, 20

for survey of how information is found, 195

as survey method, 175

topics discussed, 179

Israel

facilities for training in documentation, 1458

Italy

documentation center, 594

facilities for training in documentation, 1455

Item entry systems, 1282

IUPAC, see International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

IUPAP, see International Union of Pure and Applied Physics

James Forrestal Research Center of Princeton University, see Forrestal Research Center

Japan

Japan Science Review, 599

John Crerar Library, see Crerar Library

Journalists, 81

Journals

abstracting, 590

abstracts furnished by, 1421

American, in physics, 1511

chemical and biochemical, 241, 242

on forest science, 269

indexes furnished by, 1421

list used in survey of elecirical industry, 264

read by technologists, 249

relative importance of, 52

responsibilities of, for biology information, 1418, 1420

review and quality control of abstracts and indexes, 1422

reviews, 561

Russian, in physics, 1510

Russian, translation of, by American Institute of Physics, 1511

as source of information, 196

subscriptions by individuals, 143

suggested improvements for literature and reference services, 66

survey of medical literature, 435

Tabledex for annual indexes, 1229

zoological, covered in survey, 243

Jugoslavia

documentation, 594


Kernels

defined, 940

informational, 942

retrieval status, 944

Keywords;

see also Descriptors;

Uniterm

in dictionary of terms, 757

frequency of occurrence, 752, 756

quantitative generation of, 751, 756

Knowledge

theory of, 1531

Kodak Minicard, 852


Laboratories

of VINITI, 520

Page 1622 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Laboratory chemist

versus library chemist, 551

Language

bilingualism, 1045

direct search of document language, 975

metastable equilibrium of, 1036

relation of use to, 146

spoken, 1033

symmetry in, 1036

variation in, 1042

written, 1033

Languages

artificial, failure of, 1031

concreteness of characteristics, 831

of information, 828

natural, research on, 1263

need for abstracting in principal, 397

publication in different, 591

of storage and retrieval, 1313

Language symbols

used in retrieval, 1329

Lattice

cap and cup operations, 1335

definition, 1336

of information units, 1277

in mathematical models for retrieval, 1338

super, 1363

Learned societies

control of publications, 549

Learning ability, 1161

Lending library

information needed for planning, 287

Lending Library Unit of the United Kingdom, 287

Letter frequencies

subject-word, 903

Librarians

chartered, 1496

comparison with information officers, 1496

difference from information officers, 1489

special, training of, 1499

Librarianship

schools of, 1431

Libraries

accessibility, 55

binding related to availability, 292

catalogues, 1029

comparative use of, 56

for forest science, 274

international assistance to, 1531

lending related to availability, 292

lending, for science and technology, 287

need for instruction in use of, 67

needs of, 1531

non-loanable periodicals of the Science Museum Library, 293

as sources of information, 164

suggested improvements for literature and reference services, 67

titles borrowed, 294

as tool of literature search, 631

use by technologists, 255

Library

of CNRS, 607

Library Association (London), 1495

and Aslib, 1499

as qualifying and registering body, 1496

specimen examination questions, 1497

syllabus of, 1497

Library chemist

versus laboratory chemist, 551

Library of Congress

classification, 1343

subject-word lists, 905

Library of Congress Classification, 867

Library lists

criticisms of, 140

Library retrieval, 917

use of thesaurus, 918

Library schools, 1472

accredited, 1487

Canada, 1469

United States, 1469

Library science

in Canada, 1462

in the United States, 1461

Library service

criticism of, 143

Fano’s dream, 1407

Library slips

as source of information, 169

Linde Laboratories

indexing and retrieval system, 763

Linguistics, 1166;

see also Symbols

failure of artificial languages, 1031

idioms, 1037

imagination, 1042

mathematical, 1033, 1035, 1045

“open” vocabulary, 1040

phenomena, 1034, 1036

punctuation, 1043

Page 1623 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

relation between concepts and words and symbols, 817

selective variation, 1040

statistical and mathematical methods, 1034, 1038

structural, 1036

system in, 1037, 1040

transformations for retrieval, 937

Literary warrant, 863, 874

Literature

accessibility, 214

amount read, 150

classification of, on forest science, 273

clues to value, 220

current medical, 435

difficulty of locating, 215, 217

evaluation by engineers, 328

foreign, as source of information, 169

foreign, Tabledex for survey of, 1229

on forest science, 269

forest scientists minimum reliance on, 268

frequency of publication of medical, 438

geographical distribution of medical, 439

history of control, 733

how found, 195

Insdoc list of current scientific, 596

language breakdown of medical, 441

needs, discovery of, 20

patents, importance in chemical, 547

private purchases, 143

quantity, 214

quantity of medical, 437

read by technologists, 249

relation to keeping diary, 149

reviewing, for special searches, 622

role of, in technology, 253

as source of ideas for technologists, 254

source of, for technologists, 250

sources reported by individuals, 151

subject breakdown of medical, 443

system of University of Michigan School of Natural Resources for forest science, 275

technical, use of by industrial technologists, 245

time required to keep abreast, 220

types read by technologists, 250

use of abstract journals, 150

use of, by age of scientists, 72

use of, by fields of science, 71

use by forest scientists, 267

use of, by nationality, 71

use of, in relation to education, 70

use by research and development organization, 131

Literature control, see Storage;

Retrieval

Literature research, 614

Literature search, 615

in abstracting journals, 326

adequacy of method, 361

in Czechoslovakian research organization, 616

definition, 614

duplication of effort, 1524

evaluation of yield, 354

Haystaq system, see Haystaq

for medical science, avoidance of duplication, 282

methods of scientists, 139

patents and trade literature, 620

percentage yield from abstracting journals, 353

problems, 589

relation of abstracting and indexing to, 326

steps in, 626

subdivisions of, 617

techniques used in medical science, 285

topics in analysis by Forrestal Research Center, 337

types of treatment, 631

Literature services

bibliography of studies, 20

skill in use of, 68

Loans, 56

titles borrowed from Science Museum Library, 294

types of items on loan at Forrestal Research Center, 324

Location

method of coding, 838

Logarithmic distribution

law of, of initial digits, 1314

Logic

limitations of formal, in retrieval, 1354

Logical operations, 1353

Loss

imperceptible, in documentation system, 1063

Low Temperature Station for Research in Biochemistry and Biophysics

information handling, 1202

Luhn scanner, 1246

Page 1624 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Machine disclosures, 1106

energy path coding, 1108

Machines

aids in formulating questions, 1164, 1165, 1170

characteristics desired for search, 1166–1168, 1177

character recognition by, 1160

extension of use of, 1258

large-scale, 1261

with learning ability, 1161

for literature searching systems, 1167, 1168, 1177

memory, 1177

in preparation of data, 1176

relations to indexing, 1292

for storage and search, 819

Machine searching

feasibility, for English texts, 975

Machine sorting, 880;

see also Classification

Machine translation, 917, 975, 1160

of grammar, 921

program of Cambridge Language Research Unit, 933

Magnetic tape

use of in retrieval, 1190

Manchester College of Science and Technology, 1500

Manual systems

multiple aspects, 743

post-combinations, 743

Markush group

examples, 1149, 1171

Patent Office designation, 1145

provision for no substituent (N.S.), 1149, 1158

in search, 1155

Mathematicians

cooperation with linguists needed for problems of communication, 1034–1036

Mathematics

analysis of theory of discourse, 1037

bibliography of studies of literature, 34

dependence of linguistics on, 1034, 1035, 1045

value to information retrieval, 1395

Matrex

system used for chemistry, 676

Matrix

theory of retrieval, 1370

Maze

orientation, 1385

Maze structure

and information retrieval, 1383

Meaning, 1037, 1041, 1042, 1044

standardization of language, 1303

Mechanical engineering

bibliography of studies of literature, 38

Mechanical translation, see Machine Translation

Mechanical Translation Research Group, 920

Medical Library Association (MLA), 1463

Medical science

abstracting, 1527

bibliography of studies of literature, 37

evaluation of Insdoc List, 597

frequency of publication of literature, 438

geographical distribution of literature, 439

information-gathering habits, 277

kinds of information needed, 280, 284

locating sources of information, 280, 282, 285

quantity of literature, 437

sources of ideas, 284

subject breakdown of literature, 443

techniques used in literature search, 285

Welch Medical Library Indexing Project, 442

Medical-Sciences Information Exchange, 1423

Medical and veterinary zoology, 430

Medicine, see Medical science

Meetings

delay in publication, 548

importance of, 548

as means of communication, 251

Memory, 1301

Metallurgy

abstracts on, 393, 395, 404

bibliography of studies of literature, 41

coding in abstracting, 402

duplication of abstracting, 396

need for abstracting in principal languages, 397

need for centralization of abstracting, 397

need for international cooperation in abstracting, 397

quantitative efficiency of abstracts, 394

scattering of articles in nonmetallurgical journals, 395

variation of abbreviations in abstracts, 400

Page 1625 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Metals

in VS3 index of codes, 1137

Meteorology

bibliography of studies of literature, 36

Method disclosures

as sequence of states of material, 1105

Mexico

documentation, 594

facilities for training in documentation, 1460

Microfilm rapid selector

for retrieval, 1208

Shaw model, 1208

Microfilms

costs, 603

for physics abstracting, 1510

to reduce time lag, 596, 600

related to space saving, 533

use of, at Center of Documentation in France, 610

use of, by Czechoslovakian research organization, 633

use of, by VINITI, 516

Minicard

advantages of system, 1209

Miscommunication, 1047

MLA, see Medical Library Association

Monographs, 651

Monoterm, see Uniterm

Monsanto Chemical Company

advantages of system of recording chemical structures, 712

use of IBM 702 for chemical structures, 711

Morphemes

classification of, 938

versus confusion, 1065

National Bureau of Standards

Tabledex method of coordinate indexing, 1221

National Bureau of Standards Electronic Digital Computer, see SEAC

National Library of Medicine, 435

National organizations

for improvement of training in information services, 1472

National Research Council

Chemical-Biological Coordination Center, 711

National Science Foundation, 1432

random sample of chemists, 102

sponsorship of Operations Research, 97

sponsorship of study of interview survey methods, 199

Netherlands

training facilities for documentation, 1447

Netherlands Patent Office

documentary systems, 1072

novelty search, 1071

Newspaper morgues

Comac system for, 1245

New Zealand

facilities for training in documentation, 1459

Noise

in Haystaq system, 1160, 1169, 1170

selection of irrelevant information, 1065

Nomenclature

improvement of, in unified index, 467

rules of, in botany, 431

rules of, in zoology, 431

standardization in unified index, 462

vocabulary coincidence and, 1066

Nomenclator Animalium Generum et Subgenerum, 429

Nomenclator Zoologicus, 429

Nonperiodical publications

added to international project, 484

North America

facilities for training in documentation, 1461

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

institute for information within framework of, 1529

North Western Polytechnic (London), 1500

Norway

facilities for training in documentation, 1449

Notation;

see also Symbols

for chemical compounds, 1207

for plants, 1207

problem of classification, 880

problems of large scale, 1218

semantic matrix as extension of, 998

vocabulary coincidence and, 1066

NOT operations, 1353

Nuclear Science Abstracts

index in each issue, 306

as source of information, 169

Nutrition;

see also Biological sciences

basal metabolism study, 579

Page 1626 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

complexity of subject matter of reviews, 574

creative reviews, 584

interpretive reviews, 581

publications consulted for preparation of reviews, 574

research review, 573

reviews of concept, 581

Occupational Safety and Health, 868

faceted classification, 868

Operations Research

sponsored by National Science Foundation, 97

Ornament

indexing, for archaeological data, 893

OR operations, 1353

Output

in aerodynamics retrieval tests, 779

of documentation system, 1061


Pakistan

documentation, 594

Papers

number of, in English language, 590

Paradigms

generation of, 956

Parasite Catalogue, 430

Parasitologists

requirements of, 431

Patent literature

interrelationships indicated by perforations in novelty search, 1085

novelty search of, 1071

novelty search, time required, 1095

Patent Office;

see also Patent literature;

Patents;

Patent search

classification of, 1343, 1352

coding patterns, 1100

descriptive documentation in, 1097

Haystaq system, 1143

ILAS, 1099

Markush group (variable group), 1145, 1149, 1155, 1158, 1171

Matrex system for chemistry, 676

searches for organic compounds, 1117

system of storage and retrieval for chemistry, 673

variable scope search system, 1117

weak hierarchy of characters in classification, 1346

Patents;

see also Patent literature;

Patent Office;

Patent search

card index for azo dyestuffs, 1074

chemical structural formulas in, 1075

classification, 1073, 1074

Comac system for, 1245

German, treatment of, in research organization, 641

Great Britain, treatment of, in research organization, 641

grouping, 1123

investigation of, in search, 628

omission in chemistry reviews, 547

relative importance of, 52

time for classification, 1073

treatment of in research organization, 640

treatment of United States, in research organization, 640

Patent search, 620, 632;

see also Patent literature;

Patent Office;

Patents

background material, 1143

defined, 1143, 1161

examples, 1087, 1147, 1171

novelty search, 1078

systems, criteria for, 1159

PDC, see Prevention Deterioration Center

Peek-a-boo, 1388;

see also Batten

for archaeological data, 893

classification with, 771

development in Office of Basic Instrumentation, National Bureau of Standards, 745

disadvantage, 740

read out device, 745

Periodicals;

see also Abstracts;

Indexes;

Journals

binding related to availability, 292

classification of use, 289

domestic and foreign, use of, 146

history of, in USSR, 512

loans of, 288, 292

most frequently borrowed, 289

non-loanable by Science Museum Library, 293

review type, 571

search in, 618

titles borrowed, 294

use of, 287

use by age, 292

Page 1627 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

used by Cables and Insulating Materials Research Institute, 645

use by language, 146

value by age, 144

Person-to-person communication, see Communication, person-to-person

Personal indexes

use by scientists, 140

Peru

facilities for training in documentation, 1460

Petroleum technology

bibliography of studies of literature, 41

Philippines

documentation, 594

Photocopying

use of, by VINITI, 516

Photocopy services, 56

Photogrammetry

relation to forest science, 270

Physics

abstracting, 481, 1527

American journals, 1511

bibliography of studies of literature, 35

bilingual abstracting, 1506

classification for abstracting, 1512

International Abstracting Service, 1508

international cooperation in abstracting, 481, 1504

needs for storage and retrieval, 86

nonperiodical publications, 1512

proofs, clippings, and microfilms for abstracting, 1510

Russian literature, 1510

work of ICSU for abstracting of, 1509

Physics Abstracts, 481

member journal of ICSU, 481

as source of information, 169

Picture files

Comac system for, 1245

Pilot information, 84

Plants

problems of indexing, 1207

P, M, E, S, T sequence of facets, 871

Poland

facilities for training in documentation, 1454

Polymers

encoding in VS3, 1131

Postal delays

cause of time lag, 591

Europe and United States to South Asia, 592

Postal rates

lowered for exchange of scientific information, 1520

Posting, 1314

with Comac, 1252, 1253

in storage and retrieval, 736

time studies, 778

in uniterm system, 744

Post-search

problems, 1559

Prevention of Deterioration Center (PDC)

chronology of information handling, 735

document control at, 731

history, 732

Primary sources

importance of, 325

Print out

with Comac, 1252, 1253

Private index

as source of information 169

use for retrieval, 170

Processing, 87

the human mind versus the machine, 93

Proofs

for physics abstracting, 1510

Proper name

frequencies, 907

Psychology

bibliography of studies of literature, 32

Publication

adaptation of original investigations, 88

bulletin in research organization to correct superfluity of information, 1186

classification of for wider use, 87

controls by research organization for information handling, 1185

cumulative, 90

current, 90

frequency of, of medical literature, 438

increase of amount, 80

omission of certain types, 215

problems in securing, 61

promptness of, 523

quality, 7

quantity, 6

of reviews, control of, 549

Publications, see also Abstracts;

Compendia;

Indexes;

Journals;

Reviews

abstracts in VINITI, 518

Page 1628 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

centers for, 541

centralized system of USSR, 511

criticisms of, 142

exchange of, by VINITI, 516

of the French Center of Documentation, 607

kinds of abstracts for, 526

media, 61

national listings, 598

nonperiodical, for physics, 1512

numbers by affiliations, 60

peripheral, in documentation of biology, 429

primary, responsibility for biology information, 1420

relative importance of, 52

reviews, 546, 553

secondary, 90;

see also Abstracts;

Bibliographies;

Indexes

for training in documentation, 1441

Punched card, 749

collating system, see Comac

indication of interrelations by perforations, 1094

limitations of, 1218

for patent novelty search, 1084

subdivision in novelty search, 1086

not suitable for notations of large systems, 1208

used in VS3, 1142

Punched tape

use of in information handling system, 1209

Punctuation, 1043

Purdue University Thermophysical Properties Research Center, see Thermophysical Properties Research Center

Questionnaire

review literature and the chemist, 551

sample, for research workers on use of scientific and technical information, 74

for survey of United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Research and Development Branch, 156

for study of uses of literature, 20

Questions

in aerodynamics retrieval tests, 775

discovery versus recall, 1063

distribution of, in Linde system, 766

distribution into types, 766

frequency of, in retrieval, 763

generic, 1054, 1066

generic-specific relationships in VS3, 1119

meaning of, 768

simultaneous, genus-species relationships, 1165

types, 1256

types, in Haystaq, 1171

Quick reference services, 56

use of, 46


Radix numeration

binary, 1316

Reading

limiting scope, 80

random, 81

systematic, 81

time spent, 48

time for, at work, 137

variations in rates of speed, 304

Read out

device, as integral part of Peek-a-boo system, 745

Recall

versus discovery, 1063

Recruitment

source of, of information officers, 1495

Redundancy, 748

Reference questions

analysis of, 181

concepts contained in, 184

References

Bradford law of scattering, 1315

Reference services

accessibility, 55

bibliography of studies of, 20

use by forest scientists, 267

Reference works, see Books

Refiling

elimination of, with Comac, 1253

Registration

of information officers, 1500

Relevance, 1559

limits in retrieval system, 1277

versus contents, 1406

Reliability

of information, 91

Reports

to supplement storage and retrieval, 87

value of, 555

Page 1629 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Reports list

criticism of, 142

as source of information, 169

Representation

algebraic, of storage and retrieval languages, 1313

of structures, 1331

Representations

coding of, 889

coding by abstract design, 890

definition, 889

iconographical compositions, coding of, 891

three-dimensional constructions, coding of, 890

Research

on natural languages, 1263

reports of, relative importance of, 52, 555

reviews of, 572, 577

time available for, 99

Research and development

Tabledex for coordinating contracts, 1230

use of information and literature, 131

Researchers

in applied research, 81

in fundamental research, 81

need for information, 84

responsibility for biology information, 1419

Research funds

responsibilities for biology information, 1418

Research organization

information handling system, 1181

Responsibilities

for information storage-retrieval in biology, 1417

Retrieval;

see also Communications;

Storage

abstract theory, 1365

accuracy, 705

administrator’s veiwpoint, 701, 708

application of transformations to, 941

aspects of, 77

based on descriptors, 1336

of chemical structures, 724

Comac system, 1245

convenience, 706

coordinate, by Tabledex, 1222

costs, 534, 687

criteria of satisfactory system, 700

definition, 699, 1275

documentalist’s viewpoint, 701, 707

effective methods, 170

evaluation of systems, 687, 705

experiment in, on aerodynamics, 771

factors in system, 699

forms of analysis in, 856

in indexing-abstracting system, 458

indexing cost, 688

interlocking relations, 1277

intermediate-sized computers for, 700

lack of comprehensive means for, 1524

language symbols, used in, 1329

on large electronic computers, 699

in large research organization, 1188

limitations of formal logic in, 1354

limitations of, by machine, 1189

Linde system, 763

linguistic transformations for, 937

mathematical, of abstract system, 1369

mathematical model for, 1328

matrix (double entry table) representation, 1314

matrix theory of, 1370

maze structure, 1383

microfilm rapid selector, 1208

Moore’s algorithms for finding shortest path through maze structure, 1383

physical mechanisms of system, 1275

plan of system, 1329

power of, relation to hierarchical definition, 1309

problems of, 1524

questions, frequency of, 763

questions in tests, 692, 781

relevance of documents in aerodynamics tests, 778

semantics, 804

simplification of tensors, 1376

space used in mathematical models of, 1330, 1331

status of kernels, 944

structural analysis of system, 1275

subject analysis for, 855, 1275

symbols used, 764

systems of, 1368, 1385

systems in relation to people, 1557

Tabledex, 1221

tests in aerodynamics, 774

thesaurus approach, 934

two-stage versus one-stage, 1265

with uniterm system, 1303

Page 1630 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

user’s viewpoint, 701, 705

variations in information, 804

Reviews, 541, 649

advantage of coordination, 556

of All-Union Institute for Scientific and Technical Information, 515

annotation in, of VINITI, 519

articles and journals, 545

in biological sciences, 571

chemical, deficiencies in, 547

complexity of subject matter, 574

of concepts, 581

control of publication, 549

costs of publication, 546

creative, 584

facilities for work in preparation of, 585

faulty technique, 576

importance to chemist, 545

interpretive, 581

in Japan, 599

lag in publication, 546

list of journals in survey, 561

most read, 547

occasional, 572

periodical, 571

presentation of, 576

publications consulted for reviews, 574

quality of, 546

relative importance of, 52

research type, 572, 577

as source of information, 169

statistical, 578

suggested improvements for literature and reference services, 67, 553

tabulation of data of survey, 564

type of journal to publish, 555

use of, by industrial chemists, 650

usefulness of Advances, 553

value of, 575

waste in, 576

Rings;

see also Chemistry

coding of, 1121, 1126

in Haystaq system, 1153

in VS3, index of chains, 1135

Royal Aircraft Establishment

classification for aerodynamics, 771

Royal Society of London

Conference on Storage and Retrieval of Scientific Information, 77

Scientific Information Conference, 3, 1490

Rubber technology

bibliography of studies of literature, 41

Rubrics

generation rate, 736

Russia, see USSR

Russian;

see also USSR

difficulties of generating inflected forms, 956, 967

generation of paradigms and canonical stems, 966

split inflected forms, 968

Russian dictionary

assembled, 972

work sheet, 969

Russian Institute of Scientific Information

in international abstracting services, 1513

Russian literature

in physics, 1510

Savings;

see also Costs

through cooperation and coordination, 507

Scandinavian Council for Applied Research, 19

Scandinavian scientists

literature and reference needs, 42

Science information center

disadvantages, 1423

proposals for, 1423

Science Museum Library, 287

non-loanable periodicals, 293

titles borrowed, 294

Scientists

difficulties in keeping up with advances, 62

individual’s methods of storing information, 1537

methods of literature searching, 139

motivation of, to be informed, 222

needs of, 1255

personal indexes, 55, 140

publications, difficulties with, 62

requirements for information, 189

responsibilities for biology information, 1418

time expenditures of, 100

use of foreign language literature, 53

use of literature related to affiliation, 70

use of literature in relation to education, 70

SEAC, 1144, 1158, 1177

Search

abstracts required, 58

by association, 1163

Page 1631 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

blank sorts, 1064

carburettor project, 1071

character recognition by machines, 1160

chemical literature, 1143

of chemical structure, preparing question for, 722

in Comac system, 1246

comprehensive, 57

continuous scanning, 58

criteria for, 1159, 1160

critical survey, 58

direct, advantages of, 976

equivalence in answers, 1162, 1164, 1165

file, 1199

flexibility of system, 1145

generic, 1373

generic, of chemical compounds, 711

grammar, role of, 977

Haystaq, 1153

internal, 1558

in large research organization, 1188

machine, 1166–1168, 1177, 1191

methods in special, 629

novelty, mechanization of, 1071

outside the literature, 208

perforations to indicate interrelationship of characteristics, 1085

program for chemical structures, 723

system evaluation, 1169

time spent, 48

translation required, 58

variable scope system, 1117, 1130

Secondary publications, see Abstracts;

Bibliographies;

Indexes

Selection, 1368

in abstracting and indexing, 1056

conditions for, 827

of irrelevant information, 1065

by set inclusion, 1336

uniqueness of process, 1373

Semantic matrices, 997

application of principles, 1006

characteristics of, 1004

for communication of scientific concepts, 1001

conventions for, 1015

defined, 997

formal theory, 1003

Semantics

difficulties of, in documentation, 805

indeterminacy, 1310

modes of analysis, 856

problem of storage and retrieval, 804

problems in indexing, 855

Sequence

alphabetical, 874

coding of, 1113

Shaw rapid selector, see Microfilm rapid selector

Signals

in VS3, 1123

SLA, see Special Libraries Association

Social sciences

bibliography of studies of literature, 34

Societies

biological, responsibilities for information, 1421

professional, training for documentation, 1470

responsibilities for scientific information, 1430

Sorting, 1316

Sources of information

divisional libraries at Harwell, 165

evaluation of, 138

by experiment, 80

information office at Harwell, 164

proportionate uses, 169

in relation to fields of activity, 152

as revealed by diaries, 169

survey of methods used by scientists, 165

verbal versus literature, 47

South Africa;

see also Union of South Africa

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), 1429

South America

Argentina’s facilities for training in documentation, 1459

Brazil’s facilities for training in documentation, 1460

Chile’s facilities for training in documentation, 1460

Colombia’s facilities for training in documentation, 1460

facilities for training in documentation, 1459

Peru’s facilities for training in documentation, 1460

Venezuela’s facilities for training in documentation, 1461

South Asia, see also Insdoc

Page 1632 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

 

documentation in, 589

postal delay of journals, 592

scientific publications, 598

Soviet;

see USSR

Space

used on mathematical models of retrieval, 1330, 1331

Spaces (alphabetical characters)

properties of, 1314

Space saving

in use of microfilm, 533

Spain

training facilities for documentation, 1457

Specialization

enforced, of scientists, 80

in human knowledge, 1028

problems of, 206

relation to classification of information, 206

Special Libraries Association (SLA), 1431, 1463, 1464

chapters of, 1488

Special library

training for work in, see Training

Specific and subspecific names

checklist, 430

Specifications

entries per document, 747

as experimental satellite file, 746

of patents, see Patent Office;

Patents

Standardization

importance of, in classification systems, 509

Standards

search for, 620

Statistical review;

see also Reviews

basal metabolism study, 578

Statistics

dependence of linguistics on, 1034

Stem entries, 960

Stieltjes

partial fraction form of vocabularies, 1324

Storage;

see also Retrieval

aspects of, 77

of chemical structures, 719

Comac system, 1245

in large research organization, 1188

problem of modern man, 1028

random access, 1366

relation to collation, 1249

semantics, 804

of texts, 945

variations in information, 804

variations in size, 804

Storage and retrieval systems

general theory, 1273

operational efficiency, 1286

problem created by technological information, 1294

structural criteria, 1285

Structural engineering

coordinated abstracting and documentation, 499

Structure

of documentation systems, 1050

Subject analysis

analytic relations, 859

facets, 859

modulants, 859

optimum level of discrimination, 863

Subject catalogue

maze attributes, 1385

relationship of completeness and effectiveness, 377

Subject headings

classification by, 1301

Subject indexing;

see also Indexing

overlap of interests, 327

prerequisites for quality, 334

problems of, 318

relation to abstracting, 318

Subjects

specific, in information retrieval system, 1276

Subject slanting, 524, 525

in papers with author abstracts, 413

Subject word

amount of information in letters, 910

cumulative letter frequencies, 911

frequencies, 906

redundancy of letters, 910, 912

Subscriptions

of Scandinavians, by groups, 50

to VINITI publications, 516

Substitute information

suggestion of, 1065

Super lattices, 1363

Sweden

facilities for training in documentation, 1449

Page 1633 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Switzerland

facilities for training in documentation, 1455

Syllabus

of Library Association (London), 1497

for training information officers, 1491

Symbolic logic, 1035

Symbols, 1044;

see also Linguistics;

Notation

for coding, 837

combination of, 1044

language, used in retrieval, 1329

in retrieval, 764

supralinguistic, 1043

Symposia;

see also Meetings

organized by international center, 1518

Syntax, 1038

difficulties of, in communication, 1038

in mechanical translation, 919

translation of, 927

Systems

evaluation of, 820

Tabledex

advantages, 1222

applications of, 1229

article list, 1240

article numbers, 1227

coordinate indexing method, 1221

matrix, 1226

parts, 1223

tables, 1224, 1227, 1233, 1235, 1241

word list, 1241

word list example, 1233

word numbers, 1227

Taxonomy

elements of, in heterogeneous collection, 745

of materials, in information center, 737

original classification procedure, 1400

Taylor system, 1317, 1320

Technologists, 81

abstracts, use of, 251

amount of reading, 249

attention drawn to literature, 251

correlation of characteristics, 248

industrial, use of literature, 245

interview schedule for use of literature, 257

literature as source of ideas, 254

literature used by, 250

meetings as source of information, 251

responsibility for biology information, 1419

use of libraries, 255

Tensors, 1372

reduction, 1375

retrieval, simplification of, 1376

Term-associative index, 1392

Term-document index, see Peek-a-boo

Term entry systems, 1279

Text

direct search of, 975

Textbooks, see Books

Textile technology

bibliography of studies of literature, 41

Thematical plan

by departments, 191

to determine information requirements, 189

by individuals, 190

by subjects, 190

Thermophysical Properties Research Center, 351

operational procedure of analysis, 365

results of analysis, 365

Thermophysics

analysis of method of literature search, 351

Thesaurus

approach to retrieval, 934

technical 1060

use of, for translation of semantic meaning, 923

Time

allocation by activity, 106

allocation affected by group size, 113

allocation of, by chemists, 104

allocation of, for written and oral dissemination, 106

amount needed to keep up to date with literature, 220

decrease in search, with Comac, 1252

expenditure of, by scientists, 100

manipulation, in documentation systems, 1065

required for novelty patent search, 1095

Time lag

comparison of translation and postal delays, 593

microfilm to reduce, 596

postal delays, 591

reasons for, 591

Page 1634 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

Time studies

in retrieval tests on aerodynamics, 778

Town planning

bibliography of studies of literature, 41

Trade literature

in search activities, 632

Trade marks

coding, 901

Training

for documentation, 1441, 1544

for documentation by Aslib, 1486

in documentation, patterns of responsibility, 1468

in documentation, by professional societies, 1470

facilities for, in documentation, 1467

of information officer, 1489

in-service, in librarianship, 1470

on-the-job, 1441, 1466

patterns of, for documentation work, 1467

for scientific information work in Great Britain, 1495

Transformations

application to retrieval, 941

kernels, 940

linguistic, 938

machine application, 948

T2 with descriptors, 1338

used in mathematical models of retrieval, 1330

Translation, 1029, 1030, 1032, 1160;

see also Machine translation

cause of time lag in publication, 591

at Center of Documentation in France, 610

difficulties of, in communication, 1030

as factor in time lag, 592

idea by idea, 1043

of languages not commonly understood, 600

of material in “exotic” languages, 1524

required in searches, 58

of Russian journals by American Institute of Physics, 1511

of semantic meaning, 923

sentence by sentence, 1040

of syntax, 927

word for word, 1032, 1043

Transliteration

uniformity of, in abstracting, 487

Transmission

defects, 79

delay in, 79

historical account, 79

waste in, 79

UDC, 867, 881, 883

system for indexing, 688

thematical plan arrangement by, 190

Unesco;

see also United Nations

documentation agencies, 594

listing of South Asia publications, 598

stimulus to physics abstracting, 1508

suggestions for collection of scientific information, 599

training in documentation, contribution to, 1442

Unified author index, 464

Unified index, 461

advantages, 462

centralization of, 466

cost of preparation, 465

description, 463

publication of, 465

unabstracted articles, 466

Union of South Africa

facilities for training in documentation, 1458

United Kingdom

Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 246, 311

Library Association (London), 1495

training facilities for documentation, 1445

United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority

Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell, 164

questionnaire used by, 156

survey of use of information and literature, 132

United Kingdom Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, see Department of Scientific and Industrial Research of the United Kingdom

United Kingdom Lending Library Unit, see Lending Library Unit

United Nations;

see also Unesco

organization of documentation in agencies of, 593

stimulus to documentation, 1436

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, see Unesco

Page 1635 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

United States

facilities for training in documentation, 1461

patents, treatment of, in research organization, 640;

see also Patent Office

training for documentation, 1469

United States Department of Agriculture

biological, indexing in, 429

use of Shaw rapid selector, 1208

United States Patent Office, see Patent Office

Uniterm, 1301, 1332;

see also Descriptors; Keywords

advantages of, in indexing, 743, 744

approach in indexing, 688, 736

comparison with edge-punched system in test, 737

disadvantages of, 744, 1302

loss of cards, 744

simplicity of, 744

size of file, 744

synonymous terms, 743

Universal Decimal Classification, see UDC

Universities

responsibilities for information techniques, 1431

University of Michigan School of Natural Resources

literature system for forest science, 274

Unpublished conference papers, 475

Use of scientific information

data, 89

related to kind of work, 70

User relevance, 863

Users of information, 81

Uses of scientific information, theories and ideas, 89

USSR;

see also Russian

Abstracts Journal, 513

facilities for training in documentation, 1456

history of abstracting in, 511

history of periodicals in, 512

medical research information, 277

USSR Academy of Sciences

All-Union Institute for Scientific and Technical Information, 511

Mechanical Translation Research Group, see Mechanical Translation Research Group

Variable scope search systems, see VS3

VDE, see Association of German Electrical Engineers

Venezuela

facilities for training in documentation, 1461

Verbal sources

versus literature, 47

VINITI, see All-Union Institute for Scientific and Technical Information

Vocabularies

algebraic representation of, 1320

coincidence by nomenclature and notations, 1066

generation of hierarchies, 1322

partial fraction (Stieltjes’) form, 1324

repetitive, 1321, 1323

VS3

codes, 1119

coding sheet, 1139

descriptors, 1120

features of, 1118

index of codes, 1133

interfix, 1123

of Patent Office, 1117

for polymers, 1131

punched card used, 1142

signals, 1123

skeletal formula, 1138

substantive codes of, 1120

vocabulary of system, 1119


Welch Medical Library Indexing Project, 442

Willis

system of notation for botanical entries, 1212, 1214

Wiswesser

system of notation for chemical compounds, 1212

Word list

end alphabetized, 964

Words

distribution among major groups, 959

World Health Organization

cooperation in international abstracting service, 1520

Writers, 81


Zatocoding, 903

Zipf-Mandelbrot law

word rank and frequency, 1315

Zoological Record, 429

Zoology;

see also Biological sciences

grouping in medical and veterinary, 430

journals covered in survey, 243

Page 1636 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×

A NOTE ON THE TYPOGRAPHY

The graceful and legible type face in which this book is composed is Monotype Bembo. The roman was adapted in 1929 from a fifteenth century model first used by the publisher, Aldus Manutius, for a pamphlet by a young Renaissance scholar, Pietro Bembo. The italic used here was developed some years after the roman appeared. It is based on designs used in Venice after 1524 by the writing-master Tagliente. Bembo is a popular face for literary work, particularly abroad, but it has not often been used for scientific material.

The text of this book has been composed with the expectation that electronic computers will be used in analyzing the material for storage and search. Indeed, results of one such experiment were shown among the exhibits during the Conference. The skilled reader may have noted unusually wide spacing between sentences. This results from use of double spaces after sentence stops to enable electronic computers easily to discriminate sentence endings from periods used in figures, abbreviations, and so forth.

The punched tapes from the monotype keyboard machines from which type for this book was cast have been preserved for other computer experiments. Arrangements to borrow the tapes may be made through the National Academy of Sciences.

Page 1607 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×
Page 1607
Page 1608 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
×
Page 1608
Page 1609 Cite
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1959. Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10866.
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Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information: Two Volumes Get This Book
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The launch of Sputnik caused a flurry of governmental activity in science information. The 1958 International Conference on Scientific Information (ICSI) was held in Washington from Nov.16-21 1958 and sponsored by NSF, NAS, and American Documentation Institute, the predecessor to the American Society for Information Science. In 1959, 20,000 copies of the two volume proceedings were published by NAS and included 75 papers (1600 pages) by dozens of pioneers from seven areas such as:

  • Literature and reference needs of scientists
  • Function and effectiveness of A & I services
  • Effectiveness of Monographs, Compendia, and Specialized Centers
  • Organization of information for storage and search: comparative characteristics of existing systems
  • Organization of information for storage and retrospective search: intellectual problems and equipment considerations
  • Organization of information for storage and retrospective search: possibility for a general theory
  • Responsibilities of Government, Societies, Universities, and industry for improved information services and research.

It is now an out of print classic in the field of science information studies.

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