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Suggested Citation:"Maritime Administration (MARAD)." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
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Page 12

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 12 NMFS should waive policy conditions, such as minimum cost requirements, that limit access to these programs. The NMFS also should discourage abandonment of fishing gear, particularly in intensively fished areas. And, where appropriate and feasible, fisheries observers should be enlisted to monitor garbage disposal practices. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) The APHIS regime should be integrated as fully as possible with the Annex V implementation program and the system for managing land-generated waste. Cargo and cruise ships should be required to off-load APHIS waste at U.S. port calls. In addition, APHIS should consider developing standards based on compacted waste. Maritime Administration (MARAD) The Maritime Administration should develop and execute an R&D program that addresses needs for on-board garbage treatment equipment; alteration of commercial equipment; technology demonstration and information exchange; and operational, maintenance, and cost issues. MARAD should obtain technical support from the Navy and maintain contact with the various fleets through NOAA's Sea Grant Marine Advisory Service and the NMFS. The technology development program should be responsive to the needs of the Coast Guard, NOAA, and other government fleets, as well as the private sector.

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Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

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