National Academies Press: OpenBook

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea (1995)

Chapter: Small Public Vessels and Their Home Ports

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Suggested Citation:"Small Public Vessels and Their Home Ports." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
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Page 232

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NATIONAL STRATEGY 232 OBJECTIVES FOR SMALL PUBLIC VESSELS • Improve onboard garbage handling and treatment technology • Assure adequacy of port reception facilities • Assure that seagoing and management personnel are provided with appropriate Annex V information, education, and training • Develop model Annex V compliance program Small Public Vessels and Their Home Ports Objective: Improve on-board garbage handling and treatment technology When on day trips, vessels in these fleets should be able to hold all garbage for proper disposal ashore. To reduce the amounts of garbage that must be stored in cramped quarters on longer voyages, advanced garbage handling and treatment technology should be incorporated into any new construction and, where feasible, retrofitted on older vessels. The Navy's technology development efforts should be expanded to include regional demonstration of a suite of on- board garbage treatment equipment for small vessels. The private sector might be encouraged to participate through cooperative and grant and contract programs. Objective: Assure adequacy of port reception facilities As a user of all types of ports and the enforcement agent for Annex V, the Coast Guard should redouble its efforts to monitor port reception facilities, through the COA program, informal contacts with port operators, and formal reporting of inadequate facilities. The Navy should report to the Coast Guard any inadequate reception facilities encountered at commercial ports. Objective: Assure that seagoing and management personnel are provided with appropriate Annex V information, education, and training To ensure that all personnel have sufficient information to comply with Annex V, all agencies that operate small public vessels should take advantage of their command management structures to implement and integrate appropriate management and education initiatives. Objective: Develop model Annex V implementation program All federal agencies that operate small public vessels should develop Annex

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Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

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