National Academies Press: OpenBook

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea (1995)

Chapter: Research Vessels and Their Ports of Call

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Suggested Citation:"Research Vessels and Their Ports of Call." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
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Page 238
Suggested Citation:"Research Vessels and Their Ports of Call." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
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Page 239

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NATIONAL STRATEGY 238 regional mechanism that will improve waste management in the Caribbean; a solution will go a long way toward meeting the needs of cruise vessels operating in that region. Research Vessels and Their Ports of Call Objective: Provide model Annex V compliance program Because research vessels visit pristine areas, are dedicated to the study and preservation of the marine environment, and often are supported by the federal government, this fleet should strive to provide a model Annex V compliance program. That means vessels operating in special areas should achieve zero- discharge capability. Vessel operators should consider all possible ways of reducing overboard discharges, including reducing the use of packaging. In addition, the Department of State should resolve, through IMO or other avenues, the procedural obstacles that block garbage off-loading at some foreign ports. Objective: Improve on-board garbage handling and treatment technology As they address other aspects of marine science, research vessel personnel should provide leadership in development and demonstration of garbage handling, treatment, and recycling technologies. Government agencies that sponsor marine research could draw the private sector into development of shipboard technology through cooperative and grant and contract programs. To ensure that operating funds are not depleted to cover the costs of garbage handling and treatment, funds should be earmarked for equipment to enable Annex V compliance. Objective: Assure that seagoing and management personnel are provided with appropriate Annex V information, education, and training Operators of research vessels have an obligation to educate not only their own crews and visitors but also, due to the nature of their work, the general public. Visiting scientists should be informed about Annex V, as they may be OBJECTIVES FOR RESEARCH VESSEL SECTOR • Provide model Annex V compliance program • Improve on-board garbage handling and treatment technology • Assure that seagoing and management personnel are provided with appropriate Annex V information, education, and training

NATIONAL STRATEGY 239 oblivious to shipboard rules and practices. In addition, vessel operators should hold open houses and laboratories to educate the public and other fleets about proper garbage handling and treatment methods. Researchers also should promote recognition of the marine debris problem at scientific research forums.

Next: 10 Federal Action to Improve Implementation of Annex V »
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Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

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