National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"EDUCATION AND TRAINING." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 6

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 6 projects, research on operations and maintenance issues, and information exchange are needed; (4) the Maritime Administration (MARAD) is the logical agency to coordinate development and deployment of on-board garbage handling technologies, due to its ongoing, broad-based marine technology assessment and development efforts; and (5) steps must be taken to resolve issues that may be impeding safe garbage storage and expanded use of compactors and incinerators. On the port side of the system, there is little evidence of strategic planning to support the provision of "adequate" garbage reception facilities as required by Annex V. The Coast Guard issues Certificates of Adequacy (COA) to large commercial and fishing ports and requires that reception facilities be provided at many other ports, but there are no technical standards for judging adequacy. Other shortcomings of this part of the system include the poorly developed infrastructure for recycling; the need to address the authorities of the Coast Guard, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the states concerning the integration of vessel garbage into the regional solid waste management system; the lack of full integration of the Annex V regime and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) program, which oversees quarantine of garbage from foreign sources that may harbor diseases; and the need to address economic issues, including who should pay for vessel garbage services, and how—questions that may require some federal attention to resolve. The committee concludes that (1) there is a need to assure accountability of both vessel operators and port operators; (2) recycling of vessel garbage needs to be promoted; (3) the EPA is the logical agency to establish the overall framework for improving the vessel/shore interface, due to its expertise in and authority for national management of solid waste; (4) the handling of APHIS waste needs to be integrated as fully as possible with the Annex V regime and the system for managing land-generated waste; and (5) there is a need to address economic issues, including the cost of technologies to vessel operators, trade-offs with garbage disposal services, and who should pay for garbage services and how. EDUCATION AND TRAINING Education has a strategic role to play in Annex V implementation because the oceans are too vast to monitor comprehensively. Seafarers therefore must be convinced to comply voluntarily and given the knowledge, training, and motivation to do so. A number of education and training programs have been carried out in support of Annex V implementation, most notably through MERP. While these efforts have been instrumental in the progress of Annex V implementation to date, they have been neither comprehensive nor long-term. These features will be needed to raise Annex V implementation to a higher level. A successful

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea Get This Book
Buy Hardback | $52.95 Buy Ebook | $42.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook,'s online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!