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Suggested Citation:"2 Training, education and information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 272
Suggested Citation:"2 Training, education and information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 273

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APPENDIX B 272 1.7.11 Fishing gear is defined as any physical device or part thereof or combination of items that may be placed on or in the water with the intended purpose of capturing, or controlling for subsequent capture, living marine or freshwater organisms. 1.7.12 Seafarers for the purposes of these guidelines means anyone who goes to sea in a ship for any purpose including, but not limited to transport of goods and services, exploration, exploitation and associated offshore processing of sea-bed mineral resources, fishing and recreation. 1.8 Application 1.8.1 Dishwater and greywater are not included as garbage in the context of Annex V. 1.8.2 Ash and clinkers from shipboard incinerators and coal-burning boilers are operational wastes in the meaning of Annex V, regulation 1(1) and therefore are included in the term all other garbage in the meaning of Annex V, regulations 3(1)(b)(ii) and 5(2)(a)(ii). 1.8.3 Cargo residues are to be treated as garbage under Annex V except when those residues are substances defined or listed under the other annexes to the Convention. 1.8.4 Cargo residues of all other substances are not explicitly excluded from disposal as garbage under the overall definition of garbage in annex V. However, certain of these substances may pose harm to the marine environment and may not be suitable for disposal at reception facilities equipped to handle general garbage because of their possible safety hazards. The disposal of such cargo residues should be based on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the substance and may require special handling not normally provided by garbage reception facilities. 1.8.5 The release of small quantities of food wastes for the specific purpose of fish feeding in connection with fishing or tourist operations is not included as garbage in the context of Annex V. 2 Training, education and information 2.1 The definition of ships used in the Convention requires these guidelines to address not only the professional and commercial maritime community but also the non-commercial seafaring population as sources of pollution of the sea by garbage. The Committee recognized that uniform programmes in the field of training and education would make a valuable contribution to raising the level of the seafarers' compliance with Annex V, thereby ensuring compliance with the Convention. Accordingly, governments should develop and undertake training, education and public information programmes suited for all seafaring communities under their jurisdictions.

APPENDIX B 273 2.2 Governments may exchange and maintain information relevant to compliance with Annex V regulations through the Organization. Accordingly, governments are encouraged to provide the Organization with the following: 2.2.1 Technical information on shipboard waste management methods such as recycling, incineration, compaction, sorting and sanitation systems, packaging and provisioning methods; 2.2.2 Copies of current domestic laws and regulations relating to the prevention of pollution of the sea by garbage; 2.2.3 Educational materials developed to raise the level of compliance with Annex V. Contributions of this type might include printed materials, posters, brochures, photographs, audio and video tapes, and films as well as synopses of training programmes, seminars and formal curricula; 2.2.4 Information and reports on the nature and extent of marine debris found along beaches and in coastal waters under their respective jurisdictions. In order to assess the effectiveness of Annex V, these studies should provide details on amounts, distribution, sources and impacts of marine debris. 2.3 Governments are encouraged to amend their maritime certification examinations and requirements, as appropriate, to include a knowledge of duties imposed by national and international law regarding the control of pollution of the sea by garbage. 2.4 Governments are recommended to require all ships of their registry to permanently post a summary declaration stating the prohibition and restrictions for discharging garbage from ships under Annex V and the penalties for failure to comply. It is suggested this declaration be placed on a placard at least 12.5 cm by 20 cm, made of durable material and fixed in a conspicuous place in galley spaces, the mess deck, wardroom, bridge, main deck and other areas of the ship, as appropriate. The placard should be printed in the language or languages understood by the crew and passengers. 2.5 Governments are encouraged to have maritime colleges and technical institutes under their jurisdiction develop or augment curricula to include both the legal duties as well as the technical options available to professional seafarers for handling ship-generated garbage. These curricula should also include information on environmental impacts of garbage. A list of suggested topics to be included in the curriculum are listed below: 2.5.1 Garbage in the marine environment, sources, types and impacts; 2.5.2 National and international laws relating to, or impinging upon shipboard waste management; 2.5.3 Health and sanitation considerations related to the storage, handling and transfer of ship-generated garbage;

Next: 3 Minimizing the amount of potential garbage »
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Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

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