National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: 1 Introduction and definitions
Suggested Citation:"2 Training, education and information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
×
Page 272
Suggested Citation:"2 Training, education and information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
×
Page 273

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

APPENDIX B 272 1.7.11 Fishing gear is defined as any physical device or part thereof or combination of items that may be placed on or in the water with the intended purpose of capturing, or controlling for subsequent capture, living marine or freshwater organisms. 1.7.12 Seafarers for the purposes of these guidelines means anyone who goes to sea in a ship for any purpose including, but not limited to transport of goods and services, exploration, exploitation and associated offshore processing of sea-bed mineral resources, fishing and recreation. 1.8 Application 1.8.1 Dishwater and greywater are not included as garbage in the context of Annex V. 1.8.2 Ash and clinkers from shipboard incinerators and coal-burning boilers are operational wastes in the meaning of Annex V, regulation 1(1) and therefore are included in the term all other garbage in the meaning of Annex V, regulations 3(1)(b)(ii) and 5(2)(a)(ii). 1.8.3 Cargo residues are to be treated as garbage under Annex V except when those residues are substances defined or listed under the other annexes to the Convention. 1.8.4 Cargo residues of all other substances are not explicitly excluded from disposal as garbage under the overall definition of garbage in annex V. However, certain of these substances may pose harm to the marine environment and may not be suitable for disposal at reception facilities equipped to handle general garbage because of their possible safety hazards. The disposal of such cargo residues should be based on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the substance and may require special handling not normally provided by garbage reception facilities. 1.8.5 The release of small quantities of food wastes for the specific purpose of fish feeding in connection with fishing or tourist operations is not included as garbage in the context of Annex V. 2 Training, education and information 2.1 The definition of ships used in the Convention requires these guidelines to address not only the professional and commercial maritime community but also the non-commercial seafaring population as sources of pollution of the sea by garbage. The Committee recognized that uniform programmes in the field of training and education would make a valuable contribution to raising the level of the seafarers' compliance with Annex V, thereby ensuring compliance with the Convention. Accordingly, governments should develop and undertake training, education and public information programmes suited for all seafaring communities under their jurisdictions.

APPENDIX B 273 2.2 Governments may exchange and maintain information relevant to compliance with Annex V regulations through the Organization. Accordingly, governments are encouraged to provide the Organization with the following: 2.2.1 Technical information on shipboard waste management methods such as recycling, incineration, compaction, sorting and sanitation systems, packaging and provisioning methods; 2.2.2 Copies of current domestic laws and regulations relating to the prevention of pollution of the sea by garbage; 2.2.3 Educational materials developed to raise the level of compliance with Annex V. Contributions of this type might include printed materials, posters, brochures, photographs, audio and video tapes, and films as well as synopses of training programmes, seminars and formal curricula; 2.2.4 Information and reports on the nature and extent of marine debris found along beaches and in coastal waters under their respective jurisdictions. In order to assess the effectiveness of Annex V, these studies should provide details on amounts, distribution, sources and impacts of marine debris. 2.3 Governments are encouraged to amend their maritime certification examinations and requirements, as appropriate, to include a knowledge of duties imposed by national and international law regarding the control of pollution of the sea by garbage. 2.4 Governments are recommended to require all ships of their registry to permanently post a summary declaration stating the prohibition and restrictions for discharging garbage from ships under Annex V and the penalties for failure to comply. It is suggested this declaration be placed on a placard at least 12.5 cm by 20 cm, made of durable material and fixed in a conspicuous place in galley spaces, the mess deck, wardroom, bridge, main deck and other areas of the ship, as appropriate. The placard should be printed in the language or languages understood by the crew and passengers. 2.5 Governments are encouraged to have maritime colleges and technical institutes under their jurisdiction develop or augment curricula to include both the legal duties as well as the technical options available to professional seafarers for handling ship-generated garbage. These curricula should also include information on environmental impacts of garbage. A list of suggested topics to be included in the curriculum are listed below: 2.5.1 Garbage in the marine environment, sources, types and impacts; 2.5.2 National and international laws relating to, or impinging upon shipboard waste management; 2.5.3 Health and sanitation considerations related to the storage, handling and transfer of ship-generated garbage;

Next: 3 Minimizing the amount of potential garbage »
Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea Get This Book
×
Buy Hardback | $52.95 Buy Ebook | $42.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!