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Suggested Citation:"Regulation 5." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
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Page 265
Suggested Citation:"Regulation 5." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
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Page 266

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APPENDIX B 265 ships when alongside or within 500 metres of such platforms. Such comminuted or ground food wastes shall be capable of passing through a screen with openings no greater than 25 millimetres. Regulation 5 Disposal of garbage within special areas (1) For the purposes of this Annex the special areas are the Mediterranean Sea area, the Baltic Sea area, the Black Sea area, the Red Sea area, the "Gulfs area", the North Sea area, the Antarctic area and the Wider Caribbean Region, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, which are defined as follows: (a) The Mediterranean Sea area means the Mediterranean Sea proper including the gulfs and seas therein with the boundary between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea constituted by the 41° N parallel and bounded to the west by the Straits of Gibraltar at the meridian 5°36' W. (b) The Baltic Sea area means the Baltic Sea proper with the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland and the entrance to the Baltic Sea bounded by the parallel of the Skaw in the Skagerrak at 57°44.8' N. (c) The Black Sea area means the Black Sea proper with the boundary between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea constituted by the parallel 41° N. (d) The Red Sea area means the Red Sea proper including the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba bounded at the south by the rhumb line between Ras si Ane (12°8.5' N, 43°19.6' E) and Husn Murad (12°40.4' N, 43°30.2' E). (e) The Gulfs area means the sea area located northwest of the rhumb line between Ras al Hadd (22°30' N, 59°48' E) and Ras al Fasteh (25°04' N, 61°25' E). (f) The North Sea area* means the North Sea proper including seas therein with the boundary between: (i) the North Sea southwards of latitude 62° N and eastwards of longitude 4° W; (ii) the Skagerrak, the southern limit of which is determined east of the Skaw by latitude 57°44.8' N; and (iii) the English Channel and its approaches eastwards of longitude 5° W and northwards of latitude 48°30' N. * Regulation 5(l)(f) was adopted by the MEPC at its twenty-eighth session and entered into force on 18 April 1991.

APPENDIX B 266 (g) The Antarctic area* means the sea area south of latitude 60° S. (h) The Wider Caribbean Region**, as defined in article 2, paragraph I of the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region (Cartagena de Indias, 1983), means the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea proper including the bays and seas therein and that portion of the Atlantic Ocean within the boundary constituted by the 30° N parallel from Florida eastward to 77°30' W meridian, thence a thumb line to the intersection of 20° N parallel and 59° W meridian, thence a rhumb line to the intersection of 7° 20' N parallel and 50° W meridian, thence a rhumb line drawn south- westerly to the eastern boundary of French Guiana. (2) Subject to the provisions of regulation 6 of this Annex: (a) disposal into the sea of the following is prohibited: (i) all plastics, including but not limited to synthetic ropes, synthetic fishing nets and plastic garbage bags; and (ii) all other garbage, including paper products, rags, glass, metal, bottles, crockery, dunnage, lining and packing materials; (b) except as provided in subparagraph (c) of this paragraph,*** disposal into the sea of food wastes shall be made as far as practicable from land, but in any case not less than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land; (c) disposal into the Wider Caribbean Region of food wastes which have been passed through a comminuter or grinder shall be made as far as practicable from land, but in any case not subject to regulation 4 not less than 3 nautical miles from the nearest land. Such comminuted or ground food wastes shall be capable of passing through a screen with openings no greater than 25 millimetres.*** (3) When the garbage is mixed with other discharges having different disposal or discharge requirements the more stringent requirements shall apply. (4) Reception facilities within special areas: (a) The Government of each Party to the Convention, the coastline of which borders a special area, undertakes to ensure that as soon as possible in all ports within a special area adequate reception facilities are provided in accordance with regulation 7 of this Annex, taking into account the special needs of ships operating in these areas. * Regulation 5(1)(g) was adopted by the MEPC at its thirtieth session and is expected to enter into force on 17 March 1992. ** Regulation 5(1)(h) Was adopted by the MEPC at its thirty-first session and is expected to enter into force on 4 April 1993. *** These amendments were adopted by the MEPC at its thirty-first session and are expected to enter into force on 4 April 1993.

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Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

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