National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Management Education and Training
Suggested Citation:"EXPERIENCE BASE RELATED TO ANNEX V." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
×
Page 176

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

EDUCATION AND TRAINING 176 EXPERIENCE BASE RELATED TO ANNEX V During the past decade, numerous educational and some training programs have been carded out to combat the problem of marine debris, and a variety of Annex V materials have been developed for these purposes. These efforts, while limited in scale, have been critical in the success to date of Annex V implementation. Because marine debris comes from a variety of land-based sources as well as mariners at sea, the educational campaign, by necessity, has been waged on many fronts. The early educational programs were developed as a result of the 1984 International Workshop on the Fate and Impact of Marine Debris (Shomura and Yoshida, 1985), the first comprehensive effort to examine the impacts of marine debris on living marine resources. Among other things, workshop participants identified an urgent need to educate vessel operators and others about the marine debris problem. Shortly thereafter, the U.S. Congress directed the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), to help define and resolve the problem, and, in consultation with the Marine Mammal Commission (MMC), to develop a plan of activities defining priority research and management needs (Herkelrath, 1991). Over the ensuing years, the NMFS provided funds through the Marine Entanglement Research Program (MERP) to carry out the action plan, which includes mariner education and public awareness efforts (Herkelrath, 1991). A number of non-profit organizations have been awarded funds to conduct public education projects, and the state Marine Advisory Services, funded in part by NOAA's National Sea Grant College Program, have maintained public awareness efforts. State and local governments also have participated, through sponsorship of beach cleanups and public education. After MERP was established, the MPPRCA recognized the importance of education in remedying the marine debris problem. The MPPRCA directs the Coast Guard, along with NOAA and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), to develop public awareness programs and citizen monitoring groups. However, no funds have been appropriated under the Act for public education, so federal agencies have been constrained in carrying out their mandate. Therefore, MERP officials have continued to spearhead efforts to educate and persuade mariners and the general public to safeguard the marine environment (Coe, 1992). Without question, MERP has led the way in federal Annex V education efforts (while also laying a strong foundation in other areas). A number of other agencies also have contributed. The Coast Guard, for example, distributes Annex V information through several existing channels, such as contacts with vessel crews during routine boardings and inspections as well as interactions with boaters during boating safety campaigns. The committee reviewed past and ongoing marine debris education and training programs. In general, successful programs have targeted defined populations

Next: Marine Debris Information Offices »
Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea Get This Book
×
Buy Hardback | $52.95 Buy Ebook | $42.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!